• Title, Summary, Keyword: awareness toward appearance management

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The Analysis on Appearance Management of Male College Students: Focused on Management of Hair, Skin, Cosmetic Surgery, Fashion and Body Shape (남자대학생의 외모관리 인식 및 행동 분석 -헤어.피부.미용성형.패션.몸매관리를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Park, Jin-Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.259-273
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    • 2009
  • The goal of this study is to analyze male college students' awareness and behaviors toward appearance management, and expenditure for appearance management. Male subjects' appearance management behaviors were focused on hair, skin, cosmetic surgery, fashion and body shape. A chi-square test, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis were used. The major findings were as follows: (1) The mean of male college students' 'awareness toward appearance management' is 30.01(out of a possible 50). (2) The variables that significantly influenced their awareness toward appearance management are 'an allowance amount per month' and 'household income'. (3) Subjects' most preferred behavior is a variable of 'fashion care' in the appearance management(29.9%). (4) Appearance management behavior is different, according to demographic variables and awareness toward appearance management. (5) The mean of 'monthly expenditure for appearance management' is 247,194won. Consequently, the study shows that there is a most significant relation of 'awareness toward appearance management' to 'expenditure for appearance management'

The Effects of Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance and Objectified Body Consciousness on Male Consumer'Appearance Management Behavior (외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도와 객체화 신체의식이 남성 소비자의 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.63-77
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance and objectified body consciousness on male consumer' appearance management behavior. The subjects were 648 males aged from 20 to 59 years old, and the questionnaire consisted of sociocultural attitude toward appearance, objectified body consciousness, appearance management behavior, and subject' demographic characteristics. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, factor analysis, and regression analysis. The results were as follows. Three dimensions(appearance importance awareness, slimness importance awareness, and internalization) were emerged on sociocultural attitude toward appearance. Three dimensions(body shame, body surveillance, and control belief) were emerged on objectified body consciousness. Five dimensions(skin, hair, body, fashion, and plastic surgery management) were emerged on appearance management behavior. In sociocultural attitude toward appearance dimensions, appearance importance awareness and internalization had important effects on appearance management behavior. In objectified body consciousness dimensions, body shame and control belief had important effects on appearance management behavior. This results concluded that sociocultural attitude toward appearance and objectified body consciousness are important variables to understand on male consumer' appearance management behavior.

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The Effects of Sociocultural Attitudes toward Appearance on Male Consumers' Apparel Buying Behavior and Appearance Management Behavior (외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도가 남성 소비자의 의복구매행동과 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.15-31
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance on male consumers' apparel buying behavior and appearance management behavior. The subjects were 353 males aged from 40 to 59 years old. The research method was a survey and the questionnaire consisted of sociocultural attitude toward appearance items, apparel buying behaviors items, appearance management behaviors items, and subjects' demographic characteristics items. The data were analyzed by Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, factor analysis, cluster analysis, multiple response analysis, ${\chi}2$ test, ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test. The results were as follows. Three dimensions (appearance importance awareness, slimness importance awareness, internalization) were emerged on sociocultural attitude toward appearance, and subjects were divided into 4 groups(receptive, unreceptive, awareness, and internalized group) by this variable. The 4 groups by sociocultural attitude toward appearance showed many differences on apparel buying behaviors and appearance management behaviors. Receptive and internalized group more importantly regarded fashion trend and store display as apparel buying motives, design and trend as selection criteria, and did shopping to buy clothes more often than awareness and unreceptive group. Receptive and internalized group recognized higher the need for various appearance management behaviors and spent more expense to enhance their appearance than other groups.

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Effect of Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance and Appearance Comparison on Appearance Management Behavior of Adolescents (청소년의 외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도와 외모비교가 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soo Jin;Wee, Eun Hah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2015
  • This study examines the effect of sociocultural attitude toward appearance and appearance comparison on appearance management behavior by adolescents. The study examines the differences of the effect relationships among the three variables according to adolescents' sex and school grade. The questionnaire was administrated to 575 middle school and high school students in Gwangju from September 2-8, 2011. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistical analysis, frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and regression analysis by SPSS for WIN program. The results were as follows. First, the sociocultural attitude toward appearance was composed of two factors: internalization and awareness. Adolescent's appearance management behavior was composed of four factors: hair and style, face, weight, and neatness. There are significant differences on sociocultural attitude toward appearance and appearance management behavior by gender, age (girl/middle, boy/middle, girl/high, boy/high). Second, the sociocultural attitude toward appearance significantly influenced appearance management behavior with significant differences among groups. Third, the sociocultural attitude toward appearance significantly influenced the appearance comparison and there are significant differences among groups. Fourth, appearance comparison significantly influenced appearance management behavior with significant differences among groups. Fifth, the sociocultural attitude toward appearance mediated by appearance comparison statistically did not influence appearance management behavior.

Effects of Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance, Body Image, and Self-Esteem on Appearance Management in Middle and High School Girls (여중생과 여고생의 사회문화적 태도, 신체이미지, 자아존중감이 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Haekyung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.914-922
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    • 2014
  • This study was to investigate sociocultural attitude toward appearance, body image, and self-esteem predict the appearance management in middle and high school girls. A descriptive compare design was used with self-report questionnaires, which were completed by 384 subjects. Data was analyzed with t-test and regression. There were statistically significant differences in sociocultural attitude toward appearance (internalization, awareness), body image (appearance evaluation, appearance orientation, body area satisfaction), and appearance management (weight management, cloth management, face management) between the two groups. Regression analysis revealed sociocultural attitude toward appearance (internalization, awareness) and appearance orientation of body image were predictors of appearance management in middle school girls. The significant predictors of appearance management for high school girls were body image (appearance evaluation, appearance orientation, body area satisfaction). The study gives new suggestions that there is necessary different methods to educate and council for appearance management in middle and high school girls.

Influence of Self-construal on Sociocultural Attitude Toward Physical Appearance, Body Satisfactions, and Appearance Management Behavior (자기해석이 신체적 외모에 대한 사회·문화적 태도, 신체만족도, 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Soo Gyoung;Cho, Hyunjung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.528-539
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    • 2014
  • This study analyzed the influence of self-construal on sociocultural attitude toward physical appearance, body satisfaction, and appearance management behavior through a structural equation model. The empirical study was based on the response of 369 adult females between the ages of 20 and 49 in Seoul. Self-construal was presented as an independent self-construal and interdependent self-construal, respectively. The sociocultural attitude toward physical appearance as an intermediate variable in the research model was composed of two sub-factors that included internalization and awareness. The other (body satisfaction) was measured by two factors (body and face). Appearance management behavior (as a final outcome variable) were composed of various factors that included clothing concern, skin care, hair care, and weight training. The findings of this study were: 1) the effect of independent self-construal on the sociocultural attitude toward physical appearance was not significantly meaningful; however, interdependent self-construal influenced it positively. 2) Sociocultural attitude toward physical appearance appeared to have a negative effect on body satisfaction. 3) The body satisfaction also had a negative effect on appearance management behavior in this study.

Effect of Sociocultural Attitudes toward Appearance on Appearance Concerns, Appearance Management Behavior, Appearance Complex, Face Satisfaction, and Body Satisfaction (외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도가 외모관심도, 외모관리행동, 외모콤플렉스, 얼굴만족도, 신체만족도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Min Ji;Chung, Sung jee;Ahn, Mi sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.323-336
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    • 2015
  • This study explored the effect of Sociocultural attitudes toward appearance on appearance concerns, appearance management behavior, appearance complex, face satisfaction, and body satisfaction. The sample of the study was women aged between 20 and 40 who live in Seoul or Gyeonggi-do. We used 292 questionnaires for the final statistical analysis. Data were analyzed by common factor analysis, and multiple linear regression using SPSS 12.0 / Windows. The results of the study are summarized as follows. First, Sociocultural attitudes toward appearance were classified into internalization and awareness, appearance management into weight control, hair care, make-up, and skin care, and appearance complex into complex from other people and complex from self. Internalization showed significant positive effects on appearance concerns, hair care, weight control, face satisfaction, and body satisfaction; however, there were negative effects on make-up, skin care, and complex from other people. Awareness showed significant positive effects on make-up skin care, weight control, and complex from other people; however, there were negative effects on appearance concerns, hair care, face satisfaction, and body satisfaction.

The Influence of the Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance, BMI and Body Image on Self-Esteem (자아존중감에 대한 외모의 사회문화적 태도와 신체비만도 및 신체이미지의 영향)

  • Hong Keum-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.348-357
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    • 2006
  • This study was designed to find out how the sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, BMI and body image of adult women affect their self-esteem. A questionnaire was prepared in the survey and a total of 456 adult women were selected by way of stratified random sampling. The research findings are as follows: 1. The sociocultural attitudes toward appearance were shown in two factors of 'internalization' and 'awareness'. The body image was shown in three dimensions of 'care for appearance', 'concern about weight', and 'appearance attractiveness'. 2. Internalization, recognition, and BMI influenced on 'care for appearance'. 'Concern about weight' was affected by internalization and BMI. Appearance attractiveness was affected only by BMI. 3. Adult women's self-esteem was influenced by appearance attractiveness, internalization, and care for appearance. 4. The behaviors of appearance management were differed according to the sociocultural attitudes towards appearance. Therefore, adult women form a higher degree of self-esteem is formed when they accept what they are regardless of their actual BMI and when they evaluate their body positively.

The Effects of Socio-cultural Attitudes Toward Appearance, Self-Esteem, and the Perception of Physical Attractiveness on Behaviors of Facial and Hair Care (외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도, 자아존중감, 신체매력 지각이 얼굴 및 헤어관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Yun-Jung;Yoo, Tai-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.58 no.6
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    • pp.85-95
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to research appearance management behaviors through their interests in appearance and the degree of their management among the undergraduates to research the effects of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, self-esteem, and perceptive physical attractiveness on their face and hair management behaviors and to provide the effective data to form the marketing strategies for the beauty and fashion markets for the undergraduates. Total 900 questionnaires were distributed to the female/male undergraduates students in Daegu and Gyungbuk. 873 questionnaires out of 900 were collected and 825 questionnaires were selected as the final objects of this study. Frequency analysis, factor analysis, and Cronbach a were used to analyze the data using SPSS 12.0 statistics program. To examine the effects among variables, univariate analysis of variance and multiple regression analysis were conducted. The followings are the findings of analyzing and considering the research results through statistically processing each variable and those of the existing researches. 1. In terms of face management behaviors, internalization and awareness as sociocultural attitudes and social physical attractiveness among physical attractiveness perceptive showed positive effects. 2. In hair management behaviors, social physical and personal physical attractiveness out of physical attractiveness perceptive seemed to have positive effects.

Relationships between subjective teeth awareness and satisfaction on self-esteem (주관적인 치아에 대한 인식 및 만족도와 자아존중감과의 관련성)

  • Jung, Eun-Seo;Lee, Kyeong-Hee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.315-324
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of the study are expected to provide some basic information on counseling, diagnosis and treatment planning for patients related to teeth care. A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 320 subjects in Seoul and Gyeonggi from May to August, 2015 after permission from Institutional Review Board (IRB). Except 18 copies, 302 data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 19.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of four questions of the general characteristics of the subjects, ten questions of the awareness toward of subjective teeth, five questions of the influence of teeth on appearance, and ten questions of self-esteem. The dependent variables made a 23.4% prediction of self-esteem. If they have higher education(p<0.001), influence of teeth on appearance(p<0.001) and the awareness toward of subjective teeth(p<0.001) had significant influence on self-esteem. The findings suggest that heightened subjective awareness toward teeth seems to be of use for the improvement of self-esteem. Therefore it's required to make an effort to take good care of teeth in terms of color or arrangement as well as oral health.