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Analyses on the Factors Associated with Dietary Behavior Regarding Colon Cancer Risk (대장암 위험도와 관련된 식생활 행동 분석)

  • 오세영;이지현;김효종
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.202-209
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    • 2004
  • A case-control study was conducted in order to examine dietary behavioral factors associated with colorectal cancer risks. Data were collected from 128 cases with either colorectal cancer or large bowl adenomatous polyps and 129 controls regarding stages of dietary behavioral change, perceived barrier, self efficacy, nutrition knowledge, social support and food availability as well as body mass index and overall dietary quality. Cases showed less desirable behaviors with respect to fat reduction and vegetable intake compared with controls based on the analyses of the stages of dietary change. After adjustment of relevant covariates (age, gender and smoking), significant trends of increasing risk with higher level emerged for perceived barriers resulted from environmental conditions (OR = 1.6 - 2.0) and self-efficacy (OR = 2.2-2.3). No such relationships were found for nutrition knowledge and social support. The risk of colorectal cancer was associated with the kinds of foods available at home showing a borderline protective relation with milk (OR = 0.6) and respective significant and borderline direct associations for fresh meat (OR = 2.1) and soft drinks (OR = 0.6 when reversely scored). Within-group analyses presented best predictors of overall dietary quality as food availability for the case and self-efficacy and social support for the control. The findings of this study suggested a need for focusing on motivational and reinforcing factors in the development of nutrition education programs for colorectal cancer prevention.

The Effects of Childcare Center Based Play Therapy on Infant's Problem Behaviors, Self-Concept, Social Interaction and Infant's Response Changes during Play Therapy (보육기관에서의 놀이치료가 유아의 문제 행동, 자아지각, 사회적 상호작용 및 놀이치료 과정에서 유아의 반응 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Sun Young;Han, You Jin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.95-117
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    • 2014
  • The study was performed at a childcare center based play therapy to help ameliorate the problems of infants in the borderline, self-concept, social interaction, infant's response changes observed during play therapy. The subjects of this study consisted of twenty eight infants between the ages of 4 to 5 years who exhibited behavior problems. All subjects were located in the Seoul. The play therapists were sent to the child care center, and conducted 16 sessions of play therapy to infants exhibiting problem behaviors. In summary, the results indicated the following. First, childcare center based play therapy was effective in improving infants' behavior problems in the borderline areas outlined above. Second, childcare center based play therapy had a positive effect on the self-concept of infants. Third, childcare center based play therapy had a positive effect on the social interaction among the infants. Finally, there was significant difference in the responses of infants during childcare center based play therapy.

Pre-Operative Evaluation of Ovarian Tumors by Risk of Malignancy Index, CA125 and Ultrasound

  • Arun-Muthuvel, Veluswamy;Jaya, Vijayaraghavan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.2929-2932
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performances of risk of malignancy index (RMI), CA-125 and ultrasound score in differentiating between benign and borderline or malignant ovarian tumors and find the best diagnostic test for referral of suspected malignant ovarian cases to gynaecologic oncologists. Materials and Methods: This prospective study covered 467 women with pelvic tumors scheduled for surgery at our hospital between July 2011 and July 2013. The RMI was obtained from ultrasound score, CA125 and menopausal status. The diagnostic values of each parameter and the RMI were determined and compared using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences Version 14.0.1. Results: In our study, 61% of ovarian tumors were malignant in the post-menopausal age group. RMI with a cut-off 150 had sensitivity of 84% and specificity of 97% in detecting ovarian cancer. CA-125>30 had a sensitivity of 84% and a specificity of 83%. An ultrasound score more than 2 had a sensitivity of 96% and specificity of 81%. RMI had the least false malignant cases thus avoiding unnecessary laparotomies. Ultrasound when used individually had the best sensitivity but poor specificity. Conclusions: Our study has demonstrated the RMI to be an easy, simple and applicable method in the primary evaluation of patients with pelvic masses. It can be used to refer suspected malignant patients to be operated by a gynaecologic oncologist. Other models of preoperative evaluation should be developed to improve the detection of early stage invasive, borderline and non-epithelial ovarian cancers.

Borderline Personality Disorder with Infanticide and Denial of Pregnancy : A Case Report (영아살해와 임신거부증을 주소로 내원한 경계선 인격장애의 치료사례)

  • Jung, Semina;Paik, Ki Chung;Lee, Jun Hyung;Kim, Kyung Min;Doh, Jin Ah;Lim, Myung Ho
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.161-166
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    • 2012
  • Though infanticide, killing the baby after birth of the neonate and denial of pregnancy, are very rare psychiatric disorder, they have been receiving a lot of social concerns. We report and review infanticide and denial of pregnancy administration in a 19 year-old adolescent with bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder. Patients with a young age, cognitive immaturity, an unwanted child, hid the pregnancy facts were consistent with the results of previous studies. In addition, the patient's impulsivity and emotional instability is affecting infanticide. After inpatient care with pharmacotherapy (escitalopram 20mg, alprazolam 1.5 mg, clonazepam 0.5 mg, valproate sodium 1,100-1,300 mg, and quetiapine 100-400 mg) and supportive psychotherapy, and there were significant improvement of clinical symptoms.

Challenges and Future Directions for Health Promotion Practice and Research in Private Sectors: Focusing on the KAHP Experiences (민간부문의 건강증진 사업과 연구 현황, 발전방향과 과제 - 한국건강관리협회의 건강증진 사업과 연구를 중심으로 -)

  • Cho, Han-Ik
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.39-56
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This paper aims to discuss the current situation of and future directions for health promotion practice(HPP) and research in private sectors in Korea. Methods: Publications and web-site information of public health organizations, WHO-Health Promoting Hospitals member institutes, health/medical academic societies, and professional unities were collected and reviewed. Activities of Korea Association of Health Promotion(KAHP) were described in detail considering its leading role in health examination and promotion field in Korea. Results: The most common HPPs in private sectors were health education and public health campaigns for the prevention and management of diseases. Tailored health promotion programs for lifestyle changes and longitudinal follow-ups were the routine process for managing high risk groups at KAHP. Health promotion research in private sectors have focused on identifying health problems and behavioral determinants, and planning, implementing and evaluating health promotion programs. The most serious issues in HPPs of the private sectors were limited budget and manpower along with a lack of public recognition and a system-level support. Conclusion: To promote HPPs and research in private sectors, a system for financial sustainability should be introduced. They also need scientific evidence from research. 'Borderline medicine', a discipline specialized in management of high risk borderline group, could lead HPPs to sustainable private practices.

Correlation of Left Atrial Enlargement and Metabolic Syndrom Risk Factors in Echocardiography (심장초음파검사에서 좌심방 확장과 대사증후군 요인과의 상관관계)

  • Bae, Hye-Jin;Ha, Myeong-Jin;Kim, Jeong-Koo
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.177-185
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    • 2020
  • This study investigated the relationship between metabolic syndrom risk factors to patients with left atrial enlargement according to the results of echocardiography. Male were 269(8.9%) and female were 46(1.5%) that of the total 315 patients (10.5%) with left atrial enlargement. In the obesity factors analysis, BMI, WC, and WHtR were associated with left atrial enlargement. Among them, WHtR included the many obese people with left atrial enlargement. In the analysis of blood pressure, The systolic blood pressure was the highest in the borderline hypertension group in the left atrial enlargement and the diastolic blood pressure was the highest in the normal range group in the left atrial enlargement. In the blood result analysis, there was no correlation with left atrial enlargement that total cholesterol, HDL, LDL cholesterol, triglyceride, and fasting blood glucose level were within the normal range. Therefore, obesity and systolic blood pressure were associated with the left atrial enlargement group. However, the systolic blood pressure did not show pathological condition due to borderline hypertension, and the distribution of the left atrial enlargement group was smaller than that of obesity. Obesity, which includes the largest number of left atrial enlargement group, has been identified to be the highest risk factor for left atrial enlargement.

Camouflage treatment in adult skeletal Class III cases by extraction of two lower premolars (성인 골격성 III급 부정교합환자의 하악 소구치 발치를 통한 보상치료)

  • Ning, Fang;Duan, Yinzhong
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.349-357
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    • 2010
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dentoskeletal and soft tissue profile changes after extraction of two lower first or second premolars in "borderline" adult skeletal Class III cases. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with "borderline" skeletal Class III malocclusion were studied. All of them were treated by extraction of two lower first or second premolars. Lateral cephalometric radiographs taken at the start and end of treatment were analysed. Twenty-five cephalometric variables were calculated and paired $t$-tests were performed. Results: After treatment, no significant changes were noted in the skeletal parameters ($p{\geq}0.05$). Regarding the dental parameters, the L1-MP angle decreased by $8.1^{\circ}$, the U1-L1 angle increased by $7.7^{\circ}$ ($p$ < 0.01), the overjet distance increased by 5.7 mm ($p$ < 0.01), the L1-NB angle decreased by $7.3^{\circ}$ and the L1-NB distance decreased by 4.8 mm ($p$ < 0.01). The soft tissue parameters of Li-E, Li-H and Li-RL2 distance decreased by 3.2 mm, 3.4 mm and 4.1 mm respectively ($p$ < 0.01). Conclusions: Orthodontic camouflage treatment by extraction of two lower first or second premolars provides a viable treatment alternative for "borderline" skeletal Class III cases to achieve a good occlusal relationship.

Pulmonary Mucinous Cystic Tumor of Borderline Malignancy -A case of report- (폐의 저악성 점액성 낭종)

  • Kang, Kyung-Min;Lim, Yong-Taek;Kim, Chul-Hwan;Lee, Seob;Hur, Yong;Kim, Byung-Ryul;Lee, Jung-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.212-215
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    • 1998
  • Pulmonary mucinous cystic tumor of borderline malignancy is very rare and distinguished from bronchogenic cyst or adenocarcinoma of bronchoalveolar type. We present the case of a 63-year-old woman with a right lower lobe mass, found by chest radiographs. The preoperative diagnosis was made as bronchoalveolar cancer by percutaneous needle aspiration of mass. Right lower lobectomy and lymph node dissections were performed. The lobectomy specimen contained variable sized multilocular cystic mucous masses, filled with mucus. Microscopically, the cystic masses are lined with tall columnar mucinous epithelium but some area contains focal cellular atypism and bronchoalveolar cancer like foci. This foci are lack of cellular atypism consistent with bronchoalveolar cancer cell. After lobectomy the patient has remained free from recurrence and distant metastasis for following 12 months period. Pulmonary mucinous cystic tumor of borderline malignancy appears to have a favorable prognosis and should be distinguished from other lung neoplasms.

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Is Target Oriented Surgery Sufficient with Borderline Ovarian Tumors? - Role of Accompanying Pathologies

  • Gungor, Tayfun;Cetinkaya, Nilufer;Yalcin, Hakan;Ozdal, Bulent;Ozgu, Emre;Baser, Eralp;Yilmaz, Nafiye;Caglar, Mete;Zergeroglu, Sema;Erkaya, Salim
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.16
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    • pp.6749-6754
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    • 2014
  • Background: There are limited data in the literature related to concomitant genital or extra-genital organ pathologies in patients with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs). The aim of this study was to evaluate our experience with 183 patients to draw attention to the accompanying organ pathologies with BOTs. Materials and Methods: One hundred eighty-three patients with BOTs, diagnosed and/or treated in our center between January of 2000 and March of 2013 were evaluated retrospectively. Data related to age, tumor histology, lesion side, disease stage, accompanying incidental ipsilateral and/or contralateral ovarian pathologies, treatment approaches, and follow-up periods were investigated. Incidental gynecologic and non-gynecologic concomitant organ pathologies were also recorded. Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 40.6 years (range: 17-78). Ninety-five patients (51%) were ${\leq}40$ years. A hundred and forty-seven patients (80%) were at stage IA of the disease. The most common type of BOT was serous in histology. Non-invasive tumor implants were diagnosed in 4% and uterine involvement was found 2% among patients who underwent hysterectomies. There were 12 patients with positive peritoneal washings. Only 17 and 84 patients respectively had concomitant ipsilateral and concomitant contralateral incidental ovarian pathologies. The most common type of uterine, appendicular and omental pathologies were chronic cervicitis, lymphoid hyperplasia and chronic inflammatory reaction. Conclusions: According to our findings most of accompanying pathologies for BOT are benign in nature. Nevertheless, there were additional malignant diseases necessitating further therapy. We emphasize the importance of the evaluation of all abdominal organs during surgery.

Clinical Characteristics and Neuropsychological Profiles of the Children with ADHD and Their Siblings (주의력결핍 과잉행동장애 아동과 형제의 임상특징 및 신경심리학 소견)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jeong;Park, Jangho;Kim, Hyo-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.220-227
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : This study aims to investigate the clinical characteristics and neuropsychological profiles of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their siblings. Methods : Eighteen children (age $8.2{\pm}1.7$ years, 12 boys) with ADHD and their 18 siblings (age $7.8{\pm}1.6$ years, 8 boys) completed Continuous Performance (CPT), Stroop, Children's Trail Making, Rey-Kim Memory, and Kim's Frontal Executive Function tasks. The parents of these subjects underwent the Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale (ARS), 10-item Parent General Behavior Inventory (P-GBI), and the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). Paired t-tests were used. Results : The inattention (p=.020), and hyperactivity-impulsivity (p=.001), scores of the ARS and the P-GBI score (p=.004) were significantly higher in children with ADHD than in their siblings. Deficits in social communication and motivation on SRS were higher in children with ADHD than in their siblings (p=.017 and p=.011, respectively). Z-scores of omission and commission errors as well as response time variability on visual CPT and omission errors on auditory CPT were in clinically significant range, and z-score of omission errors on auditory CPT was in borderline range in siblings. Omission (p=.018) and commission errors on Visual CPT (p=.007) were significantly higher in children with ADHD compared to their siblings. Recognition efficiency on Kim's Frontal Executive Function Task was lower in children with ADHD compared to their siblings, but in normal range in both groups. Stroop interference and figure fluency on Kims Frontal Executive Function Task were in borderline range in ADHD group, and figure fluency was in borderline range in siblings. Conclusion : Our results support a preliminary evidence for mild degree of attention deficit in ADHD siblings. Further studies are needed to examine the cognitive functions of siblings with ADHD in larger samples.