• Title, Summary, Keyword: aspartic acid

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Studies on the Chemical Compoments of Wild Korean Lettuce(Youngia sonchifolia Max.) (야생(野生) 고들빼기의 화학성분(化學成分)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Shin, Soo-Chull
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.261-266
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    • 1988
  • For the effective utilization of Wild Korean lettuce(Youngia sonchifolia Max.), the chemical characteristics, contents of free sugar, amino acid composition, fatty acid composition and minerals were analysed. Free sugars determined from the roots were rhamnose, fructose, glucose, sucrose maltose, melibiose and raffinose, whereas raffinose was not detected from the leaves. Of amino acid composition in the roots glutamic acid content was largest followed by histidine aspartic acid, leucine and proline. As for leaves glutamic acid was highest fellowed by aspartic acid, leucine and histidine. Mtehionine and cystine were found in low content in both roots and leaves. Major fatty acid composition in total lipid(free and bound) were linoleic, linolenic and palmitic acid in both and leaves. P, K and Ca were rich minerals contained in the roots and leaves of Wild Youngia sonchifolia Max.

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Compositions of Nitrogen Compound and Amino Acid in Soybean Paste(Doenjang) Prepared with Different Microbial Sources (미생물 급원을 달리한 숙성 된장의 질소성분과 아미노산 조성)

  • Park, Jung-Sook;Lee, Myung-Yul;Kim, Jung-Soo;Lee, Taik-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.609-615
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    • 1994
  • Fermented traditional soybean paste(doenjang), koji soybean paste by Aspergillus oryzae, natto soybean paste by Bacillus natto and koji & natto soybean paste by Aspergillus oryzae and Bacillus natto were analyzed for compositions of amino acids and contents of nitrogens. Amino type nitrogen was the highest in fermenting for 90 days as $271{\sim}868\;mg/100g$, and its contents were in the order of koji soybean paste>traditional soybean paste>koji & natto soybean paste>natto soybean paste in all samples tested. In compositions of total amino acids, glutamic and aspartic acids were rich in koji soybean paste but big differences were not observed in all samples. But some differences were observed in free amino acid compositions in all samples, that is, glutamic acid, tyrosine, lysine and aspartic acid were detected more abundantly. Sum of free amino acids for 90 days were in order of koji soybean paste>traditional soybean paste>koji & natto soybean paste>natto soybean paste. The ratios of free to total amino acids were $3.28{\sim}19.81%$ for 45 days, but increased to $10.88{\sim}25.10%$ for 90 days, and in order of traditional doenjang>koji doenjang>koji & natto doenjang>natto doenjang. Methionine and histidine showed higher ratios of free to total amino acid but lower in glutamic acid and aspartic acid. These results suggest that koji and traditional soybean paste of having high ratios of free amino acids to free and total amino acids may be more favorable in soybean paste fermentation.

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Analyses of Free Amino Acids in Different Parts of Bean Sprouts by Different Cooking Methods and from Different Merchants

  • Kim, Ji-Hye;Lee, Kyung-Ae;Kim, Yong-Ho;Kim, Hee-Seon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.316-322
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed to quantitatively analyze free amino acids in the bean sprouts of three different merchants by the parts and the cooking methods in order to evaluate the nutritional and sensory values of bean sprouts. Three merchant bean sprouts were analyzed from total, cotyledon and hypocotyls. Aspartic acid was the most common acid isolated from bean sprouts from all three merchants and was found more in the hypocotyls than the cotyledon. On the other hand, arginine, the second most common amino acid, was found more in the cotyledon than the hypocotyls while valine, the third or fourth most common amino acid in total bean sprout, occurred in a greater amount in hypocotyls than in cotyledons. After cooking, was the most concentrated amino acid in the liquid portion of both boiled bean sprouts and bean sprout soup was glutamic acid. Total bean sprouts from merchant C showed significantly higher contents of the most abundant amino acids, such as aspartic acid, arginine, alanine, serine, glutamic acid, isoleucine, leucine and tyrosine (p<0.05). After cooking, bean sprouts from merchant B showed less of a decrease in amino acid content in the solid parts than the products from merchants A and C. In conclusion, aspartic acid was the major amino acid in bean sprouts, regardless of the source, but after cooking, glutamic acid became the most abundant amino acid in the liquid part. Additionally, the pattern of release of the amino acids from the solid beans to the liquid portion during cooking was different with each merchant.

The Variation of Free Amino Acid during the Tomato Processing (토마토 가공(加工) 공정(工程) 중(中)에 있어서의 유리(遊離) 아미노 산(酸)의 변동(變動))

  • Kim, Seung Yeol;Kato, Hiromichi;Okitani, Akihiro;Hayase, Fumitaka
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.576-583
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    • 1982
  • The variation of free amino acids during the tomato producing was studied using a tomato variety, Kagome 77. The concentration of free amino acids in fresh and heated pulp, and in puree and paste was analyzed by using automatic amino acid analyzer, Hitachi model KLA-5. 1. A significant difference in decomposition rate of glutamine and asparagine among amide group was recognized. For instance, the glutamine decomposed fast and no glutamine was found in the paste, while 56% of asparagine was found in the paste. 2. The diminishing quantity of glutamic acid among acid group was highest among all free amino acids. The quantity of aspartic acid was next to the glutamine. The percents of glutamic acid and aspartic acid left over were 38% and 24%, respectively. 3. Glycine, alanine, valine, isoleucine and leucine of neutral amino acids tended to be reduced a little during the heating, concentrating process. 4. No apparent variation was found for the lysine and histidine belonging to basic amino acids. while arginine increased a little. 5. Tyrosine, phenylalanine and tryptophane of aromatic group seemed to increase a little during the heating process. But the variations of them during the concentrating process were not recognized. 6. The methionine content, sulfur containing amino acid decreased a little throughout the process. But the decrease of ${\gamma}-amino$ butyric acid of non-protein was not apparently recognized. 7. The amino acid contents of fresh pulp were found as following order: glutamic acid>${\gamma}$-amino butyric acid>glutamine>aspartic acid>asparagine. The amino acid contents of paste were as glutamic acid>${\gamma}$-amino butyric acid>aspartic acid and aspargine. The percent distribution of aromatic and basic amino acids increased, even it was not great. 8. When amino acids were analyzed by Hitachi KLA-5, unknown peak which was never app eared in the fresh pulp before tryptophane was appeared when processed. The peak became greater when heated and concentrated. Later it was known that the peak was not due to lysinoalanine or ornithine.

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Identification of Amino Acid Residues Involved in Xylanase Activity from Bacillus alcalophilus AX2000 by Chemical Modifiers (화학수식제에 의한 Bacillus alcalophilus AX2000 유래 Xylanase의 활성에 관여하는 아미노산 잔기의 확인)

  • Park Young-Seo
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2006
  • The purified xylanase from Bacillus alcalophilus AX2000 was modified with various chemical modifiers to determine amino acid residues in the active site of the enzyme. Treatment of the enzyme with group-specific reagents such as carbodiimide or N-bromosuccinimide resulted in complete loss of enzyme activity. These results suggested that these reagents reacted with glutamic acid or aspartic acid and tryptophan residues located at or near the active site. In each case, inactivation was performed by pseudo first-order kinetics. Inhibition of enzyme activity by carbodiimide and N-bromosuccinimide showed non-competitive and competitive inhibition type, respectively. Addition of xylan to the enzyme solution containing N-bromosuccinimide prevented the inactivation, indicating the presence of tryptophan at the substrate binding site. Analysis of kinetics for inactivation showed that the loss of enzyme activity was due to modification of two glutamic acid or aspartic acid residues and single tryptophan residue.

Synthesis and Properties of 5-Aminosalicyl-L-Aspartic Acid and 5-Aminosalicyl-L-glutamic Acid as Colon-Specific Prodrugs of 5-Aminosalicylic Acid (5-아미노살리실산의 결장표적성 프로드럭 : 5-아미노살리실-L-글루타민산과 5-아미노살리실-L-아스파틸산의 합성 및 성상)

  • Jung, Yun-Jin;Lee, Jeoung-Soo;Kim, Hak-Hyun;Kim, Young-Mi;Kim, Dae-Duk;Han, Suk-Kyu
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.5-11
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    • 1998
  • 5-Aminosalicyl-L-aspartic acid (5-ASA-Asp) and 5-aminosalicyl-L-glutamic acid (5-ASA-Glu) were synthesized as new colon-specific prodrugs of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), their apparent partition coefficients, and the extent of conversion in the homogenates of tissue and contents of various G.I. Tract segments of rats were evaluated. These prodrugs were stable in the homogenate of tissue and contents of stomach, proximal small intestine (PSI) or distal small intestine (DSI). Release of 5-ASA from 5-ASA-Asp after incubation with the cecal and colonic contents for 8hrs at $37^{\circ}C$ was 18%, and 8%, respectively. No significant conversion of prodrug was observed in the cecal and colonic contents of rats pretreated with kanamycin sulfate, which indicated that microbial enzymes were responsible for the cleavage of these prodrugs.

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Total Synthesis of Sodium (3S,4R)-3-[2-(2-Aminothiazol-4-yl)-(Z)-2-methoxyiminoacetamido]-4-methoxymethyl-2-azetidinone-1-sulfonate from D-Aspartic Acid

  • Chung Bong Young;Kim, Jin Yeon;Nah Cha Soo;Han Kee Jong;Park, Jong Ok
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.315-316
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    • 1992
  • Sodium (3S,4R)-3-[2-(2-aminothiazol-4-yl)-(Z)-2-methoxyi minoacetamido]-4-methoxymethyl-2-azetidinone-1- sulfonate (2) was synthesized in fourteen steps from D-aspartic acid. Starting from D-aspartic acid, (3S,4R)-3-amino-1-t-butyldimethylsilyl-4-methoxym ethyl-2-azetidinone (12) was synthesized in ten steps. Acylation of the amino group of 12 with $2-amino-{\alpha}-(methoxyimino)-4-thiazoleacetic$ acid, desilylation, sulfonation, and ion exchange afforded sodium (3S,4R)-3-[2-(2-aminothiazol-4-yl)-(Z)-2-methoxyi minoacetamido]-4-methoxymethyl-2-azetidinone-1- sulfonate (2). This new ${\beta}-lactam$ compound 2 showed low antibacterial activities.

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Total Synthesis of Sodium (3R,4S)-3-[2-(2-Aminothiazol-4-yl)-(Z)-2-methoxyiminoacetamido]-4-methoxymethyl-2-azetidinone-1-sulfonate from L-Aspartic Acid

  • Chung Bong Young;Nah Cha Soo;Kim, Jin Yeon;Rhee Hakjune;Cha Young Chul
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.311-314
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    • 1992
  • A new monocyclic ${\beta}-lactam$ analogue, sodium (3R,4S)-3-[2-(2-aminothiazol-4-yl)-(Z)-2-methoxyi minoacetamido]-4-methoxymethyl-2-azetidinone-1- sulfonate (3) was synthesized from L-aspartic acid. Starting from L-aspartic acid, (S)-1-benzyl-4-benzyloxycarbonyl-2-azetidinone (7) was synthesized in four steps by following the established procedures and converted into (3R,4S)-3-amino-1-t-butyldimethylsilyl-4-methoxym ethyl-2-azetidinone (13) in six steps. Acylation of the amino group of 13 with $2-amino-{\alpha}$ -(methoxyimino)-4-thiazoleacetic acid, desilylation, and sulfonation with sulfur trioxide-pyridine complex followed by ion exchange afforded sodium (3R,4S)-3-[2-(2-aminothiazol-4-yl)-(Z)-2-methoxyi minoacetamido]-4-methoxymethyl-2-azetidinone-1- sulfonate (3). Antibacterial activities of this ${\beta}$ -lactam compound 3 were, however, found to be quite low compared to cefotaxime.

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Aroma Produced by Scharomyces cerevisiae Using Various Amino Acids (아미노산(酸)의 종류(種類)에 따라 Sacchromyces cerevisiae가 생성(生成)하는 향기(香氣)의 변화(變化))

  • Shin, Hyun-Kyung;Ahn, Byung-Hak
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.196-201
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    • 1985
  • Several interesting aromas could be produced from the cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae depending on the amino acids used as sole nitrogen source. The yeast produced a fusel oil odor in leucine-medium, an aroma of traditional Korean rice wine in aspartic acid-medium and a floral note in phenylalanine-medium, respectively, Ethanol, iso-amyl alcohol, iso-butanol and n-propanol were found as major volatile con stituents in all the above three cultures. In addition to these compounds, phenethyl alcohol was present as major volatiles both in the aroma concentrates of the phenyl alanine and aspartic acid cultures, and phenethyl acetate only in the phenylalanine culture.

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The Study of Age Estimation from Tooth using the Racemization of Aminoacid (아미노산의 라세미화 반응을 이용한 치아로부터의 연령감정에 관한 연구)

  • Hee-Kyung Kim;Chong-Youl Kim
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 1989
  • The need of age estimation for identification was increased by complexity of society, and the tooth was used widely for age estimation because of less individual deviation than the other organ. The age estimation using the tooth had several methods. Recently, the one using the racemization of aminoacid in the tooth was admitted more accurate than the other methods, especially in old age. But, this study was not tried in our country, and I would report the result of experiment about age estimation using racemization of dentine. I selected 40-Whole dentine sample from extracted teeth, those were reserved in natural dried condition for 2 weeks~ 1year and calculated the estimation of age from the ratio of D-aminoacid and L-aminoacid (D/L ratio) using gaschromatography and the results were below. 1. The aminoacids showed apparent K/L ratio in dentine were aspartic acid, serine. 2. The aspartic acid showed the highest racemic rate and its rate was 0.0012$\pm$0.0003/yr. 3. The relation between the actual age and K/L ratio was very positive correlation(r+0.954) in the estimation of age using aspartic acid. 4. The deviation between the estimated age using D/L ratio of aspartic acid and actual age was $\pm$3.32.

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