• Title, Summary, Keyword: autoregressive cross-lagged model

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A Longitudinal Study on Adolescent's Multicultural Acceptability and School Adjustment using Autoregressive cross-lagged model

  • Kim, Hyun-Joo;Park, Hwie-Seo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.7
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    • pp.153-160
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to analyze the mutual influences between adolescents' multicultural acceptability and school adjustment. Research problems for research are as follows. First, is multicultural acceptability and school adjustment stable over time? Second, what is the longitudinal impact of school adjustment on multicultural acceptability over time? Third, what is the longitudinal impact of multicultural acceptability on school adjustment over time? The results of analyzing the research problems by applying the autoregressive cross-lagged model are as follows. First, the autoregressive model of school adjustment has a significant effect on the future time point and is stable over time. Second, the autoregressive model of multicultural acceptability have a significant effect on the future time point and is stable over time. Third, cross-lagged effect from school adjustment to multicultural acceptability has a statistically significant effect on the multicultural acceptability at a later time, and is stable over time. Fourth, cross-lagged effect from multicultural acceptability to school adjustment was not statistically significant at the time of multicultural acceptability, and there was no change with time. This study is meaningful to provide the theoretical and practical implications by verifying the influence of the three - year term data over time.

Longitudinal Relationships between Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem Using Cross-Lagged Autoregressive Modeling (Cross-lagged Autoregressive Model을 적용한 청소년의 학업성취와 자아존중감 간 종단관계연구)

  • Lee, Kyung-Eun;Lee, Ju-Rhee
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2008
  • This longitudinal study investigated the causal relationships between academic achievement and self-esteem using data from a 4-year investigation(2003-2006). Academic achievements and self-esteem were assessed for a sample of adolescents (male 187, female 201) in KYPS (Korea Youth Panel Survey). Cross-lagged autoregressive analyses indicated that for academic achievement and self-esteem, these two variables were reciprocally interrelated in middle school. However, thereafter, middle school 3rd grade students' self-esteem influenced high school 1st grade students' academic achievement, while high school 1st grade students' academic achievement influenced high school 2nd grade students' self-esteem.

Longitudinal relationship between depression and parents' child-rearing attitudes for adolescent (부모의 양육방식이 성별 청소년의 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Yee, Nan Hee;Song, Tae-Min
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: This study is aimed at exploring the temporal developmental relationship of adolescent depression and parents' child-rearing attitudes, and to examine gender differences in the relationship. The middle school students of the 2011-2013 1st Korea Children and Youth Panel data were used for analysis and the sample consisted of 2.073 individuals. Methods: Research questions were answered through the Latent Growth Model and Autoregressive Cross-Lagged Model. Results: As the results of the Latent Growth Model show, adolescent depression declines as time goes by and there are differences in the depression felt by individuals. An autoregressive cross-lagged model and multiple group analysis were executed by gender. The results show significant gender differences in the relationship between depression and Parents' child-rearing attitudes. Parental neglect has shown differences influencing adolescents depression between males and females. However, in case of parental abuse, no differences between males and females were observed. Conclusion: The results of this study imply that the policy on depression should be carefully considered when preparing for interventions targeting adolescents by gender.

The Reciprocal Relationship between Caregiver Relations and Peer Relations of Children in Out-of-home Care: Longitudinal Study Using Autoregressive Cross-lagged Modeling (가정외보호 아동의 양육자 관계와 교우관계의 상호 영향: 자기회귀교차지연모형을 활용한 종단연구)

  • Kim, Dami;Kang, Hyunah
    • Journal of Child Welfare and Development
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.109-135
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the longitudinal causal relationship between caregiver relations and peer relations of children in out-of-home care. We analyzed the three years(2011-2013) of longitudinal data from the Panel Study on Korean Children in Out-of-Home Care. The autoregressive cross-lagged model (ARCL) was used to measure the longitudinal causal relationship between caregiver relations and peer relations. As a result, first, caregiver relations and peer relations showed stability over time. In other words, the results of the measurement at three time points showed that the caregiver relations and peer relations at the previous time had a significant effect on the caregiver relations and peer relations at the later time point. Second, the previous caregiver relations had a significant effect on the subsequent peer relations over time. Third, the previous peer relations had a significant effect on the subsequent caregiver relations over time. This study confirmed the interrelationships of caregiver relations and peer relations of children in care by examining the longitudinal data using the longitudinal analysis method.

Longitudinal Relationship between Children's Life Satisfaction and Parents' Life Satisfaction: Using Autoregressive Cross-lagged Model (부모 삶의 만족도와 아동 삶의 만족도의 종단적 관계 : 자기회귀교차지연 모형을 이용하여)

  • Kim, Yong Hoi;Han, Chang-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.29-55
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to examine how children's life satisfaction is interrelated with parents' life satisfaction longitudinally. Autoregressive cross-lagged model was employed to analyze the interrelationship between children's and parents' life satisfaction. This study used 6 waves (Elementary school 4th year to Middle school 3rd year) from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS). The sample size was 1,963 families with child and parent. Key findings are as follows: First, children's and parents' life satisfaction, respectively, was found to influence each other during the study period. Second, parents' life satisfaction were found to have positive and significant cross-lagged impacts on children's life satisfaction. Third, similarly, children's life satisfaction was positively related to parents' life satisfaction longitudinally. The findings suggest that children's and parents' life satisfaction are interrelated in an autoregressive cross-lagged model. This study concludes with implications for enhancing children's and parents' life satisfaction.

A Longitudinal Study on Adolescent's Community Consciousness and Life Satisfaction using Autoregressive Cross-lagged Model

  • Kim, Hyun-Joo;Park, Hyun-Sun;Park, Hwie-Seo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.175-182
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to identify causal variables by examining the mutual influences of community consciousness and life satisfaction. We used some data of KCYPS. A longitudinal study of 1952 adolescents selected as a sample was conducted using the Aautoregressive crossover delay model. The results of this study are as follows: First, it showed that life satisfaction is consistently affecting the later life satisfaction with the passage of time. Second, community consciousness showed that the previous community consciousness has a constant influence on the subsequent community consciousness as time passes. Third, the effect of previous life satisfaction on community consciousness was significant. Therefore, the cross-delay effect of life satisfaction on community awareness was stable with time. In other words, life satisfaction level was a causal variable that takes precedence over community consciousness, and the higher the life satisfaction of the previous time, the higher the level of community consciousness in the future. Fourth, the cross-delay effect of community consciousness on life satisfaction was not significant because community consciousness at previous time had no meaningful effect on life satisfaction at later time, so consciousness of community at previous time affects life satisfaction. This study provided some implications basing on this results.

A Short-Term Longitudinal Study on the Reciprocal Relations between Mothers' Depression and Their Preschoolers' Emotional Problems (어머니의 우울과 학령전기 유아의 정서 문제 간의 상호적 관계에 대한 단기 종단연구)

  • Chang, Young Eun;Han, Hyo Jeong
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.551-564
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the causal relationship between a mothers' depression and the emotional problems of their preschool-aged children as indicated by anxiety, depression and emotional reactivity. We analyzed data from 1,528 mothers and their children from the Panel Study of Korean Children (PSKC) collected when the children were 4 years old and 5 years old. Autoregressive cross-lagged modeling was conducted using AMOS ver. 23.0 to investigate the longitudinal reciprocal effects between mothers' depression and children's emotional problems. The results indicated that both mothers' depression and children's emotional problems were relatively stable between the ages of 4 to 5. There were significant cross-lagged effects from the mothers' depression to children's emotional problems and from children's emotional problems to mothers' depression. Mothers reported higher levels of depression when the children were 4 years old and the children showed more anxiety, depression and emotional reactivity when they were 5 years old. Emotional problems when the children were 4 predicted greater depression among mothers 1 year later. We also examined the group difference (between boys and girls) in the study model. Gender differences were not statistically supported. The results suggested that early assessment and intervention for mothers' depression and children's emotional problems are essential for a healthy mother-child relationship and later child outcomes.

Reciprocal Influences between Self-esteem and Academic Achievementamong Elementary School Students (초등학생의 자아존중감과 학업성취 간 통시적 상호영향)

  • Lee, Kyung-Eun;Lee, u-Lie
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2009
  • The present longitudinal study examined reciprocal influence between self-esteem and academic achievement using cross-lagged autoregressive model. This study employed data(four wave) from Korea Youth Panel Survey. Participants were 300 students(143 boys, 157 girls) who were 4th graders in 2004 and 7th graders in 2007. The results of this study indicated that 4th graders' self-esteem influenced 5th graders' academic achievement, in turn, 5th graders' academic achievement influenced 6th graders' self-esteem. However, students' self-esteem in 6th grade did not influence their academic achievement during 7th grade. Conversely, 6th graders' academic achievement influenced 7th graders' self-esteem.

The Longitudinal Relationship between Depression and Aggression in Adolesecnts Adapting the Autoregressive Cross-lagged Model (아동의 우울과 공격성의 자기회귀교차지연 효과검증 - 성별간 다집단 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Lim, Jin-Seop
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.62 no.2
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    • pp.161-185
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the causal relationship between depression and aggressiveness among adolescents. The 4-year longitudinal data collected from 2,670 4th grade elementary school students by the Korean Youth Panel study was used in this study. From the analysis result using the Autoregressive Cross-Lagged Model, the depression and aggressiveness in adolescents were continued from elementary school 4th grade to middle school 7th grade in significant stability. In addition, the previous aggressiveness turned out to have significant positive effect on the later period depression. Similarly, the previous depression had significant effect on the later aggressiveness, but the direction was negative. This means that the adolescents's depression increases as their aggressiveness increases, but as the depression increases, the later aggressiveness of the adolescents decreases. There were no differences between girls and boys within the relationship of these two variables. Finally, the implication derived from the results, the limitation of this study, and suggestion for following studies were presented.

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Longitudinal Relationship between Overuse/Addictive Use of Mobile Phones and Depression in Adolescents: Adapting the Autoregressive Cross-Lagged Model and Multiple Group Analysis across Gender (자기회귀교차지연모형을 이용한 청소년의 휴대폰 과다사용 및 중독적 사용과 우울의 종단적 관계 검증: 성별 간 다집단 분석)

  • Jun, Sangmin
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.301-312
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine whether a temporal relationship would develop between the overuse/addictive use of mobile phones and depression in adolescents. For this study, we used the 4-year longitudinal data (2004-2007, Study 1, which measured the overuse of mobile phones and depression) and the 2-year longitudinal data (2010-2011, Study 2, which measured the addictive use of mobile phones and depression) of the Korea Youth Panel study. In addition, the study explored gender differences with respect to the above mentioned relationship. Autoregressive cross-lagged modeling was carried out, along with a multiple group analysis across genders. The findings showed that the overuse/addictive use of mobile phones and depression in adolescents had a significant effect on the future selves of these adolescents over time. Moreover, the overuse/addictive use of mobile phones had a significant influence on subsequent depression, rather than vice versa. This means that as the overuse/addictive use of mobile phones by adolescents increases, their depression intensifies later on; however, as depression among adolescents intensifies, the overuse/addictive use of mobile phones by adolescents' does not increase. Further, the study showed there were significant gender differences in the longitudinal relationship between the overuse/addictive use of mobile phones and depression. Study 1 shows that, prior to the release of smartphones, the overuse of mobile phones had a definite effect on the depression of only males. However, Study 2 shows that, after the release of smartphones, the effect of the addictive use of mobile phones on depression in females was greater than that in males.