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Novel Synthesis of 3-Phenyl-chromen-4-ones Using N-Heterocyclic Carbene as Organocatalyst: An Efficient Domino Catalysis Type Approach

  • Mishra, Priya;Singh, Sarita;Ankit, Preyas;Fatma, Shahin;Singh, Divya;Singh, Jagdamba
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.1070-1076
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    • 2013
  • Herein is reported a simple and efficient synthesis of isoflavones starting from various substituted phenacyl bromides and salicylaldehydes in presence of NHC. The mechanism involved domino catalysis type approach with consumption and regeneration of catalyst in two catalytic cycles. This method proved to be very lucrative and gives very good yield. The method described here represents an environmentally benign alternative to classical approach.

Deep Benign Fibrous Histiocytoma Showing Multiple Metastases (다발성 전이를 동반한 심부 양성 섬유조직구종)

  • Sim, Hyun Bo;Kim, Min Ji;Chae, Soo Yuhl;Lee, Weon Ju;Lee, Seok-Jong;Kim, Do Won;Jang, Yong Hyun
    • Korean journal of dermatology
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    • v.55 no.5
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    • pp.301-304
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    • 2017
  • Some morphological variants of benign fibrous histiocytoma (dermatofibroma) present with distinct clinical features. In particular, atypical, aneurysmal, and cellular fibrous histiocytoma are associated with a significant risk of local recurrence. Furthermore, very rarely, cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma can lead to metastatic disease. Deep benign fibrous histiocytoma is an uncommon and poorly recognized clinical subtype that arises in subcutaneous or deep soft tissue. Deep benign fibrous histiocytoma has many histologic features in common with cellular fibrous histiocytoma. Deep benign fibrous histiocytoma recurs in approximately 20% of cases and may rarely metastasize. We report a rare case of deep benign fibrous histiocytoma with metastatic potential in a 38-year-old man who presented with a 2-year history of a recurrent hard mass on his left shoulder.

Factors Analysis Affecting Lateral Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

  • Kim, Chul-Seung;Choi, Hee-Young;Kwon, Pil-Seung;Lee, Eun-Pyo;Seo, Choong-Won
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.35-38
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    • 2015
  • Lateral canal benign paroxysmal vertigo (BPPV) causing dizziness is a common cause is not found while continuing to appeal for vertigo is a typical disease. It is characterized by acute stand up, brief and rotatory vertigo attacks provoked by change in head position. Treatment requires only one treatment visit in most patients. However, there are significant numbers of patients who require multiple treatment visits for relief. The purpose of this study benign paroxysmal positional vertigo treatment of type affect is to analyze the cause. Dizziness and vertigo patient's in patients admitted to the dizziness center of lateral canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo were classified. In patients with lateral canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and accompanying lateral 15 treatment affects disease were investigated. March 2008 to November 2010 lateral canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo 166 people cure rate of patients was investigated. First time the success rate of 74.1%, twice times the success rate of 12.0%, three times the success rate of 9.6%, more than three times the success rate was 4.2%. Affecting factor treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in post-traumatic, medicine disease, headache, cerebral infarction, small vessel disease, vestibulopathy, (p<0.05). Statistical analysis using SPSS (version 12K) in coefficient measure through descriptive statistical of cross table.

Requests for Tumor Marker Tests in Turkey Without Indications and Frequency of Elevation in Benign Conditions

  • Cure, Medine Cumhur;Cure, Erkan;Kirbas, Aynur;Yazici, Tarkan;Yuce, Suleyman
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.6485-6489
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    • 2012
  • Aims: To investigate the incidence of ordering tests for tumor markers which are used in cancer diagnosis, follow-up treatment and detection of recurrence, the rate of elevation in benign diseases and which clinics order them frequently. Materials and Method: Data for the tumor markers carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen 125 (CA 125), cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) that were ordered by all the clinics in our Hospital between 2010 and 2011 were screened. When excluding repeated orders the results of 3,416 patients were available. It has been determined that in which benign diseases were the tumor markers frequently ordered and which of these conditions had high levels of them. Results: CA 19-9 was ordered for 1,858 patients 191 (10.3%) were malignant while 1667 (89.7%) were ordered in benign diseases. For CEA the total was 1,710, 226 (13.2%) malignant and 1484 (86.8%) benign, and for CA 125 1267, 111 (8.8%) malignant and 1156 (91.2%) benign. AFP was ordered for 1687 cases, 80 (4.7%) malignant but 1607 (95.3%) benign. CA 15-3 was ordered 1449 times, 174 (12%) for malignant and 1275 (88%) for benign diseases. In all cases, considerable proportions were positive. Conclusions: It was shown that clinicians frequently order tumor markers for benign conditions. The findings of this study has shown that tumor markers are used widely without indications as cancer screening tests.

Benign Arrhythmias in Infants and Children (소아에서 치료가 필요 없는 부정맥)

  • Ko, Jae Kon
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2005
  • Pediatricians often encounter some electrocardiographic abnormalities in infants and children. However, treatment or referral to pediatric cardiologist is not indicated for all arrhythmias. Many of them are benign in nature. Benign arrhythmias can be defined as the arrhythmias that no serious problem currently exists and no treatment is needed. The prognosis of benign arrhythmias is so good that the condition will never be associated with future health problem. However, some of them are benign now, but have potential for variable degrees of change to a nonbenign condition and some form of follow-up is required. For the appropriate management of electrocardiographic abnormalities, not infrequently seen in infants and children, correct diagnosis of abnormal electrocardiogram and understanding of characteristics of arrhythmias are required.

Differentiation between malignant and benign in terms of insurance claims (보험의학적 악성도평가)

  • Lee, Sinhyung
    • Journal of Korean Life Insurance Medical Association
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2013
  • In case of neoplasm claims, it is important to make a decision of differentiating malignant and benign. In Korean insurance market, there are many insurance products that cover cancer. In the insurance claims adjustment, differentiation between malignant and benign is according to histologic findings. However there are many neoplasms of bad clinical course in spite of benign histopathologic classification. In this article; astrocytoma, thymoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, colonic intramucosal carcinoma, gastric high grade adenoma/dysplasia, carcinoid tumor, MALT lymphoma, revision of Korean Classification of Disease-6th edition, and bladder tumors are reviewed in terms of differentiation between malignant and benign in the insurance claims. It may be helpful for claims staff to review important neoplasms in terms of differentiation between malignant and benign.

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Imaging Findings of Solitary Spinal Bony Lesions and the Differential Diagnosis of Benign and Malignant Lesions

  • Kim, Young-Soo;Han, In-Ho;Lee, In-Sook;Lee, Jung-Sub;Choi, Byung-Kwan
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.126-132
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    • 2012
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to present the MRI and CT findings of solitary spinal bone lesions (SSBLs) with the aims of aiding the differential diagnoses of malignant tumors and benign lesions, and proposing a diagnostic strategy for obscure SSBLs. Methods : The authors retrospectively reviewed the imaging findings of 19 patients with an obscure SSBL on MRI at our hospital from January 1994 to April 2011. The 19 patients were divided to benign groups and malignant groups according to final diagnosis. MRI and CT findings were evaluated and the results of additional work-up studies were conducted to achieve a differential diagnosis. Results : At final diagnoses, 10 (52.6%) of the 19 SSBLs were malignant tumors and 9 (47.4%) were benign lesions. The malignant tumors included 6 metastatic cancers, 3 multiple myelomas, and 1 chordoma, and the benign lesions included 4 osteomyelitis, 2 hemangiomas, 2 nonspecific chronic inflammations, and 1 giant cell tumor. No MRI characteristics examined was found to be significantly different in the benign and malignant groups. Reactive sclerotic change was observed by CT in 1 (10.0%) of the 10 malignant lesions and in 7 (77.8%) of the 9 benign lesions (p=0.005). Conclusion : Approximately half of the obscure SSBLs were malignant tumors. CT and MRI findings in combination may aid the differential diagnosis of obscure SSBLs. In particular, sclerotic change on CT images was an important finding implying benign lesion. Finally, we suggest a possible diagnostic strategy for obscure SSBLs on MRI.

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Salivary Gland Lesions (타액선병변의 세침흡인 세포검사)

  • Lee, Seung-Sook;Park, In-Ae;Ham, Eui-Keun;Lee, Sang-Kook
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 1993
  • Fine needle aspiration cytology has become a frequently used technique for the diagnosis of lesions in the head and neck. Fine needle aspiration cytology of the salivary glands were performed on 66 patients. In 59 patients with satisfactory samples, cytologic diagnoses were as follows; there were 47 benign lesions, including pleomorphic adenoma(20), Warthin's tumor(3), benign cystic lesion(4), Inflammatory lesion(4), lymphoid lesion(3), myoepithelioma(1), unspecified benign neoplasm (5), and unclassified benign lesion(7). There were 6 cases of undetermined malignancy and 6 malignant lesions including mucoepidermoid carcinoma(3), adenoid cystic carcinoma(1), carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma(1), and metastatic carcinoma(1) in cytologic diagnosis. In 25 patients, the cytologic diagnosis was correlated with histologic findings. The sensitivity of the benign lesion was 96% and the specificity was 82%. There was no false-positive diagnosis. The sensitivity and the specificity of pleomorphic adenoma were 75% and 95%, respectively. Some of Warthin's tumors were confused with benign cystic lesion due to frequent cystic change of the tumor. The sensitivity and specificity of the malignant lesions were 56% and 88%, respectively. There were three false negative diagnoses. Two mucoepidermoid carcinomas were correctly diagnosed by cytology. Two of three adenoid cystic carcinomas were misdiagnosed as benign tumors.

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Malignant Skin Tumor Misdiagnosed as a Benign Skin Lesion

  • Hwang, So-Min;Pan, Hao-Ching;Hwang, Min-Kyu;Kim, Min-Wook;Lee, Jong-Seo
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.86-89
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    • 2016
  • Despite the fact that benign skin lesions can undergo malignant transformation, the necessity and timing of the surgical resection have yet to be established. In this study, we analyse three cases of benign-appearing skin lesions, which were found to be carcinomatous on histologic examination and review the literature regarding the importance of prophylactic removal of benign-appearing skin lesion. The first and second cases were female patients wishing for cosmetic surgery. The first patient had a benign-appearing lesion on dorsum nasi, and the second patient had an inconspicuous lesion right along the right nasolabial fold. The third patient was a middle-aged male with a pigmented lesion on the left cheek, who presented to the clinic only after having met the operating surgeon through an acquaintance outside the hospital setting. All of the lesions were suspected to be of benign nature and were excised for cosmesis only. However, histologic examination of these lesions showed that the first two tumors were basal cell carcinoma with the last tumor being squamouse cell carcinoma. Thus, it is considered that removal of benign like skin lesion will result in good prognosis of patients scheduled to undergo other surgery.

Subsequent Oophorectomy and Ovarian Cancer after Hysterectomy for Benign Gynecologic Conditions at Chiang Mai University Hospital

  • Jitkunnatumkul, Aurapin;Tantipalakorn, Charuwan;Charoenkwan, Kittipat;Srisomboon, Jatupol
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.3845-3848
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    • 2016
  • This study was undertaken to determine the incidence of subsequent oophorectomy due to ovarian pathology or ovarian cancer in women with prior hysterectomy for benign gynecologic conditions at Chiang Mai University Hospital. Medical records of women who underwent hysterectomy for benign gynecologic diseases and precancerous lesions between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2013 at Chiang Mai University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. The incidence and indications of oophorectomy following hysterectomy were analyzed. During the study period, 1,035 women had hysterectomy for benign gynecologic conditions. Of these, 590 women underwent hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and 445 hysterectomy with bilateral ovarian preservation or unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. The median age was 47 years (range, 11-75 years). Ten women (2.45 %) had subsequent oophorectomy for benign ovarian cysts. No case of ovarian cancer was found. The mean time interval between hysterectomy and subsequent oophorectomy was 43.1 months (range, 2-97 months) and the mean follow-up time for this patient cohort was 51 months (range, 1.3-124.9 months). According to our hospital-based data, the incidence of subsequent oophorectomy in women with prior hysterectomy for benign gynecologic conditions is low and all represent benign conditions.