• Title/Summary/Keyword: brown rice flour

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Quality Characteristics of Cookies with Brown Rice Flour (현미가루 첨가 쿠키의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Mi-Hye;Oh, Myung-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.685-694
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    • 2006
  • The quality characteristics of cookies containing brown rice flour, which has a greater variety of functional components than wheat flour, were studied. The results of the pasting properties shows that the inclusion of brown rice flour to the wheat flour-mixture did not affect the pasting temperature for up to 30% inclusion. The total dietary fiber and total polyphenol content increased and color of the cookies became darker with increasing brown rice flour content. According to the results from TA on texture, the hardness decreased and the crispness increased significantly(p<0.001, p<0.05, respectively) with increasing brown rice flour content. From the acceptance test, the aroma and texture of the cookies with added brown rice flour were significantly(p<0.001) lower than those of the wheat flour cookies. However, the appearance, taste, and overall acceptance of the cookies with added brown rice flour did not differ significantly from those of the wheat flour cookies. According to the results from the sensory evaluation, the savory aroma of the cookie with 30% brown rice flour was significantly strong(p<0.001). The brown rice flavor of the cookies with brown rice flour was significantly stronger(p<0.001) than that of the wheat flour cookie, but there were no significant differences among the cookies with brown rice flour in it. The crispness of the cookies increased significantly(p<0.001) with the inclusion of brown rice flour in the mixture, especially for the mixture with 30% brown rice flour which had the highest value of crispness among the cookies. The graininess and brown color of the cookies increased significantly(p<0.001) with increasing brown rice flour content, especially for the mixture with 30% brown rice flour which had the highest values among the cookies.

Quality Characteristics of Waffle by adding Brown Rice Flour (현미가루 첨가량에 따른 와플의 품질특성)

  • Choi, Soon-Nam;Chung, Nam-Yong;Kim, Hyun-Jung
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 2013
  • The effects of added brown rice flour on the quality characteristic of waffle were investigated. Waffle were prepared by the addition of 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of brown rice flour on wheat flour. The weight of waffle with brown rice flour ranged from 103.0~107.0 g and that of the control was 100.0 g. The volume of the waffle prepared by adding brown rice flour were 225.0~303.0 mL and that of the control was 307.5 mL. The weight of the waffle increased with increasing brown rice flour concentration, whereas volume and baking loss decreased. The hardness, chewiness (p<0.05) and springiness decreased with the addition of brown rice flour. The Hunter L values of waffle decreased, whereas a and b values increased with the addition of brown rice flour. The result of the sensory evaluation showed that taste and overall acceptability (p<0.05) was the highest for added brown rice flour.

Physicochemical Properties of Nonwaxy and Waxy Brown Rice Flour (현미멥쌀가루와 찹쌀가루의 이화학적 특성)

  • 김경애
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.557-561
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    • 1996
  • Physicochemical properties of nonwaxy (Dongjin byeo) and waxy (Sin-seunchal byeo) brown rice flour were investigated. The proximate composition of nonwaxy brown rice flour was 7.02% of protein, 1.14% of ash, 3.2% of lipid and that of wfny brown rice was 7.74% of protein, 1.48% of ash,4.83% of lipid. X-ray dif- fraction patterns were A types, and relatives crystallinity of nonwaxy brown rice flour was higher than that of waxy brown rice flour. Swelling power and solubility increased with the increase of temperature, waxy brown rice flour showed higher than nonwaxy rice flour until 70$^{\circ}C$, but lower after 80$^{\circ}C$. The gelatinization temperature, breakdown and consistency of nonwaxy brown rice flour by amylogram were higher than those of the waxy brown rice flour but setback was same. The initial gelatinization temperature and the enthalpy of nonwaxy brown rice flour by DSC were higher than those of the waxy brown rice flour.

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Effect of Addition of Brown Rice flour on Quality of Backsulgies (현미첨가에 의한 백설기의 특성변화에 관한 연구)

  • 최영선;김영아
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 1993
  • The effects of addition of brown rice flour on the Backsulgies were examined. We chose the addition ratio of brown rice flour as 0%, 50%, 100% along with the pilot study. The addition of brown rice flour did not make significant changes in water-binding capacity, swelling power and the degree of gelatinization. But the addition of brown rice flour had a delaying effect of retrogradation of Backsulgies by textural analysis. In sensory evaluation, the Backsulgi added brown rice flour 50% had the highest value in the overall quality of sensory characteristics. But there was no significant difference in the other sensory characteristics between the 50% and 0% added with. Therefore we concluded that the addition of brown rice flour on Backsulgies improve the sensory characteristics as well as delay the retrogradation and would be a good source of dietary fiber.

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Physicochemical Properties of Jeung-pyun Dough Containing with Different Amounts of Brown Rice (현미가루를 첨가한 증편반죽의 이화학적 특성)

  • Jeong, Sang-Yeol;Park, Mi-Jung;Lee, Sook-Young
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 2011
  • In this study, the physicochemical properties of polished rice flour, brown rice flour, and Jeung-pyun dough were studied. The protein, lipid, dietary fiber, pH of brown rice flour were higher than those of polished rice flour. The total polyphenol contents and electron donating ability (EDA) of brown rice flour (83.60 mg%, 2.44%, respectively) were higher than those of polished rice flour (56.91 mg%, 1.43%, respectively). The temperature gelatinization of brown rice flour higher than that of polished rice flour. The counts in Jeung-pyun dough were not significantly decreased brown-rice flour. The addition of brown rice flour decreased the amount of carbon dioxide gas evoluted from Jeung-pyun dough. The pH values of brown rice Jeung-pyun dough generally decreased fermentation time.

Quality Properties of Sulgi with Different Mixed Ratio of Brown Rice Flour and Germinated Brown Rice Flour (현미와 발아현미 혼합 비율을 달리한 설기의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Jeongok;Shin, Malshick;Ro, Heekyong
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.591-598
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    • 2013
  • This study was investigated quality properties of Sulgi with different mixed ratio of brown rice flour (BRF) and germinated brown rice flour (GBRF) by rheometer and sensory evaluation. Moisture contents of Sulgi with different mixed ratio of BRF and GBRF were 44.3~46.0%. In textural properties of Sulgi by rheometer, the higher BRF mixed level, hardness of those were higher. The higher GBRF mixed level, springiness, cohesiveness and gumminess of those were higher. In sensory evaluation properties of Sulgi, the higher BRF mixed level, flavor, firmness and graininess of those were higher. The higher GBRF mixed level, surface color, off-flavor, adhesiveness and cohesiveness of those were higher. Correlation between textural properties and sensory evaluation properties, hardness and firmness, graininess, cohesiveness and moistness, gumminess and surface color, gumminess and off-flavor, were correlated positively(p<0.01). Hardness and surface color, hardness and cohesiveness, hardness and overall quality, springiness and firmness, springiness and graininess were correlated negatively (p<0.01).

Quality Characteristics of Jeungpyun Prepared with Brown Rice and Sea Tangle Powder (현미와 다시마분말의 첨가수준을 달리한 증편의 품질특성)

  • Lee, Min-Woo;Lee, In-Seon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.178-187
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study investigated the quality characteristics of Jeungpyun prepared with brown rice and sea tangle powder. Methods: The pH, volume, and spreadability of the dough and moisture content, color, texture and sensory evaluation of the Jeungpyun were performed. Results: The results showed that the pH of the dough decreased in all sample groups with the lapse of fermentation time, and ultimately revealed a pH ranging from 4.55-4.65. The spreadability of the dough significantly decreased as the substitute amount of the brown rice flour increased; the sample group with 1% sea tangle powder showed a significantly larger spreadability than the sample group with 2% sea tangle powder (p<0.05). The moisture content in the Jeungpyun showed a significantly lower result as the substitute amount of brown rice flour increased (p<0.05). Lightness (L) was reduced as the substitute amount of brown rice flour increased, and redness (a) and yellowness (b) also appeared to increase. As a result of measuring the texture, the 50% sample group with a high substitute rate of brown rice flour was observed to have high characteristics of hardness, gumminess and chewiness, and was low in cohesiveness. The result of the acceptance test showed that the sample group that substituted 25% brown rice flour and added 1% sea tangle powder was evaluated to have a significantly higher acceptance than the sample group that added 2% sea tangle powder in terms of color, texture and overall acceptance. Conclusion: The result of the acceptance test showed that the sample group that substituted 25% of brown rice flour and added 1% of sea tangle powder showed higher tendency in all acceptance attributes than the sample group that did not substitute the brown rice flour to show the possibility of developing the Jeungpyun with brown rice.

Quality Characteristics of Morning Bread containing with Different Ratios of Rice and Brown Rice Flour (백미와 현미의 첨가비율을 달리하여 제조한 모닝빵의 품질 특성)

  • Joo, Shin-Youn;Choi, Hae-Yeon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1252-1259
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this study was to examine the effects of rice (R) and brown rice (BR) flour on the quality characteristics of morning bread. The quality characteristics of morning bread were determined by measuring the pH of the dough, dough raising power, moisture content, baking loss rate, specific volume, height, color value, texture analysis and sensory evaluations. The pH of the bread dough was highest on R1:BR2 and R0:BR3. The dough raising power and moisture content steadily and significantly decreased as the amount of added brown rice flour increased. The baking loss rate was highest on R3:BR0. The specific volume and height of morning bread were highest on R3:BR0 and R2:BR1. In color value, the L value decreased significantly as the amount of added brown rice flour increased, while a value and b value increased. The hardness, gumminess and chewiness of morning bread increased with an increase in brown rice flour. In consumer acceptability, R3:BR0, R2:BR1 and R1:BR2 showed the highest scores in all parameters. Characteristic intensity rating of roasted taste was lowest on R3:BR0. These results indicate that R2:BR1 showed similar quality characteristics as compared to morning bread without brown rice flour, with the optimal results appreciated with a 2:1 ratio of rice flour to brown rice flour.

Effect of Partial Replacement of Rice Flour with Black or Brown Rice Flour on Textural Properties and Retrogradation of Julpyun (흑미 및 현미의 부분적인 대체가 절편의 물성과 노화에 미치는 영향)

  • 윤계순
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2001
  • This study was attempted to investigate the effect of partial replacement of rice flour with black or brown rice flour on texture properties and retrogradation of Julpyun(Korean rice cake). In sensory evaluation, the Julpyuns replaced black or brown rice flour 20% had high score in color, flavor and overall acceptability not including mouthfeel. As the result of the measurement with texture analyzer, hardness, gumminess and chewiness of Julpyuns tended to decrease in proportion to the amount of black and brown rice flour in the formula. These resets implied that the degree of retrogradation of black and brown rice Julpyuns might be low. Julpyuns replaced with black rice were a little lower than those of brown rice in the hardness. In the retrogradation speed by Avrami,s equation, the rate constants of Julpyun replaced black and brown rice flour was lower than that of milled rice, restating in delay in firming.

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Quality Characteristics of Germinated Brown Rice Flour Added Noodles (발아현미분을 첨가한 국수의 제조특성)

  • Lee, Ji-Yeon;Lee, Won-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.7
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    • pp.981-985
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    • 2011
  • The effects of germinated brown rice flour on the quality characteristics of white wheat flour noodles were investigated. The insoluble dietary fiber and soluble dietary fiber content of germinated brown rice flour were 5.1% and 4.2%, respectively. Water absorption, development time, and stability of farinogram decreased when germinated brown rice flour was added to white wheat flour. Brightness ($L^*$) decreased, but redness ($a^*$) increased in noodles made from germinated brown rice. Volume of cooked noodles did not change upon addition of germinated brown rice flour, but weight of cooked noodles decreased and the turbidity of cooked water increased. The cutting force of cooked noodles did not change upon addition of germinated rice flour. Addition of 10% germinated brown rice flour to white wheat flour did not have any effects on flavor, color, taste, appearance, and overall acceptability in sensory evaluation.