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Thalidomide Combined with Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Advanced Colorectal Cancer

  • Huang, Xin-En;Yan, Xiao-Chun;Wang, Lin;Ji, Zhu-Qing;Li, Li;Liu, Meng-Yan;Qian, Ting;Shen, Hui-Ling;Gu, Han-Gang;Liu, Yong;Gu, Ming;Deng, Li-Chun
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.17
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    • pp.7867-7869
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    • 2015
  • Objective: To assess the safety and effectiveness of thalidomide (produced by CHANGZHOU PHARMACEUTICAL FACTORY CO.LTD) combined with chemotherapy in treating patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Method: A consecutive cohort of pretreated patients with advanced colorectal cancer were treated with thalidomide combined with chemotherapy. And chemotherapy for patients with advanced colorectal cancer were administered according to the condition of patients. Thalidomide was orally administered at a dosage of 50mg/day to 150mg/day before sleeping for at least 14 days. After at least 14 days of treatment, safety and side effects were evaluated. Results: There were 12 female and 3 male patients with advanced cancer recruited into this study, including 9 patients with colon, 6 patients with rectal cancer. The median age of patients was 57(41-82) years. Partial response was observed in 2 patients (2/15), and stable disease in 3 patients(3/15). Incidences of Grade 1 to 2 myelosuppression was observed in 1/15 patients, and Grade 1 to 2 elevation of hepatic enzyme was recorded in 1/15 patients. Adverse effects on the gastrointestinal tract were documented in 1/15 patients, and were Grade 1. No Grade 3-4 toxicities were diagnosed. No treatment related death was found. Conclusions: Thalidomide combined with chemotherapy was safe and mildly effective in treating patients with advanced colorectal cancer. However, further study should be conducted to clarify the effectiveness of this combination.

Study of Pemetrexed-based Chemotherapy for Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic Cancers

  • Qian, Ting;Huang, Xin-En
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.4791-4795
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to observe the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed based chemotherapy in treating patients with locally advanced or metastatic cancers as first-line, second-line or third-line therapy. Materials and Methods: From May 2011 to January 2015, we recruited 29 patients with advanced breast cancer, 19 patients with advanced ovary cancer, 17 patients with advanced esophageal cancer,5 patients with advanced gallbladder cancer,5 patients with advanced cervical cancer and 1 patient with advanced tongue cancer in Jiangsu Cancer Hospital and Research Institute.All of them were pathologically confirmed and treated with pemetrexed based chemotherapy. After two cycles of treatment,efficacy and safety can be evaluated. Results: For pemetrexed based regimens,including 76 patients with 6 kinds of advanced cancer were considered eligible for inclusion. Complete remission represents CR, partial remission represents PR, stable disease represents SD, progressive disease represents PD. Among 29 patients with advanced breast cancer, 4 patients chose pemetrexed based regimens as second-line treatment,1 of them was PR,the other 3 got SD. The last 25 patients made use of this chemotherapy as third-line treatment, except one patient could not be assessed, 2 of them got PR,6 of them got SD,the remaining 16 of them finally were PD.19 patients with advanced ovary cancer,5 patients used this regimens as second-line treatment, 3 of them got PD,the remaining patients got SD, respectively. The last 14 patients made use of pemetrexed based regimens as third-line treatment,. RR (CR+PR) was 28.5%. Among 17 patients with advanced esophageal cancer, 2 patients made use of pemetrexed based regimens as first-line treatment,both of them got PR.4 of them used this chemotherapy as second-line regimen, except 2 patients could not be assessed,the remaining 2 was PD at last. The last 11 patients was third-line users, RR (CR+PR) was 18.2%. Among 5 patients with advanced gallbladder cancer, pemetrexed based regimens was used in 1 patient as first-line treatment and 1 patient as second-line treatment. The curative effect was SD and PD, respectively. 3 patients accepted pemetrexed based regimens as third-line treatment, 2 of them got PD as results and another was SD. Among 5 patients with advanced cervical cancer, just 1 patient adopted pemetrexed based regimens as first-line treatment, whose curative effect was PR.2 patients chose this chemotherapy regimens as second-line treatment. Both of them got PD as their consequence. The last 2 patients made use of the regimens as third-line treatment, the effect of them was PD and SD, respectively. The one who with advanced tongue cancer, pemetrexed based regimens was used as second-line treatment, and the consequence was PD. About 71.1% patients experienced bone marrow suppression. Among them, 5 patients reached 4 grade. Other toxicity of pemetrexed were neurotoxicity, fatigue, diarrhea, dysphagia and vomiting. No treatment related death occurred with pemetrexed-based treatment. Conclusions: Pemetrexed based chemotherapy has considerable effect in patients with advanced cancers such as breast cancer,esophageal cancer and ovary cancer. More randomly clinical trials are needed to verify the results.

Clinical Application of Serum Tumor Abnormal Protein from Patients with Gastric Cancer

  • Liu, Jin;Huang, Xin-En
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.4041-4044
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    • 2015
  • Background: To verify whether serum tumor abnormal protein (TAP) would correlate with the responsiveness of palliative chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer, and the variation of conventional serum tumor markers e.g., carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), antigen 125 (CA125),carbohydrate antigen19-9 (CA19-9) of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with early gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: Patients with histologically confirmed gastric cancer and treated with chemotherapy were enrolled into this study. TAP values of these patients were determined by detecting abnormal sugar chain glycoprotein in serum, combined with the area of agglomerated particles. For patients with advanced gastric cancer, responsiveness of palliative chemotherapy was compared with variation of TAP and the relation between variation of TAP and tumor markers in patients with early gastric cancer was analyzed. Results: Totally 82 gastric cancer patients were enrolled into this study. The value of TAP is more closely related to responsiveness of palliative chemotherapy for patients with advanced gastric cancer. The correlation between TAP and responsiveness to palliative chemotherapy is stronger than the correlation between several conventional serum tumor markers (CEA, CA125 and CA199). The variation of TAP was also positively correlated with the trend of CA125 in adjuvant chemotherapy. Conclusions: TAP is sensitive in monitoring the responsiveness to palliative chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer. But this result should be confirmed by randomized clinical trials for patients with gastric cancer.

Analysis of Clinical Characteristics for 899 Cancer Patients Treated at an Oriental Hospital (한방병원에서 치료받은 암환자 899명에 대한 임상적 특성 분석)

  • Jeong, Tae-Young;Lee, Yeon-Weol;Cho, Chong-Kwan;Yoo, Hwa-Seung
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.102-112
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    • 2010
  • Objective : This study was aimed to obtain epidemiological information of cancer patients treated with Oriental medicine. Methods :The medical records of 899 cancer patients treated at the East-West Cancer Center of Dunsan Oriental Hospital from January to December 2008 were analyzed. Careful investigations were done by categorizing these patients by their sex, origin, stage, treatment duration, conventional treatment type, etc. Results : 61.7% of the patients had stage IV tumor. 53.1% of patients visited Oriental hospital for combination treatment with conventional medicine. In the tumor origin, lung cancer showed the largest proportion (21.6%). Of the two genders, lung cancer was the most frequent cause (31%) in male patients, and breast cancer in females (21.2%). In inpatients, thyroid cancer resulted in the highest percentage (24.0%). Lung, colon, stomach cancer patients were mostly in stage III or IV. Thyroid cancer patients were mostly in stage I. Conclusions : This study presented the characteristics of cancer patients treated by Oriental medicine. Based on this study, further advanced study of Oriental medical cancer treatments is needed.

Safety of Lienal Polypeptide Injection Combined with Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Advanced Cancer

  • Huang, Xin-En;Wang, Lin;Ji, Zhu-Qing;Liu, Meng-Yan;Qian, Ting;Li, Li
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.17
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    • pp.7837-7841
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    • 2015
  • Objective: To assess the safety of Liena polypeptide injection (produced by JILIN FSENS PHARMACEUTICAL CO.,LTD) combined with chemotherapy in treating patients with advanced cancers. Method: A consecutive cohort of patients with advanced cancers were treated with Liena polypeptide injection combined with chemotherapy. And chemotherapy for patients with advanced cancers were adopted from regimens suggested by NCCN guideline. Liena polypeptide injection was intravenously injected at a dosage of 2ml plus 100ml normal saline for continuous 7 days during chemotherapy as one course. After at least two courses of treatment, safety and side effects were evaluated. Results: There were 20 female and 14 male patients with advanced cancer recruited into this study, including 10 patients with breast, 8 patients with colorectal, 8 patients with lung, 4 patients with gastric, and 1 patient with esophageal cancer, as well as 1 patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, 1 patient with low pharyngeal and 1 patient with urethral cancer. The median age of patients was 59 (40-82) years. Incidences of Grade 1 to 2 myelosuppression was observed in 5/34 patients, and Grade 1 to 2 elevation of hepatic enzyme was recorded in 3/34 patients. Adverse effects on the gastrointestinal tract were documented in 5/34 patients, and were Grade 1. No Grade 3-4 toxicities were diagnosed. No treatment related death was found. Conclusions: Liena polypeptide injection combined with chemotherapy was safe in treating several sites of tumors, that mainly included lung, colorectal and breast cancer. However, further study should be conducted to clarify the effectiveness of this treatment.

A Study on Quality of Life of Advanced Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Cancer patients Administered with Traditional Korean Cancer Treatment (간, 담도, 췌장의 진행암으로 한방병원에 내원한 환자의 삶의 질(FACT-G)에 대한 분석)

  • Choi, Chul-Min;Koh, Byung-Hee;Kim, Se-Hyun;Choi, Won-Cheol;Lee, Soo-Kyung
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.30-38
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    • 2008
  • Objectives: The main goals of cancer treatment are improvement of quality of life and survival prolongation. There is a limitation to prolonging the survival time in hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life of hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancer patients who visited for traditional Korean cancer treatment. Methods: We evaluated the quality of life of 23 hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancer patients who visited for oriental medicine treatment at East-West Neo Medical Center from June to October of 2007. FACT-G (Functional Assessment Cancer Therapy-General), used in this study, is a scale for evaluation of QOL confirmed validity and reliability, popularly used in many countries to evaluate QOL of cancer patients. Results: The average age of enrolled patients was 57. There were 10 hepatocellular carcinoma patients, 7 pancreatic cancer patients, 6 biliary tract cancer patients. Twenty one patients were in stage IV and 20 patients had distant metastases. By Sasang constitution, Taeumin were 7, Soyangin were 8, and Soeumuin were 8. The baselines of FACT-G score in the first visit were from 34.33 to 85, and the mean score was 67.3. The mean score of FACT-G in hepatocellular carcinoma patients was 67.5, that of pancreatic cancer patients was 62.5, and that of biliary tract cancer patients was 71. Conclusions: This study is valuable as an initial QOL study of hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancer patients who visited an oriental medical clinic. We believe that consistent studies will be necessary to demonstrate oriental treatment-related quality of life with hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancer.

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Analysis of Death Causes of In-patients with Malignant Tumors in Sichuan Cancer Hospital of China from 2002 to 2012

  • Wang, Xiao;Song, Zheng-Fang;Xie, Rui-Meng;Pei, Jiao;Xiang, Ming-Fei;Wang, Huan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.4399-4402
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: To analyze underlying disease, fatality rate and the major causes of death of in-patients with malignant tumors in Sichuan Cancer Hospital. Methods: Clinical data of in-patients from 2002 to 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The top 10 tumors (82.0%of the total) of the malignant tumors of the in-patients were lung, cervical, esophagus, breast, colorectal, nasopharynx, liver and gastric cancers, lymphomas and ovarian cancers. The overall fatality rate was 2.7% during these eleven years, 3.4% and 2.0% for male and females, respectively with statistical significance for the difference (${\chi}^2$=164.737, P<0.001). The top 10 death causes were lung cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancer, esophagus cancer, gastric cancer, lymphoma, breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, ovarian cancer and nasopharynx cancer. In-patients with pancreatic cancer had the highest fatality rate (9.6%). There were different ranks of death causes in different sex groups and age groups. Conclusion: Prevention and control work of cancer should be enhanced not only for cancers with high incidence such as lung cancer, esophageal cancer but also for the cancers which have low incidence but high fatality rate, such as pancreatic cancer and gallbladder cancer, which would help to improve the survival rate and quality of life of cancer patients in the future.

Microsatellite Instability Is Associated with the Clinicopathologic Features of Gastric Cancer in Sporadic Gastric Cancer Patients

  • Kim, Shin-Hyuk;Ahn, Byung-Kyu;Nam, Young-Su;Pyo, Joo-Youn;Oh, Young-Ha;Lee, Kang-Hong
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Replication error is an important mechanism in carcinogenesis. The microsatellite instability (MSI-H) of colorectal cancers is associated with the development of multiple cancers. The influence of MSI-H on the development of multiple gastric cancers in sporadic gastric cancer patients has not been defined. This study was performed to reveal the association between the clinicopathologic features and MSI in sporadic gastric cancers. Materials and Methods: Between July 2004 and March 2009, the clinicopathologic characteristics, including MSI status, were evaluated in 128 consecutive patients with sporadic gastric cancers. None of the patients had hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer of familial gastric cancer. The markers that were recommended by the NCI to determine the MSI status for colorectal cancers were used Results: MSI-H cancers were found in 10.9% of the patients (14/128). Synchronous gastric cancers were shown in 4 patients (3.1%). Synchronous cancers were found in 2 of 14 patients with MSI-H gastric cancer (14.3%) and 2 of 114 patients with MSS gastric cancer (1.8%; P=0.059, Fisher's exact test). Among the patients with synchronous cancer 50% (2/4) had MSI-H cancer, but 9.7% of the patients (12/124) without synchronous cancer had MSI-H cancer. MSI-H (RR, 24.7; 95% CI, 1.5~398.9; P=0.024) was related with to synchronous gastric cancer, but age, gender, family history, histologic type, location, gross morphology, size, and stage were not related to synchronous gastric cancer. Conclusions: MSI is associated with the intestinal-type gastric cancer and the presence of multiple gastric cancers in patients with sporadic gastric cancer. Special attention to the presence of synchronous and the development of metachronous multiple cancer in patients with MSI-H gastric cancer is needed.

Nutritional Status of Cancer Patients upon Admission (입원한 암환자의 영양상태 조사 연구)

  • 김은경;양영희;최스미
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.271-280
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the nutritional status of cancer patients and non-cancer patients who were admitted to an internal medical department and to determine the degree of malnutrition among these patients. The study was performed from May to July l996 with 151 subjects recruited from the general medical department at D University Hospital. For nutritional assessment the anthropometric and biochemical assessment were performed. Biochemical measurements included serum hemoglobin, albumin, and lymphocytes. For anthropometric assessment, patient's body weight, skinfold thickness in four areas, body mass index, and percent of body fat were measured. The results were as follows : 1) Of the 151 patients who were studied, 47 patients had cancer while 104 patients had non cancer related disease. The mean age of the cancer patients was 57 and 52 for non cancer patients. The percentage of patients who had lost body weight during the last 6 months was 29.8% in cancer patients and 15.4% in non cancer patients. This percentage difference between the 2 groups was statistically significant. However, there was no statistical significance between the 2 groups in gastrointestinal symptoms which lasted more than 2 weeks. 2) There was a statistically significant difference in nutritional status(lympocyte : P=.002 ; skinfold thickness in four areas : p<0.05) between the cancer and the non-cancer patients. The percentage of the patients who had the possibility of malnutrition was 65.5% in cancer patients and 6% in non-cancer patients. 3) There was a correlation between the weight loss during the last 6 months before admission and body mass index and skinfold thickness.

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Effect of Lymphangiogenesis and Lymphovascular Invasion on the Survival Pattern of Breast Cancer Patients

  • Sahoo, Pradyumna Kumar;Jana, Debarshi;Mandal, Palash Kumar;Basak, Samindranath
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.15
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    • pp.6287-6293
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    • 2014
  • Background: Invasion of breast cancer cells into blood and lymphatic vessels is one of the most important steps for metastasis. In this study the prognostic relevance of lymphangiogenesis and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) in breast cancer patients was evaluated in terms of survival. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study concerned 518 breast cancer patients who were treated at Department of Surgical Oncology, Saroj Gupta Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Kolkata-700063, West Bengal, India, a reputed cancer centre and research institute of eastern India between January 2006 and December 2007. Results: The median overall survival and disease free survival of the patients were 60 months and 54 months respectively. As per Log-rank test, poor overall as well as disease free survival pattern was observed for LVI positive patients as compared with LVI negative patients (p<0.01). Also poor overall as well as disease free survival pattern was observed for perineural invasion (PNI) positive patients as compared to PNI negative patients (p<0.01). Conclusions: From this study it is evident that LVI and PNI are strongly associated with outcome in terms of disease free as well as overall survival in breast cancer patients. Thus LVI and PNI constitute potential targets for treatment of breast cancer patients. We advocate incorporating their status into breast cancer staging systems.