• Title, Summary, Keyword: argument principle

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An Analysis of Discourses on Interpreting and Applying the Principle of Provenance in Archival Organization (기록관리 원칙의 해석과 적용에 관한 담론 분석 출처주의를 중심으로)

  • Seol, Moon-won
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.52
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    • pp.59-117
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to logically investigate the changing interpretation and implementation of the principle of provenance by using an argument model for discourse analysis. First, it divides the history of discourses on the principle from the Dutch Manual publication of 1989 up to the present into four areas, which includes establishing, diffusing, transforming, and expanding or deconstructing, and articulates the core discourses of each. Second, it designs the argument model for analyzing the discourses on the principle by applying Toulmin's argument model and Dunn's policy argument model. Third, it selects the articles and books that cover the core discourses of the principle, and analyzes their contents in consideration of the argument model. Fourth and finally, it presents four argument models corresponding to each area of the discourses.

Indicative Conditionals Based on Inductive Reasoning (귀납추론에 토대한 직설법적 조건문)

  • Lee, Byeongdeok
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.197-217
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    • 2014
  • In my previous papers, I have argued that the so-called 'Uncontested Principle' does not hold for indicative conditionals based on inductive reasoning. This is mainly because if we accept that a material conditional '$A{\supset}C$' can be inferred from an indicative conditional based on inductive reasoning '$A{\rightarrow}_iC$', we get an absurd consequence such that we cannot distinguish between claiming 'C' to be probably true and claiming 'C' to be absolutely true on the assumption 'A'. However, in his recent paper "Uncontested Principle and Inductive Argument", Eunsuk Yang objects that my argument is unsuccessful in disputing the Uncontested Principle. In this paper, I show that his objections are irrelevant to my argument against the Uncontested Principle.

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Stability of Time Delay Systems Using Numerical Computation of Argument Principles

  • Suh, Young-Soo
    • International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 2003
  • This paper proposes a new numerical method to check the stability of a general class of time delay systems. The proposed method checks whether there are characteristic roots whose real values are nonnegative through two steps. Firstly, rectangular bounds of characteristic roots whose real values are nonnegative are computed. Secondly, the existence of roots inside the bounds are checked using the numerical computation of argument principles. An adaptive discretization is proposed for the numerical computation of argument principles.

EXISTENCE AND ASYMPTOTIC STABILITY OF SOLUTIONS OF A PERTURBED FRACTIONAL FUNCTIONAL-INTEGRAL EQUATION WITH LINEAR MODIFICATION OF THE ARGUMENT

  • Darwish, Mohamed Abdalla;Henderson, Johnny;O'Regan, Donal
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.539-553
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    • 2011
  • We study the solvability of a perturbed quadratic functional-integral equation of fractional order with linear modification of the argument. This equation is considered in the Banach space of real functions defined, bounded and continuous on an unbounded interval. Moreover, we will obtain some asymptotic characterization of solutions.

Is 'invalid deductive argument' an Oxymoron? ('부당한 연역 논증'은 형용모순인가?)

  • Hong, Jiho;Yeo, Yeongseo
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.151-182
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    • 2019
  • According to the realization criterion that distinguishes deductive argument from inductive argument, the realized necessity relation between the premises and the conclusion defines deductive argument. In this case, 'invalid deductive argument' is an oxymoron. According to the intention criterion, the intended necessity relation between the premises and the conclusion defines deductive argument. In this case, 'invalid deductive argument' is not an oxymoron. In this paper, we will argue for the intention criterion. The realization criterion cannot classify an elliptical argument without referring to the intention represented in the argument. It cannot distinguish an argument from a set of propositions that is not an argument either. On the other hand, the problem that an intention may not be recognized in an argument can be resolved by referring to the principle of charity. Moreover, by distinguishing the expressions showing the conviction or the attitude to the argument from the intention of the argument, we conclude that the intention criterion successfully distinguishes deductive argument from inductive argument.

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Is Every Argument from Ignorance Fallacious? (무지로부터의 논증, 모두 오류인가?)

  • Song, Ha-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.61-82
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    • 2010
  • The argument from ignorance that knowledge conclusion is derived from ignorance premises is claimed to be fallacious by many logicians such as I. Copi. According to them, some arguments from ignorance which seem to be acceptable are not really the arguments from ignorance. They say that such arguments have implicitly conditional knowledge premise. Against them, I argue that every argument from ignorance can be interpreted as having a hidden conditional premise, and that every argument from ignorance is not fallacious. I propose the criterion to judge which argument from ignorance is fallacious and which is persuasive. In particular, I argue that social contexts play a crucial role to judge whether a practical argument is fallacious or not.

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Kant's Proof of the Causal Principle (칸트의 인과율 증명)

  • Bae, Jeong-ho
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.147
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    • pp.215-237
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to illuminate the precise nature and the central line of Kant's proof of the causal principle stated in the Second Analogy of the 2nd. edition of the Critique of Pure Reason. The study argues for the following thesis: 1. The proof of the Second Analogy concerns only the causal principle called the "every-event-some-cause" principle, and not the causal law(s) called the "same-cause-same-event" principle. 2. The goal of the proof is to establish the possibility of knowledge of an temporal order of successive states of an object. 3. The proof is broadly an single transcendental argument in two steps. The 1st. step is an analytic argument that infers from the given perceptions of an oder of successive states of an objects to the conclusion that the causal principle is the necessary condition for the objectivity of dies perceived order. The 2nd. step is a synthetic argument that infers from the formal nature of time to the conclusion that the causal principle is a necessary condition for die possibility of objective alterations and of empirical knowledge of these alterations. 4. The poof involves not the 'non sequitur' assumed by P. F. Strawson, that is, Kant infers not directly from a feature of our perceptions to a conclusion regarding the causal relations of distinct states of affairs that supposedly correspond to these perceptions.

A Note on the Invariance Principle for Associated Sequences

  • Kim, Tae-Sung;Han, Kwang-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Statistical Society
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.353-359
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    • 1993
  • In this note we consider other type of tightness than that of Birkel (1988) and prove an invariance principle for nonstationary associated processes by an application of the central limit theorem of Cox and Grimmett (1984), thus avoiding the argument of uniform integrability. This result is an extension to the nonstationary case of an invariance priciple of Newman and Wright (1981) as well as an improvement of the central limit theorem of Cox and Grimmett (1984).

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A Method for Checking Missed Eigenvalues in Eigenvalue Analysis with Damping Matrix

  • Jung, Hyung-Jo;Kim, Dong-Hyawn;Lee, In-Won
    • Computational Structural Engineering : An International Journal
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 2001
  • In the case of the non-proportionally damped system such as the soil-structure interaction system, the structural control system and composite structures, the eigenproblem with the damping matrix should be necessarily performed to obtain the exact dynamic response. However, most of the eigenvalue analysis methods such as the subspace iteration method and the Lanczos method may miss some eigenvalues in the required ones. Therefore, the eigenvalue analysis method must include a technique to check the missed eigenvalues to become the practical tools. In the case of the undamped or proportionally damped system the missed eigenvalues can easily be checked by using the well-known Sturm sequence property, while in the case of the non-proportionally damped system a checking technique has not been developed yet. In this paper, a technique of checking the missed eigenvalues for the eigenproblem with the damping matrix is proposed by applying the argument principle. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, two numerical examples are considered.

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Checking Techniques for Missed Eigenvalues of Nonproportionally Damped System (비비례감쇠 시스템의 고유치해석에 필요한 누락고유치 검사기법)

  • 정형조;조지성;김병완;이인원
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.948-951
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    • 2004
  • This paper introduces the two recently developed checking techniques far missed eigenvalues of nonproportionally damped system. The first technique is based on the argument principle. On the other hand, the second one is based on Rombouts' algorithm and Gleyse's theorem, which has been known as the effective and well-proven method. In the paper, the main features of the two techniques are explained and their effectiveness is also investigated by considering a numerical example.

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