• Title, Summary, Keyword: association

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Generalized Fuzzy Quantitative Association Rules Mining with Fuzzy Generalization Hierarchies

  • Lee, Keon-Myung
    • International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.210-214
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    • 2002
  • Association rule mining is an exploratory learning task to discover some hidden dependency relationships among items in transaction data. Quantitative association rules denote association rules with both categorical and quantitative attributes. There have been several works on quantitative association rule mining such as the application of fuzzy techniques to quantitative association rule mining, the generalized association rule mining for quantitative association rules, and importance weight incorporation into association rule mining fer taking into account the users interest. This paper introduces a new method for generalized fuzzy quantitative association rule mining with importance weights. The method uses fuzzy concept hierarchies fer categorical attributes and generalization hierarchies of fuzzy linguistic terms fur quantitative attributes. It enables the users to flexibly perform the association rule mining by controlling the generalization levels for attributes and the importance weights f3r attributes.

Global Charity Operations of Cleft Lip and Palate by Korean Cleft Lip and Palate Association ; Charity Operations in Kenya, east Africa (대한구순구개열학회의 글로벌 자선 수술 활동 : 케냐에서의 자선 수술 활동)

  • Choung, Pill-Hoon;Park, Joo-Young;Park, Joo-Young;Ahn, Kang-Min;Baek, Jin-Woo;Cho, Il-Hwan;Choi, Cheol-Min;Choi, Seon-Hyu;Chung, Il-Hyuk;Gao, En-Feng;Hong, Jong-Rak;Hyun, Seung-Don;Jang, Hyon-Seok;Jun, Sang-Ho;Jung, Sung-Uk;Kang, Na-Ra;Kang, Young-Ho;Kim, Byung-Ryul;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Eun-Seok;Kim, Ho-Sung;Kim, In-Soo;Kim, Ji-Hyuck;Kim, Jong-Ryoul;Kim, Joong-Min;Kim, Myung-Jin;Kim, Soung-Min;Ko, Bong-Hwa;Koh, Sung-Hee;Lee, Bu-Kyu;Lee, Eui-Seok;Lee, Jong-Ho;Lee, Ui-Lyong;Lee, Won;Lee, Won-Deok;Min, Byong-Il;Nam, Il-Woo;Paeng, Jun-Young;Park, Jong-Chul;Park, Jung-Seok;Park, Sung-Hee;Park, Young-Wook;Pyo, Sung-Woon;Rim, Chae-Hong;Rim, Jae-Suk;Seo, Byoung-Moo;Suh, Je-Duck;Yoon, Jeong-Ho;Yoon, Jung-Ju;Yun, Hyung-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Cleft Lip And Palate
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2006
  • Korean Cleft Lip and Palate Association (KCLPA) was founded in 1996. The first overseas charity operation was in Karachi, Pakistan, 2002 and our association has visited fourteen times in six countries for the free cleft surgery: Pakistan, Egypt, Kenya, Morocco, Jordan and Vietnam. The cumulated number of operated patients reaches to 280. Before our association, many Korean oral and maxillofacial surgeons have performed charity operations individually since 1964. It was started from Vietnam but the activity is now carried on in Africa, middle-east Asia, south-east Asia, China, and Korea as an official team. LG electronics, a Korean company helped to propagate our team's activity to middle-east Asia to Africa. This paper is a report concerning about the results of our association's charity activities especially in Kenya, east Africa. We provided free cleft surgery for 30 patients in 2004 and 27 patients in 2005, in Nairobi. As the blood test for HIV of the cleft patients was not allowed before and during surgery, our surgeons and nurses were cautious about every movement during the surgeries. Thus the operation time for each patient was longer than any other time. The attitude of the local hospital and the doctors seemed to be accustomed to this situation. They helped us in case of needle injuries. Safety of medical staff and patients is more important than the number of the patients operated in charity operation. This belief should be approached being parallel and multidisciplinary as an international cooperation, focusing on international funding for medical support and continuous education for local doctors who are willing to devote to their people.

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Congenital Posterolateral Diaphragmatic Hernia in Korea - A Survey by the Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons - (선천성 보흐다레크 횡격막 탈장 - 대한소아외과학회 회원 대상 전국 조사 -)

  • Kim, Jae-Chun;Kim, D.Y.;Kim, S.Y.;Kim, S.C.;Kim, I.K.;Kim, J.E.;Kim, H.Y.;Kim, H.Y.;Prak, K.W.;Prak, W.H.;Park, J.Y.;Paek, H.K.;Seo, J.M.;Song, Y.T.;Oh, S.M.;Lee, N.H.;Lee, D.S.;Lee, M.D.;Lee, S.K.;Lee, S.C.;Chung, S.Y.;Jung, S.E.;Jeong, Y.J.;Chung, U.S.;Jung, P.M.
    • Advances in pediatric surgery
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.53-69
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    • 2006
  • This is a survey on congenital posterolateral diaphragmatic hernia, conducted by the Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons(KAPS). A registration form for each patient during the 5-year-period between 1998 and 2002 and a questionaire were sent to each member. Twenty-ninemembers in 22 institutions returned completed forms. The average number of patients per surgeon was 1.4 cases a year. The male to female ratio was 1.64: 1, and annual incidencewas 1/14,522 live births. In this review, factors influencing survival in congenital posterolateral diaphragmatic hernia were age at admission, birth weight, time of antenatal diagnosis, birth place, Apgar score, onset time of symptoms and signs, preoperative cardiopulmonary resuscitation, associated anomalies of themusculoskeletal system, central nervous system, or chromosomes, preoperative stabilization, levels of preoperative $FiO_2$, pH, and $AaDO_2$, perioperative complications, bilaterality of defect, size of the defect, and presence or absence of hernia sac.

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Relation for the Measure of Association and the Criteria of Association Rule in Ordinal Database

  • Park, Hee-Chang;Lee, Ho-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.207-216
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    • 2005
  • One of the well-studied problems in data mining is the search for association rules. Association rules are useful for determining correlations between attributes of a relation and have applications in marketing, financial and retail sectors. There are three criteria of association rule; support, confidence, lift. The goal of association rule mining is to find all the rules with support and confidence exceeding some user specified thresholds. We can know there is association between two items by the criteria of association rules. But we can not know the degree of association between two items. In this paper we examine the relation between the measures of association and the criteria of association rule for ordinal data.

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Criteria of Association Rule based on Chi-Square for Nominal Database

  • Park, Hee-Chang;Lee, Ho-Soon
    • 한국데이터정보과학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.25-38
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    • 2004
  • Association rule mining searches for interesting relationships among items in a given database. Association rules are frequently used by retail stores to assist in marketing, advertising, floor placement, and inventory control. There are three primary quality measures for association rule, support and confidence and lift. In this paper we present the relation between the measure of association based on chi square statistic and the criteria of association rule for nominal database and propose the objective criteria for association.

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Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis - A Survey by the Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons - (영아 비후성 유문협착증 - 대한소아외과학회 정회원을 대상으로 한 전국조사 -)

  • Kim, I.K.;Kim, S.Y.;Kim, S.K.;Kim, W.K.;Kim, J.E.;Kim, J.C.;Kim, H.H.;Park, K.W.;Park, Y.S.;Park, W.H.;Song, Y.T.;Yang, J.W.;Oh, S.M.;Yoo, S.Y.;Lee, D.S.;Lee, M.D.;Lee, S.K.;Lee, S.C.;Chang, S.I.;Chung, S.Y.
    • Advances in pediatric surgery
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.149-155
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    • 1998
  • Thirty three members of the Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons were surveyed to determine the clinical manifestations and current management of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). The members completed a registration form and a questionnaire that indicated their treatment preferences for patients treated during 1996. The response rate was 84.8 %, and 23 institutions participated. Three hundred and sixty-three cases of IHPS were analysed. The male to female ratio was 5.15: 1. The presenting symptoms were nonbilious vomiting in 363 cases(100 %), palpable mass in the upper abdomen in 200 cases (55.1 %) and visible peristaltic waves in 67 cases(18.5 %). Fluid therapy was done in 161 cases(44.4 %) for preoperative preparation. Twenty patients(5.5 %) were premature. There were 27 low birth weight babies(7.7 %). The onset of symptoms ranged from 1 to 14 weeks of age with a peak occurrence at 2 to 4 weeks of age. Two hundred and thirty-six cases(66.6 %) presented within 4 weeks of age. There was one set of male twins and a family history of twins. The modes of feedings were: breast feeding; 69 cases(24.5 %), formula feeding; 176 cases(62.4 %) and mixed feeding; 37 cases(13.1 %). The preferred diagnostic modalities were ultrasonography (US) 229 cases(63.1 %), UGI series 27 cases(7.4%) and US and UGI series combined 86 cases(23.7 %). Only 21 cases(5.8 %) were operated on without imaging study, ie. with positive physical finding. Perforation of the mucosa during pyloromytomy occurred in 5 cases. All were treated successfully with primary closure. Persistent vomiting over 2 weeks after operation were reported in 5 cases. Three wound infections, one aspiration pneumonia and one postoperative bleeding were reported. There was no mortality in 363 cases.

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Relation for the Measure of Association and the Criteria of Association Rule in Ordinal Database

  • Park, Hee-Chang;Lee, Ho-Soon
    • 한국데이터정보과학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.197-213
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    • 2003
  • One of the well-studied problems in data mining is the search for association rules. The goal of association rule mining is to find all the rules with support and confidence exceeding some user specified thresholds. In this paper we consider the relation between the measure of association and the criteria of association rule for ordinal data.

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