• Title, Summary, Keyword: breast cancer cell proliferation

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Emodin Inhibits Breast Cancer Cell Proliferation through the ERα-MAPK/Akt-Cyclin D1/Bcl-2 Signaling Pathway

  • Sui, Jia-Qi;Xie, Kun-Peng;Zou, Wei;Xie, Ming-Jie
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.15
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    • pp.6247-6251
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    • 2014
  • Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the involvement of emodin on the growth of human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells and the estrogen (E2) signal pathway in vitro. Materials and Methods: MTT assays were used to detect the effects of emodin on E2 induced proliferation of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. Flow cytometry (FCM) was applied to determine the effect of emodin on E2-induced apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. Western blotting allowed detection of the effects of emodin on the expression of estrogen receptor ${\alpha}$, cyclin D1 and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) and phosphatidylinostiol 3-kinases (PI3K). Luciferase assays were emplyed to assess transcriptional activity of $ER{\alpha}$. Results: Emodin could inhibit E2-induced MCF-7 cell proliferation and anti-apoptosis effects, and arrest the cell cycle in G0/G1 phase, further blocking the effect of E2 on expression and transcriptional activity of $ER{\alpha}$. Moreover, Emodin influenced the ER ${\alpha}$ genomic pathway via downregulation of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 protein expression, and influenced the non-genomic pathway via decreased PI3K/Akt protein expression. Conclusions: These findings indicate that emodin exerts inhibitory effects on MCF-7 cell proliferation via inhibiting both non-genomic and genomic pathways.

Effect of Sesamin on Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest in Human Breast Cancer MCF-7 Cells

  • Siao, An-Ci;Hou, Chien-Wei;Kao, Yung-Hsi;Jeng, Kee-Ching
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.3779-3783
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    • 2015
  • Dietary prevention has been known to reduce breast cancer risk. Sesamin is one of the major components in sesame seeds and has been widely studied and proven to have anti-proliferation and anti-angiogenic effects on cancer cells. In this study, the influence of sesamin was tested in the human breast cancer MCF-7 cell line for cell viability (MTT assay) and cell cycling (flow cytometry). Results showed that sesamin dose-dependently (1, 10 and $50{\mu}M$) reduced the cell viability and increased LDH release and apoptosis (TUNEL assay). In addition, there was a significant increase of sub-G1 phase arrest in the cell cycle after sesamin treatment. Furthermore, sesamin increased the expression of apoptotic markers of Bax, caspase-3, and cell cycle control proteins, p53 and checkpoint kinase 2. Taken together, these results suggested that sesamin might be used as a dietary supplement f or prevention of breast cancer by modulating apoptotic signal pathways and inhibiting tumor cell growth.

Inhibition of p90RSK activation sensitizes triple-negative breast cancer cells to cisplatin by inhibiting proliferation, migration and EMT

  • Jin, Yujin;Huynh, Diem Thi Ngoc;Kang, Keon Wook;Myung, Chang-Seon;Heo, Kyung-Sun
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.52 no.12
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    • pp.706-711
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    • 2019
  • Cisplatin (Cis-DDP) is one of the most widely used anti-cancer drugs. It is applicable to many types of cancer, including lung, bladder, and breast cancer. However, its use is now limited because of drug resistance. p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (p90RSK) is one of the downstream effectors in the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) pathway and high expression of p90RSK is observed in human breast cancer tissues. Therefore, we investigated the role of p90RSK in the Cis-DDP resistance-related signaling pathway and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in breast cancer cells. First, we discovered that MDA-MB-231 cells exhibited more Cis-DDP resistance than other breast cancer cells, including MCF-7 and BT549 cells. Cis-DDP increased p90RSK activation, whereas the inactivation of p90RSK using a small interfering RNA (siRNA) or dominant-negative kinase mutant plasmid overexpression significantly reduced Cis-DDP-induced cell proliferation and migration via the inhibition of matrix metallopeptidase (MMP)2 and MMP9 in MDA-MB-231 cells. In addition, p90RSK activation was involved in EMT via the upregulation of mRNA expression, including that of Snail, Twist, ZEB1, N-cadherin, and vimentin. We also investigated NF-κB, the upstream regulator of EMT markers, and discovered that Cis-DDP treatment led to NF-κB translocation in the nucleus as well as its promoter activity. Our results suggest that targeting p90RSK would be a good strategy to increase Cis-DDP sensitivity in triple-negative breast cancers.

Effective Chemopreventive Activity of Genistein against Human Breast Cancer Cells

  • Shon, Yun-Hee;Park, Sun-Dong;Nam, Kyung-Soo
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.448-451
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    • 2006
  • Chemopreventive and cytotoxic effect of genistein against human breast cancer cell lines was investigated. Genistein inhibited cell proliferation in estrogen receptor-positive (MCF-7) and estrogen receptor-negative (MDA-MB-231) human breast carcinoma cell lines. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1-mediated ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity was inhibited by genistein in a concentrationdependent manner. Genistein significantly inhibited 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced cyclooxy-genase-2 activity and protein expression at the concentrations of 10 (p < 0.05), 25 (p < 0.05) and 50 mM (p < 0.01). In addition, ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity was reduced to 53.8 % of the control after 6 h treatment with 50 mM genistein in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. These results suggest that genistein could be of therapeutic value in preventing human breast cancer.

Antiproliferative Properties of Methanolic Extract of Nigella sativa against the MDA-MB-231 Cancer Cell Line

  • Dilshad, Ahmad;Abulkhair, Omalkhair;Nemenqani, Dalal;Tamimi, Waleed
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.5839-5842
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    • 2012
  • Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the world and is one of the leading causes of death due to cancer. Health benefits have been linked to additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables. Nigella sativa has been shown to possess anti-carcinogenic activity, inhibiting growth of several cancer cell lines in vitro. However, the molecular mechanisms of the anti-cancer properties of Nigella sativa phytochemical extracts have not been completely understood. Our data showed that Nigella sativa extracts significantly inhibited human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation at doses of $2.5-5{\mu}g/mL$ (P<0.05). Apoptotic induction in MDA-MB-231 cells was observed in a dose-dependent manner after exposure to Nigella sativa extracts for 48 h. Real time PCR and flow cytometry analyses suggested that Nigella sativa extracts possess the ability to suppress the proliferation of human breast cancer cells through induction of apoptosis.

Effect of Lycopus lucidus Trucz on Cell Growth of Human Breast Cancer Cells, MCF-7

  • Kim, Do-Yeon;Ghil, Sung-Ho
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.147-152
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    • 2009
  • Lycopus lucid us Turcz is well known as traditional Chinese medicine, and it has been shown to exhibit antiinflammatory, -allergic and -oxidative effect. However, its anti-cancer properties have not been examined yet. In this study, we investigated the effect of the methanol extract of Lycopus lucid us Turcz on anti-cancer effect in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Treatment of Lycopus lucidus Turcz extract induced apoptosis and inhibition of cell proliferation in dose- and time-dependent manner. Apoptosis in the MCF-7 cells was characterized with the changes in nuclear morphology; decrease of Bcl-2 and caspase-7 expression; and increase of cleaved poly ADP-ribose polymerase(PARP). Furthermore, treatment of Lycopus lucidus Turcz extract caused the down-regulation of cell cycle-related protein including, cdk4, cyclin D1 and E2F-1. These results suggest that Lycopus lucidus Turcz might have the therapeutic value against human breast cancer cells.

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Effect of Botulinum Toxin A on Proliferation and Apoptosis in the T47D Breast Cancer Cell Line

  • Bandala, Cindy;Perez-Santos, Jose Luis Martin;Lara-Padilla, Eleazar;Delgado Lopez, Ma. Guadalupe;Anaya-Ruiz, Maricruz
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.891-894
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    • 2013
  • The present study was performed to assess the activity of the botulinum toxin A on breast cancer cells. The T47D cell line was exposed to diverse concentrations of the botulinum toxin A and cell viability and apoptosis were estimated using MTT and propidium iodine/annexin V methods, respectively. Botulinum toxin A exerted greater cytotoxic activity in T47D cells in comparison with MCF10A normal cells; this appeared to be via apoptotic processes caspase-3 and -7. In conclusion, botulinum toxin A induces caspase-3 and -7 dependent apoptotic processes in the T47D breast cancer cell line.

Induction of the Growth Inhibition and Apoptosis by Beevenom in Human Breast Carcinoma MCF-7 Cells (봉독약침액(蜂毒藥鍼液)에 의한 인체유방암세포(人體乳房癌細胞)의 성장억제(成長抑制) 및 세포사(細胞死)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Yeo, Sung-won;Seo, Jung-chul;Choi, Yung-hyun;Jang, Kyung-jeon
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.45-62
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    • 2003
  • Objective : To examine the effects of Beevenom on the cell proliferation of human breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7, we performed various experiments such as does-dependent effect of Beevenom on cell proliferation and viability, morphological changes, and alterations of apoptosis/cell cycle-regulatory gene products. Methods : Beevenom induced cell viability and proliferation of MCF-7 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The anti-proliferative effect by Beevenom treatment in MCF-7 cells was associated with morphological changes such as membrance shrinking and cell rounding up. Results : Beevenom induced apoptotic cell death in a concentration-dependent manager, which was associated with degradation of ${\beta}$-catenin, an apoptotic target protein. Beevenom induced the Bax expressions, a pro-apoptotic gene, both in protein and mRNA levels, however, the levels of Bcl-$X_{S/L}$ expression, an anti-apoptotic gene, were down-regulated in Beevenom-treated cells. Western blot analysis and RT-PCT data revealed that the levels of cyclin of B1 protein and cyclin E mRNA were reduced by Beevenom treatment in MCF-7 cells, respectively, where as the expression of tumor suppressor p53 and cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor p21 mRNA were markedly increased in a concentration-dependent fashion. Conclusions : Taken together, these findings suggest that Beevenom induced inhibition of human breast cancer cell proliferation is associated with the induction of apoptotic cell death and Beevenom may have therapeutic potential in human breast cancer.

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Glehnia littoralis Root Extract Induces G0/G1 Phase Cell Cycle Arrest in the MCF-7 Human Breast Cancer Cell Line

  • de la Cruz, Joseph Flores;Vergara, Emil Joseph Sanvictores;Cho, Yura;Hong, Hee Ok;Oyungerel, Baatartsogt;Hwang, Seong Gu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.18
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    • pp.8113-8117
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    • 2016
  • Glehnia littoralis (GL) is widely used as an oriental medicine for cough, fever, stroke and other disease conditions. However, the anti-cancer properties of GL on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells have not been investigated. In order to elucidate anti-cancer properties and underlying cell death mechanisms, MCF-7cells ($5{\times}10^4/well$) were treated with Glehnia littoralis root extract at 0-400 ug/ml. A hot water extract of GL root inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Analysis of the cell cycle after treatment of MCF-7 cells with increasing concentrations of GL root extract for 24 hours showed significant cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis both revealed that GL root extract significantly increased the expression of p21 and p27 with an accompanying decrease in both CDK4 and cyclin D1. Our reuslts indicated that GL root extract arrested the proliferation of MCF-7 cells in G1 phase through inhibition of CDK4 and cyclin D1 via increased induction of p21 and p27. In summary, the current study showed that GL could serve as a potential source of chemotherapeutic or chemopreventative agents against human breast cancer.

Effects of Taraxaci Herba on Cell Death in Breast Cancer Cells (포공영(蒲公英)이 유방암 세포의 사멸에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Kook-Jang;Park, Kyung-Mi;Joh, Sung-Hee;Yang, Seung-Jeong
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the effects of Taraxaci Herba (TH) on cell death in breast cancer cells. Methods : In this experiment, the effects of TH on proliferation rates, cell morphology and growth pattern, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. In addition, the effects on nuclear condensation, fragmentation and formation of acidic vesicular organelles (AVO) in MCF-7 cells were also investigated. Finally, autophagy related with protein was observed by using western blot method. Results : TH inhibited proliferation of MCF-7 cells, TH elevated intracellular ROS levels significantly. Treatment with TH did not affect nuclear morphologies such as condensation or fragmentation. On the other hand, TH treatment effectively induced AVO. Finally, one of autophagy related with protein, Microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3A (MAP1LC3A, LC3) level was elevated by treatment with TH. Conclusions : These data indicate that TH is able to be used for patient with breast cancer and mechanisms are involved in autophagy through ROS generation.