• Title/Summary/Keyword: black rice flour

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Proximate Composition and Quality Characteristics of Bread with Black Rice Flour (흑미가루를 첨가하여 제조한 식빵의 일반성분 및 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Young-Mo
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.94-103
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    • 2018
  • The quality characteristics of bread with black rice flour were investigated to find the most preferred ratio of black rice flour. Its moisture, ash content, crude protein, crude fat, amino acids, and texture were analyzed. A sensory evaluation was also performed. The moisture and crude fat of bread with black rice flour were decreased in proportion to the added amount of black rice flour, but the crude protein and ash content were increased. The volume of bread decreased as the added amount of black rice flour increased. The pH value of bread increased in proportion to the added amount of black rice flour. The value of brightness and yellowness of the dough were the highest in the control. The added amount of black rice flour was negatively correlated with the brightness and the yellowness of the dough, but was positively correlated with the redness. Total free amino acids were found, and the dough with 5% black rice flour contained the highest amount, followed by 3%, 2%, and 1%. When evaluating the storage days, the springiness and cohesiveness of bread with black rice flour they decreased with time, but the chewiness and brittleness increased. Regarding the taste, preference was given to the bread with 2% black rice flour, which had the lowest rejection rate and was not affected by time in any meaningful sense. The bread with 2% black rice flour won the highest scores in the overall preference measurement.

Quality Properties of Injulmi made with Black Rice (흑미를 첨가한 인절미의 품질 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 조진아;조후종
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.226-231
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    • 2000
  • Injulmi, a kind of traditional Korean sticky rice cakes, was prepared with the mixed flours of waxy and black rices in different ratio(0% to 25% black rice flour), and their quality properties were studied. In the sensory evaluation, the best acceptance was shown in the samples with 15% black rice flour. The scores for hardness, coarseness. chewiness, and flavor were increased as the added amount of black rice flour increased. The moisture content of the samples ranged from 43 to 45%, and it was increased as the added amount of black rice flour increased. In color value, lightness(L value) was 27.43∼65.63. The redness(a value) was -2.01∼4.74, and the yellowness(b value) was -1.40∼4.59. The redness and blueness were increased by the increase of black rice flour. In the texture properties, the increase of added black rice flour increased the hardness, chewiness, and gumminess of Injulml, but decreased the adhesiveness. Based on the results, the optimal recipe for Injulmi added black rice flour was to make with 85% waxy rice flour ant 15% black rice flour.

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Effect of black rice flour replacement on physicochemical, textural and sensory properties of Yackwa (흑미가루를 첨가한 약과의 특성)

  • Lee, Kyong-Ae
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.669-674
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    • 2006
  • In this study the properties of Yackwa partially replaced wheat flour with black rice flour were examined in the three factors: the physicochemical, the textural and the sensory. When the amount of black rice flour increased, dehydration and oil absorption of Yackwa decreased while frying it. The color of black rice flour Yackwa was darker yellowish than that of wheat flour Yackwa. When black rice flour was added more in making Yackwa, the results are as follows: first, its hardness increased, second, the external and internal color of Yackwa got significantly darker, finally, its greasiness decreased. As a result, up to 20% of wheat flour may be replaced with black rice flour without diminishing acceptability.

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Effect of Pan-frying on Anthocyanin Content in Hwajeon with Varying Proportion of Glutinous Black Rice Flour (팬 프라잉(Pan-frying)이 찰흑미 첨가 화전의 안토시아닌 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Surh, Jeonghee;Koh, Eunmi
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.378-384
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    • 2014
  • Hwajeon, pan-fried rice cake, containing glutinous black rice flour at different proportions (0, 5, 10, 20, 30, or 50% of glutinous rice flour) was cooked to investigate the cooking effect on anthocyanins, color, and texture. Two anthocyanins, cyanidin-3-glucoside and peonidin-3-glucoside, were detected in both hwajeon dough and pan-fried hwajeon. The hwajeon retained up to 60% of anthocyanins in the dough after pan-frying. The lightness (L) of dough and hwajeon decreased with an increase in the amount of black rice flour rice flour. Interestingly, the lightness (L) of hwajeon was significantly lower than the counterpart dough, indicating that the color of hwajeon resulted not only from anthocyanins, but also from the browning reaction occurring during pan-frying. The redness (a) of hwajeon initially increased by adding glutinous black rice flour, and decreased at higher than 10% of black rice flour. In comparison with the control hwajeon (0% black rice flour), the black rice-added hwajeon showed lower hardness, whereas it had higher springiness and cohesiveness, resulting in no significant differences in gumminess and chewiness among the hwajeon. These results indicate that hwajeon enriched with glutinous black rice flour can be developed as a functional food containing health-promoting anthocyanins.

Quality Characteristics of Rice Bread Substituted with Black Rice Flour (흑미가루를 첨가한 쌀 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • Im, Ji-Soon;Lee, Young-Tack
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.903-908
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    • 2010
  • Yeast-leavened rice bread with added vital wheat gluten was formulated by substituting normal rice flour with 0~30% black rice flour, and the effects of black rice flour substitution on rice bread quality were investigated. Black rice flour contained more protein, lipid, and ash contents than normal rice flour. Increasing levels of black rice flour substitution decreased the specific loaf volume of rice bread. Black rice flour decreased lightness and yellowness, and imparted a reddish color in the bread crumbs. Only a slight difference in crumb firmness was observed between control rice bread (100% normal rice flour) and rice bread containing up to 20% black rice flour. However, crumb firmness of rice bread containing 30% black rice flour was considerably higher than that of the control rice bread and increased rapidly at 2~3 days during a 3-day storage period at $25^{\circ}C$. Antioxidant activity of rice breads was estimated by determining electron-donating ability (EDA) to DPPH radical. The electron-donating ability slightly increased with increasing levels of black rice flour in rice bread.

Quality Characteristics of Cookies with Black Rice Flour (흑미가루 첨가 쿠키의 품질 특성 연구)

  • Lee Jung-Shin;Oh Myung-Suk
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.22 no.2 s.92
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    • pp.193-203
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    • 2006
  • The quality characteristics of cookies containing black rice flour, which has a greater variety of functional components than wheat flour, were studied. The results of the pasting properties shows that the inclusion of black rice flour to the wheat flour-mixture did not affect the pasting temperature but increased the enthalpy, indicating that more energy is needed for the starch gelatinization. The total dietary fiber and total polyphenol content increased and the cookies color became darker and deeper with increasing black rice flour content. According to the results from TA on texture, the hardness decreased and the crispness increased significantly (both, p<0.001) with increasing black rice flour content. From the acceptance test, the appearance, aroma and texture of the cookies with added black rice flour were significantly (p<0.001) lower than those of the wheat flour cookies. However, the taste and overall acceptance of the cookies with added black rice (lour did not differ significantly from those of the wheat flour cookies. According to the results from the sensory evaluation, the aroma, black rice flavor, crispness, graininess and color(gray-violet) of the cookies increased significantly(p<0.001) with increasing black rice flour content and those of the cookies with 30% black rice flour had the highest values among the cookies which weren't significantly different from those of the cookies with 20% black rice flour. From the above results, the optimal ratio for the addition of black rice flour to the cookies was 10% from the viewpoint of the sensory evaluation and functional components.

Effect of Black Rice Flour on the Quality of Sugar-snap Cookie (흑미 가루의 첨가가 sugar-snap cookie의 품질 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Young-Seo;Chang, Hak-Gil
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.234-237
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    • 2008
  • The quality of sugar-snap cookie prepared with wheat flour supplemented with black rice flour was investigated. The pH of cookie batter decreased as the amount of black rice flour increased. Increasing proportions of black rice flour resulted in increase of width and spread factor of cookie, whereas thickness and fracturability decreased. L, a, and b values decreased as the amount of black rice flour increased. Sensory evaluation showed that supplements of 20, 25, and 20% black rice flour had the best overall preference in strong, medium, and weak flours, respectively.

Quality Characteristics of Gluten-Free Rice Bread Formulated with Soft-Type Rice Flour Mixed with Black-Rice Flour (흑미 쌀가루를 연질미와 배합한 Gluten-Free 쌀 식빵의 품질특성)

  • Choi, Ok Ja;Jung, Hee Nam;Shin, Seo-Ho;Kim, Young Doo;Shim, Jae-Han;Shim, Ki Hoon
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.447-456
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    • 2015
  • To develop functional bread and improve the quality of gluten-free bread, this study investigates the quality characteristics of gluten-free rice bread made from soft-type rice (Bodeurami) flour mixed with black rice at different levels (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40%, w/w). An increase in the mix level of black-rice flour increased the weight of rice bread but reduced its volume, baking loss, volume expansion, and specific volume. The results for Hunter's color value and texture measurements indicate that an increase in the content of black-rice flour reduced the L-value, the b-value, hardness, gumminess, and chewiness but increased the a-value, adhesiveness, and springiness. According to the sensory analysis, rice bread formulated with a mixture of soft-type rice flour (80%) and black-rice flour (20%) showed the highest scores in color, taste, texture, and overall preferences. With respect to flavor and appearance, bread samples with 20% and 30% black-rice flour were preferred to those with 0%, 10%, and 40% black-rice flour. These results suggest that gluten-free rice bread mixed with wet-milling rice flour and black-rice flour can be used to develop functional and gluten-free bread.

Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cakes Containing Various Levels of Black Rice Flour (흑미가루 복합분의 이화학적 특성과 스펀지 케이크 품질특성)

  • Park, Young-Seo;Chang, Hak-Gil
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.406-411
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    • 2007
  • In this study the replacement of wheat flour with 5 to 30% black rice flour was tested to examine its effect on sponge cake making properties. We evaluated the effects of the substitutions on various quality parameters of the cake, such as physicochemical and rheological properties, cake making quality, and texture characteristics. The water holding capacity value increased with increasing amounts of black rice flour, whereas the alkaline water retention capacity, Pelshenke value and sedimentation value decreased. The mixograph peak time and peak height, and the Rapid Visco Analyser peak, minimum, and final viscosity decreased with the addition of black rice flour. Increasing proportions of black rice flour resulted in reduced loaf volume. However, replacing 15% of the wheat flour with black rice flour did not significantly affect the characteristics of the sponge cake. The textural characteristics of the sponge cake crumb were influenced by the addition of black rice flour, and sponge cakes containing the additives showed increases in hardness, gummines, and chewiness.

Physicochemical Characteristics of Loaf Bread Added with Waxy Black Rice Flour by Storage Period (찰흑미분 첨가 식빵의 저장기간별 이화학적 특성 변화)

  • Kim, Weon-Mo;Lee, Yoon-Shin
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.248-258
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    • 2011
  • To analyze die quality characteristics of loaf bread added with waxy black rice flour by its storage period, this study stored loaf bread made of wheat flour added with 10% 20% 30% and 40% of waxy black rice flour for 4 days while measuring water activity, pH, chromaticity and texture. The results of die study are as follows. Based on die results of measurements of water activity of loaf bread added with waxy black rice flour by storage period, die control group and die groups added with 10% and 20% of waxy black rice flour showed significantly low water activity from the $3_{rd}$ day of storage and die groups added with 30% and 40% of waxy black rice flour from the $2_{nd}$ day of storage. As for pH changes over the storage period, only die group added with 40% of waxy black rice flour showed significant pH decreases from die $3_{rd}$ day of storage while the control group and the groups added with 10% and 30% of waxy black rice flour showed significant pH decreases from die $2_{nd}$day of storage. As for the pH of each group of loaf bread by storage days, die loaf bread added with 40% of waxy black rice flour showed significantly higher pH compared to the control group. Brightness decreased significantly from the 2nd day of storage and die yellowness from the $3_{rd}$ day of storage. As for chromaticity changes by storage days, as die amount of added waxy black rice flour increased, L values and b values decreased while redness values significantly increased. Over die storage period, hardness, gumminess and chewiness increased and die waxy black rice flour added groups showed lower increase rates compared to die control group. Especially, die groups added with 30% and 40% of waxy black rice flour showed low hardness changes. Springiness level was decreased as die addition rate of waxy black rice flour was increased, and the group added with 40% of waxy balck rice flour showed die lowest springiness level. It also showed lower cohesiveness up to the 3rd day of storage compared to die day of manufacturing. Therefore, it could be seen that die loaf bread made from wheat flour added with 30% of waxy black rice flour showed better quality feature until die $3_{rd}$ day of storage than die other experimental groups.

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