• Title, Summary, Keyword: cDNA

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Mutant cAMP Receptor Protein Binds to DNA without DNA Bending (DNA 벤딩(휨) 없이 돌연변이 cAMP 수용체 단백질의 결합)

  • Gang, Jong-Back
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.1225-1228
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    • 2006
  • Cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) complexed with cAMP binds to DNA and induces sharp DNA bending around ${\sim}90$ degree. Previous publication (5), however, reported that mutant CRP:cGMP complex showed high migration rate relative to mutant CRP:cAMP complex on native polyacrylamide gel. To confirm DNA structural change in the presence of CRP and cyclic nucleotide, molar cyclization factor $(j_M)$ [13] was measured with 6 constructed DNA fragments. Nonlinear regression analysis of $j_M$ data indicated that mutant CRP did not induce DNA bending in the presence of cGMP but bent DNA in the presence of cAMP without any helical twist change in DNA.

Evaluation of Amplified-based Target Preparation Strategies for Toxicogenomics Study : cDNA versus cRNA

  • Nam, Suk-Woo;Lee, Jung-Young
    • Molecular & Cellular Toxicology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.92-98
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    • 2005
  • DNA microarray analysis of gene expression in toxicogenomics typically requires relatively large amounts of total RNA. This limits the use of DNA microarray when the sample available is small. To confront this limitation, different methods of linear RNA amplification that generate antisense RNA (aRNA) have been optimized for microarray use. The target preparation strategy using amplified RNA in DNA microarray protocol can be divided into direct-incorporation labeling which resulted in cDNA targets (Cy-dye labeled cDNA from aRNA) and indirect-labeling which resulted in cRNA targets (i.e. Cy-dye labeled aRNA), respectively. However, despite the common use of amplified targets (cDNA or cRNA) from aRNAs, no systemic assessment for the use of amplified targets and bias in terms of hybridization performance has been reported. In this investigation, we have compared the hybridization performance of cRNA targets with cDNA targets from aRNA on a 10 K cDNA microarrays. Under optimized hybridization conditions, we found that 43% of outliers from cDNA technique and 86% from the outlier genes were reproducibly detected by both targets hybridization onto cDNA microarray. This suggests that the cRNA labeling method may have a reduced capacity for detecting the differential gene expression when compared to the cDNA target preparation. However, further validation of this discordant result should be pursued to determine which techniques possesses better accuracy in identifying truly differential genes.

The Bacteriophage λ DNA Replication Protein P Inhibits the oriC DNA- and ATP-binding Functions of the DNA Replication Initiator Protein DnaA of Escherichia coli

  • Datta, Indrani;Sau, Subrata;Sil, Alok Kumar;Mandal, Mitai C.
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2005
  • Under the condition of expression of $\lambda$ P protein at lethal level, the oriC DNA-binding activity is significantly affected in wild-type E. coli but not in the rpl mutant. In purified system, the $\lambda$ P protein inhibits the binding of both oriC DNA and ATP to the wild-type DnaA protein but not to the rpl DnaA protein. We conclude that the $\lambda$ P protein inhibits the binding of oriC DNA and ATP to the wild-type DnaA protein, which causes the inhibition of host DNA synthesis initiation that ultimately leads to bacterial death. A possible beneficial effect of this interaction of $\lambda$ P protein with E. coli DNA initiator protein DnaA for phage DNA replication has been proposed.

Expression of Canavalia Iineata Leghemoglobin cDNA in Transgenic Nicotiana tabacum (형질전환된 담배에서 해녀콩 Leghemoglobin cDNA의 발현)

  • 이선영
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.203-209
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    • 1995
  • Tobacco (Nicotiana tahacum L. cv. Wisconsin 38) leaf discs were cocultivated with Agrohacterium carrying a leghemoglobin (Lb) cDNA from Canavalia lineata. Seven plants were regenerated from the transformed leaf discs on MS media supplemented with 0.5 mg/L BAP, 0.1 mg/L ${\alpha}-NAA$, 200 mg/L kanamycin and 500 mg/L carbenicillin. Southern hybridization and PCR of genomic DNA from transgenic plants showed that the Lb cDNA was stably integrated into the genome of the tobacco. Total RNA from the transgenic tobacco showed northern hybridization signal at 1,000 nt and PCR of the first strand cDNA synthesized from the total RNA amplified 0.5 kb Lb cDNA. Furthermore, western hybridization using a polyclonal antibody against soybean Lb showed a 15.8 kD LB-like band on SDS-PAGE of proteins from the transformed tobacco. These results demonstrated that the Lb cDNA of C. lineata was not only incorporated into the genome of tobacco, but also transcribed into mRNA and translated into Lb protein in the transformed tabacco.

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Construction of the cDNA Library from Bombyx mori Larvae and Analysis of the Partial cDNA Sequences (누에 유충의 cDNA 유전자 은행 제작 및 cDNA 클론의 부분염기서울 분석)

  • 김상현;윤은영
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 1996
  • To secure the genetic resources of silkworm, Bomyx mori, the cDNA library was constructed with mRNA isolated from fifth instar larvae. Titer of the cDNA library was about 1.3 X 106 plaques in total. We presumed that the titer covered all transcripts existed in Bombyx mori. Meanwhile, it is knowen that partial cDNA sequences, Expressed Sequence Tags(ESTs), have a good value for the discovery of novel genes and the elucidation of their structures. For this purpose, partial cDNA sequencing was carried out from randomly selected cDNA clones in the library. Partial cDNA sequences of 37 clones were determined and an average of 212 nucleotides of sequence can be read from the clone. The ESTs were searched in GenBAnk database and fifteen ESTs showed significant similarities to enlisted sequences. They included the genes of storage protein, heat shock protein, actin, catalase and so forth. We presumed that the 22 unmatched ESTs were novel genes.

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cDNA Cloning and Overexpression of an Isoperoxidase Gene from Korean-Radish, Raphanus sativus L.

  • Park, Jong-Hoon;Kim, Soung-Soo
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.137-141
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    • 1996
  • A partial cDNA encoding a Korean radish isoperoxidase was obtained from a cDNA library prepared from 9 day old radish root. In order to obtain Korean radish isoperoxidase cDNA, 5' RACE (rapid amplification cDNA end) PCR was performed and a cDNA (prxK1) encoding a complete structural protein was obtained by RT (reverse transcription)-PCR. Sequence analysis revealed that the length of the cDNA was 945 base pairs, and that of the mRNA transcript was ca. 1.6 kb. The deduced amino acid of the protein were composed of 315 amino acid residues and the protein was 92% homologous to turnip peroxidase, and 46% to 50% homologous to other known peroxidases. The 945 bp cDNA encoding Korean radish isoperoxidase was overexpressed in Escherichia coli up to approximately 9% of total cellular protein. The recombinant fusion protein exhibited 43 kDa on SDS-PAGE analysis and the activity level of the recombinant nonglycosylated protein was two fold higher in IPTG induced cell extracts than that of uninduced ones.

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Rapid and Efficient Molecular Cloning of Rat Liver Full-length LDH A-cDNA (효율높은 cloning system을 통한 Rat Liver 전장 낙산탈수소효소 A-cDNA의 제조 및 분리동정)

  • 노옥경;배석철;이승기
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.116-125
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    • 1987
  • It is still difficult and time consuming to obtain cDNA sequences that contain the entire nucleotide sequence of the corresponding mRNA. A rapid and high efficient cloning method to obtain full-length cDNA segments is thus developed. The cloning procedure described here consists of the construction of oligo(dT)-tailed vector primer using pWR34 plasmid, polyadenylation of mRNA-cDNA heteroduplex using terminal deoxytransferase, and replacement of MRNA strand with DNA by RNase H and DNA polymerase I. The restriction endonuclease analysis shows that the size of inserted-cDNA is in the range of 1.5~4.0 kb long suggesting that most of cloned cDNA are full-length or nearly full-length cDNA. The plasmid-DNA recombinants obtained were 4$\times$$10^5$~$10^{6}$ per $\mu\textrm{g}$ of rat liver poly (A$^+$)mRNA, which is 4 to 10 fold higher cloning efficiency in comparison to the presently used methods for full-length cDNA cloning. The results indicate that the described cloning system is much simpler, less time consuming, and very efficient cloning method to construct a cDNA library.

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Changes in Polyamine Level and Chloroplast DNA Methylation in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Chlamydomonas의 Polyamine 함량변화와 엽록체 DNA Methylation)

  • 이순희
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 1994
  • Relationship between polyamine level and DNA methylation in the absence or presence of MGBG(l mM), which is an enzyme-activated reversible inhibitor of SAMDC, has been investigated during gametogenesis of Chlamydomonas. In the absence of MGBG, polyamine levels decreased in Chlamydomonas 137C(+) and 137C(-) during gametogenesis. And polyamine level of 137C(+) was 2-5 times as much as that of 137C(-) and showed a significant decrease unlike that of 137C(-). In vitro, MGBG inhibited ctDNA methylation of 137C(+) by 20-30% but did not inhibited that of 137C(-). Also, MGBG inhibited DNA methylase by 60% in vitro. The results obtained in the present work suggest the possibility that the changes of polyamine level may be associated with ctDNA methylation during gametogenesis of Chlamydomonas.omonas.

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The Effect of Temperature and Cycles on Amplification of DNA by PCR (PCR에 의한 DNA 증폭에 미치는 온도와 Cycle 수)

  • Kim, Chong-Ho;Shin, Sang-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.33-37
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    • 2004
  • In order to study the effect of temperature of denaturation, annealing and extension and cycles on amplification of DNA by PCR method, We isolated the hepatitis B virus DNA from hepatitis B patient blood and compared the density of DNA amplified by Reference PCR Program (denaturation at $94^{\circ}C$ for 30 sec., annealing at $60^{\circ}C$ for 1 min., extension at $72^{\circ}C$ for 1 min., holding at $72^{\circ}C$ for 5min., 30 cycles) that is usually used in laboratory to the density of DNA amplified by PCR program changed only the denaturation temperature or annealing temperature or extension temperature. We amplified about 341bp of hepatitis B virus DNA by Reference PCR Program from hepatitis patient blood, but the DNAs denatured at $72^{\circ}C$ or $60^{\circ}C$ were not detectable on photoradiography film. The DNA amplified at $37^{\circ}C$ of annealing temperature was not detectable, but the DNA annealed at $72^{\circ}C$ was detectable the lower density of DNA than the DNA amplified by Reference PCR Program. Each DNA amplified by PCR program changed only the extension temperature to $37^{\circ}C$ or $60^{\circ}C$ was almost same density as DNA amplified by Reference PCR Program. We compared the density of hepatitis B virus DNA amplified by Reference PCR Program for 30 cycles, 20 cycles, 10 cycles, and 5 cycles. The DNA cycled for 20 cycles was not amplified well as cycled for 30 cycles, but the DNA was detectable on the photoradiography film. The DNAs amplified for 10 cycles or 5 cycles were not detectable on photoradiorgaphy film. The concentration of hepatitis B virus DNA amplified in Reference PCR condition for 30 cycles, 20 cycles, 10 cycles, and 5 cycles were $72{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $83{\times}10^{-3}{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $27{\times}10^{-6}{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, and nondetectable, respectively.

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Identification of the Differentially Expressed Genes of Hanwoo During the Growth Stage by Subtractive cDNA Hybridization (Subtraction 기법을 이용한 한우 성장 단계 특이 발현 유전자 탐색)

  • Jang, Y.S.;Kim, T.H.;Yoon, D.H.;Park, E.W.;Cheong, I.C.;Jo, J.K.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2002
  • To identify the differentially expressed genes at growth stage of Hanwoo, we constructed the subtractive cDNA library from loin mRNA of 12- and 24-month old Hanwoo by PCR-based subtraction. The fourteen genes were confirmed by sequencing and reverse northern blot analysis, and they were selected as candidate of putative genes differentially expressed at the growth stage of Hanwoo. Three subtracted cDNA fragments that expressed specific signal to cDNA probe for 6-month-old loin of Hanwoo were highly homologous to those of the genes encoding EPV 20, Ca2+ATPase, and TCTP, respectively. The nine cDNA clones showed intense signal to cDNA probe from 12-month-old loin of Hanwoo, and highly homologus to those of genes encoding VCP, HSP 70, aldolase A, MSSK1, GM-2 activator protein, ryanodine receptor, acidic ribosomal phosphoprotein p1, ADP/ATP translocase, and UCP 2, respectively. Two subtracted cDNA clones that expressed specific signal to cDNA probes for 12- and 24-month-old loin of Hanwoo were detected. One of them was highly homologus to the gene encoding ferrochelatase and the other was highly homologus to the gene encoding ADRP.