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Nutritional Properties of ChOl-PyOn Preparation by Adding Mugwort and Pine leaves (쑥과 솔잎을 첨가한 절편의 영양학적 특성)

  • 김종군
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.446-455
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    • 1995
  • The nutritional properties of the Chol-Pyon were investigated with changing the materials (mugwort and pine leaves). In proximate composition, rice powder added mugwort and pine leaves showed the lligher con-tents of crude protein, crude lipid and crude ash than in rice powder. Ihe pH of rice powder, mugwort and pine leaves was 6.4, 6.8 and 3.5, respectively. The rice powder added pine leaves showed the lowest pH value. The content of the free sugar in raw materials for ChOl-PyOn preparation was 0.9% in rice powder, 0.3% in mugwort and 2.7% in pine leaves. Eighteen kinds of amino acids were determined in raw materials for ChOl-fyOn preparation and their contents were 4.8% in mugwort, 4.2% in rice powder and 2.8% in pine leaves. The major minerals of raw materials for ChOl-PyOn preparation was 0.9% increased in the order of K> Na > Mg > Ca in rice powder, Mg > K > Ca > Na in mugwort, and K > Ca > Mg > Na in pine leaves. Both of mugwort and pine leaves additives showed the higher contents of 8 kinds of minerals (Ca, Mg, K, Na, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn) than in rice powder. In relation to changes in the texture of ChOl-PyOn, hardness, fracturability and adhesiveness at 25${\pm}$1$^{\circ}C$ were measured to be highest in white ChOl-PyOn. Cohesiveness was shown to be highest at 15% in case of mugwort and 2.5% in case of pine leaves. Elasticity was measured to be highest at 0.99 in case that 7.5% mugwort was added to raw materials for ChOl-PyOn. As a result of estimating the sensory qualities of the ChOl-PyOn prepared to which the additives were added in differing amounts, immediately after its preparation the mugwort additive of 7.5% showed the superior sensory qualities Chol-PyOn (p < 0,01).

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Quality Improvement of Rainbow Trout with Pigments and Enzymatic Hydrolysates of Ascidian (Halocynthia roretzi) Tunic 1. Chemical Specificity of Ascidian Tunic and Its Hydrolysates (우렁쉥이 껍질의 색소 및 효소 가수분해물을 이용한 무지개 송어의 품질 향상 1. 우렁쉥이 껍질 및 효소 가수분해물의 화학적 특성)

  • CHOI Byeong-Dae;KANG Seok-Joong;LEE Kang-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.345-356
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    • 1996
  • Properties of enzymatic hydrolysates from ascidian tunic were assessed on supernatant ratio, solid yields and solid concentration. The concentartion of solid and yields in the extracts were increased as the enzyme concentration raised from $100\;{\mu}l\;to\;1000{\mu}l$ during the extraction period. The optima concentration and reaction time of each enzyme on digestion were $400\;{\mu}l$ 60 minutes, through treated with Duncan's multiple test. The percent of yields of solid, protein and carotenoids for 60 minutes extraction at $400\;{\mu}l$ were $32.32\%,\;1.34\%\;and\;74.60\;mg\%$, respectively, in Viscozyme systems. The extracts were composed with many kinds of carbohydrates such as arabinose, ribose, xylose, galactose, glucose, N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine. Aspartic and glutamic arid were noted as predominant amino acids in all parts. Amino acid profiles of various ascidian tunic part were similiar to each other, but most of essential amino acids content of inter coat was higher than that of root and tunic (body). About sixty six fatty acids components were observed, and their distribution among neutral and polar lipids was compared. The main fatty acids were found to be 14:0, 16:0, 16:1n7, 18:0, 18:1n9, 18:1n7, 18:2n6, 20:5n3, and 22:6n3.

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