• Title, Summary, Keyword: bread quality

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Sensory Quality of Rice-Wheat Bread (쌀가루 혼합빵의 관능적 품질)

  • 조숙자;정은희
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 1995
  • The sensory quality and the baking property of blonds containing 10-50% of rice flour with wheat flour were analysed by QDA. As sensory characteristics, color, air cell size, air cell distribution, flavor, softness, chewiness and overall quality were evaluated. Bread could be made successfully even using up to 50% rice flour. The color, flavor, softness and chewiness were increased in rice-wheat bread especially using 10∼30% of rice flour, but in case of using 40∼50% of rice flour those characteristics were not significantly different from those of wheat bread. The size of air cell in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread was not significantly different but in 40∼50% rice-wheat bread it was increased. The distribution of air cell was more even in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread than in wheat bread, but not in 40∼50% rice-wheat bread. The overall quality of rice-wheat bread was shown to be better in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread than in wheat bread.

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Studies on Preparation and Quality of Kimchi-Bread (김치식빵의 제조와 품질에 관한 연구)

  • 박인경;김미경;김순동
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.229-238
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of homogenized kimchi product (HKP) on dough characteristics and quality of bread. Fermented homogenized Chinese cabbage kimchi product was added 0.10, 20 and 30% to wheat flour. The pH of dough decreased with an increase in the amounts of HKP, which showed at PH 4.9 for the dough added 30% HKP. Fermentation time of the dough was reduced as much as 9~23 minutes as compared with the control products. Loaf volume index of the bread prepared by adding 10 ~30% HKP increased also by 12.7 ~ 19.0%. Hardness, cohesiveness, springiness and gumminess of the bread added with 30% HKP were lower than those of the control. The gas forming cell of the bread added with 30% HKP were good and regular. Crust and internal color of the bread with more HKP had tendency to redness. Sensory quality of the kimchi-bread estimated by shape, flavor and overall quality was better than that of control product, especially the kimchi-bread qualify at addition of 30% HKP was best.

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Effect of Partial Replacement of Wheat Flour with High Quality Cassava Flour on the Chemical Composition, Antioxidant Activity, Sensory Quality, and Microbial Quality of Bread

  • Eleazu, Chinedum;Eleazu, Kate;Aniedu, Chinyere;Amajor, John;Ikpeama, Ahamefula;Ebenzer, Ike
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.115-123
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    • 2014
  • In the current study, wheat flour was mixed with high quality cassava flour (HQCF) in several ratios: 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, and 60:40, and used to prepare 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) cassava bread, respectively. 100% wheat bread was prepared as a control (100% wheat bread). Five bread samples were prepared per group. Antioxidant assays [i.e., 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) scavenging assay, reducing power assay] revealed that the bread samples had considerable antioxidant capacities. Substitution of wheat flour with HQCF at various concentrations resulted in dose dependent decreases in the mineral and protein contents of the resulting bread samples. The crude fiber content of the bread samples was minimal, while the carbohydrate content of the bread samples ranged from 43.86% to 48.64%. A 20% substitution of wheat flour with HQCF yielded bread samples with a general acceptability that was comparable to that of 100% wheat bread. The mean bacteria counts of the bread samples ranged from $2.0{\times}10^3CFU/mL$ to $1.4{\times}10^4CFU/mL$, while the fungal counts ranged from 0 CFU/mL to $3{\times}10^3CFU/mL$. There was a positive correlation between the DPPH antioxidant activities and the reducing powers of the bread samples ($R^2=0.871$) and a positive correlation between the DPPH antioxidant activities and the flavonoid contents of the bread samples ($R^2=0.487$). The higher microbial load of the NRCRI cassava bread samples indicates that these bread samples may have a shorter shelf life than the 100% wheat bread. The significant positive correlation between total flavonoid content and reducing power ($R^2=0.750$) suggests that the flavonoids present in the lipophilic fractions of the bread samples could be responsible for the reductive capacities of the bread samples.

Quality Characteristics of Bread Prepared with the Addition of Curry Powder (카레 가루를 첨가한 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • 우인애;남혜원;변진원
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.447-453
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    • 2003
  • This study was done to provide the basic information of bread made with curry powder. The amounts of curry powder used were 0 to 3% based on the wheat flour weight. The quality of bread was investigated by evaluation of the specific loaf volume, water absorption capacity, color, sensory quality and texture. The weight of bread decreased with the increase of curry power contents, but there were no significant differences among 0.5, 1 and 2% added curry powder bread. The volume and specific loaf volume also decreased with the increase of curry power contents, but those decreases were not significant between 1% one and 2% one. The water absorption capacities were not affected by the addition of curry powder. The lightness and redness decreased with an increase of curry powder content in the bread, while yellowness increased significantly(p<0.01). The result of the sensory evaluation showed that total acceptabilities of appearance, aroma, texture and taste in the bread with 0.5% and 1% curry powder were significantly higher than the control group and the other groups. Overall quality was negatively affected by the yellowness, odor, hot and bite taste of added curry powder. The factors affecting on the overall quality of the bread with added curry powder were in order of taste quality > curry powder odor > texture quality > aroma quality > springiness > wheat flour odor.

Effects of the Amounts of Terminalia chebula Retz Powder on the Quality of White Pan Breads (가자 분말 첨가량에 따른 식빵의 품질 변화)

  • Kim, Jeong-Sook;Jeong, Se-Hoon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.430-436
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the quality of white pan breads as affected by various amounts of Terminalia chebula Retz (TC) powder, in which the breads were prepared with 0, 2, 4, and 6% TC powder. The samples and a control bread were compared in terms of bread quality characteristics, including pH, baking loss rate, loaf volume index, moisture content, TBARS values, texture, color, and sensory qualities in order to determine the optimal amount of TC powder in the formulation. The pH levels of the bread samples containing TC powder ranged from 5.30 to 5.44, while the control bread had a pH of 5.68. The loaf volume index values of the samples prepared with 2~6% TC powder were lower than that of the control. After 7 days storage, the moisture content of the control bread had decreased by 14.4%, while the moisture contents of the breads with added TC powder had decreased by approximately 8~10%. The breads with TC powder had lower TBARS values as compared to the control bread. For texture characteristics, hardness increased with the addition of TC powder, and was especially increased in the sample containing 6% TC powder. Cohesiveness and springiness, however, decreased with the addition of TC powder. For color, lightness of the bread crust and crumb decreased with the addition of TC powder, whereas redness and yellowness increased. In terms of sensory quality, the bread containing 2% TC powder was preferred over the control bread, as estimated by appearance, crust color, taste, and overall quality, while the 6% TC bread had the lowest preference scores. These results suggest that the addition of 2% TC powder to white pan bread had optimal effects for improving shelf-life and enhancing bread quality.

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Study on Bread-Making Quality with Mixture of Buckwheat-Wheat Flour (메밀가루를 이용한 제빵적성 연구)

  • 김복란;최용순;이상영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.241-247
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    • 2000
  • The possibility of buckwheat-wheat flour mixture as bread was studied by adding 10, 20, and 30% of buckwheat to wheat flour. To improve bread-making quality of the mixture, gluten, ascorbic acid, and hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) were added to 30% buckwheat-wheat flour and sensory evaluation was also exercised on it. The weight of bread increased but the volume of that decreased as the percentage of buckwheat to wheat flour increased, and improved bread-making quality by adding gluten, ascorbic acid, HPMC to 30% buckwheat-wheat composite flour. When it comes to color, color of the bread got darker as the percentage of buckwheat increased, got brighter when gluten and HPMC were added and showed little difference when ascorbic acid was added. Texture of bread increased in maximum weight, strength, hardness but decreased in springiness and cohesiveness. The use of additives showed influence to the some results. In terms of the aging process, enthalpy increased with storage time, and it could be slowed down by the use of the additives. The sensory evaluation shwoed that 10% buckwheat-wheat bread was most excellent, 20% bread was similar to other bread made from wheat flour, and the bread made by mixing additives were better than just 30% buckwheat-wheat flour in terms of quality.

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Quality Characteristics of the Bread Added Dandelion Leaf Powder (민들레 잎분말 첨가에 따른 기능성 식빵의 품질특성)

  • 강미정
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.221-227
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    • 2002
  • Effects of adding of dandelion flour on the quality characteristics of bread were investigated. Dandelion flour was substituted at levels of 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0% to wheat flour for bread making, respectively. Quality characteristics of bread such as dough yield, dough microstructure, loaf volume, bread yield, crumb color, mechanical property and sensory evaluation were analyzed. Addition of dandelion flour to wheat flour increased dough yield, loaf volume and bread yield. And, addition of dandelion flour caused a decrease in the lightness and an increase in the redness. The results of texture evaluation revealed that hardness, chewiness, springiness of bread increased as the level of dandelion flour was increased. As the addition level of dandelion flour increased, flavor balance, bitterness, aftertaste, grassy odor of bread increased but overall acceptability, moistness decreased. In conclusion, bread with 0.5% leaf powder was the best quality in bread properties.

Quality Characteristics of Bread Added with Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge Powder (산사 분말 첨가 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Jeong-Sook;Jeong, Se-Hoon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.125-129
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    • 2007
  • The effects of Crataegus pinnatifida bunge powder(CP) on dough characteristics and bread quality were evaluated. Breads were prepared with the addition of 0, 3, 6 and 9% CP to the basic formulation. The pH of dough added with CP ranged from 5.26 to 5.34, while control dough had a pH of 5.80. The loaf volume index of bread prepared with $3{\sim}9%$ CP decreased by $5.4{\sim}16.9%$ Hardness increased with the addition of CP, but the cohesiveness and springiness decreased with the addition of 3 and 6% CP and increased with the addition of 9% CP. Color L value of the bread crust and crumb decreased with CP and color a and b values of the bread crumb increased with CP. The sensory quality of bread with 6 or 9% Crataegus pinnatifida bunge powder, as estimated by shape, flavor and overall quality, was worse than that of control bread, while bread with 3% Crataegus pinnatifida bungs powder had the best quality.

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Evaluation of Bread Baking Quality of Korean Winter Wheat over Years and Locations

  • Hong, Byung-Hee;Park, Chul-Soo;Baik, Byung-Kee
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2002
  • Bread baking parameters and relationships between bread baking properties and flour characteristics were evaluated for two years, 1997 and 1998, and at two locations, Suwon and Deokso, with Korean winter wheat cultivars and lines. Among the bread baking parameters, lightness of crumb grain showed differences between years. No significant differences were found in dough mixing time, bread loaf volume, crumb grain score or firmness. Keumkangmil, Suwon 278 and Tapdongmil showed higher bread loaf volume, good structure of crumb grain and softer crumb firmness. However, compared to commercial flours for baking, cultivar means averaged over years and locations of nineteen Korean winter wheats showed poor bread baking quality because of low protein content and unsuitable protein quality. Protein content and flour swelling volume showed better relationships with the bread baking parameters than other flour characteristics. Friabilin-absence lines showed softer crumb firmness than those of friabilin-presence lines.

Quality Bread as Influenced by Sweet Pumpkin Powder

  • Yoo, Jung-Sang;Seog, Eun-Ju;Lee, Jun-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.339-343
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    • 2006
  • Physicochemical properties of bread as influenced by the addition of sweet pumpkin powder (SPP) were investigated. Freeze-dried sweet pumpkin was ground, sieved through a laboratory sieve and a fraction with particles less than $250\;{\mu}m$ was used. Amount of SPP added to the bread was found to affect the bread quality significantly (p<0.05). Loaf volume and weight of the control were significantly higher than others (p<0.05) and decreased significantly (p<0.05) with the addition of SPP. In other words, the enrichment of product with SPP decreased bread volume and weight without significant changes in the moisture content. There were distinctive color changes with the addition of the powder: L- and a-values were reduced but b-value was significantly increased (p<0.05). The hardness, springiness, and gumminess of bread were found to increase with the addition of the powder. Consumer test indicated that bread contained with 3% SPP had the highest overall acceptability score while 1 or 5% addition produced an acceptable quality for the bread.