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Effect of Calcium Supplement on Bioavailability of Calcium in Rats Fed Soy Protein Diet (칼슘 보충제가 콩단백식이를 급여한 흰쥐의 체내 칼슘 이용성에 미치는 효과)

  • 원향례;오주환
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2002
  • This study is to find out how the 4 types of calcium salt such as calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, calcium lactate and calcium citrate in soy protein diet, the vegetable protein source, affect the calcium utilization in the body. To do so, calcium, phosphate and creatinine concentration and ALP activity in blood as well as the content of calcium and ash, the length, weight strength, and the calcium utilization in the bone were measured. Four groups of Sprague-Dawley male rats with the weight of around 180g were fed for 3 weeks with the experimental diet. Each group was fed with the isolated soy protein containing 14% of the diet and the above mentioned 4 types of calcium salt as the calcium source. The results are as follows; 1. There were no differences of the feed intake, weight gain, and feed efficiency among groups. 2. ALP activity in blood was sinificantly high in calcium lactate group(P<0.05), but there were no differences of concentration of calcium, phosphates, and creatinine in blood among groups. 3. The weight, calcium content, calcium ratio in ash and the strength of bone were low when calcium lactate was provided(P<0.05). 4. The content of calcium in the liver was high in calcium lactate group and calcium citrate group(P<.0.05). 5. The exceretion of feces was low in calcium lactate group(P<0.05) and the excretion of urine was also relatively low. In addition, the ratio of absorption and the retention of calcium were high(P<0.05). In summary, out of four types of calcium salt such as calcium carbontate, calcium phosphate, calcium lactate and calcium citrate when calcium lactate was provided the ALP activity in blood was high and the weight, calcium content, calcium ratio in ash and the strength of bone were low. In calcium utilization, the ratio of absorption and retention of calcium were high, however it has lower effect than 3 other calcium types in improving weight, the content of calcium and the strength of bone.

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Determination of Nutritious Calcium in Some Vegetables

  • Ishii, Yuuko;Takiyama, Kazuyoshi
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.855-858
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    • 1995
  • Vegetables contain more or less calcium. By the traditional method the total calcium in the vegetable was analyzed. A part or calcium in the vegetable is fixed as calcium oxalate and the calcium does not utilize for nutrition. In this investigation the free calcium was determined by extraction in boiling water, the combined calcium with oxalic acid was determined by extraction in 0.1 M hydrochloric aci and the other calcium combined with protein, amino acid etc. was estimated. The amount of calcium obtained from the difference between the total calcium and calcium exmtaining in calcium oxalate was estimated to be nutritious.

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The Effect of Various Types of Calcium Sources on Calcium and Bone Metabolism in Rats (칼슘 급원의 종류가 흰쥐의 체내 칼슘 및 골격대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 정혜경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.480-488
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    • 1996
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of various types of calcium sources on calcium and bone metabolism. Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing approximately 89.3g were divided into 4 groups and fed experimental diets containing 0.5% calcium for 5 weeks. Four different calcium salts were used for the study : calcium phosphate, calcium lactate, calcium gluconate, and calcium carbonate. Food intake showed no significant difference n accordance with the type of calcium salt, but bo요 weight gain and food efficiency were lower in calcium gluconate and calcium carbonate groups. There was significant differences in liver, thymus and epididymal fat pad weight with the of calcium salt ; the calcium gluconate group showed lower values compared to the other groups. Femur and scapular length were higher in calcium lactate and calcium carbonate groups. Wet weight, dry weight, and density of the femur tended to be lower in the calcium gluconate group than the other groups, but this difference was not statistically significant. The calcium content of the other groups. The calcium gluconate group showed higher urinary calcium and lower calcium absorption and balance. In conclusion, calcium and bone metabolism were different according to the type of calcium sources consumed.

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The Effects of Dietary Protein and Calcium Levels on Calcium and Bone (식이 단백질에 따른 칼슘수준이 성장기 흰쥐의 체내 칼슘 및 골격 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 장영은
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.266-276
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    • 1997
  • To investigate the effects of dietary protein and calcium levels on calcium and bone metabolism Sprague-Dawley male growing rats weighting approximately 91.4g were divided into four groups and fed one of the following four experimental diets-15% protein 0.2% calcium ; 15% protein 0.5% calcium ; 30% protein 0.2% calcium ; 30% protein 0.5% calcium-for five weeks. Calcium intake and excretion, apparent calcium absorption were measured and bone densities and mineral contents of femur and scapula were analyzed. Calcium excretion through feces and urine was significantly greater in animals receiving diets of higher calcium. Fecal calcium but not urinary calcium excretion was greater when the protein level was increased from 15% to 30%. Apparent calcium absorption rate was significantly higher with lower calcium intakes. Serum alkaline phosphatase activity was significantly higher in 0.2% calcium group than in 0.5% calcium group, while urinary hydroxyproline excretion was essentially same among all experimental groups. Weights and mineral contents or protein. Bone weights were greater, but calcium and ash contents of femur and scapula were lower in animals on the diet containing low calcium and high protein, which suggests that bone metabolism may be affected by the interaction between calcium and protein intake. These results indicate that during growth high protein intake might be beneficial to bone health if the diet is sufficient in calcium, however, if the diet fails to provide an optimum amount of calcium, such practice might be detrimental.

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Effects of Caffeine and calcium iIn take Calcium Utilization in Female Ratsof Different Age (카페인과 칼슘의 섭취수준이 연령이 다른 암쥐의 체내 칼슘 이용에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.10
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    • pp.1160-1169
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of caffeine and calcium levels on calcium utilization in female rats of different ages. Calcium utilization was compared in female rats of different age( 4 weeks and 12 months) fed various levels of caffeine(0 and 7 mg/100g body weight) and calcium (50, 100 and 200% of requirement) for 3 weeks. Feed intake of the caffeine groups were lower than that of the no-caffeine groups. body weight gain was lowest in the high-caffeine and low-calcium group. Serum calcium levels of young rats were higher than those of adult rats. There were no significant differences in tibial calcium content among the caffeine and calcium -groups. Fecal calcium excretion increased as the level of dietary calcium was increased. Urinary calcium excretion increased as the levels of caffeine and dietary calcium were increased. With increasing levels of dietary calcium , daily calcium retention was accelerated, but apparent calcium absorbability was diminished. The results of this study suggest that caffeine consumption promotes urinary calcium excretion. However, increase in dietary calcium resulted in higher calcium retention . These findings indicate that high caffeine consumption may increase dietary calcium requirements. Therefore, it could be suggested that the supplementation of dietary calcium may counteract the negative effect of caffeine intake on calcium utilization.

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Comparison of the Bioavailability of Calcium from Anchovy, Tofu and Nonfat Dry Milk(NFDM) in Growing Male Rats (칼슘공급원으로서 건멸치, 두부, 탈지분유의 체내이용성 연구)

  • 이성현
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.473-482
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    • 1994
  • This study was to compare the bioavailability of calcium from anchovy and tofu to those of calcium from calcium carbonate(CaCO3)as the control diet and non-fat dry milk(NFDM). Rats weighing 50-60g were placed on experimental diets and deionized water at free access for 4 weeks. Diets contained 0.2% calcium from calcium-carbonate, NFDM, anchovy, tofu or 0.5% calcium as obtained were as follows : 1) No significant differences in the apparent absorption of calcium(62.5%-71.0%) were observed in the rats fed four different calcium sources at the level of 0.2% while 0.5% calcium diet group apparently absorbed calcium less efficiently(52.2%). 2) Bone length of tibia and femur was not significantly different among the groups, though 0.5% calcium of control group showed slightly longer length. 3) Tibia fat-free dry weights of 0.2% calcium of NFDM and anchovy diet groups were not significantly different from that of 0.5% calcium of control group. For femurs NFDM, anchovy and tofu groups were similar in their fat-free dry weight to that of 0.5% calcium group. 4) For calcium contents tibia contents tibia from anchovy treated group showed higher value than calcium-carbonate and tofu groups and the value was not significantly different from that of 0.5% calcium group. In femur NFDM, tofu and calcium-carbonate groups were not significantly different in their calcium content but 0.5% calcium group had higher level of calcium than 0.2% calcium groups. 5) The normalized values(NV) show that there was no significant differences in NV among 0.2% CaCO3 anchovy and tofu groups, while NV of NFDM group was significantly lower than that of calcium-carbonate group. NV of 0.5% calcium group was a little more than 50% of those in 0.2% calcium groups. Though the values obtained for the calcium bioavailability were somewhat variable among experimental products, it was demonstrated that anchovy and tofu are as good as NFDM for the dietary calcium provider when calcium intake is at marginal level.

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Interaction of Dietary Wheat Bran and Dietary Calcium Levels ell Calcium Utilization and Bone Mass in Post-breeding Female Rats

  • Park, Young-Sook
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.16-21
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to determine the interaction of dietary wheat bran and dietary calcium levels n)n calcium utilization in post-breeding female rats. It was designed to compare the effects of four different levels (2.5, 5, 10 and 20%) of wheat bran and two different levels (0.5 and 1%) of calcium on bone and calcium balance in post-breeding female rats over a ten-week period. The effects of diet on animal weight gain, serum calcium, femur weight, femur calcium concentration, bone mass and calcium balance were determined and statistically analyzed. The addition of 20% wheat bran significantly (p$\leq$0.05) decreased the weight gain of rats. Serum calcium and bone calcium contents were more affected by dietary calcium level than by dietary wheat bran level. There was no significant difference in fat-free solid, ash, percentage of ash to fat-free solid and percentage of calcium to ash among groups. Groups fed the 1% calcium diet had a higher percentage of calcium to fat-free solid. All rats were in positive calcium balance during the three-4ay experimental period. The average calcium balance of the rats fed 1% calcium diet ranged from 25.34 to 53.90mg and the average calcium balance of the rats fed the 0.5% calcium diet ranged from 26.71 to 32.90mg. In rats receiving 2.5% wheat bran, the difference in calcium balance between the group fed the 1% calcium diet and the group fed the 0.5% calcium diet was only 1.37mg, which was not significantly (p$\leq$0.05) different. In rats receiving 20% wheat bran, the difference in calcium balance between the group fed the 1% calcium diet and the group fed the 0.5% calcium diet was 19.S7mg, which was significantly (p$\leq$0.05) different. The addition of wheat bran caused an increase in the calcium balance of the rats adminslesed the 1% calcium diet. On the other hand, the addition of wheat bran had no effect on the calcium balance of the rats adminislesed the 0.5% calcium diet. In conclusion, calcium utilization of rats wire more positively affected by the interaction of both dietary wheat bran levels and dietary calcium levels than either dietary wheat bran levels or dietary calcium levels alone. Moderate wheat bran consumption did not interfere with the calcium metabolism of rats when calcium intake was high enough.

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A Study on Ca Metabolism of College Women eating Usual Korean Diet (한국인의 일상식이를 섭취하는 여대생들의 칼슘 대사에 관한 연구)

  • 유춘희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.1049-1055
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    • 1995
  • This study was designed to investigate the effects of calcium supplementation on calcium metabolism in seven healthy college women, aged from 19 to 21 years old. For this purpose, metabolic studies were conducted for two weeks. During the first week, the subjects ate experimental diet which nutrients composition was similar to their usual intake. And during the consecutive second week, they ate the same experimental diet supplemented with 500mg of calcium daily. The results were summarized as follows ; 1) Fecal excretion of calcium increased significantly (P<0.05), but urinary excretion of that did not show any change after supplementary intake of calcium. 2) Mean apparent calcium absorption was 28.5% and retention was 182mg/day when subjects ate the experimental diet without calcium supplementation. Calcium retention was significantly ate the experimental diet without calcium supplementation. Calcium retention was decreased to 24.1% by additional intake of calcium. 3) Phosphorus balance did not show any change after additional intake of calcium. 4) Serum calcium level was also not changed by additional intake of calcium. 5) Serum calcium level increased significantly(P<0.05) but serum phosphorus level did not show any change after additional intake of calcium. The above results showed that supplementation of 500mg calcium daily can be helpful to increase calcium retention as well as the peak bone mass in young women eating usual Korean diets.

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The Suppressive Effects of Calcium Compounds against Botrytis cinerea in Paprika (파프리카 양액재배에서 발생하는 잿빛곰팡이병 방제에 대한 칼슘제제의 효과)

  • Yoon, Cheol-Soo;Yeoung, Young-Rog;Kim, Byung-Sup
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1072-1077
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    • 2010
  • Plant diseases including gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea are often reduced when calcium compounds are used as alternative materials in paprika. However, much less information is available about the effects of calcium compounds on controlling of $B.$ $cinerea$. Seven calcium compounds such as calcium sulfate dihydrate, calcium chloride, calcium nitrate, calcium oxide, calcium hydroxide, calcium carbonate, and calcium hydride were evaluated for their effectiveness against $B.$ $cinerea$ on potato dextrose agar medium. The pH of selected calcium compounds was higher (pH 8.2-10) than that of the control (pH 6.6). Calcium carbonate, calcium oxide, calcium hydride, and calcium hydroxide among seven calcium compounds were more effectively inhibited the growth of $B.$ $cinerea$ than other calcium compounds. In the case of spraying the spore suspension on paprika applied with the selected four calcium compounds and supplied with the selected calcium supplements in a hydroponic culture system, the paprika treated with calcium compounds showed less severity of disease than those untreated plants. On the basis of our results, we propose that the suppressive effects of calcium compounds on $B.$ $cinerea$ in paprika resulted from the supply of calcium and a certain degree of salt stress.

The Effects of Dietary Protein and Calcium Levels on Calcium Metabolism in Young Korean Women (한국여성의 단백질 및 칼슘섭취가 칼슘대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 구재옥
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.99-112
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    • 1988
  • This study was performed to investigate the effects of dietary protein and calcium levels on calcium metabolism in eight healthy Korean adult females. The 2-day metabolic study consisted of a 2 day adaptation period and three 6-day experimental periods. Three experimental diets were low protein low calcium(LPLCa : protein 44g, Ca 422mg), higher protein low calcium(HPLCa : protein 85g, Ca 365mg), and high protein high calcium (HPHCa : protein 84g, Ca 727mg). The apparent calcium absorption was likely to be affected by the calcium intake rather than by the protein intake. Average calcium absorption rate was about 23-29% of calcium intake. The calcium balance was -21.44mg for LPCa, -25.02mg for HPLCa, and -3.22mg for HPHCa. Avergae urinary calcium excretion was 127.7mg for LPLCa, 108.6mg for HPLCa, and 215.4mg for HPHCa. Urinary calcium excretion was more closely related to the changes of calcium intake rather than of protein intake. These results seemed to be due to the interactions between the high phosphours contained in the high protein diet and the little discrepancy of protein intake levels.

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