• 제목, 요약, 키워드: black snail

검색결과 14건 처리시간 0.043초

Unrecorded Pulmonate Snail, Onchidium hongkongensis (Systellommatophora, Onchidiidae) from Korean Waters

  • Kil, Hyun-Jong;Lee, Jun-Sang
    • 한국패류학회지
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.191-192
    • /
    • 2011
  • Pulmonate snail, Onchidium hongkongensis from muddy flat of Muan-gun was recorded as new to the Korean molluscan fauna. Shell-less body light-gray or reddish-gray in colour, oval shaped with numerous pustules on dorsal surface usually covered with mud. Black pair of tentacles with terminal eyes. Including the new record in this study, the family Onchidiidae 2 genera and 2 species in the Korean waters.

식초와 다슬기회분을 이용하여 제조한 초산칼슘의 품질 특성 (Quality Characteristics of Calcium Acetate Prepared with Vinegars and Ash of Black Snail)

  • 이명예;이예경;김순동
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.593-597
    • /
    • 2004
  • 천연의 수용성 칼슘자원을 얻기 위하여 현미식초(Br),감식초(Pe) 및 사과식초(Ap)와 다슬기 회분으로 제조한 액상 및 고상의 초산칼슘(LCA및 SCA) 즉, 액상으로 Br-LCA, Pe-LCA, Ap-LCA와 고상으로 Br-SCA, Pe-SCA, Ap-SCA의 품질특성을 조사하였다. 초산칼슘 제조용 식초의 pH는 2.34∼3.06 범위였으며, 식초 100 mL과 반응하는 다슬기 회분의 양은 20.43∼23.50g, 고상 초산칼슘의 수율은 11.02∼13.01%(w/v)이었다. Ap-LCA 및 Ap-SCA의 색상은 연한 황색을 띠었으나 Br-LCA 및 Br-SCA는 갈색, Ap-LCA 및 Ap-SCA는 진한 갈색을 띠었다. Br-LCA, Pe-LCA 및 Ap-LCA의 칼슘함량은 각각 3.02, 2.06 및 2.30%(w/v)이었으며, Br-SCA, Pe-SCA 및 Ap-SCA의 칼슘함량은 각각 27.15, 16.31 및 19.48%(w/w)이었다. 고상초산칼슘의 용해도는 증류수에서 36.82∼39.92%(w/v), 소주에서 32.05∼39.04%(w/v), 진간장에서 13.12∼18.65%(w/v), 이온음료에서 38.35∼38.90%(w/v), 요구르트에서 33.47∼35.58%(w/v)이었으며 두유와 우유에서는 curd를 생성하였다. 신맛과 쓴맛은 표준품에 비하여 낮았으나 떫은 맛, 비린 맛 및 맛난 맛은 높았다.

다슬기로 제조한 칼슘 락테이트가 반죽의 발효와 빵의 품질 및 저장성에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Calcium Lactate Prepared from Black Snail on Dough Fermentation, Quality and Shelf-life of Bread)

  • 이예경;이명예;김순동
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.136-144
    • /
    • 2003
  • 다슬기분말(PBS)과 그 회분(ABS)으로 제조한 칼슘락테이트(CaL-A및 CaL-P를 0.5%되게 첨가한 반죽의 발효와 빵의 품질 및 저장성에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 칼슘락테이트를 첨가하여 1차발효시킨 후 반죽의 pH는 5.98~5.86으로 대조군의 5.50보다 높았다. 반죽의 부피와 빵의 loaf volume index는 CaL-A 첨가군이 대조군 보다 현저하게 낮았으나 pH를 5.5로 조정한 후의 반죽부피와 빵의 loaf volume은 대조군과 비슷하였다. 처리군의 칼슘함량은 39.36~49.70 mg/100 g으로 대조군(13.43 mg/100 g)보다 현저하게 높았다. 처리군 빵의 색상은 대조군과 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 빵의 경도와 점착성은 CaL-A 첨가군이 대조군에 비해 높고, 탄력성과 응집성은 낮았으나 pH를 5.5로 조정한 경우는 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 처리군 빵의 현미경 관찰결과 대조군에 비하여 기공이 작고 air cell이 크며 표면이 거칠었다. 맛, 색상, 냄새 및 종합적인 기호도를 평가한 결과 대조군>CaL-A>CaL-P 순으로 첨가군의 관능적 품질이 낮았다. 그러나 pH를 5.5로 조정하여 제조한 빵에서는 종합적인 기호도가 크게 향상되었다. 칼슘락테이트를 첨가한 빵은 곰팡이 발생이 지연되었으며 곰팡이의 발생정도로 평가한 2$0^{\circ}C$에성의 저장수명은 대조군이 1, CaL-A 첨가군 3일, CaL-P 첨가군은 5일이었다.

  • PDF

Preparation and Characteristics of Calcium Lactate from Black Snail

  • Lee, Ye-Kyung;Kim, Soon-Dong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.166-172
    • /
    • 2003
  • Calcium lactate (CL) prepared from powdered black snail (PBS) or its ashed powder (ABS), was investigated for ideal manufacturing conditions to optimize color, solubility and sensory quality. Based on the amount of PBS and 100 mL lactic acid (LA), the yields of PBS-CL were 300% and 15 g in 10% LA and 260% and 20 g in 20% LA. Yields of ABS-CL based on the amount ABS and 100 mL LA were 400% and 60 g in 10% LA and 329% and 66 g in 20% LA. Both of the yields were decreased with an increase of the LA concentration on the basis of PBS and ABS amounts, but proportionally increased with the increment in the LA concentration on the basis of LA volume. Optimal preparation times of the dehydrated PBS-CL and ABS-CL were, respectively, 4 hr and 5 hr at 10$0^{\circ}C$, 3 hr and 4 hr at 12$0^{\circ}C$, and 1 hr and 2 hr at 15$0^{\circ}C$, which showed shorter time in preparing the dehydrated ABS-CL. PBS-CL and ABS-CL were confirmed to be Ca($CH_3$CHOH$CO_2$)$_2$ by the analysis results of IR and $^1$H-NMR. Calcium contents of the anhydrous PBS-CL and ABS-CL were individually 15.4% (w/w) and 17.3% (w/w) representing 84.2% and 94.5% or each theoretical value. Colors or PBS-CL and ABS-CL were light yellow and light-greenish white each. Solubilities of PBS- CL and ABS-CL in distilled water at pH 3~8 were 5.43 and 6.11 g/100 mL, respectively, which demonstrated higher mean solubilities rather than the 4.74 g/100 mL of standard CL. Solubilities of PBS-CL (3.14~5.03 g/100 mL) and ABS-CL (4.69~6.05 g/100 mL) against soup soy sauce, 3% brine, Soju (Korean distilled liquor), thick soy sauce, grape juice and orange juice were higher than those of standard CL (2.94~5.84 g/100 mL). ABS-CL was believed to have a wide use range due to its low sourness while different applications of PBS-CL in food are expected due to its mild astringent taste and strong savory taste despite its strong bitter taste as estimated by sensory evaluation.

기도내 이물의 외과적 처치에 관한 연구 (The Surgical Management of Aspirated Foreign Bodies in Airways)

  • 김주현;김삼현
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.331-338
    • /
    • 1981
  • The inhalation of a foreign body into the tracheobronchial tree is a child is a life-threatening accident. Forgotten foreign bodies In the airways cause chronic pulmonary infections, allergic asthma, bronchiectatic changes, and lung abscess Foreign bodies that cannot be grasped by bronchoscopic forceps should be removed by thoracotomy and bronchotomy. This report describes our experience In 16 patients who were treated to remove inhaled foreign bodies from the airways after repeated bronchoscopies had been unsuccessful from 1963 to 1981 at the department thoracic surgery of Seoul National University Hospital. The surgical procedures are as follows: 12 patients bronchotomy, 2 patient pneumonectomy, 2 patients lobectomy. In these cases, the foreign bodies are 8 metallic material, 3 plastic material, 1 bean, 1 black snail, and 3 cases of no records. Bronchotomy must be performed as soon as possible in order to avoid more advanced pathologic changes In the Involved lung, such as bronchiectasis, fibrosis or abscess.

  • PDF

젖산칼슘을 응고제로 한 두부의 품질특성과 저장성 (Shelf-life and Quality Characteristics of Tofu Coagulated by Calcium Lactate)

  • 이명예;김순동
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
    • /
    • v.33 no.2
    • /
    • pp.412-419
    • /
    • 2004
  • 다슬기 분말과 그 회분으로 제조한 젖산칼슘인 CaL-P와-A의 두부 응고제로의 이용성을 검토하기 위하여 염화칼슘(CC), 염화마그네슘(MC), 황산칼슘(CS) 및 표준품 젖산칼슘(CaL-S)과의 응고력, 수율, 색상, 텍스쳐, 칼슘함량, 미세구조 및 관능적 특성을 상호 비교하였으며 저장중의 총균수와 침지액의 탁도변화를 살펴보았다. 응고력은 CaL-A가 가장 우수하였으며 CaL-P의 경우도 CaL-S보다 높았다. CaL-A두부의 수율은 CC두부의 110%로 CS와 대등하였으나 CaL-P두부의 수율은 CC의 50% 수준으로 낮았다. 응고제에 따른 두부의 색상은뚜렷한 차이를 보이지 않았으나 CaL-P 두부는 L*값이 낮은 반면 a*, b*값이 높았다. 두부의 견고성 은 CaL-S>CS>CC)CaL-P>MC)CaL-A순, 응집성은 MC>CaL-S>CC>CS)CaL-P>CaL-A 순을 나타내었으며, 탄력성은 MC가 가장 높았다. 두부의 칼슘함량은 116.12∼204.48mg/100 g이었으나 MC 두부는 57.1 mg으로 낮았다. 두부의 미세구조는 견고도가 낮고 부드러울수록 입자가 작고 균일하였는데 CaL-A와 MC 두부가 대 체적으로 작고 균일하였으며 CaL-P는 CC와 같이 불규칙하였다. CaL-P와 CaL-A 두부는 타 두부에 비하여 질감, 탄력성, 풍미가 좋고 종합적인 맛이 우수하였으며 CaL-A의 경우는 견고성이 낮아 부드러운 맛이 높았다. 총 균수로 평가한 1$0^{\circ}C$에서의 shelf-life는 타 응고제를 사용한 경우 4∼6일을 나타내었으나 CaL-P는 8일로 연장되었다. 탁도도 CaL-P의 경우가 가장 낮았다. 이상의 결과 CaL-P와-A는 두부의 품질을 높일 수 있음과 동시에 체내 흡수력이 높은 칼슘을 공급할 수 있어 산업적으로 많이 사용하고 있는 칼슘의 체내 이용율이 낮은 CS를 대체할 수 있는 두부 응고제로 바람직한 것으로 평가되었다.

Calcium Acetate의 첨가가 반죽의 발효와 빵의 품질특성에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Calcium Acetate on the Dough Fermentation and Quality Characteristics of Bread)

  • 이예경;이명예;김순동
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
    • /
    • v.13 no.6
    • /
    • pp.608-614
    • /
    • 2003
  • 현미식초와 다슬기회분으로 제조한 액상의 초산칼슘(LCA)을 밀가루에 대하여 2, 4, 8% (v/w)되게 첨가한 빵(LCA-빵)의 품질특성을 조사하였다. 반죽의 pH는 대조구(5.38)보다 첨가구(5.39∼5.42)에서 높았으며 첨가량이 높을수록 높았다. LCA-빵의 굽기손실율은 10.11∼10.81%로 대조구의 10.73%와 뚜렷한 차이를 보이지 않았으며, loaf volume index는 대조구 7.12, 2% 첨가 7.18로 비슷하였으나 4% 및 8% LCA-빵은 각각 6.62 및 5.80으로 낮았다. 칼슘함량은 무첨가 빵에서 16mg/g, 2, 4 및 8% LCA-빵에서는 각각 30, 60, 120 mg/g이었다. LCA-빵의 경도, 점착성, 깨짐성은 대조구보다 높았으나 탄성과 응집성은 낮았다. LCA 첨가빵의 $L^{*}$ 값은 대조구보다 낮았으나 $a^{*}$ 값은 뚜렷한 차이가 없었고 $b^{*}$ 값은 높았다. 현미경 관찰결과 LCA의 첨가량이 증가할수록 기공이 불규칙적이며 전분입자가 불안정한 matrix를 형성하였다. 신맛과 쓴맛은 대조구와 유의적 차이는 없었다. 끈적한 정도는 대조구와 2∼4% LCA빵에서는 차이를 보이지 않았으나 8% LCA-빵에서는 높았다. 풍미와 종합적 기호도는 대조구와 2% LCA-빵은 비슷하였으나 4∼8% LCA-빵에서는 낮은 값을 보였다. 곰팡이 번식정도로 평가한 빵의 저장성은 2% LCA-빵에서는 뚜렷한 차이를 보이지 않았으나 4% LCA-빵은 2배, 8% LCA-빵은 3배로 연장되었다.

  • PDF

Effects of Calcium Lactate and Chungkukjang on Calcium Status in Rat

  • Lee, Ye-Kyung;Lee, Myung-Ye;Kim, Mee-Kyung;Choe, Won-Kyung;Kim, Soon-Dong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.45-52
    • /
    • 2004
  • Effects of dietary calcium lactate (CaL-A) and Chungkukjang (Korean native fermented soybean) on bone mass, calcium status, body weight, serum glucose and cholesterol levels in young male rats were investigated. Chungkukjang was fermented by mixing 4 types of Bacillus sp., and then dried at 45$^{\circ}C$. Calcium lactate was prepared from the ash of black snail. The rats were fed a commercial rat diet for 1 week and then the experimental diets for 4 weeks. Animals were divided into four dietary groups: one calcium-deficient diet (Ca-De) and one of three with calcium supplemented diets (5 g calcium/kg diet) with either calcium phosphate (Ca-P), CaL-A, or CaL-A + Chuntkukjang (CaL-AC). Calcium supplemented diets contained 39 g Ca-P/kg diet and 28 g/kg of calcium lactate in the CaL-A and CaL-AC diets. Body weight gains during the 4 weeks in the Ca-P, CaL-A, CaL-AC and Ca-De groups were 130.45 g,112.50 g, 143.40 g and 10.20 g, respectively. Feed consumption of the groups from high to low was CaL-AC > Ca-P > CaL-A > Ca-De. The Ca-De group had low femur weights and low serum calcium concentrations, while they were comparatively high in CaL-AC, Ca-P and CaL-A groups. The Ca-De groups excreted less calcium in urine than did the other rats, probably due to increased absorption of the mineral in Ca-P, CaL-A and CaL-AC groups. Microscopic observations revealed that there were many regularly spaced holes in the femur of Ca-De group, while there were much smaller regularly spaced holes in Ca-P group. However, no holes in femur were observed in the CaL-A and CaL-AC groups. Bone surfaces were especially smooth and clean in the CaL-AC group. Serum concentrations of glucose and total cholesterol were remarkably lower in the CaL-AC group than in the other supplemented groups. These results suggest that calcium from CaL-A has higher bioavailability than from Ca-P, and dietary Chungkukjang may have a beneficial effect on calcium metabolism.

신보활석광산 주변에 형성된 우라늄 이상치가 지표수계 환경에 미치는 영향 (Environmental Impact Assessment of Uranium Anormaly in Stream System around the Shinbo Talc Mine)

  • 나춘기;정재일
    • 자원환경지질
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.261-271
    • /
    • 2000
  • In order to evaluate the environmental impact of U anormaly in the drainage system around the Shinbo talc mine area, U contents, their distribution patterns, bioaccumulation and a-radioactivity in stream water, stream sediments and aquatic organisms were investigated. The U contents of stream water attenuated with increasing distance from the mine area. The same attenuation pattern is shown in stream sediments from mine to 0.75 km downstream, although these contain highly enriched U contents (24~83 mg/kg) comparing with the international average concentration of surface soils (0.79~11 mg/kg). However, U content increases abruptly in sediment at 1.5 km downstream, probably due to detrital migration and rediposition of U enriched sediments. Futhermore, enriched U in downstream sediments occur in high proportions of carbonate and Fe-Mn oxide bounded forms, which show high potential of a secondary pollution source. For aquatic organisms, bio accumulation degree of U are in the order: aquatic larvae>black snail>mountain frog>crawfish. Cultured trout by the U enrich groundwater (387 ${\mu}g$/l) shows U accumulation in the part of branchia (CRs 5.25) and bones (CRs 11.2) but not in flesh (CRs 0.03). Total a-radioactivity have been measured in the level as 0.47 nCi/l for groundwater, 2.94~18 nCi/kg${\cdot}$DW for organisms and 93~328 nCi/kg${\cdot}$DW for sediments.

  • PDF

Calcium Lactate Treatment after Salting of Chinese Cabbage Improves Firmness and Shelf-life of Kimchi

  • Lee, Myung-Ye;Kim, Soon-Dong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.270-277
    • /
    • 2003
  • In order to enhance the firmness and shelf-life of kimchi, as well as to increase the content of well-absorbed digestible calcium, the effect of calcium lactate (CaL) treatment of salted Chinese cabbage on pH, tit ratable acidity, total microbes, lactic acid bacteria, alcohol insoluble substance (AIS) content, firmness, mineral content and tissue structure were investigated. Treatment with the Cal solution increased pH and decreased titratable acidity, which was more pronounced at higher concentrations. The edible period evaluated by pH was 7~8 days for non-treated kimchi, 10 days for 1 % treated kimchi, 15 days for 2% treated kimchi and 20 days for 3% treated kimchi. Total microbes were reduced, but lactic acid bacteria counts were higher in the treated group. CaL treated kimchi showed higher AIS content and firmer texture, which was more conspicuous in the 2 and 3% CaL treated groups. Calcium content in kimchi fermented for 15 days was 40.75~41.53 mg%, which is 42~45% higher than that in the control group. The sodium content was 23~54% less in the treated groups. The epidermis and vascular bundle tissue of kimchi fermented for 15 day was damaged more severely in the control group than in the treated group. CaL treated kimchi has a crispier taste and the development of sour taste was delayed. Therefore, addition of CaL can produces a kimchi with high calcium as well as superior texture and shelf-life, when adjusting the concentration according to the fermentation periods.