• 제목/요약/키워드: browning

검색결과 937건 처리시간 0.126초

가열온도에 따른 수삼의 갈변반응 특성 (Browning Reaction of Fresh Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) as Affected by Heating Temperature)

  • 이종원;이성계
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.249-253
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    • 1995
  • In the browning reaction of Korean ginseng, it appears that enzymatic and non-enzymatic browning reaction occurred in the initial stage of heating fresh ginseng at low temperature, and then non-enzymatic browning reaction followed in the drying period after heating. Activation energy of the browning reaction for red ginseng was about 9.0 kcal/mol. Browning reaction of red ginseng was accede- rated with an increase in steaming time, and a great extent of browning reaction occurred between 60-90 min of steaming at 10$0^{\circ}C$. Browning pigments of red ginseng were mostly water soluble subset.

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갈변방지제 처리에 따른 슬라이스 유자의 품질 변화 (Quality Change of Sliced Citron (Citrus junos Sieb.) according to Browning Inhibitor Treatment)

  • 이보배;조혜성;조윤섭;남승희
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.419-427
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the qualitative changes of the citron by identifying the type of solution and addition of the solution to prevent the browning reaction of the citron in a way that inhibits the browning of the citron. The browning inhibitor solution was investigated using the individual and mixture, and the results of the degree of browning and chromaticity showed that vitamin C+NaCl+cyclodextrin (CD) had the lowest browning of 0.52. In chromaticity, the ΔE values indicate that the higher the value, the greater the change in color, and the lowest value of the vitamin C+NaCl+CD mixture was 47.0, indicating that there was minimal browning compared to other treatment. The active change of the polyphenol oxidase (PPO) in the citron increased enzyme activity as the browning progressed, and the vitamin C+NaCl+CD solution was the lowest at 68.40 μ/g among the anti-browning solution. Based on these research results, it seems that the CD mixing solution can be used as a citron browning inhibitor.

사과농축액의 갈변현상 및 그 억제 (The Browning Reaction and Inhibition of Apple Concentrated Juice)

  • 배수경;이영철;김현위
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.6-13
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    • 2001
  • The study was conducted to investigate the effect of the browning inhibitors such as PVPP(polyvinylpoly-pyrrolidone), A.A.(ascorbic acid) on nonezymatic browning factors [free sugar, total amino acid, organic acid, A.A., HMF (hydroxymethylfurfural)] and enzymatic browning factors [PRO (polyphenoloxidase) activity, polyphenol compounds] in concentrated apple juice during 90 days storage. Considering color value (L value, $\Delta$E), absorbance at 420 nm, concentrated apple juice during 90 days storage. Considering color the effect of browning inhibition. According to the storage period, the changes of nonenzymatic factors in concentrated apple juice added with browning inhibitors were similar to those in control (concentrated apple juice without browning inhibitors), which were the decreased of sucrose(0.24~0.35% at 90 days), the slight increase of glucose and fructose, the decrease of total amino acid (530.4~573.1 mg/10g at 90 days), same value of A.A. at 90 days (38.5~78.6 mg/100g), and the increase of HMF (27.8~30.6 mg/100g at 90 days). On the contrary, enzymatic browning factors were significantly inhibited in concentrated apple juice added with PVPP, judging from the slow increase of PRO activity and the significant decrease of initial value in polyphenol compounds (especially chlorogenic acid). These results suggest that PVPP plays an important role as enzymatic browning inhibitor, that is, a scavenger of polyphenol compounds by adsorption in concentrated apple juice.

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옥수수 전분과 서탕에 의한 Casein갈변저지 효과에 관한 생리적 연구 -흰쥐에 의한 fructosyl-lysine 및 유리아미노산의 배설양상과 혈청, 간 및 소장내용물중의 함량- (Physiological Study on the Effect of Preventing the Browning Reaction by Corn Starch and Sucrose on Maillard Browning of Casein -Excretion phenomenon and contents of free amino acids and fructosyl-lysine of serum, liver and small intestinal diesta by rats-)

  • 우강융
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.197-212
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    • 1988
  • Casein과 포도당간의 갈변반응시 전분 및 자당 첨가에 의한 갈변반응 저지효과를 흰쥐를 이용하여 검토한 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 체중 및 단백질소화율은 비갈변식이를 섭취한 경우가 갈변식이를 섭취한 경우보다 높았으나 갈변식이의 경우 전분 보호효과는 없었다. 2. 질소균형 및 혈청 yrea-N의 농도는 처리간 유의차가 없었다. 3. Fructosyl-lysine은 분보다 뇨를 통한 배설량이 비갈변식이 섭취시 1.7배, 갈변식이 섭취시 10~18배 가량 높았다. 분과 뇨를 통한 총 배설량은 비갈변식이를 섭취한 경우보다 갈변식이 섭취시 훨씬 높았다. 뇨를 통한 배설량은 비보호갈변식이를 섭취한 경우에 비하여 자당첨가동시보호갈변식이를 섭취했을때 낮았고 분을 통한 배설량은 전분보호 갈변식이를 섭취했을 때 보호방법에 관계없이 비보호갈변식이를 섭취한 경우보다 낮았다. 4. 개별 필수유리아미노산의 분을 통한 배설량은 비갈변식이에 비하여 갈변식이를 섭취한 경우가 높았고 뇨를 통한 배설량은 HIs을 제외하고는 비갈변식이를 섭취한 경우가 오히려 높거나 비슷한 수준이었다. 5. lysine의 분을 통한 배설량은 비갈변식이에 비하여 갈변식이를 섭취한 경우가 3.3~4.3배 높았고 비보호갈변식이에 비하여 전분 보호갈변식이를 섭취한 경우가 23~2*% 정도 낮았다. 6. 혈청, 간 및 소장내용물중 fructosyl-lysine 함량은 비갈변식이에 비하여 갈변식이를 섭취한 경우 혈청내에서는 1.7~2.7배, 간에소는 11.1~22.1%, 소장내용물중에서는 자당첨가동시보호갈변식이를 제외하고는 7.3~11.7배 정도 높았다. 전분보호효과를 보면 비보호갈변식이에 비하여 전분보호갈변식이를 섭취한 경우가 혈청에서는 26~37%, 소장내용물에서는 14.3~82.9% 정도 낮았다.

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수삼추출물 및 Glucose 또는 Arginine첨가 추출물의 특성과 항산화작용에 대하여 (The Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Non-enzymatic Browsing Products from Fresh Ginseng Bxtracts and Those with Arginine or Glucose)

  • 최강주;김동훈
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.8-23
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    • 1981
  • Color is one of the most important quality factors of red ginseng (Hong-sam) which is processed from fresh ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer). Therefore, a study of characteristics of browning mixtures of aqueous fresh ginseng extracts, factors which accelerate the browning of the aqueous extracts, and the antioxidant activity of the browning mixtures may contribute to the improvement of the color and other quality of red ginseng and other ginseng products such as ginseng extracts. In the present study, factors which affect the Maillard-type browning reaction of aqueous extracts of fresh ginseng roots were investigated firstly by adding various concentrations (0.001-0.5M) of arginine or glucose solutions, by varying the browning reaction temperatures and durations. Secondly, some characteristics such as brown color intensity, amounts of water-soluble and ether-soluble extracts, amounts of non-dialyzable materials, pH, viscosity, and reactivity with 2,2'- diphenyl -1 - picrylhydrazyl and antioxidant activity of the browning mixtures of the aqueous fresh ginseng extracts with small amounts of 0.1 M arginine, 0.1 M glucose, and distilled water at various browning temperatures and reaction time were studied. The results of the present study are as follows. 1. Color intensity (absorbance at 470 nm) of the browning mixtures was increased by adding various concentrations of arginine solution to the fresh ginseng extract, but the addition of the same amount of glucose solution did not increase the color intensity. 2 The amounts of water- or ether-soluble extracts, amounts of non-dialyzable materials were slightly greater in case of the browning mixtures of the fresh ginseng extract with 0.1M arginine solution than in case of the browning mixtures of the fresh ginseng extract with the same amount of 0.1 M glucose solution. In the process of the browning reaction, the pH of the browning mixtures of the fresh ginseng extract with 0.1 M arginine solution decreased slightly, while that of the browning mixtures with 0. 1 M glucose solution was almost constant. 3. The color intensity (absorbance at 470 nm) of the browning mixtures of the fresh ginseng extract with 0.1 M arginine or 0.1 M glucose solutions did not correlate well with the reducing power or the antioxidant power of the browning mixtures. The antioxidant activity of 90% ethanol extracts from the earlier stages of the browning mixtures of the fresh ginseng extract with the arginine solution was almost comparable to that of the 90% ethanol extracts from the later stages of the corresponding browning mixtures. The browning mixtures of only the fresh ginseng extract or of the fresh ginseng extract with the glucose solution showed considerable antioxidant activity, although both showed less brown color intensity than the fresh ginseng extract with he arginine solution.

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품종별 한국산 감자 슬라이스의 냉장 중 Polyphenol oxidase, 페놀함량 및 갈변정도의 변화 (Changes in Polyphenol Oxidase Activity, Phenol Concentration and Browning Degree of Potato Slices with Different Cultivars during Cold Storage)

  • 정현미;이귀주
    • 한국식생활문화학회지
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.89-95
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    • 1995
  • Three potato cultivars, Sumi,Daejima and Namjak, were prepared as slices. They were dipped in distilled water for 20 seconds. The potato slices were packed in polyethylene bags and stored at $5^{\circ}C$. Browning degree, total phenol and chlorogenic acid contents and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity were measured. And the correlation analysis of browning parameters were conducted. The results were as follows. There were increase in browning degree, phenolic content and PPO activity during cold storage of potato slices with different cultivars. Among three cultivars, Sumi showed the highest browning degree, phenolic content and PPO activity and also showed the highest % increse of browning and PPO activity during cold storage. On the contrary, Daejima was the lowest. But Daejima showed the highest % increase in phenolic contents during cold storage. With Sumi, browning degree was significantly correlated with PPO activity and phenolic contents (p<0.05). With Daejima and Namjak, a significant correlation was found between browning degree and PPO activity (p<0.05). From the above results, enzymatic browning reactions of potato slices and factors affecting them were dependent on cultivar. Among the tested three cultivars, Daejima showed the lowest browning degree during cold storage and thus seems to be desirable for minimal processing.

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Mutagenic and Clastogenic Activities of the Browning Reaction Model Systems

  • Ryu, Beung-Ho;Kim, Dong-Seuk;Kim, Dong-Su;Lee, Chong-Choil
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 1986
  • Two short-term bioassays were employed to asses the mutagenic and clastogenic activities in browning reaction of pentose-creatine, pentose-glycine and pentose-creatine-glycine browning reaction model system. Methylene chloride extract of rhamnose-creatine-glycine browning reaction exhibited the strongest mutagenicity toward Salmonella typhimurium TA98 with S-9. Methylene chloride extract of pentose-creatine and pentose-glycine browning reaction solutions was also tested for mutagenicity, with positive responses. Methylene chloride extract of pentose-creatine-glycine browning reaction solutions induced significant increase in chromosome aberrations in the treated Chinese hamster ovary(CHO) cells. Each of pentose-creatine and pentose-glycine browning reaction solutions induced a relatively low frequency of chromosome aberrations in the treated cells.

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Caramel형 갈색화 반응속도에 관한 연구 (A study on the reaction rate of caramel type browning reaction)

  • 신민자;안명수
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.363-369
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    • 1999
  • The study was carried out to compare the reaction rate of caramel type browning reaction of xylose(XY), glocose(GL), sucrose(SU), glucose+citric acid(GLCA), glucose+sodiumcitrats(GLSC), glucose+glycine(GLGC) heated at 60, 80, 100, 120 and 140$^{\circ}C$ for 24 hours, respectively. 1. The color intensity (absorbance at 490 nm) of the browning reaction mixtures tends to increase as the browning reaction time gets longer and the browning of reaction temperature gets higher. But the degree of the intensity of SU and GLCA changes very little. 2. The reaction rate constant (K) was increased rapidly above 120$^{\circ}C$ and appeared maximum at 140$^{\circ}C$, especially GLGC (140.25) was the highest. The activation energy (Ea) of sugars. XY had the highest value (124.36 J/mol), while SU the lowest(104.68 J/mol). Mixtures of GLGC was shown to have higher activation energy (144.94 J/mol) than the sugar alone and Q$\_$10/ values of GLGC were 1.68-2.85. 3. The residual amount of reactants such as xylose, glucose, sucrose, citric acid, sodium citrate and glycine in each browning mixture were decreased upon the browning reaction temperature increasing. In the GLCA, GLSC and GLGC browning mixtures, respectively, the residual amounts of glucose were less than those with amino acid, organic acid and their salt.

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표고균사 갈변시 세포내 효소의 변화 (The changes in intracellular enzyme during the mycelial browning of Lentinula edodes (Berkeley) Sing)

  • 김영호;전창성;박수철;유창현;성재모;공원식
    • 한국버섯학회지
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.110-114
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    • 2009
  • 표고균사가 액체배지나 한천배지에서 생장하여 숙성되는 동안 갈변되는 현상을 나타낸다. 표고균사는 접종 25일부터 갈변이 시작되어 30일부터 균총 전반에 걸쳐 이루어지기 시작해 접종 40일까지 갈변이 완전히 이루어진다. 이때 균사내의 효소의 활력을 조사한 결과 phenloxidase계통의 효소들은 laccase는 접종 15일에 가장 높았으며 갈변이 되면서 점점 감소되었으나 tyrosinase는 갈변이 이루어지는 30일부터 급격히 증가하였고 peroxidase는 등전점 전기영동에 의하여 조사한 바 갈변이 이루어지는 30일부터 서서히 증가하였다. 등전점전기영동에 의해 조사된 phosphatase효소는 esterase, acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase를 조사하였으며 균사의 갈변이 일어나기 시작하는 접종 30일까지는 증가되었으나 그 이후 갈변이 이루어지는 과정에서는 급격히 감소되었다.

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홍삼추출물 및 농축물의 마이야르 갈색화반응 촉진에 미치는 아미노산 및 당의 영향 (Effects of Amino Acids and SLlgars on the Maillard Brou'nine Reactions during Extraction and Concentration of Red Ginseng)

  • 이광승;최강주
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 1990
  • Browning intensity is a major factor to estimate the quality of red ginseng or red ginseng products. The Maillard type of browning reaction proceeds nonenzymatically during extraction and concentration of red ginseng. The present studies were carried out to investigate the effects of amino acids and sugars on the browning reaction during extraction and concentration of red ginseng. Red ginseng was pulverized to 115 mesh and then tenfold (v/w) of water was added to the powder to make the substrate of red ginseng. Solution (0.1 M) of fourteen amino acids and of folly silgars were added to the substrates of red ginseng powder and these were then extracted and concentrated to examine their browning intensities. Amino acids were more effective than sligars in acrelerating the browning reaction. Acceleration of the browning reaction in the concentrate was in the order of arginine> histidine>glycine>alanine>lysine phenyl alanine>aspartic acid>lelicine>threonine>gllitamic acid>tyrosine>valine>istleucine>methionine for amino acids, and was glucose>frlictose >silcrose, maltose for sugars.

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