• Title, Summary, Keyword: breast cancer

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Estrogeicity of Genistein and Bisphenol A (콩류식품의 주성분인 Genistein과 식품포장재 및 용기에 사용되는 Bisphenol A의 에스트로젠 효과에 관한 연구)

  • 강경선;이영순;신광순
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.106-111
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    • 1998
  • This study has been focused on both estrogenic and proliferating activity of genistein (GEN) and bisphenol A (BPA). GEN and BPA enhance the proliferation of estrogen-dependent MCF-7 human breast cancer cells at concentrations as low as 100 nM of GEN and 8 ng/ml of BP A achieving similar effect to that of estradiol at 1 nM. Expression of the estrogen responsive gene, pS2 was also induced in MCF-7 cells by treatment with genistein at dose as low as 1 nM and BPA at dose as low as 4 ng/ml. Using 21 day-old ovariectomized nude mice, we examined end-bud formation and mammary gland development after treatment with bisphenol A or genistein. Compared with untreated control, mammary gland development and end-bud formation were significantly increased in mice fed genistein or bisphenol A (p<0.05). Taken together, it is concluded that GEN and BP A can act as an estrogen agonist resulting in cell proliferation and induction of the estrogen responsive pS2 gene in MCF-7 cells in vitro and in athymic mice in vivo, respectively. Therefore, it is suggested that GEN and BP A might modulate human endocrine system and these compounds might be considered as a endocrine modulator at the low levels of doses.

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Colony Size Distributions according to in vitro Aging in Human Skin Fibroblasts (피부 섬유모세포 노화에 따른 세포집락 크기의 분포)

  • Kim, Jun-Sang;Kim, Jae-Sung;Cho, Moon-June;Park, Jeong-Kyu;Park, Tae-Hyun
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.158-165
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    • 1999
  • Purpose : To investigate the percentage of colonies wi1h16or more cells distribution of human skin fibroblast according to in vitro aging, and to evaluate the relationship between percentage of colonies with 10 or more cells and in vivo donor age in human skin fibroblast culture. Material and Method : C1, C2, C3a, and C3b human skin fibroblast samples from three breast cancer patients were used as subjects. The C1, C2, and C3a donor were 44, 54, and 55 years old, respectively. C3a and C3b cells were isolated from the same person. Single cell suspension of skin fibroblasts was prepared with primary explant technique. One hundred cells are plated into 100m1 tissue culture flask and cultured for two weeks. The colony size was defined as colonies with 16 or more cells. The cultured cell was stained with crystal violet, and number of cells in each colony was determined with stereo microscope at $\times$10 magnification. Passage number of C1, C2, C3a and C3b skin fibroblast were 12th, 17th, and 14th, respectively. Results : Percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells of skin fibroblast samples decreased with increasing in vitro passage number. In contrast, cumulative population doublings of skin fibroblast sample increased with increasing in vitro passage number. Percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells also decreased with increasing population doublings in human skin fibroblast culture. There was strong correlation with percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells and population doublings En C3a skin fibroblast sampie. At the same point of population doublings, the percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells of the young C1 donor was higher level than the old C3a donor. Conclusion : The population doublings increased with increasing in vitro passage number but percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells decreased. The results of this study imply that percentage of colonies with 16 or more cell is useful as a indicator of in vitro human skin fibroblast aging and may estimate the in vivo donor age.

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Antioxidant Activities and Induction of Apoptosis by Methanol Extracts from Avocado (아보카도 추출물의 Apoptosis 유도와 항산화 활성)

  • Lee, Sung-Gyu;Yu, Mi-Hee;Lee, Sam-Pin;Lee, In-Seon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.269-275
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    • 2008
  • The avocado is a widely grown and consumed fruit that is high in nutrients and low in calories, sodium, and fats. In this study, antioxidant activities and induction of apoptosis by methanol extracts from sarcocarp, seed and peel of avocado were investigated in vitro. Contents of total polyphenols in methanol extracts from sarcocarp, seed and peel were 13.89, 137.12 and $223.45{\mu}g/mg$ respectively. Radical-scavenging activities of the methanol extracts were examined by using ${\alpha},{\alpha}$-diphenyl-${\beta}$-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) assay. The methanol extracts from the peel of avocado showed higher scavenging activities against DPPH, ABTS than those from sarcocarp and seed. Apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells mediated by the methanol extracts of avocado was associated with the increase of activation of caspase-3 and caspase-3 target protein, PARP. Therefore, with more researches on identification and action mechanism of active compounds, the methanol extracts from peel and seed of avocado is expected to be a natural source for the developments of functional food and medical agents to prevent human breast cancer.

Antimutagenicity and Cytotoxic Effects of Methanol Extract from Deep Sea Water Salt and Sea Tangle Added Soybean Paste (Doenjang) (해양심층수염 및 다시마분말을 첨가한 개량식 된장의 항돌연변이원성 및 암세포성장억제에 미치는 영향)

  • Ham, Seung-Shi;Kim, Soo-Hyun;Yoo, Su-Jong;Oh, Hyun-Taek;Choi, Hyun-Jin;Chung, Mi-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.416-421
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    • 2008
  • This study was performed to determine the antimutagenic and anticytotoxic effects of soybean paste (doenjang) added deep sea water salt and see tangle in Salmonella Typhimurium TA98, TA100 and human cancer cell lines. In the Ames test, methanol extract of doenjang did not exhibit any mutagenicity but showed substantial inhibitory effects against mutation induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) and 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO). The methanol extracts of doenjang ($200{\mu}g$/plate) added deep sea salt and see tangle (doenjang C) showed approximately 89.1% and 70% inhibitory effect on the mutagenesis induced by MNNG and 4NQO against TA100 strain, whereas 84.4% inhibitions were observed on the mutagenesis induced by 4NQO against TA98 strain. The cytotoxic effects of doenjang methanol extracts against the cell lines with human cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa), human hepatocellular carcinoma (Hep3B), human gastric carcinoma (AGS), human lung carcinoma (A549) and human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) were inhibited with the increase of the extract concentration. The treatment of 1.0 mg/mL doenjang C of methanol extracts showed strong cytotoxicities of 71%, 74.4%, 66.2%, 77.3%, and 71.2% against HeLa, Hep3B, AGS, A549, and MCF-7, respectively. In contrast 1 mg/mL treatment of doenjang C methanol extracts had only $10{\sim}40%$ cytotoxicity on normal human embryonal kidney cell (293). Doenjang methanol extract inhibited significantly the tumor growth in mice injected sarcoma-180 cells. Especially, doenjang C methanol extract showed an inhibition of tumor cell activity of 33% by the administration of 25 mg/kg methanol extracts.

Neuroprotective effects of geneticin (G418) via apoptosis in perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (주산기 저산소성 허혈성 뇌손상에서 항고사를 통한 geneticin (G418)의 신경보호 효과)

  • Ju, Mi;Lee, Hyun Ju;Lee, Sun Ju;Seo, Eo Su;Park, Hye Jin;Lee, Kye Yang;Lee, Gyeong Hoon;Choi, Eun Jin;Kim, Jin Kyung;Lee, Jong Won;Chung, Hai Lee;Kim, Woo Taek
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.170-180
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    • 2008
  • Purpose : Some antibiotics were known to exert neuroprotective effects in the animal model of hypoxic-ischemic (H-I) brain injury, but the mechanism is still unclear. A recent study reported that geneticin (G418), an aminoglycoside antibiotic, increased survival of human breast cancer cells by suppressing apoptosis. We investigated the neuroprotective effects of systemically administrated geneticin via anti-apoptosis following the H-I brain injury Methods : Seven-day-old Sprague-Dawley rat pups were subjected to unilateral (left) common carotid artery occlusion followed by 2.5 hours of hypoxic exposure and the cortical cell culture of rat brain was done under a hypoxic incubator. Apoptosis was measured in the injured hemispheres 7 days after H-I insult and in the injured cells from hypoxic chamber using morphologic analysis by Terminal dUTP Nick-end Labeling(TUNEL) assay and immunohistochemistry for caspase-3, and cytologic analysis by western blot and real time PCR for bax, bcl-2, and caspase-3. Results : The gross appearance and hematoxylin and eosin stain revealed increased brain volume in the geneticin-treated animal model of perinatal H-I brain injury. The TUNEL assay revealed decreased apoptotic cells after administration of geneticin in the cell culture model of anoxia. Immunohistochemistry showed decreased caspase-3 expression in geneticin-treated cortical cell culture. Western blot and real-time PCR showed decreased caspase-3 expression and decreased ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 expression in geneticin-treated animal model. Conclusion : Geneticin appears to exert a neuroprotective effect against perinatal H-I brain injury at least via anti-apoptosis. However, more experiments are needed in order to demonstrate the usefulness of geneticin as a preventive and rescue treatment for H-I brain injuries of neonatal brain.

Antimutagenic and Cytotoxic Effects of Acer ginnala Max. Bark Extracts (신나무 껍질 추출물의 항돌연변이원성 및 세포독성 효과)

  • Oh Heung-Seok;Cui Cheng-Bi;Choi Hyung-Taek;Kim Soo-Hyun;Jeon Mi-Sun;Ham Seung-Shi
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.550-556
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    • 2004
  • In the present study, we investigated the antimutagenic and cytotoxic effects of Acer ginnala Max. bark extract on S. typhimurium TA98, TA100 and cancer cell lines with Ames test and SRB assay, respectively. They were extracted with methanol and then fractionated using hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water to obtain the fractions. The inhibition rate of methanol ($200\;{\mu}g/plate$) of Acer ginnala Max. bark extract in the Salmonella typhimurium TA100 strain showed $83.3\%$ against the mutagenesis induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). In addition, the suppression of methanol extract with same concentration of in the Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 strains showed $80.3\%\;and\;92.7\%$ inhibition against 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido-(4,3-b)indol (Trp-P-1), respectively. The cytotoxicity effects of Acer ginnala Max. bark extract against the cell lines with human lung carcinoma (A549), human gastric carcinoma (AGS), human hepatocellular carcinoma (Hep3B) and human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) were inhibited with the increase of the extract concentration. The treatment of 1.0 mg/mL Acer ginnala Max. bark methanol extract of methanol showed strong cytotoxicities of $77.3\%,\;90.4\%,\;88.9\%,\;and\;83.7\%$ against A549, AGS, Hep3B and MCF-7, respectively.

Cytotoxicity and Chemosensitizing Effect of Camellia(Camellia japonica) Tea Extracts (동백엽차와 화차의 세포독성 및 다제내성 극복효과)

  • 황은주;차영주;박민희;이장원;이숙영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.487-493
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    • 2004
  • This study has been undertaken to increase availability of native camellia in Jeonnam as a medicinal resource and to isolate the effective components from them. Fresh leaf and flower of camellia, single camellia tea and camellia tea mixed with green tea, herbs were screened for cytotoxicity on MCF -7 (human breast adenocarcinoma pleual effusion), Calu-6 (human pulmonary carcinoma), SNU-601 (human gastric carcinoma) cells. Also their multidrug-resistance reversing activity were evaluated using drug sensitive AML-2/WT and multidrug-resistant AML-2/D100 cells. Among the camellia extracts, young leaf and camellia tea mixed with green tea had strong growth inhibitory effects in below 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL against human cancer cells. In result, young leaf showed the strongest inhibitory effects on MCF -7 ($IC_{50}$/ = 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL ↑), Calu-6 ($IC_{50}$/ = 79 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL), and SNU -601 ($IC_{50}$/ = 39 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL), and AML-2/WT ($IC_{50}$/ = 64 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL). Chemosensitizing effect was the extracts of mature leaf ($IC_{50}$/ = 97 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, RF=3.0), roasted tea ($IC_{50}$/ = 76 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, RF = 2.6 ↑) and steam tea ($IC_{50}$/ = 70 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, RF=2.8 ↑) strongly potentiate vincristine cytotoxicity in AML-2/D100 cells. But their cytotoxicities to both sensitive AML-2/WT and resistant AML-2/D100 cells were in the same order of magnitude. This results indicate that crude extracts of camellia mature leaves would contain some principles which have chemosensitizing activity.

Antioxidative, Antimutagenic and Cytotoxic Effects of Natural Seasoning Using Lentinus edodes Powder (표고버섯 분말을 첨가한 천연 조미료 추출물의 항산화성, 항돌연변이성 및 세포독성 효과)

  • Yoo, Su-Jung;Kim, Soo-Hyun;Choi, Houng-Taek;Oh, Hyun-Taek;Choi, Hyun-Jin;Ham, Seung-Shi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.515-520
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    • 2007
  • This study was peformed to determine the antioxidative, antimutagenic and cytotoxic effects of the natural seasoning using Lentinus edodes powder (NSLP) by DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) free radical donating method, Ames test, and cytotoxicity, respectively. The scavenging effect on DPPH radical in ethyl acetate fraction of NSLP showed $155{\mu}g\;of\;RC_{50}$. The direct antimutagenic effects of ethanol extract and its solvent fractions of NSLP were examined by Ames test using Salmonella Typhimurium TA98 and TA100. In the Ames test, ethanol extract of NSLP alone did not exhibit any mutagenicity and most of the samples showed high antimutagenic effects against mutation induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso guanidine (MNNG) and 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO). Ethyl acetate fraction of NSLP ($200{\mu}g/plate$) showed approximately 82% inhibitory effect on the mutagenesis induced by 4NQO against TA98 strain, whereas 84% and 80% inhibitions were observed on the mutagenesis induced by 4NQO and MNNG against TA100 strain. In anticancer effects of ethanol extract and its solvent fractions of NSLP against cancer cell lines including human lung carcinoma (A549), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), human hepatocellular carcinoma (Hep3B), human cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa) and human gastric carcinoma (AGS) were investigated. The treatment of 1 mg/mL ethyl acetate fraction of NSLP showed strong cytotoxicity of 56.7%, 84.9%, 64.6%, 85.1% and 71.5% against A549, MCF-7, Hep3B, HeLa and AGS, respectively. In contrast 1 mg/mL treatment of NSLP extract and its solvent fractions had only $4{\sim}40%$ cytotoxicity on human transfomed primary embryonal kidney cell (293). From this result, it is suggested that NSLP is believed to have possible antioxidative, antimutagenic and anticancer capacities.

H2AX Directly Interacts with BRCA1 and BARD1 via its NLS and BRCT Domain Respectively in vitro (H2AX의 BRCA1 NLS domain과 BARD1 BRCT domain 각각과의 in vitro 상호 결합)

  • Bae, Seung-Hee;Lee, Sun-Mi;Kim, Su-Mi;Choe, Tae-Boo;Kim, Cha-Soon;Seong, Ki-Moon;Jin, Young-Woo;An, Sung-Kwan
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.403-409
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    • 2009
  • H2AX, a crucial component of chromatin, is implicated in DNA repair, cell cycle check point and tumor suppression. The aim of this study was to identify direct binding partners of H2AX to regulate cellular responses to above mechanisms. Literature reviews and bioinformatical tools were attempted intensively to find binding partners of H2AX, which resulted in identifying two potential proteins, breast cancer-1 (BRCA1) and BRCA1-associated RING domain 1 (BARD1). Although it has been reported in vivo that BRCA1 co-localizes with H2AX at the site of DNA damage, their biochemical mechanism for H2AX were however only known that the complex monoubiquitinates histone monomers, including unphosphorylated H2AX in vitro. Therefore, it is important to know whether the complex directly interacts with H2AX, and also which regions of these are specifically mediated for the interaction. Using in vitro GST pull-down assay, we present here that BRCA1 and BARD1 directly bind to H2AX. Moreover, through combinational approaches of domain analysis, fragment clonings and in vitro binding assay, we revealed molecular details of the BRCA1-H2AX and BARD1-H2AX complex. These data provide the potential evidence that each of the BRCA1 nuclear localization signal (NLS) and BARD1 BRCA1 C-terminal (BRCT) repeat domain is the novel mediator of H2AX recognition.

HER-2/neu Protein Expression in Canine Mammary Adenocarcinoma (HER-2/neu 단백질이 개 유방암에서의 발현분석)

  • Yang, Hai-Jie;Do, Sun-Hee;Yuan, Dong-Wei;Hong, Il-Hwa;Ki, Mi-Ran;Park, Jin-Kyu;Goo, Moon-Jung;Lee, Hye-Rim;Hong, Kyung-Sook;Hwang, Ok-Kyung;Han, Jung-Youn;Park, Ho-Yong;Yoo, Sung-Eun;Jeong, Kyu-Shik
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.16-22
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    • 2008
  • In this study to evaluate the involvement of EGFR, HER-2/neu and ALCAM (CD166) oncogene products in canine mammary neoplastic lesions, sections of archived paraffin-embedded samples of 49 mammary tumors were analyzed immunohistochemically using antibodies against human EGFR and HER-2/neu and ALCAM. These 49 tumors were divided into 2 groups: 22 benign (19 adenoma, 3 benign mixed tumors) and 27 malignant tumors (2 simple adenocarcinomas, 5 complex adenocarcinomas, 3 solid carcinoma, 5 sclerosing carcinoma, 8 malignant mixed tumors and 4 malignant myoepithelioma). As a result of immunostaining, 31.8% (7/22) of the benign tumors and 29.6% (8/27) of the malignant tumors expressed the HER-2/neu oncogene product, EGFR expression was detected in 27.3% (6/22) of benign tumors and in 22.2% (6/27) of the malignant tumors. ALCAM expression was detected in 40.9% (9/22) of benign tumors and in 7.4% (2/27) of the malignant tumors. These results suggest that some of the biological and morphological characteristics of the tumor are associated with canine mammary gland tumors, as also reported for human breast cancer, the possibility of using anti-HER-2/neu antibodies in the treatment of canine mammary tumors.