• Title, Summary, Keyword: attitudes

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Menstrual Attitudes and Maternal Child Rearing Attitudes in Middle School Female Students (여중생의 월경태도와 어머니 양육태도)

  • Hong, Kyoung-Ja;Kim, Hae-Won;Ahn, Hye-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.748-757
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This correlational study was performed to identify the impacts of maternal child rearing attitudes on the menstrual attitudes and the determinants of positive menstrual attitudes in female middle school students. Methods: With convenience sampling, 198 middle school female students were recruited living in one major city and its surrounding areas in Korea. Data was collected using a self administered questionnaire including menstrual attitudes and maternal child rearing attitudes from April 1 to July 15, 2008. Results: Among the Maternal child rearing attitudes, affectionate, achievement oriented and rational attitudes had positive correlations to a positive menstrual attitude, and an autonomous attitude had a negative correlation to a negative menstrual attitude. As determinants of positive menstrual attitudes, feeling of menarche, mother's response at first menstruation, and rational maternal child rearing attitudes were delineated and their explained variance for a positive menstrual attitude was 18.5%. There was no difference on menstrual attitudes by K clustering in terms of maternal child rearing attitudes. Conclusion: These results support the critical role of the mother. Especially desirable maternal child rearing attitudes in relation to a positive menstrual attitude would be affectionate, achievement oriented and rational for early adolescent girls. In further studies, considerations are needed for menstruation related education and research for early adolescents and active involvement of the mother & daughter together.

The Nutrition Knowledge and Attitudes toward Dietary Fats (식이 지방에 대한 영양 지식과 태도에 관한 조사)

  • 진영희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 1997
  • Knowledge and attitudes on current selection of fats and oils were surveyed among college students and USDA extension off campus faculties. The objective of this survey was to obtain information about the nutrition knowledge and attitudes toward fats and to assess relationships between the nutrition knowledge, general attitudes toward dietary fats, and specific attitudes toward the eating of certain foods. The attitudes toward and nutrition knowledge of dietary fat sections consisted of 22 and 39 statements respectively. Avoiding red meat and eggs and avoiding fats as a flavoring were attitudes whose maintenance may require special, long-term intervention strategies. Replacing high-fat foods with low-fat foods, modification(cutting fat off any meat) and substitution were easily adopted and maintained low-fat habit. The responses to wanting to lose some weight and feeling better if increasing exercise were favorable. The attitudes toward the possible relationships between fat consumption and health were favorable. Respondents on the nutrition knowledge test attained a mean score of 129.69 and a median score of 127 our of the highest possible score of 200. Extension off campus faculties, nutrition majoring/majored subjects, and over 41-year-olds tended to have more favorable general attitudes and specific attitudes toward the consumption of certain foods and higher knowledge. Senior students had more negative general attitudes and specific attitudes, and college graduates and graduate students had more nutrition knowledge. Nutrition know-ledge was related to general attitudes toward dietary fats, but not to more specific attitudes toward the eating of certain foods. Nutrition education will not be effective in modifying the intake of dietary fats in the population because nutrition knowledge related to general attitudes toward dietary fats and general nutrition practice but not the eating of certain foods.

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The Effect of Variables on Attitudes and Preparations toward Retirement (은퇴에 대한 태도 및 은퇴준비에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • 배문조;전귀연
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.7
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    • pp.89-102
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the factors causing the attitudes and preparations toward retirement. Tow hundred eight employees participated in this study. The results of this study are as fellows: First, income, age, sex, self-esteem, attitudes toward job, family, and leisure affect the attitudes toward retirement. Second, income and attitudes toward leisure affect economic preparations. Third, age, attitudes toward family and leisure affect psychologic preparations. Fourth, age, self-esteem, locus of control, and attitudes toward leisure affect physical preparations.

The Advertising Effect of Internet Advertisement of Wedding Dress : Structure Equation Modeling (웨딩드레스 인터넷 광고의 광고효과에 관한 연구: 구조방정식 모형을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Seung-Hee;Jung, So-Yeon
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.76-85
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among advertisement attitudes, brand attitudes, and purchasing intention in wedding dress Internet advertisement, using SEM (Structure Equation Modeling). Two hundred two unmarried women participated in this study. For this study, banner advertisement stimuli was developed. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis, AMOS were used for data analysis. The results are as follows: First, advertisement attitudes affected positively brand attitudes. Second, brand attitudes influenced positively purchase intention. Finally, advertisement attitudes affected positively purchase intention. It appears that advertisement attitudes influenced purchase intention directly or indirectly via brand attitudes. Based on these results, fashion advertisement promotion marketing strategies would provide for wedding dress marketers.

The Effect of Cultural Services of Global Companies on Brand Attitudes and Purchase Intentions of Consumers: Case Study of K Company (글로벌기업의 문화서비스가 소비자의 상표태도와 구매의도에 미치는 영향 - K기업의 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • You, Ho-Jong
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.291-310
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    • 2010
  • This research analyzes how the visual merchandising (hereafter VMD) of the consumers on the cultural services of global K company affect their brand attitudes and how the brand attitudes influence their purchase intension. In particular, by utilizing the multiple regression analysis method which tested the hypotheses of this study, it was proved that their attitudes of VMD factors proposed in this research positively influenced on the brand attitudes, and that their brand attitudes had considerable impact on the purchase intention and also it had close relationships with the intention. In the result of analysis, the consumers' attitudes of VMD factors has a direct and indirect effects on their brand attitudes and purchase intention. Therefore, this result in the practical aspect could give some valuable implication for the marketers who are trying to find out how to retain its consumers on the market managing.

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Characteristics and Variables of Nuclear Energy Attitudes of Social Groups (핵에너지 태도의 사회 그룹별 특성과 변수)

  • Kim Ji-Eun;Woo Hyung-Taek
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.955-963
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to find and explain characteristics of diverse social groups' attitudes toward nuclear power plant. 7 hypotheses were constructed and statistically tested. In order to test 7 hypotheses, both Nuclear Energy Attitude Scale and Environmental Attitude Scale were distributed and field surveyed on 839 respondents representing a diverse range of subject groups. The results showed that 6 hypotheses were statistically accepted while 1 hypothesis statistically rejected. Contrary to the first hypothesis, this test found that people in close proximity to the nuclear power plant had more positive attitudes toward nuclear power than those living in distance from the nuclear power plant. Males had more positive nuclear energy attitudes than females. Academic backgrounds were not related to nuclear energy attitudes. Environmental attitudes showed negative relationship with nuclear energy attitudes. While anti-nuclear citizen action groups had the most negative attitudes, nuclear power plant workers had the most positive attitudes among responding groups. Finally, university students majoring in nuclear engineering had more positive attitudes than those of religious studies.

The Influence of Mother's Characteristics on Elementary School Students' Attitudes toward Science (어머니의 특성이 초등학생의 과학에 대한 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Soo-Jin;Jeong, Jin-Su;Chun, Jae-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.144-157
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to analyse the influence of mother's characteristics on elementary school students' attitudes toward science. Elementary school students (N=667) and their mothers (N=681) were selected from three other regions, big city, small city, and country. Attitudes toward science and supports for scientific activities were measured by two kinds of instruments. The instrument for the measurement of attitudes toward science includes three scales: cognition about value of science, affection toward science & science learning, and cognitive participation in scientific activities. And the instrument to measure parents' support for scientific activities includes two scales: indirect support and direct support. This research showed that mothers' various characteristics resulted in a difference in students' attitudes toward science. And there were positive correlations between students' attitudes toward science and their mothers' attitudes toward science and support for scientific activities. Also mothers' attitudes toward science and support for scientific activities affected students' attitudes. Especially, mothers' personal interest in science and her mental and physical supports for children's scientific activities had a close relation with students' attitudes toward science.

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Gender and the Impact of Premarital Education Course among University Students (대학교양과정으로서 결혼준비교육의 성별에 따른 효과성 연구)

  • 이숙희;전영주
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.127-139
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    • 2004
  • This study focused on the gender differences in the impact of a premarital educational program as an elective course at a university. Six hundred university students who were enrolled in the course "Family and Marriage" at a university in Pusan were surveyed for this study The students completed the survey questionnaire about attitudes toward marriage, family, love, spouse, sexuality and gender-roles, before and after the course. The data were analyzed by correlation, 1-test, two-Way ANOVA. The results showed, first of all, there was no significant impact of the education on the students′ attitudes on marriage and family, when gender was not introduced as a factor. However, looking closely, there was an interaction between gender and the attitudes in the impact of the education. As a result, the gender gap in terms of the attitudes toward marriage and the family that existed before the course was reduced after the course. Also, there were gender differences in the attitudes toward love, spouse, sexuality, and gender-roles before and after the course, and there were significant impacts of the course for both genders, albeit in different directions.

Antecedents of attitudes toward counterfeit luxury fashion goods (패션명품 복제품 태도에 대한 선행변수)

  • Park, Hye-Jung
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.310-325
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    • 2015
  • The market for counterfeit luxury fashion goods is proliferating across the globe. In an effort to provide some insight into this phenomenon, this study aimed to identify the antecedents of attitudes toward counterfeits of luxury fashion goods. As antecedents, counterfeit proneness and attitudes toward counterfeiting were considered. It was hypothesized that counterfeit proneness not only influences attitudes toward counterfeits of luxury fashion goods directly but also indirectly through attitudes toward counterfeiting. Data were gathered by surveying university students in Seoul, using convenience sampling. Three hundred five questionnaires were used in the statistical analysis. SPSS was used for exploratory factor analysis, and AMOS was used for confirmatory factor analysis and path analysis. The results showed that all the fit statistics for the variable measures were quite acceptable. In addition, the overall fits of the hypothesized model suggest that the model fits the data well. Factor analysis revealed that counterfeit proneness and attitudes toward counterfeits of luxury fashion goods were uni-dimensional and that attitudes toward counterfeiting were two dimensional, which are 'normatively less susceptible' and 'value conscious'. Test of the hypothesized path showed that counterfeit proneness influences attitudes toward counterfeits of luxury fashion goods indirectly through the two factors of attitudes toward counterfeiting. The results suggest some implications for anti-counterfeit businesses.

The Effects of the Specific Attitudes toward the Fourth Industrial Revolution and Job Satisfaction

  • Hahm, SangWoo
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2020
  • The period of the Fourth Industrial Revolution is our near future and the ongoing changes in this age. We need to strive to adapt to this changes and also try to create new values. This study focuses on workers' perceptions and attitudes (self-efficacy, expectancy, and acceptance of change) toward the Fourth Industrial Revolution. These positive attitudes toward the upcoming future and the Fourth Industrial Revolution will influence on both the future and the current attitude, behavior and performance of employees. People have certain attitudes to the future, and these attitudes have an impact on current behavior. This paper tries to examine the positive attitudes toward the Fourth Industrial Revolution era and the influence of positive attitudes toward this new age on the current job satisfaction. Through this process, this paper explains what kinds of attitudes the workers should have in the Fourth Industrial Revolution era, and also sheds light on significance and purpose of this paper to explain how these specific attitudes toward the future influence the present performance such as job satisfaction.