• Title, Summary, Keyword: bayesian network

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On-line Bayesian Learning based on Wireless Sensor Network (무선 센서 네트워크에 기반한 온라인 베이지안 학습)

  • Lee, Ho-Suk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.105-108
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    • 2007
  • Bayesian learning network is employed for diverse applications. This paper discusses the Bayesian learning network algorithm structure which can be applied in the wireless sensor network environment for various online applications. First, this paper discusses Bayesian parameter learning, Bayesian DAG structure learning, characteristics of wireless sensor network, and data gathering in the wireless sensor network. Second, this paper discusses the important considerations about the online Bayesian learning network and the conceptual structure of the learning network algorithm.

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A Study on the Bayesian Recurrent Neural Network for Time Series Prediction (시계열 자료의 예측을 위한 베이지안 순환 신경망에 관한 연구)

  • Hong Chan-Young;Park Jung-Hoon;Yoon Tae-Sung;Park Jin-Bae
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.10 no.12
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    • pp.1295-1304
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, the Bayesian recurrent neural network is proposed to predict time series data. A neural network predictor requests proper learning strategy to adjust the network weights, and one needs to prepare for non-linear and non-stationary evolution of network weights. The Bayesian neural network in this paper estimates not the single set of weights but the probability distributions of weights. In other words, the weights vector is set as a state vector of state space method, and its probability distributions are estimated in accordance with the particle filtering process. This approach makes it possible to obtain more exact estimation of the weights. In the aspect of network architecture, it is known that the recurrent feedback structure is superior to the feedforward structure for the problem of time series prediction. Therefore, the recurrent neural network with Bayesian inference, what we call Bayesian recurrent neural network (BRNN), is expected to show higher performance than the normal neural network. To verify the proposed method, the time series data are numerically generated and various kinds of neural network predictor are applied on it in order to be compared. As a result, feedback structure and Bayesian learning are better than feedforward structure and backpropagation learning, respectively. Consequently, it is verified that the Bayesian reccurent neural network shows better a prediction result than the common Bayesian neural network.

Bayesian Neural Network with Recurrent Architecture for Time Series Prediction

  • Hong, Chan-Young;Park, Jung-Hun;Yoon, Tae-Sung;Park, Jin-Bae
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.631-634
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, the Bayesian recurrent neural network (BRNN) is proposed to predict time series data. Among the various traditional prediction methodologies, a neural network method is considered to be more effective in case of non-linear and non-stationary time series data. A neural network predictor requests proper learning strategy to adjust the network weights, and one need to prepare for non-linear and non-stationary evolution of network weights. The Bayesian neural network in this paper estimates not the single set of weights but the probability distributions of weights. In other words, we sets the weight vector as a state vector of state space method, and estimates its probability distributions in accordance with the Bayesian inference. This approach makes it possible to obtain more exact estimation of the weights. Moreover, in the aspect of network architecture, it is known that the recurrent feedback structure is superior to the feedforward structure for the problem of time series prediction. Therefore, the recurrent network with Bayesian inference, what we call BRNN, is expected to show higher performance than the normal neural network. To verify the performance of the proposed method, the time series data are numerically generated and a neural network predictor is applied on it. As a result, BRNN is proved to show better prediction result than common feedforward Bayesian neural network.

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Network Identification of Major Risk Factor Associated with Delirium by Bayesian Network (베이지안 네트워크를 활용한 정신장애 질병 섬망(delirium)의 주요 요인 네트워크 규명)

  • Lee, Jea-Young;Choi, Young-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.323-333
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    • 2011
  • We analyzed using logistic to find factors with a mental disorder because logistic is the most efficient way assess risk factors. In this paper, we applied data mining techniques that are logistic, neural network, c5.0, cart and Bayesian network to delirium data. The Bayesian network method was chosen as the best model. When delirium data were applied to the Bayesian network, we determined the risk factors associated with delirium as well as identified the network between the risk factors.

Bayesian Statistical Modeling of System Energy Saving Effectiveness for MAC Protocols of Wireless Sensor Networks: The Case of Non-Informative Prior Knowledge

  • Kim, Myong-Hee;Park, Man-Gon
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.890-900
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    • 2010
  • The Bayesian networks methods provide an efficient tool for performing information fusion and decision making under conditions of uncertainty. This paper proposes Bayes estimators for the system effectiveness in energy saving of the wireless sensor networks by use of the Bayesian method under the non-informative prior knowledge about means of active and sleep times based on time frames of sensor nodes in a wireless sensor network. And then, we conduct a case study on some Bayesian estimation models for the system energy saving effectiveness of a wireless sensor network, and evaluate and compare the performance of proposed Bayesian estimates of the system effectiveness in energy saving of the wireless sensor network. In the case study, we have recognized that the proposed Bayesian system energy saving effectiveness estimators are excellent to adapt in evaluation of energy efficiency using non-informative prior knowledge from previous experience with robustness according to given values of parameters.

Quantitative Annotation of Edges, in Bayesian Networks with Condition-Specific Data (베이지안 망 연결 구조에 대한 데이터 군집별 기여도의 정량화 방법에 대한 연구)

  • Jung, Sung-Won;Lee, Do-Heon;Lee, Kwang-H.
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.316-321
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    • 2007
  • We propose a quatitative annotation method for edges in Bayesian networks using given sets of condition-specific data. Bayesian network model has been used widely in various fields to infer probabilistic dependency relationships between entities in target systems. Besides the need for identifying dependency relationships, the annotation of edges in Bayesian networks is required to analyze the meaning of learned Bayesian networks. We assume the training data is composed of several condition-specific data sets. The contribution of each condition-specific data set to each edge in the learned Bayesian network is measured using the ratio of likelihoods between network structures of including and missing the specific edge. The proposed method can be a good approach to make quantitative annotation for learned Bayesian network structures while previous annotation approaches only give qualitative one.

A Matrix-Based Genetic Algorithm for Structure Learning of Bayesian Networks

  • Ko, Song;Kim, Dae-Won;Kang, Bo-Yeong
    • International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.135-142
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    • 2011
  • Unlike using the sequence-based representation for a chromosome in previous genetic algorithms for Bayesian structure learning, we proposed a matrix representation-based genetic algorithm. Since a good chromosome representation helps us to develop efficient genetic operators that maintain a functional link between parents and their offspring, we represent a chromosome as a matrix that is a general and intuitive data structure for a directed acyclic graph(DAG), Bayesian network structure. This matrix-based genetic algorithm enables us to develop genetic operators more efficient for structuring Bayesian network: a probability matrix and a transpose-based mutation operator to inherit a structure with the correct edge direction and enhance the diversity of the offspring. To show the outstanding performance of the proposed method, we analyzed the performance between two well-known genetic algorithms and the proposed method using two Bayesian network scoring measures.

A Study on the Improvement of Bayesian networks in e-Trade (전자무역의 베이지안 네트워크 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Boon-Do
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.305-320
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    • 2007
  • With expanded use of B2B(between enterprises), B2G(between enterprises and government) and EDI(Electronic Data Interchange), and increased amount of available network information and information protection threat, as it was judged that security can not be perfectly assured only with security technology such as electronic signature/authorization and access control, Bayesian networks have been developed for protection of information. Therefore, this study speculates Bayesian networks system, centering on ERP(Enterprise Resource Planning). The Bayesian networks system is one of the methods to resolve uncertainty in electronic data interchange and is applied to overcome uncertainty of abnormal invasion detection in ERP. Bayesian networks are applied to construct profiling for system call and network data, and simulate against abnormal invasion detection. The host-based abnormal invasion detection system in electronic trade analyses system call, applies Bayesian probability values, and constructs normal behavior profile to detect abnormal behaviors. This study assumes before and after of delivery behavior of the electronic document through Bayesian probability value and expresses before and after of the delivery behavior or events based on Bayesian networks. Therefore, profiling process using Bayesian networks can be applied for abnormal invasion detection based on host and network. In respect to transmission and reception of electronic documents, we need further studies on standards that classify abnormal invasion of various patterns in ERP and evaluate them by Bayesian probability values, and on classification of B2B invasion pattern genealogy to effectively detect deformed abnormal invasion patterns.

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A Development of Dam Risk Analysis Model Using Bayesian Network (Bayesian Network를 이용한 댐 위험도 해석 모델 개발)

  • Kwon, Hyun-Han;Lee, Jong-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.373-373
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    • 2012
  • 위험도(risk)는 복잡성(complexity)과 불확실성(uncertainty)라는 2가지 주요 특징으로 인해 위험도를 정확하게 예측하는 것은 불가능하다. 대표적인 수공구조물인 댐이 각종 모니터링을 통해서 안전하다고 판단된다 하더라도 하류지역에 도시가 존재한다면 여전히 잔존위험도(residual risk)는 존재한다. 댐의 파괴가 일반적으로 발생하는 사상은 아니지만 대규모 인명피해, 재산 및 환경피해로 이어지기 때문에 작은 위험도라 할지라도 이에 대한 감시 및 관리가 필수적이다. 댐 위험도 분석을 위해서 Event Tree 또는 Fault Tree가 일반적인 해석 방법으로 이용되고 있으나 잠재적인 파괴모드에 대한 복잡성과 불확실성을 고려하는데 한계가 존재한다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 문제점을 개선하기 위해서 Bayesian Network 기반의 위험도 해석기법을 제안하고자 한다. 특히 수문학적 위험도와 관련된 분석을 위해서 Bayesian Network의 구성 방안, 매개변수 추정, 위험도 해석 등 기존 해석 방법을 개선한 댐 위험도 해석 기법을 개발하고자 하며 개발된 방법론을 국내 실제댐에 적용하여 적합성을 평가하였다.

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Design and Implementation of Travel Mode Choice Model Using the Bayesian Networks of Data Mining (데이터마이닝의 베이지안 망 기법을 이용한 교통수단선택 모형의 설계 및 구축)

  • Kim, Hyun-Gi;Kim, Kang-Soo;Lee, Sang-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2004
  • In this study, we applied the Bayesian Network for the case of the mode choice models using the Seoul metropolitan area's house trip survey Data. Sex and age were used lot the independent variables for the explanation or the mode choice, and the relationships between the mode choice and the travellers' social characteristics were identified by the Bayesian Network. Furthermore, trip and mode's characteristics such as time and fare were also used for independent variables and the mode choice models were developed. It was found that the Bayesian Network were useful tool to overcome the problems which were in the traditional mode choice models. In particular, the various transport policies could be evaluated in the very short time by the established relation-ships. It is expected that the Bayesian Network will be utilized as the important tools for the transport analysis.