• Title, Summary, Keyword: bubble column reactor

Search Result 46, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

The Growth of Transgenic Tobacco′s Suspension Culture and the Production of β-Glucuronidase in Bubble Column Bioreactor (Bubble column bioreactor에서 형질전환된 담배세포의 성장양상 및 β-Glucuronidase의 생산)

  • 김석우;이동근;현진원;이상현;하종명;하배진;이재화
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.12 no.5
    • /
    • pp.577-583
    • /
    • 2002
  • The growth kinetics and the production of $\beta$-glucuronidase from transgenic tobacco's suspension culture was investigated in the flask culture and a 2.5 L bubble column reactor. The growth of bubble column reactor was similar to that of flask culture. However, in the bubble column reactor, the production of $\beta$ -glucuronidase reached 2850 U/mg (85-fold higher than that of flask culture). In both case, the production level of $\beta$ -glucuronidase was fluctuated, which was resulted from periodical degradation of the protein. Sucrose is important component in plant culture medium. Twice addition of sucrose in bubble column reactor could not improve cell growth, since other components in a medium were already depleted. However, the addition of sugar decreased cell size, which facilitated the operation of bioreactor. The production of $\beta$ -glucuronidase was continuously increased, however final concentration of $\beta$ -glucuronidase was similar to that without sucrose addition.

Continuous rapid Production of Soy Sauce by Coimmobilized Mixed Culture system of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and Candida versatilis using Air Bubble Column Reactor (Zygosaccharomyces rouxii와 Candida versatilis의 동시 고정화에 의한 Air Bubble Column Reactor에서 간장의 연속적 속성 생산)

  • 류병호
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.18 no.6
    • /
    • pp.455-460
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study was designed to find out the rapid fermentation of soy sauce from koji hydrolyzates using air bubble column reactor packed with coimmobilized mixed culture system. Continuous ripid production was performed by coimmobilized Z. rouxiii BH-90 and C. versatilis BH-91. Coimmobilized cells of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii BH-90 and Candida versatilis BH-91 mixture cells in the column reactor produced 2.8% ethyl alcohol and 18mg/L 4-ethylguaiacol over 96 hours under the optimal conditions. Coimmobilized cells produced 2.30∼2.4% ethyl alcohol during 30 days, and decreased gradually from 40 days to 70 days. Also coimmobilized cells produced 4-ethylguaiacol at the constant rate of 16∼18mg/L and decreased gradually after 40 days. Final product of soy sauce contained 2.4% ethyl alcohol and 18mg/L 4-ethylguaiacol. However, amino acid compositions of soy sauce were consisted of predominantly glutamic acid, leucin, arginine, aspartic acid, Iysine and valine, which were more than 50% of total amino acid.

Design Parameters Estimations for Bubble Column Reactors to Remove Toxic Gases (독성가스 제거용 기포탑 반응기의 설계기법)

  • Oh, Junghwan;Hong, Min Sun
    • Korean Journal of Hazardous Materials
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.99-108
    • /
    • 2018
  • Gas-liquid bubble column reactors are extensively used in industrial processes. A detailed knowledge of bubble size distribution is needed for determining the mass transfer in gas-liquid film. Experimental data on bubble size distribution and liquid-side mass transfer coefficient($k_L$) were used to calculate the estimated time to saturation in bubble column reactor. Also, the gas flux was evaluated to the liquid-side mass transfer coefficient($k_L$) and solubility data for hydrogen sulfide($H_2S$) and chlorine($Cl_2$) absorption into water. Simulation results show that $H_2S$ absorption time to 50 % of saturation concentrations are 611 sec and 1,329 sec when bubble diameters are 0.5 mm and 4.5 mm, while absorbing 1 % $H_2S$ gas. In case of $Cl_2$, absorption time range 657 to 1,400 sec when bubble size range 0.5 mm to 4.5 mm, while absorbing 1 % $Cl_2$ gas. Calculated simulation results can be used in the design of emergency relief bubble reactors.

Production of Itaconic Acid at Various Bioreactors (다양한 생물반응기에서 이타콘산의 생산)

  • 박승원;김승옥;이진석
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.304-308
    • /
    • 1994
  • A suitable culture method and bioreactor type for itaconic acid production were chosen by comparing the maximal concentration of itaconic acid produced in various systems. In batch culture, the maximal concentration of itaconic acid produced in a bubble column reactor was about 5% greater than that produced in stirred-tank or external-loop airlift reactor. These results were thought to be due to lower shear force and higher mass transfer efficiency in a bubble column reactor in comparison with other reactors. Moreover, the fed-batch mode in a bubble column was found to be a suitable one, producing about 25% higher concentration of itaconic acid compared to batch mode.

  • PDF

Axial and Radial Gas Holdup in Bubble Column Reactor

  • Wagh, Sameer M.;Ansari, Mohashin E. Alam;Kene, Pragati T.
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.35 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1703-1705
    • /
    • 2014
  • Bubble column reactors are considered the reactor of choice for numerous applications including oxidation, hydrogenation, waste water treatment, and Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis. They are widely used in a variety of industrial applications for carrying out gas-liquid and gas-liquid-solid reactions. In this paper, the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is used for predicting the gas holdup and its distribution along radial and axial direction are presented. Gas holdup increases linearly with increase in gas velocity. Gas bubbles tends to concentrate more towards the center of the column and follows a wavy path.

Comparative Study of Mass Transfer and Bubble Hydrodynamic Parameters in Bubble Column Reactor: Physical Configurations and Operating Conditions

  • Sastaravet, Prajak;Chuenchaem, Chomthisa;Thaphet, Nawaporn;Chawaloesphonsiya, Nattawin;Painmanakul, Pisut
    • Environmental Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.345-354
    • /
    • 2014
  • In this paper, effects of physical configurations and operating conditions on bubble column performance were analyzed in terms of bubble hydrodynamic and mass transfer parameters. Bubble column with 3 different dimensions and 7 gas diffusers (single / multiple orifice and rigid / flexible orifice) were applied. High speed camera and image analysis program were used for analyzing the bubble hydrodynamic parameters. The local liquid-side mass transfer coefficient ($k_L$) was estimated from the volumetric mass transfer coefficient ($k_La$) and the interfacial area (a), which was deduced from the bubble diameter ($D_B$) and the terminal bubble rising velocity ($U_B$). The result showed that the values of kLa and a increased with the superficial gas velocity (Vg) and the size of bubble column. Influences of gas diffuser physical property (orifice size, thickness and orifice number) can be proven on the generated bubble size and the mass transfer performance in bubble column. Concerning the variation of $k_L$ coefficients with bubble size, 3 zones (Zone A, B and C) can be observed. For Zone A and Zone C, a good agreement between the experimental and the predicted $K_L$ coefficients was obtained (average difference of ${\pm}15%$), whereas the inaccuracy result (of ${\pm}40%$) was found in Zone B. To enhance the high $k_La$ coefficient and absorption efficiency in bubble column, it was unnecessary to generate numerous fine bubbles at high superficial gas velocity since it causes high power consumption with the great decrease of $k_L$ coefficients.

Effects and Optimization of Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid (GABA) Production Process using Glutamate Decarboxylase (GAD) (Glutamate Decarboxylase (GAD)를 이용한 Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid (GABA) 생산 및 최적화)

  • Kim, Eui Jin;Lee, Jung-Heon
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.29 no.6
    • /
    • pp.426-431
    • /
    • 2014
  • pH controlled batch reactor and bubble column reactors have been developed in this research. They were used to produce high concentration of GABA and to determine optimal pH for GABA production. Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) was isolated from recombinant E. coli and used for GABA production from monosodium glutamate (MSG). pH control was inevitable because the pH increased with MSG consumption. GAD showed highest activity at acidic conditions at pH 5.5 but the optimal pH for GABA production was pH 6.0. When 1.5 mole of MSG was used as reactant, the 1.05 mole of GABA was produced after 10 hrs batch reaction. Using bubble column reactors, 80 % of MSG was converted to GABA for 6 hrs reaction and 1.2 mole of GABA was produced.

Methane Recovery and Carbon Dioxide Stripping by MEA Solution the Autocirculation Bubble Lift Column Reactor (내부순환식 기포탑 반응기 상에서 MEA (monoethanolamine) 용액에 의한 이산화탄소 분리 및 메탄회수)

  • Lee, In-Hwa;Kim, Sun-Yil;Park, Ju-Young
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.239-244
    • /
    • 2007
  • For the simultaneous methane recovery and $CO_2$-stripping, we have been developed dual vent auto circulation bubble lift column reactor, and evaluate optimum conditions for monoethanolamine (MEA) solutions as a $CO_2$ absorbent. At the 5 wt% MEA solution, we investigated the pH change during $CO_2$-stripping and absorption reaction, $CO_2$-stripping rate with reaction time, methane recovery efficiency for various inflow rates of air, $CO_2$-stripping rate for flow liquid over flow height, and $CO_2$-stripping dependency on the temperature of absolvent solutions. The suggested optimum conditions for $CO_2$ recovery with MEA in the dual vent auto circulation bubble lift column reactor were 40 mm over flow liquid height, 1.5 L/min of air inflow rate, and $25^{\circ}C$ of absorbent solution temperature.

Study on Effect of gas superficial velocity on particle behavior in three phased Slurry Bubble Column Reactor (3상 Slurry Bubble Column Reactor에서 기체유속에 따른 고체입자의 거동에 대한 연구)

  • Yang, Jung-Hoon;Yang, Jung-Il;Lee, Ho-Tae;Kim, Hak-Joo;Chun, Dong-Hyun;Jung, Heon
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.876-879
    • /
    • 2009
  • Fischer-Tropsch 합성 반응과 같은 slurry bubble column reactor에서는 반응 속도를 증진시키기 위해서는 서로 다른 상간의 접촉 면적을 최대화함으로써 물질 전달을 원활하게 유지하여야 한다. 특히 Fischer-Tropsch 합성 반응에서는 반응물인 기체가 촉매로서 기능하는 고체 표면으로의 external mass transfer가 효과적으로 이루어져야 하기 때문에 반응기 내의 기체의 거동뿐만 아니라 고체인 촉매의 분포에 대한 연구가 활발하게 이루어지고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 반응기 내에 기체의 superficial velocity를 변화시키면서 기체의 hold up 뿐만 아니라 고체 입자의 분포특성에 대하여 관찰하였다. Superficial velocity가 증가함에따라 gas hold up의 경우, 일정하게 증가하다가 6 cm/sec 이상에서 그 증가폭이 감소하였다. 즉 6 cm/sec이상에서 turbulent flow regime을 형성하였다. 또한 고체입자의 분포 역시 기체의 superficial velocity가 증가함에따라 보다 균일하게 되는 것을 확인할 수 있었다.

  • PDF

Effects of Operating Variables on the Conversion of Meta Boric Acid Formation in a Bubble Column Reactor (기포탑 반응기에서 조작변수가 meta 붕산 생성반응 전환율에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Soo-Haeng;Do, Jae-Bum;Kang, Y.
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.7 no.3
    • /
    • pp.573-579
    • /
    • 1996
  • Effects of operating variables on the conversion of the formation reaction of meta boric acid from ortho boric acid in a laboratory-scale bubble column reactor were investigated to obtain the basic data which are indispensable for the design, scale-up, control, development and operation of industrial bubble column reactors. Reaction time and pressure, particle size of reactant and gas flow rate were chosen as experimental variables. Effects of the experimental variables on the gas holdup in the bubble column reactor were also discussed in relation to the conversion of reaction. From the results of this study, the optimum conditions were drawn as follows : Reaction time ; 35~40(min), reaction pressure ; 92~95(kPa), particle size ; under $0.6{\times}10^{-3}(m)$, gas flow rate ; 0.07~0.08(m/s).

  • PDF