• Title, Summary, Keyword: apolipoprotein

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Genetic Polymorphisms of Apolipoprotein E in Korean Schizophrenic Patients (한국인 정신분열병 환자에서 Apolipoprotein E 유전자의 다형성)

  • Cho, Gwang-Hyun;Chung, Sang-Geun;Hwang, Ik-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.116-120
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    • 2003
  • Objectives:Although polymorphisms of apolipoprotein E have been investigated in many neuropsychiatric disorders, results were controversial and even contradictory. The purpose of this study was to investigate the genotypes of apolipoprotein E in schizophrenia and healthy controls, and to compare them in two groups in terms of distribution of apolipoprotein E genotype and allele. Method:Using polymerase chain reaction and amplified refractory mutation system, apolipoprotein E genotypes were identified in 77 schizophrenics and 115 healthy control persons. Results:The results were as follows 1) When genotypes of apolipoprotein E were classified into ${\varepsilon}2/2$, ${\varepsilon}2/3$, ${\varepsilon}2/4$, ${\varepsilon}3/3$, ${\varepsilon}3/4$, ${\varepsilon}4/4$ according to phenotypes, there were no statistical differences in genotypes between two groups 2) In terms of allele frequency, there were also no statistical differences between two groups Conclusion:These results suggest that genotypes and alleles of apolipoprotein E seem to be unrelated to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia.

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Correlationship researches of Apolipoprotein A1 in body mass index (체질량지수에 따른 Apolipoprotein A1 상관성연구)

  • Kim, Jean-Soo;Lee, Dong-Yeop
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.5345-5349
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    • 2012
  • Recently obesity from the child until being early in the adult, there is to an increase tendency. The obesity influences to various metabolicdisease and there is a possibility of an effect in relationship disease of the heart, brain vascular system etc. This research analyzed the interrelation -ship of apolipoprotein AI consistency and body mass index. It used spss 19.0 with t-test and a regression analysis. Analytical result the interrelationship of apolipoprotein AI and body mass index was -0.484 (p=0.01). The high density cholesterol was 0.89 (p=0.01). The trigriceride was -0.88 (p=0.01). Free fatty acid were not interrelationship. Conclusively, interrelationship of apolipoprotein AI and body mass index was not high. Encourage to examine trigriceride or cholesterol and prevent Arteriosclerosis.

Effect of Individual Fatty Acids on Synthesis and Secretion of Apolipoprotein and Lipoprotein in hep-G2 Cells

  • Ryowon Choue
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.910-923
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    • 1994
  • The effects of individual fatty acids, differing in their degree of unsaturation(18:0, 18:1, 18:2 and 18:3) on the biosynthesis and secretion and lipids were investigated in Hep-G2 cells. Synthesis of apolipoprotein was measured by the incorporation of 3H-leucine into apolipoprotein(d<1.21g/ml) and synthesis of lipids was measured by the incorporation of 3H-glycerol and 14C-acetate into various lipid classes. Inclusion of 1.0mM of each fatty acids into the culture medium significantly increased the synthesis of total apolipoprotein and Apo B(p<0.05). However, addition of fatty acid did not affect the synthesis of cellular and medium protein. Among different fatty acids tested, oleic acid had the greatest effect on Apo B synthesis. While stearic, linoleic and linolenic acid, all had similar effects. The secretion of triglyceride into the medium markedly increased in all fatty acid groups being 5-6 times over the albumin control. The triglyceride secretion was the highest int he oleic acid group. The secretion of phospholipid and cholesterol also increased with triglyceride output. A positive relationship existed between the output of lipoprotein-triglyceride and Apo B. Since the synthesis of Apo B was significantly increased when various fatty acids were included into the culture medium, part of the apparently stimulated synthesis of the apolipoprotein may be in response to the increased formation and secretion of lipoprotein lipids.

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Apolipoprotein E Polymorphism and Cognitive Function Change of the Elderly in a Rural Area, Korea (일개 농촌지역 노인의 아포지단백 E 다형성과 인지기능 변화)

  • Kim, Sang-Kyu;Hwang, Tae-Yoon;Lee, Kyeong-Soo;Kang, Pock-Soo;Cho, Hee-Soon;Bae, Young-Kyung
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.261-266
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to examine the cognitive function change related to aging, the incidence of cognitive impairment, and the association between apolipoprotein E polymorphism and cognitive impairment through a follow-up of the elderly with normal cognitive ability at baseline. Methods : Two hundred and fifteen subjects aged 65 and over were surveyed in February, 1998 (baseline survey), and their cognitive function was assessed again in 2003 1st follow-up) and the once again in 2006 (2nd follow-up). Ninety one subjects completed all surveys up through the 2nd follow-up and their cognitive function scores using MMSE-K (Korean Version of the Mini-Mental State Examination) and the distribution of apolipoprotein E allele were analyzed. Results : The cognitive function scores decreased with aging and the difference between baseline and the 2nd follow-up scores of the study increased with the age group. The incidence rate of cognitive impairment through an 8-year follow-up was 38.5% and higher in older age groups. Age was the only significant factor for incidence of cognitive impairment, but there was no significant association between apolipoprotein E genotype and incidence of cognitive impairment. Conclusions : The cognition of the elderly decreased with aging and the association of apolipoprotein E genotype with incidence of cognitive impairment was not significant in this study. To confirm the association between apolipoprotein E polymorphism and incidence of cognitive impairment further studies will be needed.

The Effect of Apolipoprotein E Polymorphism on Hypertension in Korean Adults (고혈압과 apolipoprotein E의 다형성)

  • Choi, Dae-Kyung;Kim, Geum-Ha;Park, Sang-Hyun;Im, Jeong-Soo
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.87-96
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    • 2007
  • Background: Apolipoprotein E has been one of the most thoroughly studied genetic polymorphisms, particularly for its effects on lipid profiles and coronary heart disease risk. This study investigated the relationship between the apolipoprotein E polymorphism and essential hypertension in a Korean population. Methods: The subjects (n=1,243) were participants in a population-based study in Incheon metropolitan City, Korea. The apolipoprotein E polymorphism was determined using a polymerase chain reaction method. Results: The frequencies of the genotypes did not differ significantly between the hypertensive groups (60.0% ε2 / ε2, 30.8% ε2 / ε3, 44.4% ε2 / ε4, 33.3% ε3 / ε3, 32.3% ε3 / ε4, and 15.4% ε4 / ε4; p=0.498). After adjusting for other risk factors, genotypes were not associated with hypertension(OR 5.74, 95% CI 0.81-40.76, ε2 / ε2 vs. ε3 / ε3; OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.60-1.47, ε2 / ε3 vs. ε3 / ε3; OR 1.21, 95% CI 0.30-4.89, ε2 / ε4 vs. ε3 / ε3; OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.56-1.13, ε3 / ε4 vs. ε3 / ε3; OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.06-1.45, ε4 / ε4 vs. ε3 / ε3). Conclusions: These findings suggest that the apolipoprotein E polymorphism is not associated with hypertension.

Solution Structure of pA2, the Mimotopic Peptide of Apolipoprotein A-I, by NMR Spectroscopy

  • Won, Ho-Shik
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.11
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    • pp.4016-4020
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    • 2011
  • A number of mimetic peptides of apolipoprotein A-I, a major component for high density lipoproteins (HDL), were screened from the phase-displayed random peptide library by utilizing monoclonal antibodies (A12). A mimetic peptide for A12 epitope against apolipoprotein A-I was selected as FVLVRDTFPSSVCCP(pA2) exhibiting 45% homology with Apo A-I in the BLAST search. Solution structure determination of this mimotope was made by using 2D-NMR data and NMR-based distance geometry (DG)/molecular dynamic calculations. The resulting DG structures had low penalty value of 0.4-0.6 ${\AA}^2$ and the total RMSD of 0.7-1.7 ${\AA}$. The mimotope pA2 exhibited a characteristic ${\beta}$-turn conformation from Val[2] to Phe[8] near Pro[9] residue.

A Study on the Serum Lipid, Apolipoprotein Levels and Their Correlations in Healthy Adults of Gyeongnam Area (경남지역 중${\cdot}$장년층의 혈청지질, 아포지단백질의 농도 및 상호관련성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hoe-Seon;Park, Mi-Young;Kim, Gyeong-Eup;Cheong, Hyo-Sook;Kim, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.526-530
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was investigating serum lipid, apolipoprotein levels and their correlations in healthy adults of Gyeongnam area. The BMI (body mass index) was significantly higher (p < 0.001) in male (25.2 ${\pm}$ 2.7 $kg/m^2$) than female (23.8 ${\pm}$ 1.5 $kg/m^2$), however PBF (percent body fat) was significantly higher (p < 0.001) in female (29.6 ${\pm}$ 4.3%) than male (22.7 ${\pm}$ 5.0%). The WHR (waist to hip ratio) and blood pressure in the groups showed there was no significant differences. The levels of serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein B were significantly higher (p < 0.01) in male (208.7 ${\pm}$ 27.7 mg/dl, 129.0 ${\pm}$ 26.9 mg/dl, 1.0 ${\pm}$ 0.2 g/L) than female (193.6 ${\pm}$ 29.1 mg/dl, 112.5 ${\pm}$ 29.5 mg/dl, 0.9 ${\pm}$ 0.2 g/L, but HDL-cholesterol level was significantly higher (p < 0.01) in female (54.9 ${\pm}$ 6.6 mg/dl) than male (49.9 ${\pm}$ 7.3 mg/dl). The LDL-C/HDL-C, Apo B/Apo A-I and AI (atherogenic index) were significantly higher (p < 0.001) in male (2.6 ${\pm}$ 0.6, 0.8 ${\pm}$ 0.2, 3.3 ${\pm}$ 0.7) than female (2.1 ${\pm}$ 0.5, 0.6 ${\pm}$ 0.2, 2.6 ${\pm}$ 0.5). The triglyceride level was positively correlated with apolipoprotein B concentration (p < 0.05) and negatively correlated with HDL-cholesterol concentration (p < 0.05), however no significant correlation was found with apolipoprotein A-I. According to these results, we conclude that male adults are expecting higher incidence of cardiovascular disease than female adults and we suggest the serum triglyceride should be kept normal level for the prevention of these diseases.

Association among Serum Lipid, Apolipoprotein Levels and Related Factors in Healthy Adults (중.장년층의 혈청 지질 및 아포지단백질의 농도와 관련된 요인 분석)

  • Lee, Hoe-Seon;Kim, Gyeong-Eup;Park, Mi-Young;Youn, Hee-Shang;Choi, Sun-Young;Kim, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.949-958
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to examine the association of age, nutrient intake, alcohol drinking and smoking on serum lipid and apolipoprotein levels in 100 healthy adults (54 males and 46 females). The serum total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (p<0.05), apolipoprotein B (Apo B) levels, LDL-C:high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio, Apo B:apolipoprotein(Apo A-I) ratio and atherogenic index (AI) (p<0.001) were significantly higher in males than females, but HDL-cholesterol level was significantly lower (p<0.01) in males than females. The plasma ascorbic acid concentration had no difference in both genders. Most of nutrient intakes except Ca, vitamin A and vitamin $B_2$ were higher than RI (Recommended intake) in both males and females. The meal frequency per day was significantly higher (p<0.01) in males than females, while meal speed, the heaviest meal, meal quantity and meal regularity had no significant differences. The rates of drinking and smoking were significantly higher (p<0.01) in males (59.3%, 37.2%) than females (17.3%, 6.9%). The age was positively correlated with triglyceride level in males (p<0.05), and with total cholesterol (p<0.001), LDL-cholesterol (p<0.001), Apo B (p<0.01), LDL-C:HDL-C ratio (p<0.01), Apo B:Apo A-I ratio (p<0.05) and AI (p<0.01) in females. The levels of serum lipid and apolipoprotein were more correlated with protein intake than other macronutrient intakes in males, while those in females were more correlated energy, carbohydrate and lipid intakes than protein intake. The effect of drinking on serum lipid and apolipoprotein levels was bigger in males than females, while the effect of smoking on those was bigger in females than males. The plasma ascorbic acid concentration was positively correlated with HDL-cholesterol (p<0.05), Apo A-I levels (p<0.001), whereas negatively correlated with Apo B:Apo A-I ratio (p<0.05) in males. And that was positively correlated with HDL-cholesterol (p<0.05) in females. These results suggest that moderate macronutrient intake, less alcohol consumption and non-smoking were necessary to maintain healthy lipid profile with aging in adults.

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The $Sst$ I Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism of the Apolipoprotein C-III Gene in Korean Subjects

  • Youk, Hyei-Soo;Kim, In-Sik;Kang, Sang-Sun;Kang, Hee-Gyoo;Hyun, Sung-Hee
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.347-353
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    • 2011
  • The definite mechanism in the control of triglyceride metabolism is not well understood. Nowadays, it has been known that the polymorphism of apolipoprotein C-III $Sst$ I was an important candidate for contributing to the control of triglyceride metabolism. In 298 Korean women aged 30 years or more, the genotypes of apolipoprotein C-III $Sst$ I were statistically compared with total blood cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein, fasting blood sugar and hemoglobin A1c. Multiple logistic regression analysis was carried out to compare the odd-ratios of hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia and diabetes mellitus with them. The differences among the polymorphic types ($S_1S_1$, $S_1S_2$, and $S_2S_2$) were not statistically significant in the distribution of triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, fasting blood sugar, and hemoglobin A1c. There were not statistically significant in the odds ratios of the hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes mellitus, neither. Those were not statistically significant. This study did not show that there was any association between the polymorphism of apolipoprotein C-III $Sst$ I and various laboratory values-total blood cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein, fasting blood sugar and hemoglobin A1c.

Effects of Kimchi on Tissue and Fecal Lipid Composition and Apolipoprotein and Thyroxine Levels in Rats (흰쥐에서 김치식이가 조직과 분변의 지질조성과 Apo단백 및 Thyroxine 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • 권명자;송영옥;송영선
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.507-513
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    • 1997
  • This study was carried out to examine whether kimchi has hypolipidemic effect and to know how it exert lipid-lowering effect in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with kimchi-fee diet, or 3%, or 5%, or 10% kimchi diets for 6 weeks. Plasma cholesterol level was lowered in rats fed all concentrations of kimchi diets, and plasma triglyceride(TG) level was lowered in 10% kimchi diet group compared with that of control significantly(p<0.05). Th intake of kimchi lowered VLDL-cholesterol and VLDL-TG levels, whereas increased HDL-cholesterol level significantly(p<0.05). LDL-cholesterol level was lowered only in 5% kimchi diet group and LDL-TG level was lowered in all kimchi diet groups compared with those of control significantly (p<0.05). the intake of 5% and 10% kimchi diets also lowered the levels of hepatic cholesterol, TG, total lipid, and apolipoprotein B, whereas increased the levels of fecal total fat, cholesterol, TG, and apolipoprotein A-1 significantly(p<0.05). Triiodothyronine(T$_3$) level was elevated in rats fed kimchi diet, whereas thyroxine(T$_4$) level was not affected by kimchi treatment. These observations support that the intake of kimchin in rats loweres plasma and hepatic lipid levels by increasing the excretion of TG and cholesterol through feces, by the elevation of T$_3$ level, and by the altered lipoprotein metabolism.

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