• Title, Summary, Keyword: ballastless track

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Concrete Crack of Ballastless Track Structure and its Repair

  • Xie, Yongjiang;Li, Huajian;Feng, Zhongwei;Lee, Il-Wha
    • International Journal of Railway
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.30-36
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    • 2009
  • Crack and its damage of structure concrete in both FBS and TBS ballastless track are presented. The cause of concrete crack is analyzed. According to corresponding quantitative equation, effective technical measures to depression crack of concrete are put forward, at the same time the rationality of elastic ratio for HGT has been proved. At last, by the analysis of the characteristic of high-speed train, which are serving in the open air, bearing fatigue load, the short time for maintenance window and high speed of service, technical requirement for concrete repair material, repair technology and repair tools of ballastless track structure are presented.

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HIGH-SPEED TURNOUTS WITH CONCRETE TRACK SYSTEM (SPEED OVER300Km/H)

  • THOREZ Gerard;BARRESI Francesco;SALOT Romuald;Park Choon-Bok
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.746-749
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    • 2004
  • In collaboration with SAMPYO KRT, VOSSLOH COGIFER has designed and supplied all turnouts for the first Korean high speed project.. The track is laid on ballast and the turnouts were designed accordingly and as per the SNCF standard for turnouts at commercial speed of 300 km/h and design speed of 350 km/h. KNR has now decided to implement a ballastless technology for the extension of the line between (South line). To the best of our knowledge, it has also been decided that the system to be used is ballastless Concrete bearer. Thus, the following presentation has been done with a technology for ballastless track with the same system.

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A study on the axial force and displacement characteristics of turnout on a bridge (분기기와 교량의 상호작용 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Shin-Chu;Kim, In-Jae;Kim, Eun
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1306-1311
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    • 2006
  • Most of design parameters of Railway Structures are determined by the serviceability requirements, rather than the structural safety requirements. The serviceability requirements come from Ensuring of Running Safety and Ride Comfort of Train, Reduction of Track Maintenance Work Track-Bridge Interaction should be considered in the design of railway structures. In this study, a numerical method which precisely evaluate an axial force in rail and a rail expansion and contraction when turnout exist in succession on a CWR on a ballasted or on a ballastless track of bridge is developed. From the parameter studies using the developed method, additional stress of stock rail almost 25% is generated due to stock and lead rail interaction, even embankment not bridge. In case of ballasted track, additional stress of stock rail on bridge is very greater than on embankment, and therefore require detailed review in bridge design with turnout. Stresses of turnout rails on bridge are very sensitive according to the installed positions. In case of ballastless track, Stresses of turnout rails are similar as those of normal track

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The Displacement Limit at the End of an Approach Slab for a Railway Bridge with Ballastless Track (콘크리트궤도 부설 교량의 접속슬래브 단부 처짐한도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Yu;Yang, Shin-Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2008
  • The transition area between a bridge and an earthwork is one of the weakest area of track because of the track geometry deterioration caused unequal settlement of backfill of abutment. In case of a ballastless track, the approach slab could be installed to prevent such a phenomenon. But, if there is occurred the inclined displacement on the approach slab by a settlement of the foundation or formation, the track is also under the inclined displacement. And this defect causes reducing the running stability of a vehicle, the riding comfort of passengers, and increasing the track deteriorations by excessive impact force acting on the track. In this study, parametric studies were performed to investigate the displacement limit on the approach slab to avoid such problems. The length and the amount of unequal settlement of approach slab were adopted as parameter for numerical analysis considering vehicle-track interaction. Car body accelerations, variations of wheel force, stresses in rail, and uplift forces induced on fastener clip were investigated. From the result, resonable settlement limit on the end of an approach slab according to slab length was suggested.

Free vibrations of precast modular steel-concrete composite railway track slabs

  • Kimani, Stephen Kimindiri;Kaewunruen, Sakdirat
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.113-128
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    • 2017
  • This paper highlights a study undertaken on the free vibration of a precast steel-concrete composite slab panel for track support. The steel-concrete composite slab track is an evolvement from the slab track, a form of ballastless track which is becoming increasingly attractive to asset owners as they seek to reduce lifecycle costs and deal with increasing rail traffic speeds. The slender nature of the slab panel due to its reduced depth of construction makes it susceptible to vibration problems. The aim of the study is driven by the need to address the limited research available to date on the dynamic behaviour of steel-concrete composite slab panels for track support. Free vibration analysis of the track slab has been carried out using ABAQUS. Both eigenfrequencies and eigenmodes have been extracted using the Lanczos method. The fundamental natural frequencies of the slab panel have been identified together with corresponding mode shapes. To investigate the sensitivity of the natural frequencies and mode shapes, parametric studies have been established, considering concrete strength and mass and steel's modulus of elasticity. This study is the world first to observe crossover phenomena that result in the inversion of the natural orders without interaction. It also reveals that replacement of the steel with aluminium or carbon fibre sheeting can only marginally reduce the natural frequencies of the slab panel.

Damped frequencies of precast modular steel-concrete composite railway track slabs

  • Kaewunruen, Sakdirat;Kimani, Stephen Kimindiri
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.427-442
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    • 2017
  • This paper presents unprecedented damped oscillation behaviours of a precast steel-concrete composite slab panel for track support. The steel-concrete composite slab track is an innovative slab track, a form of ballastless track which is becoming increasingly attractive to asset owners as they seek to reduce lifecycle costs and deal with increasing rail traffic speeds. The slender nature of the slab panel due to its reduced depth of construction makes it susceptible to vibration problems. The aim of the study is driven by the need to address the limited research available to date on the dynamic behaviour of steel-concrete composite slab panels for track support. Free vibration analysis of the track slab has been carried out using ABAQUS. Both undamped and damped eigenfrequencies and eigenmodes have been extracted using the Lancsoz method. The fundamental natural frequencies of the slab panel have been identified together with corresponding mode shapes. To investigate the sensitivity of the natural frequencies and mode shapes, parametric studies have been established, considering concrete strength and mass and steel's modulus of elasticity. This study is the world first to observe crossover phenomena that result in the inversion of the natural orders without interaction. It also reveals that replacement of the steel with aluminium or carbon fibre sheeting can only marginally reduce the natural frequencies of the slab panel.

The Allowable Displacement Limit on the Approach Slab for a Railway Bridge with Ballastless Track (콘크리트궤도부설 교량의 접속슬래브 허용변위한도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Yu;Yang, Shin-Chu;Yoo, Jin-Young;Cho, Hyun-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1149-1155
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    • 2007
  • The transition area between a bridge and an earthwork is one of the weakest area of track because of the track geometry deterioration caused unequal settlement of backfill of abutment. In case of a ballastless track, the approach slab is installed to prevent the phenomenon. But, if there is occurred the inclined displacement on the approach slab by a settlement of the foundation or formation, the track is also under the inclined displacement. And this defect causes reducing the running stability of a vehicle, the riding comfort of passengers, and the deteriorations of track by excessive impact subjected to the track. In this study, parametric studies were performed to know what is the allowable displacement limit on the approach slab to avoid such a bad effect. The length and amount of unequal settlement of the approach slab was adopted as parameter for numerical analysis. And car body accelerations, variations of wheel force and rail stress and uplift force induced on a fastener clip are investigated. From the result, resonable settlement limits of an approach slab according to slab length was suggested.

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An Experimental Study on the Longitudinal Resistance Behavior of an Existing Ballastless Steel Plate Girder Bridge (기존 무도상 판형교 궤도의 종저항거동에 대한 실험)

  • Kim, Kyoungho;Hwang, Inyoung;Baek, Inchul;Choi, Sanghyun
    • Journal of The Korean Society For Urban Railway
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.327-337
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    • 2018
  • Since the track of the ballastless steel plate girder bridge is connected to a main girder without a deck and a ballast, the impact generated by train passage is transferred directly to bridge main members, and it can cause frequent damage of the bridge as well as higher noise and vibration level. Applying the CWR (Continuously Welded Rail) technology can reduce this structural problems, and, to this end, it is necessary to understand the characteristics of factors influencing vehicle-track or track-bridge interaction. In this paper, experimental study results are presented for examining the longitudinal resistance characteristics of the track, including a rail fastener, a sleeper fastener, and a track skeleton, installed on a ballastless steel plate girder bridge. The experiment is conducted using a disposed bridge from service, which is transported to a laboratory. The experimental results show that the rail fastener satisfies the performance criteria of the longitudinal resistance presented in KRS TR 0014-15, and the longitudinal resistance of old and new type sleeper fasteners is higher than the values provided in the existing research. Also, the unloaded longitudinal resistance of the ballastless track is between the ballast and the concrete tracks.

Interaction analysis of Continuous Slab Track (CST) on long-span continuous high-speed rail bridges

  • Dai, Gonglian;Ge, Hao;Liu, Wenshuo;Chen, Y. Frank
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.63 no.6
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    • pp.713-723
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    • 2017
  • As a new type of ballastless track, longitudinal continuous slab track (CST) has been widely used in China. It can partly isolate the interaction between the ballastless track and the bridge and thus the rail expansion device would be unnecessary. Compared with the traditional track, CST is composed of multi layers of continuous structures and various connecting components. In order to investigate the performance of CST on a long-span bridge, the spatial finite element model considering each layer of the CST structure, connecting components, bridge, and subgrade is established and verified according to the theory of beam-rail interaction. The nonlinear resistance of materials between multilayer track structures is measured by experiments, while the temperature gradients of the bridge and CST are based on the long-term measured data. This study compares the force distribution rules of ballasted track and CST as respectively applied to a long span bridge. The effects of different damage conditions on CST structures are also discussed. The results show that the additional rail stress is small and the CST structure has a high safety factor under the measured temperature load. The rail expansion device can be cancelled when CST is adopted on the long span bridge. Beam end rotation caused by temperature gradient and vertical load will have a significant effect on the rail stress of CST. The additional flexure stress should be considered with the additional expansion stress simultaneously when the rail stress of CST requires to be checked. Both the maximum sliding friction coefficient of sliding layer and cracking condition of concrete plate should be considered to decide the arrangement of connecting components and the ultimate expansion span of the bridge when adopting CST.