• Title, Summary, Keyword: autonomous mobile robot

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Real-Time Obstacle Avoidance of Autonomous Mobile Robot and Implementation of User Interface for Android Platform (자율주행 이동로봇의 실시간 장애물 회피 및 안드로이드 인터페이스 구현)

  • Kim, Jun-Young;Lee, Won-Chang
    • IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.237-243
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    • 2014
  • In this paper we present an real-time obstacle avoidance technique of autonomous mobile robot with steering system and implementation of user interface for mobile devices with Android platform. The direction of autonomous robot is determined by virtual force field concept, which is based on the distance information acquired from 5 ultrasonic sensors. It is converted to virtual repulsive force around the autonomous robot which is inversely proportional to the distance. The steering system with PD(proportional and derivative) controller moves the mobile robot to the determined target direction. We also use PSD(position sensitive detector) sensors to supplement ultrasonic sensors around dead angle area. The mobile robot communicates with Android mobile device and PC via Ethernet. The video information from CMOS camera mounted on the mobile robot is transmitted to Android mobile device and PC. And the user can control the mobile robot manually by transmitting commands on the user interface to it via Ethernet.

Internal Teleoperation of an Autonomous Mobile Robot (인터넷을 이용한 자율운행로봇의 원격운용)

  • 박태현;강근택;이원창
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.45-45
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    • 2000
  • This paper proposes a remote control system that combines computer network and an autonomous mobile robot. We control remotely an autonomous mobile robot with vision via the internet to guide it under unknown environments in the real time. The main feature of this system is that local operators need a World Wide Web browser and a computer connected to the internet communication network and so they can command the robot in a remote location through our Home Page. The hardware architecture of this system consists of an autonomous mobile robot, workstation, and local computers. The software architecture of this system includes the server part for communication between user and robot and the client part for the user interface and a robot control system. The server and client parts are developed using Java language which is suitable to internet application and supports multi-platform. Furthermore, this system offers an image compression method using motion JPEG concept which reduces large time delay that occurs in network during image transmission.

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A Study on Orientation and Position Control of Mobile Robot Based on Multi-Sensors Fusion for Implimentation of Smart FA (스마트팩토리 실현을 위한 다중센서기반 모바일로봇의 위치 및 자세제어에 관한 연구)

  • Dong, G.H;Kim, D.B.;Kim, H.J;Kim, S.H;Baek, Y.T;Han, S.H
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.209-218
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    • 2019
  • This study proposes a new approach to Control the Orientation and position based on obstacle avoidance technology by multi sensors fusion and autonomous travelling control of mobile robot system for implimentation of Smart FA. The important focus is to control mobile robot based on by the multiple sensor module for autonomous travelling and obstacle avoidance of proposed mobile robot system, and the multiple sensor module is consit with sonar sensors, psd sensors, color recognition sensors, and position recognition sensors. Especially, it is proposed two points for the real time implementation of autonomous travelling control of mobile robot in limited manufacturing environments. One is on the development of the travelling trajectory control algorithm which obtain accurate and fast in considering any constraints. such as uncertain nonlinear dynamic effects. The other is on the real time implementation of obstacle avoidance and autonomous travelling control of mobile robot based on multiple sensors. The reliability of this study has been illustrated by the computer simulation and experiments for autonomous travelling control and obstacle avoidance.

Tele-operation of A Low-cost Un-autonomous Mobile Robot Using A New Fuzzy Command Smoothing Concept (새로운 퍼지 명령 스무딩 개념을 이용한 저가형 비자율주행 이동로봇의 원격제어)

  • Yoo Bong-Soo;Joh Joongseon
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.10 no.9
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    • pp.809-815
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    • 2004
  • Researches on mobile robots have been mainly focused on the autonomous navigation and a lot of interesting results have been published so far. Most of applications are, however, fancy, unpractical, and very expensive to be used for 'UN-expensive' purpose. Well-known soccer robot may be an example of unpractical application. Un-autonomous mobile robot has, however, potential for a lot of practical applications. Especially, tele-operation of the un-autonomous mobile robot may the central issue of research. Major research topics for the tele-operated un-autonomous mobile robot include development of a force reflecting joystick for tele-operation and development of a sophisticated algorithm for smooth tele-operation. A new concept named fuzzy command smoothing algorithm is proposed in this paper in order to provide smooth motion to a tele-operated mobile robot. It gives smooth motion command to the mobile robot from possibly abrupt quick turn motion command of the joystick using fuzzy logic. Simulation results verify the usefulness of the proposed algorithm.

Autonomous Navigation of Mobile Robot Using Global Ultrasonic System (전역 초음파 시스템을 이용한 이동 로봇의 자율 주행)

  • 황병훈;이수영
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.529-536
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    • 2004
  • Autonomous navigation of an indoor mobile robot using the global ultrasonic system is presented in this paper. Since the trajectory error of the dead-reckoning navigation grows with time and distance, the autonomous navigation of a mobile robot requires to localize the current position of the robot, so that to compensate the trajectory error. The global ultrasonic system consisting of four ultrasonic generators fixed at a priori known positions in the work space and two receivers on the mobile robot has the similar structure with the well-known satellite GPS(Global Positioning System), and it is useful for the self-localization of an indoor mobile robot. The EKF(Extended Kalman Filter) algorithm for the self-localization is proposed and the autonomous navigation based on the self-localization is verified by experiments.

Development of an Autonomous Mobile Robot with the Function of Teaching a Moving Path by Speech and Avoiding a Collision (음성에 의한 경로교시 기능과 충돌회피 기능을 갖춘 자율이동로봇의 개발)

  • Park, Min-Gyu;Lee, Min-Cheol;Lee, Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.189-197
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    • 2000
  • This paper addresses that the autonomous mobile robot with the function of teaching a moving path by speech and avoiding a collision is developed. The use of human speech as the teaching method provides more convenient user-interface for a mobile robot. In speech recognition system a speech recognition algorithm using neural is proposed to recognize Korean syllable. For the safe navigation the autonomous mobile robot needs abilities to recognize a surrounding environment and to avoid collision with obstacles. To obtain the distance from the mobile robot to the various obstacles in surrounding environment ultrasonic sensors is used. By the navigation algorithm the robot forecasts the collision possibility with obstacles and modifies a moving path if it detects a dangerous obstacle.

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Autonomous Mobile Robot Navigation using Artificial Immune Networks and Fuzzy Systems (인공 면역망과 퍼지 시스템을 이용한 자율이동로봇 주행)

  • Kim, Yang-Hyeon;Lee, Dong-Je;Lee, Min-Jung;Choe, Yeong-Gyu
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers D
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    • v.51 no.9
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    • pp.402-412
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    • 2002
  • The navigation algorithms enable autonomous mobile robots to reach given target points without collision against obstacles. To achieve safe navigations in unknown environments, this paper presents an effective navigation algorithm for the autonomous mobile robots with ultrasonic sensors. The proposed navigation algorithm consists of an obstacle-avoidance behavior, a target-reaching behavior and a fuzzy-based decision maker. In the obstacle-avoidance behavior and the target-reaching behavior, artificial immune networks are used to select a proper steering angle, make the autonomous mobile robot avoid obstacles and approach a given target point. The fuzzy-based decision maker combines the steering angles from the target-reaching behavior and the obstacle-avoidance behavior in order to steer the autonomous mobile robot appropriately. Simulational and experimental results show that the proposed navigation algorithm is very effective in unknown environments.

A Study on Object Tracking for Autonomous Mobile Robot using Vision Information (비젼 정보를 이용한 이동 자율로봇의 물체 추적에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Jin-Gu;Lee, Jang-Myung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.235-242
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    • 2008
  • An Autonomous mobile robot is a very useful system to achieve various tasks in dangerous environment, because it has the higher performance than a fixed base manipulator in terms of its operational workspace size as well as efficiency. A method for estimating the position of an object in the Cartesian coordinate system based upon the geometrical relationship between the image captured by 2-DOF active camera mounted on mobile robot and the real object, is proposed. With this position estimation, a method of determining an optimal path for the autonomous mobile robot from the current position to the position of object estimated by the image information using homogeneous matrices. Finally, the corresponding joint parameters to make the desired displacement are calculated to capture the object through the control of a mobile robot. The effectiveness of proposed method is demonstrated by the simulation and real experiments using the autonomous mobile robot.

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A Study on Intelligence Navigation for Autonomous Mobile Robot Using Fuzzy Logic Control

  • Huh, Dei-Jeung;Lee, Woo-Young;Huh, Uk-Youl
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.138.5-138
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    • 2001
  • The autonomous robot has the ability of obstacle avoidance and target tracking with some manufactured information. In this paper, it is shown that autonomous mobile robot can avoid fixed obstacles using the map made before and the fuzzy controller is adopted with the global path planing and the local path planing when the robot navigates. With that map sensor, information will be used when an autonomous robot navigates. This paper proves that robot can navigate through optimized route and keep the stable condition.

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A study on Precise Trajectory Tracking control of Robot system (로봇시스템의 정밀 궤적 추적제어에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Woo-Song;Kim, Won-Il;Yang, Jun-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.82-89
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    • 2015
  • This study proposes a new approach to design and control for autonomous mobile robots. In this paper, we describes a fuzzy logic based visual servoing system for an autonomous mobile robot. An existing system always needs to keep a moving object in overall image. This mes difficult to move the autonomous mobile robot spontaneously. In this paper we first explain an autonomous mobile robot and fuzzy logic system. And then we design a fuzzy logic based visual servoing system. We extract some features of the object from an overall image and then design a fuzzy logic system for controlling the visual servoing system to an exact position. We here introduce a shooting robot that can track an object and hit it. It is illustrated that the proposed system presents a desirable performance by a computer simulation and some experiments.