• Title, Summary, Keyword: associated influencing factors

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Factors Influencing Asthma in Korean Adults: A Focus on Obesity and Systemic Inflammation (한국 성인의 천식 발생 영향요인: 비만 및 전신적 염증 상태를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Heashoon;Park, Jaewon
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.288-299
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify factors influencing asthma, with a focus on obesity and systemic inflammation, in Korean adults. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015). A total of 3,693 individuals aged ≥19 years were included. The prevalence of asthma was 1.6% in the normal weight group (n=23), 1.4% in the overweight group (n=13), and 2.9% in the obese group (n=39). Data included markers associated with systemic inflammation such as high sensitivity C-reactive protein level, leukocyte count, hemoglobin level, and hematocrit value based on previous studies. The results were analyzed using a complex sampling design analysis and by multiple logistic regression analysis with SPSS WIN 24.0 program. Results: In the obese group, age between 50 and 59 years (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=14.06, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.84-27.14); age between 60 and 69 years (AOR=3.30, 95% CI=1.34-8.14); age ≥70 years (AOR=3.22, 95% CI=1.31-7.93); female gender (AOR=2.32, 95% CI=1.12-4.78); leukocyte count (AOR=1.18, 95% CI=1.01-1.38), and hemoglobin levels (AOR=0.60, 95% CI=0.45-0.81) were identified as factors influencing asthma. Conclusion: The results can be used to develop nursing interventions to prevent asthma associated with obesity in hospitals or home-based healthcare settings.

Self-perceived oral malodor symptoms and associated factors among adults in metropolitan area (수도권 지역 일부 성인의 구취자각증상과 관련요인)

  • Han, Gyeong-Soon
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.475-480
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to analyze self-perceived oral malodor symptoms and associated factors among adults in metropolitan area. Methods : This research was based on self-perceived oral malodor symptoms survey in 413 adults from March 5 to May 7, 2012. Data were analyzed with chi-square test, and stepwise multiple regression analysis using SPSS WIN 12.0 program and significance level was set at p<0.05. Results : The prevalence rate of self-perceived oral malodor symptoms was 62.7%. The most influencing factors of self-perceived oral malodor symptoms was age. The other factors were self-perception stress level, exercise, and periodontitis in the order. Conclusions : In order to reduce self-perceived oral malodor symptoms, it is necessary to maintain mental and physical soundness basically.

The Factors Associated with Depression in the Elderly Male: Based on the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (국민건강영양조사자료에 기초한 남성노인의 우울 영향 요인 분석)

  • Oh, Doonam;Kim, Chul-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.583-593
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify factors influencing depression in the elderly male in Korea. Methods: The initial data were collected from the $5^{th}$ Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHANES-V). The data of 1,210 adults with the age over 65 years were finally analysed using t or ${\chi}^2$ test, stepwise multiple logistic regression. Research variables utilized in this study were 29 factors including demographic and health-related characteristics, physical and economic activities, and life habits. Results: Seven factors were found to be associated with depression in the elderly male including stress level, uncontrolled drinking experience, physical discomfort days in recent two weeks, the level of activities in daily life, diabetes mellitus, economic activity status, and sleeping hours. Conclusion: These results can be used in developing appropriate depression prevention program considering the characteristics of the elderly male.

Factors influencing in Intention and Execution of Blood Donation among Nursing College Students (간호대학생의 헌혈의도와 헌혈실천 예측요인)

  • Woo, Chung-Hee;Park, Ju-Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing in intention and execution of blood donation among nursing college students. Methods: A total of 241 nursing students in D city participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants completed a questionnaire regarding intention, execution, knowledge, and motivation of and attitude toward blood donation. Data were analyzed with t-tests, $x^2$ test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and linear and logistic regression. Results: There were significant correlations among intention and motivation of blood donation attitudes toward donation, and altruism. The results of regression analyses, intention of blood donation ($R^2=.14$) was significantly associated with motivation. In addition, execution of blood donation was significantly associated with knowledge (Odds Ratio [OR]=2.24, 95% CI 1.13~4.44, p=.021), motivation (OR=2.25, 95% CI 1.03~4.88, p=.041), and intention (OR=2.41, 95% CI 1.20~4.84, p=.013) of blood donation. Conclusion: Therefore, the knowledge, motivation, and intention of blood donation should be considered to encourage blood donation programs for college students.

Factors Influencing the Background Parenchymal Enhancement in Follow-Up Breast MRI after Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy

  • Youk, Ji Hyun;Son, Eun Ju;Kim, Jeong-Ah
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.99-106
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: To investigate factors influencing the evaluation of background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) at follow-up breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after adjuvant endocrine therapy. Materials and Methods: One hundred twelve women with breast cancer and MRI of the contralateral unaffected breast before and after endocrine therapy were identified. Two readers in consensus performed blinded side-by-side comparison of BPE (minimal, mild, moderate, and marked) before and after therapy with categorical scales. Age, body mass index, menopausal status, treatment regimen (selective estrogen receptor modulator or aromatase inhibitor), chemotherapy, follow-up duration, BPE at baseline MRI, MRI field strength before and after therapy, and recurrence were analyzed for their influences on decreased BPE. Results: Younger age, premenopausal status, treatment with selective estrogen receptor modulator, MRI field strength, and moderate or marked baseline BPE were significantly associated with decreased BPE. In multivariate analysis, MRI field strength and baseline BPE showed a significant association. Conclusion: MRI field strength and baseline BPE before and after therapy .were associated with decreased BPE at post-therapy, follow-up MRI.

Factors Influencing Physical Activity in Elderly Women at Senior Citizen Centers (경로당 여성노인의 신체활동에 대한 영향요인)

  • Seo, Kyung Hee;Eun, Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.236-244
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate physical activity of elderly women at senior citizen centers and to identify factors influencing physical activity. Methods: The study was conducted from February 22 to April 20, 2013 for 200 elderly women at senior citizen centers in J City. Levels of physical activity, cognitive function, and nutritional status were measured. Results: The total physical activity amount was $2118.94{\pm}2.36$ MET-min. The average cognitive function score was $21.17{\pm}4.63$, and the average nutritional status score was $24.04{\pm}3.37$. There were significant relationships among physical activity, cognitive function, and nutritional status. In addition, there were significant differences of groups of physical activity by levels of cognitive function and nutritional status. Cognitive function, nutritional status, and age were significantly associated with level of physical activity in elderly women. Conclusion: The results showed many older women were doing moderate physical activity. Physical activity was associated with cognitive function and nutritive conditions. Integrated health promotion program needs to be implemented to increase physical activity level, the cognitive function, and nutritive conditions in elderly women.

Analysis of attitude and influencing factors toward basic life support in the dental hygienists (일부지역 치과위생사의 기본심폐소생술에 대한 태도 및 영향요인 분석)

  • Jeong, Kyung-Yi;Cho, Min-Jung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.873-880
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate the attitude and influencing factors toward basic life support in the dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 218 dental hygienists in Gwangju. The questionnaire consisted of the general characteristics of the subjects and attitude toward basic life support (BLS). The attitude included cognitive belief, behavioral components, and emotional components. The data were analyzed by independent t-test, one-way ANOVA and multiple regression analysis by using IBM SPSS 21.0 program. Results: The cognitive belief, behavioral component, and emotional components of attitude toward BLS had higher scores in those who were between 34-34 years old and had more than 10 years of career. Most of them worked in dental clinic and did not earn the BLS certificate. There were positive correlations between the cognitive belief, behavioral components, and emotional components toward BLS. By the regression analysis, cognitive belief toward BLS was positively associated with educational experience within a year, behavioral components, and emotional components. The behavioral components were associated with working between 5-10 years in dental clinic and the emotional components. Conclusions: The attitude toward BLS in the dental hygienists was low in cognitive belief, behavioral components, and emotional components. Therefore, BLS education must be expanded to the dental hygienists.

Factors Influencing the Quality of Life in Low- Income Elders Living at Home: A Literature Review (저소득 재가 노인의 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인에 대한 문헌 분석)

  • Cho, Chung-Min
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.372-383
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the current state and trends of factors influencing the quality of life in low- income elders living at home. Methods: To carry out this study we established the patient, intervention, comparison, outcomes (PICO) strategy, reviewed 241 published documents from both national and international electronic databases, and finally selected 9 references based on inclusion and exclusion criteria alone. The quality of selected references was assessed using 15 questions. Two reviewers independently examined titles and abstracts and assessed whether each met the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: The following factors were significantly associated with quality of life in low- income elders: (1) demographic factors such as number of children, income, and age; (2) health - related factors such as joint exercise capacity, activities of daily living/instrumental activities of daily living, health perception, health promotion behavior, and depression; and (3) socio environmental factors such as family support, community-based service program, leisure activity, and the number of neighborhoods involved. Conclusion: The results of our study provide a definite basis for the development of a policy strategy to improve the quality of life in elders with low income and we hence strongly recommend that any strategy to improve the quality of life in low-income elders be based on the results of our study.

Factor associated with depression in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (임신성 당뇨 임부의 우울 관련 요인)

  • Kim, Miok;Ko, Jung-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.25-35
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to determine the fatigue, self-esteem, and depression of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (G-DM), and to reveal associated factors of depression. Methods: As a descriptive correlation study, data was collected from 119 pregnant women with G-DM. Data was analysed using t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Fatigue, self-esteem, and depression averaged $2.09{\pm}.62$ (range of scale 1~4), $2.63{\pm}.32$ (range of scale 1~6), and $0.45{\pm}.25$ (range of scale 0~3), respectively. The depression varied with a statistical significance according to the age (p=.008), employment (p=.014), child (p=.034), and physical and psychological adjustment of pregnancy (p<.001). We also identified fatigue as the most influencing factor and the physical and psychological adjustment of pregnancy as the second most influencing factor, self-esteem as the third, age as the fourth, and child as the influencing factor on the G-DM women's depression. Conclusions: This research provided a valuable opportunity to recognize G-DM as a personal, and societal problem, which calls for relational support as well as personal support. The healthcare providers need to recognize the emotional aspects of the women with G-DM, and make various efforts to promote the physical and psychological health of the G-DM patients.