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Considerations of Sustainable High-rise Building Design in Different Climate Zones of China

  • Wan, Kevin K.W.;Chan, Man-Him;Cheng, Vincent S.Y.
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.301-310
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    • 2012
  • Buildings, energy and the environment are key issues that the building professions and energy policy makers have to address, especially in the context of sustainable development. With more tall buildings constructed in China, the impact on energy consumption and carbon emission would be great from buildings (2% increase of carbon dioxide annually between 1971 and 2004). The imperative was to investigate the building energy performance of high-rise in different climate zones and identify the key design parameters that impose significantly influence on energy performance in sustainable building design. Design implications on glazing performance, sizing of the ventilation fans, renewable energy application on high-rise building design are addressed. Combination of effective sustainable building design strategies (e.g., building envelope improvement, daylight harvesting, advanced lighting design, displacement ventilation, chilled ceiling etc.) could contribute more than 25% of the total building energy consumption compared to the international building energy code.

Green Building Design Strategies for Multiplex Housing

  • Park, Won Ho;Ahn, Yong Han;Choi, Young-Oh
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: Energy saving in the built facilities is getting important due to energy crisis. The Korea government has been implemented several energy and green building policies and practices. The both of government and industry also developed green building strategies ant technologies to reduce energy consumption and carbon emission. The purpose of this research is to identify applicable green building strategies and technologies for that can be cost effective and applicable to a multiplex house. Method: This research identified appropriate green building strategies from analysing green building strategies from G-SEED certified apartment projects and popular green building strategies. This study also adopted a survey research method to find out the applicable green building strategies for a multiplex housing. In addition, this research also conduct cost estimating to identify initial cost premium of green building strategies. Results: The research outcomes in this study guide a building owner to know about initial cost premiums of green building strategies and technologies and an architect and contractor to identify appropriate and cost effective green building strategies that can be applicable to a multiplex house.

A Review on the Definition Methods of Prototypical Office Building for Energy Analysis (에너지해석용 표준 업무용건물의 정의방법에 관한 연구 리뷰)

  • Kim, Hye-Jin;Seo, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Structure & Construction
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2018
  • A prototypical building that represents the energy characteristics of buildings can be used as a mean of improving building energy efficiency by supporting policy makers, researchers, architects and engineers. This paper is a fundamental study for the definition of prototypical office building models of Korea. First of all, the term "prototypical buildings" was defined in the context of the representatives of building stock by examining the meanings used from many previous researches. Then, building energy related DB of Korea that is available from public and governmental organization such as MLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport) and KEEI (Korea Energy Economics Institute) is analyzed in terms of materials for prototypical building definition. Finally, numerous prototypical building studies since 1990's from all of the world were classified with three criteria based on the degrees of the used DB and assumptions in defining prototypical building. The found three criteria are EDPB (Empirical Decision based Prototypical Building), HIPB (Hybrid Information based Prototypical Building) SAPB (Statistical Analysis based Prototypical Building).

A Comparative Study of Building Energy Simulations for Building Types in Multiple Stock Housing based on BIM(Building Information Modeling) (BIM기반의 공동주택 주동 유형별 건물에너지 시뮬레이션 비교에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Byeongho;Lee, Geonwon;Yeo, Youngho
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.87-100
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    • 2010
  • The energy efficient design of the multiple stock housing is very important not only to save energy but also to increase sustainability in a whole city because the multiple stock housing type is dominated in the major residential supply markets in Korea. During the early design phase of the multiple stock housing type, the architect need convenient and accurate tools for evaluating energy consumptions based on building types rapidly. Building Information Modeling(BIM) is introduced as useful tool systems providing interoperability between 3rd dimensional modeling tools and environmental engineering analysis tools, and could reduce time and cost for unnecessary modeling works in the analysis. However, it is still hard to apply to building design practice and integrated energy simulation techniques because interoperability using industrial standard file formats such as IFC and bXML is still underdeveloped. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to perform the building energy simulations, to compare the results on typical building types in multiple stock housing based on BIM, and to clear the problems using industrial standard file formats between 3rd dimensional modeling and building energy simulation software. In addition, through comparisons with simulation results according to the typical building types such as building forms, orientations, and building stories, the interrelation ship and characteristics of BIM based building energy simulation software are analysed and evaluated.

Development of Pre-Specification for BIM-based Automated Building Code Checking (BIM 기반 건축법규 자동검토를 위한 사전정의서 개발)

  • Kim, Inhan;Jang, Jaemoon;Choi, Jungsik
    • Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2016
  • Building Information Modeling (BIM) has been adopted in variety domain of construction industry. In this circumstances, interest of BIM model quality has been increased. In many countries, automated building code checking system by Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) has been developed and studied to use web based building permission systems. IFC is international standard of BIM format. However, the data structure of IFC does not include all of objects and properties about national building codes. In this paper, we developed the information specification between IFC data structure and national building code to increase interoperability. First, we drew the criteria from literature review to analyze the building code. And then, we analyzed building code and sorted objects and properties for automated building code checking. After that we made mapping table between the sorted data and IFC specification. Using the mapping table, we developed pre-specification about building codes information that does not exist in IFC specification. And the defined information can be used to develop the BIM modeling guide and national building permission system. The pre-specification support increasing the interoperability between user and automated building code checking system. Increasing thee interoperability makes improvement accuracy and reliability about result of automated building code checking.

A Building Heating and Cooling Load Analysis of Super Tall Building considering the Vertical Micro-climate Change (초고층 오피스 건물의 수직외부환경 변화가 건물부하에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yang-su;Song, Doosam;Hwang, Suk-Ho
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.117-122
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    • 2010
  • In these days numerous super tall buildings are under construction or being planned in Middle East and Asian countries. Some of them are planned as an ultra high-rise building that goes over 600m tall, including Burj Khalifa, the tallest building in the world. External environment such as wind speed, temperature and humidity of the super tall building varies due to its vertical height. Therefore, it is necessary to consider these environmental changes to estimate building heating and cooling load. This paper analyzes how vertical microclimate difference affects building heating and cooling load in super tall building by simulation using radiosonde climate data. Besides, the correlation between air-tightness of building envelope and building load was analyzed for a super tall building.

Design Criteria for Effective Public Building Construction Process (공공청사의 효율적 조성을 위한 건축디자인 기준 설정 연구)

  • Kim, Chang-Shin;Dong, Jae-Uk;Lee, Hwa-Ryong
    • Journal of The Korean Digital Architecture Interior Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.43-53
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to propose the reasonable method for effective public building construction process. Public building service administration is necessary to make efficient public building supply and demand program. As a result, current public building precess need four steps(organize public assets, various process, establish public building service administration, design criteria). 1. Planning phase : Participation of Private Experts is guaranteed to enhance public building's function such as welfare, entertainment. 2. Design Phase : Detailed design review makes efficient and user oriented public building. 3. Construction Phase : Public Architect solve various problems among the participator especially in case of government local building construction. In conclusion, well formulated design criteria and Public building service administration make public building efficient in various field.

A Study on the Formation of Presbyterian Missionary Architecture in Andong Area (미국(美國) 북장로회(北長老會) 안동선교부(安東宣敎部) 건축형성과정(建築形成過程)에 대한 연구(硏究))

  • Dho, Sunboong;Han, Kyuyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.47-62
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze and explain the formation and character of presbyterian missionary architecture in Andong area from 1900 to 1945, which we may call "the modem architecture of Korea". I have surveyed and analyzed the 26 buildings. and so, the major findings of this study are as follows. Firstly, the phase of building is 1) buy the existing Korean traditional building and lot-a thatch roofed house. 2) modify the existing Korean traditional building-a thatch and tile roofed hose. 3) build the Korean style building-a thatch and tile roofed building. 4) build the Western style Building-a timber structured and zinc roofed building. 5) build the Western style Building- a masonry structured and zinc(or tile)roofed building. Secondly, the character of building is 1) In the Korean traditional building, the missionaries change the function for their purpose-office, church, school, hospital. they modify the existing Korean timber frame construction by introducing the material-brick, plaster, glass, Japanese style timber etc .. they live in the Korean existing residential area. 2) In the Western style building, the missionaries build the house according to their life style. they build the timber structured building-church, and the masonry (brick or stone)structured building such as a house, church, school and dormitory, and hospital. their building located on the hill depart from the existing Korean residential area.

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The Preliminary Design Guideline for Tall Building: Exploration of Planning Factors & Building Factors

  • Choi, Yong Sun
    • Architectural research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2002
  • Every year new tall buildings are being conceived, designed, and built with new schemes. Thus it is important to explore the factors that affect tall building design. Thus it is important to explore the tall building design factors. The planning and design of tall buildings require different criteria than those that exist in regular size buildings. Tall buildings are uniquely expressed by their structural systems where exterior esthetic and requirements of space drive the form and composition of the structural systems. Therefore the exploration of design factors is the key to achieve optimum building systems. Optimization as mentioned here is associated with the efficiency of the different building systems. To achieve an optimal system, there is a need for an understanding of the factors that affect on overall tall building design such as planning module, building function, lease span, floor-to-floor-height, building height (aspect ratio), structural system, environmental systems. In this paper a statistical approach will be used and will be based on data collected from the practice through a rigorous survey taken. This information is tabulated and analyzed. The major target of investigation will be lease span related to space requirement in the tall building planning. Factors related to lease spans, such as function, floor-to-floor height, planning module, building height, overall plan dimension, and plan ratio (building geometry), will be looked at carefully. IN conclusion, this approach of optimization can introduce a preliminary design guideline for tall building projects. The purpose of the paper should shed some light on the optimum tall building design criteria.

A Study on the Reference Building based on the Building Design Trends for Non-residential Buildings (건축물 설계현황 분석을 통한 국내 비주거용 표준건물의 설정에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Young-Sun;Jung, Hae-Kwon;Jang, Hee-Kyung;Yu, Ki-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2014
  • The Korean government plans to introduce the building energy performance standard which regulates the annual energy consumption of buildings. This paper aimed to set up the reference building from database based on the building design trends for non-residential buildings. We surveyed the design data of 435 non-residential buildings which were granted building permission from 2007 to 2011. And we conducted estimation on the heating & cooling load and the energy consumption of the reference building using ECO2 program. From results, the reference building of non-residential buildings was office building which had a total 7 floors and $20,838m^2$ gross floor area. And it suggests the design reference data of building envelope, HAVC, heat source equipment and lighting system for the reference building. The total annual energy use of the reference building was $151.9kWh/m^2yr$.