• Title/Summary/Keyword: ascorbic acid-2-phosphate

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Production of Ascorbic acid-2-phosphate from Ascorbic acid by Pseudomonas sp.. (Pseudomonas sp.에 의한 Ascorbic acid로부터 Ascorbic acid-2-phosphate의 생산)

  • 권기성;이상협;방원기
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2000
  • In order to produce ascorbic acid-2-phosphate from ascorbic acid, bacteria capable of transforming ascorbic acid to ascorbic acid-2-phosphate were isolated from soils and the stock cultures in our laboratory. Among them, a newly isolated bacterium LSH-3 having the best ability of producing ascorbic acid-2-phosphate was selected and partially identified as Pseudomonas sp. The optimum conditions for the production of ascorbic acid-2-phosphate from ascorbic acid and using its resting cells as the source os enzyme were investigated. The results were summarized as follows: The optimum cultivation time and the cell weight for the production of ascorbic acid-2-phosphate was 14 hours and 100g/I(wet weight), respectively. And 0.1%(v/v) Trition X-100 was the most effective surfactant. The optimum concentrations of ascorbic acid and pyrophosphate were 400mM and 500mM, respectively, which led to produce 14.54g/I of ascorbic acid-2-phosphate. The most effective buffer was 50mM sodium acetate. The optimum pH and temperature were 4.5 and $40^{\circ}C$, respectively. Under the above conditions, 17.71 g/I of ascorbic acid-2-phosphate was produced from ascorbic acid after 32 hour-incubation, which corresponded to 17.5% of conversion rate based on ascorbic acid.

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Ascorbic Acid와 Pyrophosphate로부터 Ascorbic Acid-2-Phosphate의 효소적 생산

  • 최현일;이상협;방원기
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.613-618
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    • 1996
  • Microorganisms capable of producing ascorbic acid-2-phosphate (AsA2P) from ascorbic acid (AsA) and pyrophosphate (PPi) were screened from the culture collection of this laboratory. Among them, Cellulomonas sp. AP-7 showed the highest productivity of AsA2P. The optimal conditions for the production of AsA2P from AsA and PPi with cell-free extract as an enzyme source were investigated. The reaction mixture for the maximal production of AsA2P consisted of 21 g protein of cell-free extract per liter as the enzyme source, 250 mM AsA, 200 mM sodium pyrophosphate, 150 mM sodium acetate buffer (pH 4.5). By using this reaction mixture, 31.9 mM of AsA2P, which corresponded to a 12.76% yield based on AsA, was produced after incubation of 48 hr at 33$\circ$C.

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Celluomonas sp. AP-7이 생산하는 Ascorbic Acid Phosphorylating Enzyme의 정제 및 특성

  • 이상협;최현일;방원기
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.271-276
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    • 1997
  • An ascorbic acid phosphorylating enzyme, which catalyzes the formation of ascorbic acid-2-phosphate from ascorbic acid and pyrophosphate, was purified 32.7-folds to homogeneity from a cell-free extract of Cellulomonas sp. AP-7. The combination of DEAE- Sephacel ion exchange chromatography and Sephacryl S-200 get filtration was used for their purification. The molecular weight of the native protein was estimated to be 96.lkDa on high performance gel filtration chromatography. The SDS-PAGE analysis indicated that the protein consisted of four identical subunits of 24.6 kDa. The purified enzyme showed the optimal tempeature of 40$\circ$C and optimal pH of 4.5. The Km for ascorbic acid and pyrophosphate were 119 mM and 11.9 mM, respectively. The addition of 5,5'-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid) into the reaction mixture resulted in the reduction of the enzyme activity at 51%. The enzyme also had a phosphatase activity at weakly acidic pH and the Km for ascorbic acid-2-phosphate in phosphatase activity was 7.9 mM.

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L-Ascorbic Acid-2-Phosphate Mg염의 합성 및 응용

  • 양창모
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 1987
  • Purely synthesized L-ascorbic acid 2 phosphate Mg salt (1 AsA PMg) improved the weak point of ascorbic acid which is easily decomposed in water solution. This compound is hydrolyzed with phosphatase of skin to corresponding ascorbic acid giving Vitamine C activities. The buffer solution of potassium acetate 0.5% and citric acid 0.005% and the sodium sulfite respectively showed good stabilizing effect of the AsA PMg solution. Compared to the other ascorbic acid derivatives the good solubility of AsA PMg gives broad application to cosmetic field.

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Optimization of Ascorbic Acid-2-Phosphate Production from Ascorbic Acid Using Resting Cell of Brevundimonas diminuta

  • Shin, Woo-Jung;Kim, Byung-Yong;Bang, Won-Gi
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.769-773
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    • 2007
  • With the aim to produce ascorbic acid-2-phosphate(AsA-2-P) from L-ascorbic acid(AsA, Vitamin C), nine bacteria conferring the ability to transform AsA to AsA-2-P were isolated from soil samples alongside known strains from culture collections. Most isolates were classified to the genus Brevundimonas by 16S phylogenetic analysis. Among them, Brevundimonas diminuta KACC 10306 was selected as the experimental strain because of its the highest productivity of AsA-2-P. The optimum set of conditions for the AsA-2-P production from AsA using resting cells as the source of the enzyme was also investigated. The optimum cultivation time was 16 h and the cell concentration was 120g/l(wet weight). The optimum concentrations of AsA and pyrophosphate were 550mM and 450mM, respectively. The most effective buffer was 50mM sodium formate. The optimum pH was 4.5 and temperature was $40^{\circ}C$. Under the above conditions, 27.5g/l of AsA-2-P was produced from AsA after 36 h of incubation, which corresponded to a 19.7% conversion efficiency based on the initial concentration of AsA.

Interactions between Collagen IV and Collagen-Binding Integrins in Renal Cell Repair after Sublethal Injury

  • Nony, Paul A,;Schnellmann, Rick G.
    • Proceedings of the Korea Environmental Mutagen Society Conference
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    • 2002.11a
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    • pp.80-88
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    • 2002
  • Recent studies demonstrate that collagen IV selectively pro-motes the repair of physiological processes in sublethally injured renal proximal tubular ceils (RPTC). We sought to further define the mechanisms of cell repair by measuring the effects of toxicant injury and stimulation of repair by L-ascorbic acid-2-phosphate (AscP), exogenous collagen IV, or function-stimulating integrin antibodies on the expression and subcellular localization of collagen-binding integrins (CBI) in RPTC. Expression of CBI subunits ${\alpha}_1$, ${\alpha}_2$, and ${\beta}_1$ in RPTC was not altered on day 1 after sublethal injury by S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC). On day 6, expression of ${\alpha}_1$ and ${\beta}_1$ subunits remained unchanged, whereas a 2.2-fold increase in ${\alpha}_2$ expression was evident in injured RPTC. CBI localization in control RPTC was limited exclusively to the basal membrane. On day 1 after injury, RPTC exhibited a marked inhibition of active $Na^+$ transport and a loss of cell polarity characterized by a decrease in basal CBI localization and the appearance of CBI on the apical membrane. On day 6 after injury, RPTC still exhibited marked inhibition of active $Na^+$ transport and localization of CBI to the apical membrane. However, DCVC-injured RPTC cultured in pharmacological concentrations of AscP (500 ${\mu}$M)or exogenous collagen IV (50 ${\mu}$g/ml) exhibited an increase inactive $Na^+$ transport, relocalization of CBI to the basal membrane, and the disappearance of CBI from the apical membrane on day 6. Function-stimulating antibodies to CBI ${\beta}_1$ did not promote basal relocalization of CBI despite stimulating the repair of $Na^+$/$K^+$-ATPase activity on day 6 after injury. These data demonstrate that DCVC disrupts integrin localization and that physiological repair stimulated by AscP or collagen IV is associated with the basal relocalization of CBI in DCVC-injured RPTC. These data also suggest that CBI-mediated repair of physiological functions may occur independently of integrin relocalization.

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Maintenance of Proliferation and Adipogenic Differentiation by Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 and Dexamethasone Through Expression of Hepatocyte Growth Factor in Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells

  • Oh, Ji-Eun;Eom, Young Woo
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2016
  • Several studies have investigated the various effects of dexamethasone (Dex) on the proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Previously, we reported that co-treatment with L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 maintained differentiation potential in MSCs through expression of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). In this study, we investigated the effects of co-treatment with FGF-2 and Dex on the proliferation and differentiation potential of MSCs during a 2-month culture period. Co-treatment with FGF-2 and Dex increased approximately a 4.7-fold higher accumulation rate of MSC numbers than that by FGF-2 single treatment during a 2-month culture period. Interestingly, co-treatment with FGF-2 and Dex increased expression of HGF and maintained adipogenic differentiation potential during this culture period. These results suggest that co-treatment with FGF-2 and Dex preserves the proliferation and differentiation potential during long-term culture.

Preventable effect of L-threonate, an ascorbate metabolite, on androgen-driven balding via repression of dihydrotestosteroneinduced dickkopf-1 expression in human hair dermal papilla cells

  • Kwack, Mi-Hee;Ahn, Ji-Sup;Kim, Moon-Kyu;Kim, Jung-Chul;Sung, Young-Kwan
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.43 no.10
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    • pp.688-692
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    • 2010
  • In a previous study, we recently claimed that dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-inducible dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) expression is one of the key factors involved in androgen-potentiated balding. We also demonstrated that L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (Asc 2-P) represses DHT-induced DKK-1 expression in cultured dermal papilla cells (DPCs). Here, we investigated whether or not L-threonate could attenuate DHT-induced DKK-1 expression. We observed via RT-PCR analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay that DHT-induced DKK-1 expression was attenuated in the presence of L-threonate. We also found that DHT-induced activation of DKK-1 promoter activity was significantly repressed by L-threonate. Moreover, a co-culture system featuring outer root sheath (ORS) keratinocytes and DPCs showed that DHT inhibited the growth of ORS cells, which was then significantly reversed by L-threonate. Collectively, these results indicate that L-threonate inhibited DKK-1 expression in DPCs and therefore is a good treatment for the prevention of androgen-driven balding.

PROLIFERATION OF ENDOTHELIAL PROGENITOR CELLS BY OSTEOGENIC DIFFERENTIATION OF PERIOSTEAL-DERIVED CELLS (골막기원세포의 조골세포 분화과정에서 나타나는 혈관내피전구세포의 증식)

  • Kim, Jong-Ryoul;Song, Jung-Ho;Kim, Uk-Kyu;Park, Bong-Wook;Hah, Young-Sool;Kim, Jin-Hyun;Kim, Deok Ryong;Cho, Yeong-Cheol;Sung, Iel-Yong;Byun, June-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.205-212
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the expression of various angiogenic factors during osteoblastic differentiation of periostealderived cells and the effects of osteogenic inductive medium of periosteal-derived cells on the proliferation of endothelial progenitor cells. Materials and methods : Periosteal-derived cells were obtained from mandibular periosteums and introduced into the cell culture. After passage 3, the cells were divided into two groups and cultured for 21 days. In one group, the cells were cultured in the DMEM supplemented with osteogenic inductive agent, including 50g/ml L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate, 10 nM dexamethasone and 10 mM -glycerophosphate. In the other group, they were cultured in DMEM supplemented without osteogenic inductive agent. VEGF isoforms, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, and neuropilin-1 mRNA expression was observed. Human umbilical cord blood-derived endothelial progenitor cell proliferation was also observed. Results : The expression of VEGF isoforms was higher in osteogenic inductive medium than in non-osteogenic inductive medium. The expression of VEGFR-2 was also higher in osteogenic inductive medium than in non-osteogenic inductive medium. However, the expression of VEGFR-1 and neuropilin-1 was similar in both osteogenic inductive medium and non-osteogenic inductive medium. In addition, conditioned medium from differentiated periosteal-derived cells stimulated human umbilical cord blood-derived endothelial progenitor cell numbers compared to conditioned medium from non-differentiated periosteal-derived cells. Conclusion : These results suggest that in vitro osteoblastic differentiation of periosteal-derived cells has angiogenic capacity to support endothelial progenitor cell numbers.

EVALUATION OF OSTEOGENIC ACTIVITY AND MINERALIZATION OF CULTURED HUMAN PERIOSTEAL-DERIVED CELLS (배양된 인간 골막기원세포의 조골활성 및 골기질 형성의 평가)

  • Park, Bong-Wook;Byun, June-Ho;Lee, Sung-Gyoon;Hah, Young-Sool;Kim, Deok-Ryong;Cho, Yeong-Cheol;Sung, Iel-Yong;Kim, Jong-Ryoul
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.511-519
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    • 2006
  • Autogenous bone grafts have been considered the gold standard for maxillofacial bony defects. However, this procedure could entail a complicated surgical procedure as well as potential donor site morbidity. Possibly the best solution for bone-defect regeneration is a tissue engineering approach, i.e. the use of a combination of a suitable scaffold with osteogenic cells. A major source of osteogenic cells is the bone marrow. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells are multipotent and have the ability to differentiate into osteoblastic, chondrocytic, and adipocytic lineage cells. However, the isolation of cells from bone marrow has someproblems when used in clinical setting. Bone marrow aspiration is sometimes potentially more invasive and painful procedure and carries of a risk of morbidity and infection. A minimally invasive, easily accessible alternative would be cells derived from periosteum. The periosteum also contains multipotent cells that have the potential to differentiate into osteoblasts and chondrocytes. In the present study, we evaluated the osteogenic activity and mineralization of cultured human periosteal-derived cells. Periosteal explants were harvested from mandibule during surgical extraction of lower impacted third molar. The periosteal cells were cultured in the osteogenic inductive medium consisting of DMEM supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum, 50g/ml L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate, 10 nmol dexamethasone and 10 mM -glycerophosphate for 42 days. Periosteal-derived cells showed positive alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining during 42 days of culture period. The formation of ALP stain showed its maximal manifestation at day 14 of culture period, then decreased in intensity during the culture period. ALP mRNA expression increased up to day 14 with a decrease thereafter. Osteocalcin mRNA expression appeared at day 7 in culture, after that its expression continuously increased in a time-dependent manner up to the entire duration of culture. Von Kossa-positive mineralization nodules were first present at day 14 in culture followed by an increased number of positive nodules during the entire duration of the culture period. In conclusion, our study showed that cultured human periosteal-derived cells differentiated into active osteoblastic cells that were involved in synthesis of bone matrix and the subsequent mineralization of the matrix. As the periosteal-derived cells, easily harvested from intraoral procedure such as surgical extraction of impacted third molar, has the excellent potential of osteogenic capacity, tissue-engineered bone using periosteal-derived cells could be the best choice in reconstruction of maxillofacial bony defects.