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Analysis of female student's body shape of the late adolescent (청소년 후기 여학생의 체형 유형화 분석)

  • Jeon, Seong-Yeon;Cha, Su-Joung
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.95-108
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzed the body shape of the body of 17~19 years old female students using the SPSS 20.0 statistical program according to the 7th Korea Human Body Survey. Factor analysis was based on six factors including body size, body height, shoulder length, and width, upper body length, hip length, and shoulder inclination related factors. Through this cluster analysis, the body shape of late adolescent female student was classified into four types. Body type 1 was the highest body height factor, and the upper body length and the hip length factor were lower. It was analyzed as 'Long leg in the body'. Body type 2 is the 'narrow shoulder skinny type' with high hip and shoulder slope factors and low body size, body height, shoulder length, and width factor. Body type 3 showed body size, shoulder length, height and hip length factor, and body height factor was rather low 'low hip obese body shape'. Body type 4 was analyzed as 'lower shoulder long upper body type' with higher upper body length factor and lower body size and shoulder slope factor. It is thought that when the pattern is made, it is possible to produce excellent patterns by fitting the dimensions of the body, as well as the dimensions of the shoulder width, the slope, and the hip length.

Relation between Various Body Fluid Volumes and Body Weight or Lean Body Mass in the Rats (흰쥐의 체액량과 체중 및 무지방 체중 사이의 관계)

  • Ahn, Hyung-Che;Nam, Kee-Yong
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1969
  • Relationships between red ceil volume $(^{51}Cr-cell)$, total blood volume (red cell volume divided by hematocrit ratio), and extracellular fluid volume (SCN distribution space) and body weight (ranging between 73 and 384 grams) or lean body mass were studied in 59 nembutalized rats. Lean body mass was determined by means of underwater weighing method on rats clipped and eviscerated. There were positive correlations between body weight or lean body mass and the absolute values (in milliliters) of body fluid volumes. Body fluid volumes expressed on the body weight or lean body mass basis, however, showed negative correlations between body weight (grams) or lean body weight (grams) with one exception. Red cell volume expressed as % lean body mass showed a positive correlation with lean body mass. The other results are summarized as follows: 1. Body density of rats was 1.0561 $(range:\;1.0123{\sim}1.0781)$ and 19.8% body weight of total body fat was obtained. The mean value of lean body mass was 80.2% body weight 2. The correlation between body weight and lean body mass was high, namely, coefficient of correlation was r=.99. 3. The correlation between the absolute value of red cell volume (ml) and body weight showed a high correlation, namely, r= 92 and between the lean body mass coefficient of correlation was r=.93. On a weight basis, red cell volume was 2.67 ml/100 gm body weight or 3.48 ml/100 gm lean body mass. The coefficient of correlation between body weight (grams) and red cell volume (% body weight) was r=-. 30. The coefficient of correlation between lean body mass (grams) and red cell volume (% lean body mass) was r=. 50. Thus, the following regression equation was obtained. Red cell volume (% lean body mass)=. 00243 Lean body mass (gm)+3. 12. 4. Total blood volume was 6.06% body weight or 7.83% lean body mass. The correlation between these blood volume values and body weight or lean body mass were negative, namely, r= -.43 and r=-.42 respectively. 5. Extracellular volume (SCN space) was 30.0% body weight or 37.2% lean body mass. These percentage values showed negative correlations between body weight or lean body mass and coefficients of correlation were r=-.40 and r=-.54 respectively. 6. The rate of increase in body weight or lean body mass is accompanied by a smaller rate of increase in blood volume and extracellular fluid volume. The rate of increase in red ceil volume paralled that of lean body mass.

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The Body Cathexis Difference between Naked Body and After Appearence management Body of 20-30 yrs College Students (나체상태와 외모관리 후의 신체만족도 차이 -20대 남녀 대학생을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Jung-Won;Yoon, Jong-Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.127-136
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the difference between perceptions of the nude body and of the clothed body as measured by body cathexis scale. Subjects were 274 college male and female between 20~30 yrs. Data were analyzed by using frequency, T test, cluster analysis, Duncan test by using Spss for window 8.0 PC program. Significant difference were found between mean scores of male and female on the nude body cathexis (NBC) and clothed body cathexis (CBC) Scales for hair texture, hair color, face, face color, shape of head, eye, lips, forehead, back, trunk, waist, bust, leg of shape, chest, hip. On the difference between male and female, significant differences were found between NBC and CBC scales for all body parts except hair texture, face color, ears, eyes, teech. Male had higher satisfaction than female in both body cathexis. The taller men, the higher body satisfaction with face shape, body shape, height in both body cathexis. Before appearence management, the bigger men, the higher body satisfaction with musle, waist, height, chest, body shape in both body cathexis. Male had higher satisfaction than female in both body cathexis. The taller women, the higher body satisfaction with neck, body shape, height in before appearence management. The bigger women, the higher body satisfaction with heights, weight distributions, waist, height in both.

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A Study of Body Satisfaction and Clothing Consciousness among American Women between the Ages of 60 and 90 (미국 노년여성의 신체 만족도 및 의복 중요도에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Myoung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2006
  • This study explored elderly American women's body satisfaction and clothing consciousness with the methods of survey and body measurement. To that end, I first investigated their self-perception of body size and body satisfaction and also the relationships between those, along with the relationships between body measurements and body satisfaction. Then, I analyzed the differences in elderly women's body satisfaction and clothing consciousness among different body type groups. For the last, I examined the degree of their body thinness or obesity and ideal body size in order to explore the standard for ideal body shape among elderly women. Elderly American women were satisfied with most of their body parts except waist circumference and weight. Body satisfaction with stature, weight, and hip circumference was correlated to both size perception and body measurement. Body satisfaction with thigh circumference and leg length was correlated to size perception, and also that with waist circumference and neck length to body measurement. Size perception showed differences among body types, but body satisfaction did not show notable differences among body types. There were significant differences between real size and ideal one. Elderly American women thought that clothing was important in their everyday life.

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Lower Body Type Classification of Women Aged 20-30 for the Development of Riding Breeches (승마바지 개발을 위한 20~30대 성인여성의 하반신 유형 분류)

  • Lee, Ji-Eun;Kwon, Young-Ah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.37 no.8
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    • pp.1075-1094
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    • 2013
  • This study analyzed the lower body type of women aged 20 to 30 to understand their respective characteristics. The research method was restricted to the use of direct measurements data and 3D measurements data of the Sixth Size Korea. Factor analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA, Duncan's test, discriminant analysis, t-test, and ${\chi}^2$-test were performed for the statistical analysis of the data using SPSS Win 20.0 program. The results of this study are as follows. Lower body type based on 3D measurements were classified into 3 types (obese lower body, long lower body, and small lower body). Lower body type based on direct measurements were classified into 3 types (obese lower body, thick and long lower body, and small lower body). Lower body type based on the direct measurement of sitting pose were classified into 3 types (obese lower body, long and thin lower body, and short lower body). The age differences in the lower body types could be analyzed by an evaluation of the 3D simulation of the lower body.

A Study on the Degree of Consciousness of High School Girls' Lower Bodyshape (여고생의 하반신 형태 인식에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to study the degree of consciousness and satisfaction of body cathexis of high school girls' lower bodyshape. The subjects in this study were 296 high school girls. The results were as follows : 1. The degree of satisfactions of girth items in lower part of the body were influenced by real body size than ideal body size. But the degree of satisfaction of weight was influenced by ideal body size and height was influenced by real size body. 2. The high school girls thought ideal body shape was tall in height, long in leg, slim in girth and light in weight. Therefore, they wanted to have slimmer, longer, and lighter body size than real body size. 3. The high school girls were more satisfied with lean body type than with standard body type or with obesity body type. Therefore they wanted to be lean body type.

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Study on Body Proportion Using Body Indexes of Mongolian Men and Women in 20's (몽골 20대 남녀의 지수치를 이용한 인체 프로포션 연구)

  • Im, Soon
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.89-100
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this research is to compare the body proportion of the Mongolian and Korean men and women in their 20' s by comparing the characteristics of the body type that uses the body indexes, in order to provide the base data for the increased fit of the apparels. The results are as follows. 1) Histogram of the Rohrer' s Index for the Mongolian men and women in their 20s was examined. the Mongolian men, normal body type took up 48.0% while small body type comprised 50.0% and obese body type comprised 2.0%. the Mongolian women, normal body type comprised 61.5%, small body type comprised 22.1% and obese body type comprised 16.4%. 2) The body proportion of Korean men has 1:1.62 with upper body and low body part on a waist basis, and Mongolian men has 1:1.65. Thus Mongolian men has longer pan of lower body than Korean men. 3) Mongolian women has longer part of lower body and has higher rates of hip height, crotch height, knee height than Korean women. Mongolian women has high rate of hip line and calf length. 4) As a result comparison using the body index of Mongolian and Korean women (bust thickness/ bust width, waist thickness / waist width, hip thickness / hip width, when regarding the height as 100 ), it was found that Mongolian women are flatter than korean women.

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Effects of Body-Cathexis and Importance of Ideal Body Image on Satisfaction with Ready-to-Wear (Part One)

  • Hwang, JinSook
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.2 no.5
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    • pp.391-397
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of the present research is to determine, for a sample of female college students, the effects of body-cathexis and importance of ideal body image on satisfaction with ready-to-wear. The sample included 177 female college students aged from 18 to 25. To measure the variables, an instrument was developed based on previous studies. Body-cathexis and importance of meeting the ideal body image were measured for five areas of body parts; head/upper body, lower body, height, weight, and torso. Satisfaction with ready-to-wear includes satisfaction with the fit at pant length, thighs, hips, waist, bust, and neckline, and with the variety in ready-to-wear. Research hypotheses were tested using multiple regression. The results showed that there was a positive impact of body-cathexis for a specific body area on ready-to-wear satisfaction which is related to the body area. The effect of importance of meeting the ideal body image on ready-to-wear clothing was different in regard to different areas of body parts.

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The Effect of Regular Exercise Program on Body Composition and Body Image in Adults Using One Fitness Center (규칙적 운동이 스포츠센터 이용 성인의 체구성과 신체상에 미치는 효과)

  • Oh Jin-Hwan;Lim Nan-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was done to compare of adult body composition and body image before and after regular exercise program at a sports center. Method: The participants were 32 adults who were beginning regular exercise at a sports center in D city. The body composition was measured by body weight, soft lean mass, fat mass, percent body fat, fat distribution, degree of obesity and BMI, using the Inbody 3.0. Body image. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and analyzed using paired t-test. Results: 1. Significant improvement was shown in body composition. 2. The score for body image increased after the program, but the change was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The short-term exercise program was very effective in improving body composition, but changes in the evaluation of body image need long-term exercise. Also, we were concluded that it is very important to consider preference level when evaluating body composition and body image.

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Expression of Body in Contemporary Fashion Illustrations (현대 패션 일러스트레이션에 나타난 몸 표현에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Eun-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.59 no.5
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    • pp.53-70
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the expressional traits and meanings of body images in contemporary fashion illustration, based on postmodern body theories and body images in postmodern art. For achieving the purpose, this study performed related research works and undertook a demonstrative analysis of fashion illustrations. The results are as follows : The postmodern body theories not only opposed, deconstructed the traditional concepts and norms of body, but also revealed the suppressed facts of it. Also they composed the new concepts of body. The expressional traits of body images in postmodern art and contemporary fashion illustration were categorized as realistically presented body, distorted/deformed body, fragmented body, abject body, post-gendered body and absent body. Through these traits, the meanings of defiance to authority, revelation of reality, new creation were expressed. In conclusion, the various body images in contemporary fashion illustration reflect open concepts for human beings and give new aesthetic experiences.