• Title, Summary, Keyword: attention

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Development and Validation of Computerized Attention Tasks Using Smart Devices for Preschool Aged Children (학령전기 아동 대상의 스마트기기를 사용한 전산화 주의력 평가과제의 개발 및 타당도 검증 연구)

  • Shin, Min-Sup;Lee, Jinjoo;Oh, Seojin;Kim, Illjung;Hong, Chorong;Kim, Sulim
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.104-111
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to develop computerized attention tasks using smart devices for preschool aged children for assessment of auditory attention, visual attention, and attention shifting abilities. We then evaluated their construct and concurrent validity of them. Methods : Sixty-seven 5- to 7-year-old children attending kindergarten were recruited. Newly developed computerized attention tasks and existing standardized attention tests such as Advanced Test of Attention (ATA) and Children's Color Trails Test-2 (CCTT-2) were successively administered. To examine the concurrent validity of these tasks, correlation coefficients between the participants' scores on the newly developed tasks and the scores on well-known measures were calculated for assessment of each component construct. We also examined the construct validity of the tasks using the developmental trend of the auditory attention, visual attention, and attention shifting abilities with age. Results : Significant correlations were observed between the scores of computerized attention tasks using smart devices and corresponding scores of ATA-auditory task, visual task, and CCTT-2. And there were significant linear increasing trends of correct scores with age from 5 to 7 years. Conclusion : This study provides promising evidence for the utility of computerized attention tasks using smart devices for preschool-aged children.

A New Performance Evaluation Method for Visual Attention System (시각주의 탐색 시스템을 위한 새로운 성능 평가 기법)

  • Cheoi, Kyungjoo
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.55-72
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    • 2017
  • Many of the studies of visual attention that are currently underway are seeking ways to make application systems that can be used in practice, and obtained good results using not only simulated images but also real-world images. However, despite that previous studies of selective visual attention are models intended to implement the human vision, few experiments verified the models with actual humans and there is no standardized data nor standardized experimental method for actual images. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a new performance evaluation techniques necessary for evaluation of visual attention systems. We developed an evaluation method for evaluating the performance of the visual attention system through comparison with the results of the human experiments on visual attention. Human experiments on visual attention is an experiments where human beings are instinctively aware of the unconscious when images are given to humans. So it can be useful for evaluating performance of the bottom-up attention system. Also we propose a new selective attention system that guides the user to effectively detect ROI regions by using spatial and temporal features adaptively selected according to the input image. We evaluated the performance of proposed visual attention system through the developed performance evaluation method, and we could confirm that the results of the visual attention system are similar to those of the human visual attention.

Effect of Adenotonsillectomy on Attention in Korean Children With Sleep-Disordered Breathing

  • Kim, Min Jae;Bae, Sung Hee;Lee, Sung Min;Lee, Kang Hyun;Kim, Dong-Kyu
    • Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.199-204
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    • 2018
  • Objectives. Pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common debilitating disorder that can adversely affect the attention and academic performance of school-age children. Unfortunately, only a few studies have examined the effect of SDB treatment on attention in pediatric populations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the effect of SDB treatment on attention in children. Methods. This study consecutively enrolled SDB children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy. All subjects underwent standard-of-care treatment (adenotonsillectomy or close observation) and were evaluated using a computerized comprehensive attention test at the initial visit. Comprehensive attention tests consisted of both sustained and divided attention tasks. Each completed task was assigned an attention score, which was based on the number of omission or commission errors. The comprehension attention test was repeated 1 year later. Results. A total of 171 children who underwent adenotonsillectomy and 32 children who did not undergo adenotonsillectomy were included in this study. At baseline, there was no significant difference according to the score of all type comprehension attention tests between children in the adenotonsillectomy group and in the observation group. One year after treatment, children in the adenotonsillectomy group had significantly improved scores in all attention tasks. Children in the observation group had only significant improvement in omission errors on sustained attention tasks. Meanwhile, the attention score based on commission errors of divided attention tasks was significantly worse than at baseline for those. Conclusion. Our study showed that adenotonsillectomy may be helpful in improving attention in children with SDB.

Neuropsychology of Attention (주의력의 신경심리학)

  • Kim, Chang-Yoon;Kim, Seong-Yoon
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 1999
  • "Attention" is not defined sufficiently. This term incorporates several dimensions or complex information processes such as alertness, spatial distribution, focused attention, sustained attention, divided attention and supervisory attentional control. In practice, however, various aspects of attention cannot be assessed separately with a single test. Moreover, a particular test is never assessing attention only, because the several intervening variables may influence the attentional component. Therefore, one can only assess a certain aspect of human behavior with special interest for its attentional component. This paper attempted to clarify various concepts of attention, reviewed signal detection theories with receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curves, and listed practical methods for assessment of attention.

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Stereo Image Quality Assessment Using Visual Attention and Distortion Predictors

  • Hwang, Jae-Jeong;Wu, Hong Ren
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.5 no.9
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    • pp.1613-1631
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    • 2011
  • Several metrics have been reported in the literature to assess stereo image quality, mostly based on visual attention or human visual sensitivity based distortion prediction with the help of disparity information, which do not consider the combined aspects of human visual processing. In this paper, visual attention and depth assisted stereo image quality assessment model (VAD-SIQAM) is devised that consists of three main components, i.e., stereo attention predictor (SAP), depth variation (DV), and stereo distortion predictor (SDP). Visual attention is modeled based on entropy and inverse contrast to detect regions or objects of interest/attention. Depth variation is fused into the attention probability to account for the amount of changed depth in distorted stereo images. Finally, the stereo distortion predictor is designed by integrating distortion probability, which is based on low-level human visual system (HVS), responses into actual attention probabilities. The results show that regions of attention are detected among the visually significant distortions in the stereo image pair. Drawbacks of human visual sensitivity based picture quality metrics are alleviated by integrating visual attention and depth information. We also show that positive correlation with ground-truth attention and depth maps are increased by up to 0.949 and 0.936 in terms of the Pearson and the Spearman correlation coefficients, respectively.

Relationships between Toddler-teacher Joint Attention and Toddlers' Vocabularies (어린이집에서 24-36개월 영아-교사 간 공동주의와 영아의 어휘력간의 관계)

  • Kim, Myung-Soon;Lee, Ka-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.155-165
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to identify relationships between toddler-teacher joint attention and toddlers' vocabularies. Toddlers' vocabularies were assessed by the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory-Korean (MCDI-K) modified by Kim (2006); joint attention episodes were observed by classification categories for engagement condition (Bakeman & Adamson, 1984). Data were analyzed by means, t-test and Pearson's correlations. Results were that : (1) receptive vocabulary of toddlers was about 1.1 times as high as their expressive vocabulary. (2) Coordinated joint attention was observed most frequently, followed by supported joint attention; coordinated joint attention was closely related to support joint attention. (3) The relationship between toddler-teacher joint attention and toddlers' vocabularies were significant in a positive direction.

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Study on Measurement Variables for Visual Attention Improvement in a Serious Game (기능성 게임에서 시각주의력 측정을 위한 효과적인 변인의 설정)

  • Roh, Chang Hyun;Lee, Wan Bok
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.10
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    • pp.731-736
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    • 2013
  • Recently attention deficit of children has caused various social problems. Those children who has symptoms like ADHD (Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) has to be provided with methods which can enhance their attention level in a child-friendly way such as 3D games. This paper shows a research on how to measure the level of attention for attention deficit children using their favorite 3D games. Firstly, we speculated on the methods about attention measurement used in the medical area. And then we searched measurement variables which can effectively evaluate the level of attention during a game play time. Secondly, we have conducted experiment whether there exists difference about the value of the measurement variables between the two groups, normal children group and attention deficit children group. Those variables are omission error, commission error, average response time, and standard deviation of response time. Though our experiment has only been limited to visual attention level, four measurement variables revealed mutual differences.

Developmental Trajectories of Attention in Normal Korean Population

  • Huh, Han Nah;Kang, Sung Hee;Hwang, Soon Young;Yoo, Hanik K.
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.66-73
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the trajectory of change of diverse attention and working memory in Koreans from 4 to 40 years of age. Methods: The data of 912 subjects from 4 to 15 years of age obtained from a previous standardization study of the computerized comprehensive attention test were merged with the newly obtained data of 150 subjects aged 16 to 40 years from this study. We evaluated the various kinds of attention, in which each subtest had five indicators. Working memory, with parameters such as number of correct responses and span, was also measured. Results: Our findings indicated that attention developed as age increased, and it decreased or was maintained after a certain age. Selective and sustained attention developed rapidly in children and adolescents, until mid-teens or 20 s when it ceased development. Divided attention, however, developed up to approximately age 20. In addition, working memory developed until mid-teens or 20 s. Conclusion: We presented the standardized data on diverse kinds of attention and working memory in children, adolescents, and adults in Korea. We could recognize any patterns of change in attention and working memory with increasing age.

The effect of focus of attention by electroencephalogram-feedback on balance in young adults

  • Lee, Dong-Yeop;Choi, Won-Jae;Lee, Seung-Won
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.13-16
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    • 2012
  • Objective: Electroencephalogram (EGG)-feedback is a training procedure aimed at altering brain activity, and is used as a treatment for disorders like attention. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of external focus of attention by EGG-feedback on balance in young adults. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Subject were students in Sahmyook University. Fifty young adults in their twenties and thirties. Subjects were performed both with and without external focus of attention by EEG-feedback on the posture of standing and tandem standing. Participants were educated effort to maintain static posture when they were under internal focus of attention. Good Balance System was used for measurement of postural consistency upon the following force platforms. Results: Body sway decreased significantly both normal standing and tandem standing with external focus of attention by EEG-feedback (p<0.05). Conclusions: The results demonstrate that the benefits of an external attentional focus are generalizable to young adults. The external focus of attention outperformed the internal focus of attention on the postural balance (p<0.05). It is showed that external focus of attention significant effects on balance by revoked automatic postural control of movement. Furthermore balance might be improved by training with an external focus. Further study is required to develop for training as a method of preventing fall in elderly peoples.

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Effects of mindfulness-based qigong for children's concentration ability (마음챙김 기공이 소아청소년의 주의집중력에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Soon-Sang;Cho, Seung-Hun
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of Mindfulness-based concentration qigong for children (MBCQ-C) in healthy children with subjective poor attention. Methods : This study examined the effects of MBCQ-C on healthy children with subjective poor attention, who vistied Korean medicine hospital neuropsychiatry outpatient clinic. The MBCQ-C was practiced with 11 participants, 2 of them quit in the middle of the program, and hence, they were excluded for data analysis. MBCQ-C consisted of 8 sessions, and each session took about 60 minutes. The outcome measurement was Frankfurter Aufmerksamkeits-Inventar (FAIR), which measured selective attention, self-control and sustained attention. Results : The results of this study showed that selective attention, and sustained attention were significantly improved. Self-control also improved, but without any statistical significance. These results indicate MBCQ-C was effective for the improvement of attention abilities, but self-control, including upper cognition area needs more consistent exercise. Conclusions : The MBCQ-C consisting of 8 sessions were shown to be an effective intervention in improving the attention abilities of healthy children with subjective poor attention.