• Title, Summary, Keyword: breast ultrasonography

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A Study on the Sasang Constitutional Characteristics of Obese Middle-Aged Women (중년비만여성의 사상체질별 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Jinny;Lee, In-Soon;Koh, Byung-Hee;Song, Il-Byung;Lee, Soo-Kyung
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2004
  • 1. Objectives This research is to ascertain relations between the Sasang Constitution and characteristics of the eating attitudes, mental state, body composition, various examination results of obese middle-aged women. 2. Methods The subjects were 31 female patients whose BMI(Body Mass Index) was over $25kg/m^2$ and age was 35~55. It was analysed statistically the results of EAT(The Eating Attitudes Test), DEBQ(Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire), BDI(Beck Depression Inventory), STAI(State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), body composition analyser, biochemistry, abdominal ultrasonography, mammography which was surveyed from them. 3. Results and Conclusions 1)There was no relation between the Sasang Constitution and the eating attitudes, eating behaviors. But Taeumin got statistically lower score than Non-Taeumin in 23rd question for emotional eating and 33rd question for environmental eating of DEBQ 2)On the mental state, Taeumin got statistically lower score than Non-Taeumin in BDI, STAI-S 3)On the body composition, Taeumin got statistically higher value than Non-Taeumin in BMI. Soyangin got statistically lower value than Non-Soyangin in BMI, left upper limb water, soft lean mass, body water, trunk water. 4)On the various examinations, Taeumin got statistically lower value than Non-Taeumin in serum albumin. Soyangin got statistically lower value in BMI and higher frequency in gallstone, breast nodule than Non-Soyangin. 5)It was thought that Taeumin's obesity is managed by controling physical factor such as excessive 'Gathering Qi(吸聚之氣)' rather than eating attitudes and psychological factor.

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Diagnostic Usefulness of Tc-99m Tetrofosmin Scintimnmmography in Patients with Primary Breast Cancer (유방암 환자에서 Tc-99m Tetrofosmin Scintimammography의 진단적 유용성)

  • Park, Ki-Han;Kim, Chang-Guhn;Yoon, Kwon-Ha;Choi, Si-Sung;Lee, Jong-Deok;Lee, Kwang-Man;Won, Jong-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.452-460
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    • 1999
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of scintimammography per-formed with Tc-99m tetrofosmin in the detection of primary breast cancer Materials and Methods: Sixty-one patients underwent Tc-99m tetrofosmin scintimammography, plain-film mammography and ultrasonography. After intravenous injection of Tc-99m tetrofosmin (740 MBq), prone lateral and anterior scintimammograms were obtained. Scintimammogram was visually interpreted as positive, probably positive, probably negative and negative for malignancy. The tumor to background count ratio (T/B) was measured at 5 minutes and 1 hour. Plain-film mammogram was interpreted as one of 5 categories. Final diagnosis was achieved by surgical histology (58/61) or fine needle aspiration (3/61). Of 61 patients, 44 had cancer and 17 had benign lesion. Tumor size of malignant and benign lesions on ultrasonogram were $2.51{\pm}1.30cm$ (range 1-8 cm), $2.50{\pm}1.35cm$ (range 0.96-6 cm), respectively. Results: The sensitivity of plain-film mammography was 88.6%, specificity 58.8%, positive predictive value 84.7%, and negative predictive value 66.7% The sensitivity of Tc-99m tetrofosmin scintimammography was 90.9%; specificity, 88.2%; positive predictive value, 94.9%, negative predictive value, 18.9%. Of 25 patients with indeterminate degree of suspicion for malignancy on plain-film mammogram, 23 were correctly diagnosed by scintimammography. The T/B at 5 minutes and 1 hour were $3.78{\pm}2.21$, $3.25{\pm}1.80$ respectively. The T/B was decreased significantly at 1 hour (p<0.001). Conclusion: Tc-99m tetrofosmin scintimammography was useful dia-gnostic procedure in the detection of primary breast cancer, especially in patients with indeterminate degree of suspicion for malignancy on plain-film mammogram.

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Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis - A Survey by the Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons - (영아 비후성 유문협착증 - 대한소아외과학회 정회원을 대상으로 한 전국조사 -)

  • Kim, I.K.;Kim, S.Y.;Kim, S.K.;Kim, W.K.;Kim, J.E.;Kim, J.C.;Kim, H.H.;Park, K.W.;Park, Y.S.;Park, W.H.;Song, Y.T.;Yang, J.W.;Oh, S.M.;Yoo, S.Y.;Lee, D.S.;Lee, M.D.;Lee, S.K.;Lee, S.C.;Chang, S.I.;Chung, S.Y.
    • Advances in pediatric surgery
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.149-155
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    • 1998
  • Thirty three members of the Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons were surveyed to determine the clinical manifestations and current management of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). The members completed a registration form and a questionnaire that indicated their treatment preferences for patients treated during 1996. The response rate was 84.8 %, and 23 institutions participated. Three hundred and sixty-three cases of IHPS were analysed. The male to female ratio was 5.15: 1. The presenting symptoms were nonbilious vomiting in 363 cases(100 %), palpable mass in the upper abdomen in 200 cases (55.1 %) and visible peristaltic waves in 67 cases(18.5 %). Fluid therapy was done in 161 cases(44.4 %) for preoperative preparation. Twenty patients(5.5 %) were premature. There were 27 low birth weight babies(7.7 %). The onset of symptoms ranged from 1 to 14 weeks of age with a peak occurrence at 2 to 4 weeks of age. Two hundred and thirty-six cases(66.6 %) presented within 4 weeks of age. There was one set of male twins and a family history of twins. The modes of feedings were: breast feeding; 69 cases(24.5 %), formula feeding; 176 cases(62.4 %) and mixed feeding; 37 cases(13.1 %). The preferred diagnostic modalities were ultrasonography (US) 229 cases(63.1 %), UGI series 27 cases(7.4%) and US and UGI series combined 86 cases(23.7 %). Only 21 cases(5.8 %) were operated on without imaging study, ie. with positive physical finding. Perforation of the mucosa during pyloromytomy occurred in 5 cases. All were treated successfully with primary closure. Persistent vomiting over 2 weeks after operation were reported in 5 cases. Three wound infections, one aspiration pneumonia and one postoperative bleeding were reported. There was no mortality in 363 cases.

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Synchronous Primary Leiomyosarcoma in the Thoracic Vertebra and the Liver (흉추와 간에 동시 발생한 원발성 평활근육종)

  • Kim, Young Kwan;Kim, Jung-A;Ryu, Soo Hyung;Choi, Jong Hyun;Tsung, Pei Chuan;Park, Jong Hyeok;Moon, Jeong Seop;Shim, Jae Chan;Lee, Hye Kyung;Loutzenhiser, James Matthew
    • The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology
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    • v.74 no.1
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 2019
  • This is a case report of simultaneous primary leiomyosarcomas in the spine and liver. A 64-year-old woman presented to the Seoul Paik Hospital with epigastric discomfort and constipation that she had experienced for two months. A physical examination revealed severe tenderness around the thoraco-lumbar junction. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed an ulceroinfiltrative lesion on the gastric angle. An abdominopelvic CT scan revealed two low attenuated lesions in the S4 and S8 regions of the liver, as well as a soft tissue mass at the T10 vertebra. Percutaneous ultrasonography-guided needle biopsy of the hepatic nodules revealed a leiomyosarcoma. The tumor at the T10 vertebra was removed to avoid spinal cord compression. The histology of this tumor was compatible with that of leiomyosarcoma. The potential primary sites for leiomyosarcoma, including the lung, thyroid, breast, kidney, genitourinary organs, and gastrointestinal tract, were subsequently investigated. No detectable abnormal findings that would suggest the origin of the tumor were found. Synchronous primary leiomyosarcomas in the spine and liver are quite rare and have a poor prognosis.

Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis - Report of 35 cases - (영아 비후성 유문 협착증 - 35례 보고 -)

  • Huh, Young-Soo;Kim, Gyu-Rag;Shin, Son-Moon
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.199-210
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    • 1996
  • Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis(IHPS), which occurs three of 1,000 live births, is a major cause of nonbilious vomiting of early infancy but its etiology and pathogenesis are still obscure. The operation of pyloromyotomy as described by Ramstedt in 1912 remains the standard of care for the treatment of IHPS. From January 1993 to October 1996, 35 infants with IHPS were surgically treated and the following results were obtained. 1. Thirty-five patients comprised 32 males and 3 females, and the ratio of male to female was 10.7:1. 2. The most prevalent age group was between 2 weeks and 8 weeks. 3. Of 35 infants, first born babies were 23 cases(65.7%). 4. Breast feeding was in 23 cases(65.7%). 5. The body weight percentile at admission was lower than 50 percentile in all 35 cases. 6. Onset of symptoms was predominantly between 1week and 2 weeks in 11 cases(31.4%). 7. All had a history of nonbilious vomting, generally projectile in nature. 8. In the measured serum electrolytes, hypokalemia was noted in 9 cases(25.7%), hypochloremia was observed in 14 cases(40.0%). 9. In the preoperative ultrasonography, the average muscle thickness, diameter, and length of the pylorus were 6.2mm, 12.1mm, and 17.9mm, respectively. 10. Among 35 cases, significant sonographic criteria of IHPS, muscle thickness of 5mm or more, were noted in 26 cases(83.9%). 11. A total of seven associated anomalies were noted in six patients. 12. All 35 cases were treated with Fredet-Ramstedt pyloromyotomy. 13. There were postoperative complications of wound infection in 2 cases. Intermittent nonprojectile vomiting was presented in 8 cases(22.9%) after operation, but one of them was relieved in 13 days and the rest were relieved within one week by adjustment of oral intake.

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