• Title, Summary, Keyword: antitumor

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Enhanced Antitumor Efficacy with Combined Administration of Astragalus and Pterostilbene for Melanoma

  • Huang, Xin-Yan;Zhang, Song-Zhao;Wang, Wen-Xi
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1163-1169
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    • 2014
  • Astragalus, a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, has exhibited antitumor actions in patients. In this study, in vitro and in vivo antitumor effects of astragalus and synergistic antitumor efficacy in combination with pterostilbene were investigated. Melanoma cells were treated with pterostilbene (Pt), graduated doses of astragalus injection (AI), or these in combination. Cell viability was measured using a MTT assay. Released nucleosomes and caspase activity were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Growth inhibition in vitro and in vivo was also assessed. Analysis of variance and t tests were used for statistical analysis. Significant reduction (p<0.05) in cellular proliferation were observed with AI and AI-Pt in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Apoptosis and caspase-3/7 activity were significantly increased by AI and AI-Pt treatment (p<0.05). In vivo, AI inhibited melanoma tumor growth, with inhibition rates ranging from 36.5 to 62.3%, by inducing apoptosis via up-regulation Bax expression and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and down-regulating Bcl-2 expression. AI significantly inhibits the growth of melanoma in vitro and in vivo by inducing apoptosis. These data suggest that combined treatment of astragalus with pterostilbene enhances antitumor efficacy.

Antitumor Components of the Cultured Mycelia of Lepiota procera (갓버섯의 항균 분석)

  • 김병각;심미자;김옥남;김하원;최응칠
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.109-118
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    • 1989
  • To find antitumor components in the cultured mycelia of Lepiota procera, the proteinpolysaccharide obtained from the mycelia was subjected to DEAE - Sephadex A-50 column chromatography and Sepharose-4B gel filtration. Of the fractions, the purified Fraction C1 was named lepiotan and examined for antitumor activity against the solid form of sarcoma 180 in ICR mice. The inhibition ratio of lepiotan was 64% at the dose of 10 mg/kg/day for 10days. The chemical analysis of lepiotan showed 60% polysaccharide and 21 % protein. The polysaccharide moiety was found to be a heteromannoglucan which consisted of 46.3% glucose, 40.2% mannose and 11.0% fucose. When the antitumor component, Fraction A, was examined for immunopotentiation activity, it was found to increase the number of plaques in hemolytic plaque assay and to restore the immunity in the tumor-bearing mice up to 89.7% of the normal level. Also the antitumor acitivity was suppressed by the treatment with carrageenan, an antimacrophage agent. These results indicate that the antitumor activity was exerted through immunopotentiation, but not through direct cytotoxicity against the tumor.

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Antitumor compounds from fruiting bodies of cultivated fungus of Paecilomyces japonica

  • Nama Ryu;Lim, Soon-Sung;Jung, Sang-Hoon;Cho, Sae-Yun;Shin, Kuk-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.185-185
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    • 1998
  • As part of our continuing attempts to evaluate biologically active compounds from fruiting bodies of cultivated fungus of Paecilomyces japonicus Yasuda, we conducted series of experiments on various fractions and compounds isolated by systematic fractionations. Our main efforts were concentrated on searching for compounds showing antitumor activities, which were tested on mice carrying Sarcoma-180 ascitic tumor. The antitumor activity was assessed by the life spans after these mice were administered Lp. with test compounds for consecutive 20 days. One of two pure compounds, which we have isolated to date, demonstrated significant prolongation of life span. ( Mean Survival Time: 30.3 days compared to that of control: 23.6 days). Structural analysis showed that this compound corresponds to D-mannitol. On the other hand, Ergosterol, another isolated pure compound didn't show efficient antitumor activity. We also obtained water-soluble fractions containing protein-bound polysaccharides and n-butantol fractions, which showed strong antitumor activities, 35.4(150%) and 32.1(136.0%) days of MST, respectively. In SRB assay, however, the test materials didn't show any toxic effects, but the level of acid phosphatase increased significantly when they were applied in cultured macrophage in vitro. Therefore, we concluded that antitumour activities might be attributed to immunostimulating rather than cytotoxic effects. Further experiments are underway to purify and structurally characterize new antitumour compounds from the active fractions.

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Flow Cytometrical Investigation on Antitumor Activity of Mycelial Culture of Insect-born Fungus Paecilomyces japonica DGUM 32001 (눈꽃동충하초(Paecilomyces japonica DGUM 32001) 균사배양물의 항암 효과에 관한 유세포분석학적 연구)

  • 이지선;이임선;정경수;김용해;한영환;이만형
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.64-70
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    • 2001
  • Protein-polysaccharide fractions, PJ-3 and PJ-4, were prepared from mycelial culture filtrate of an insect-born fungus, Paecilomyces japonica DGUM 32001, and subjected to a flow cytometrical analysis for their vivo antitumor and immunomodulating activity in ICR mice. When i.p. injected once daily for semen days at 100 mg/kg, PJ-4 exerted a strong antitumor activity showing the growth inhibition ratio of 85.1% against i.p. implanted sarcoma 180 cells, while PJ-3 showed only a weak activity. Moreover, PJ-4 signiscantly increased the expression level of CD25 (IL-2R $\alpha$-chain) as well as forward scatter (FSC) values of splenic CD8$^{8}$ T cells. It is also noteworthy that PJ-4 strongly induced the peritoneal exudate cells in the same experiment. In an in vitro study, PJ-4 slightly inhibited the growth of sarcoma 180 cells at the concentration of 50$\mu$g/ml or higher. These results strongly suggest that PJ-4 might exert its antitumor activity through immunostimulation as well as direct inhibitory activity on the tumor cells.

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Antitumor Activity of Pedunculagin, one of the Ellagitannin

  • Chang, Jee-Hun;Cho, Jang -Hyun;Kim, Ha -Hyung;Lee, Kwang-Pyo;Lee, Min -Won;Han, Seong -Sun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.396-401
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    • 1995
  • As a part of trials to develop the antitumor agent from tannins isolated from plants, the antitumor activity of peduculagin, an ellagitannin, isolated from Alnus hirsuta var. microphylla was examined in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, the cytotoxicity was determined by 0.4% typanblue dye exclusion method. peduculagin showed the dose-dependent cytotoxicity against human chronic myelogenous leukemia (K-562), human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60), mouse lymphoid neoplasm (P388), mouse lymphocytic leukemia (L1210) and mouse sarcoma 180(S180) cell lines. $ED_{50}\; values\; (ED_{50})$ of each cell line were 5.30, 0.92, 2.78, 9.35 and $1.38 \mug/ml$ respectively. The most sensitive cell line was HL-60. In vivo, pedunculagin was administered to ICR mouse with the doses of 50 and $100{\;}{\mu}g/ml$intraperitoneally once at 20 days before S180 inoculation. peduculagin showed the antitumor activity and its T/C ratio (%) was 120.82% in the group of both concentrations.

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Correlation between Anticomplementary and Antitumor Activity of the Crude Polysaccaride from Ganoderma Iucidum IY009 (Ganoderma lucidum IY 009조다당 분획들의 항암활성과 항보체활성간의 상호관계)

  • Lee, Kweon-Haeng;Lee, June-Woo;Han, Man-Deuk;Jeong, Hoon;Kim, Young-Il;Oh, Doo-Whan
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 1994
  • Antitumor polysaccharides were known to activate complement system and to increase specific serum proteins in mouse, and researcher reported that antitumor activity of polyasccharides might be correlated with their biological properties such as activation of complement system and increase of specific protein $L_{A}$, $L_{B}$ and $L_{C}$ within the mouse serum. In case of several Ganoderma lucidum, there was no correlation between their antitumor activities and their bioloical properties, but the antitumor activities against sarcoma 180 of the alkali extracted crude polysaccharide fractions of the Ganoderma lucidum IY 009. AS, T, AI and M were correlated with their bioloical properties such as anticomplementary activity and intensity of mouse serum protein $L_{A}$, $L_{B}$ and $L_{C}$.

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Antitumor Activity of Kp, a Protein-polysaccharide from the Mycelial Culture of Phellinus linteus (Phellinus linteus 균사 배양물로부터 분리한 단백다당체 Kp의 항암활성)

  • Chung, Kyeong-Soo;Kim, Shin-Sook;Kim, Hee-Soo;Han, Man-Woo;Kim, Byong-Kak
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.158-165
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    • 1994
  • A protein-polysaccaride fraction Kp(53.9% polysaccharide, 14.2% protein) was separated from the shake-cultured mycelia of a basidiomycetous fungus, Phellinus linteus, and its antitumor activity against sarcoma 180 in ICR mice was investigated. When administered after the tumor implantation, Kp exerted antitumor activity by inhibiting the growth of the sarcoma 180 solid tumor by 71.5% and increasing the life span of the sarcoma 180 ascitic mice by 51.5% at 100 mg/kg. In pretreatment tests, in which Kp was administered once daily for 9 days before the tumor implantation, Kp inhibited the growth of the solid and ascites form of sarcoma 180, respectively, by 35.4% and by 80.3% at 100 mg/kg. However, Kp showed no in vitro cytotoxic activity against a murine leukemia L1210 and a human gastric tumor SNU.1 upto the concentration of $200\;{\mu}g/ml$. From these results, it is clear that the antitumor activity of Kp is exerted through its immunomodulating activity on the host's immune system.

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Development of novel method for evaluation of antitumor effect of anticancer drugs on hepatocellular carcinoma induced using 3'-methyl-4-diethylaminoazobenzene in Sprague-Dawley rat (3'-methyl-4-diethylaminoazobenzene으로 유발된 랫트 hepatocellula carcinoma 모델에서 항암제의 항암효과에 대한 평가기법 개발)

  • Kim, Gon-sup;Kim, Jong-shu
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.509-523
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    • 1997
  • This study was carried out for investigating antitumor effects of 5-fluorouracil(5-FU), methotrexate(MTX) and retinoic acid(RA) on hepatocellular carcinoma induced in Sprague-Dawley rat. Antitumor effects were examined a flow cytometric DNA distributions by flow cytometry and stuied ATP/Pi using nuclear magnetic resorance, and the enzymatic activity of thymidylate synthetase and dihydrofolate reductase as well as contents of total collagen and sialic acid were measured with spectrophotometer. In this study, S phase fraction, contents of sialic acid and total collagen were decreased in the induced hepatocellular carcinoma treated with 5-FU and MTX, and synergistic effects of anticancer drugs were exhibited in the hepatocellular carcinoma treated with 5-FU and MTX simultaneously, and the inhibition of thymidylate synthetic and dihydrofolate reductase activity were shown in the hepatocellular carcinoma treated with 5-FU, MTX, and 5-FU and MTX simultaneously. On the other hand, the ratio of ATP/Pi were increased in all groups except group treated with RA. The experimental results suggest that above method may be valuable for evaluating antitumor effect of anticancer drugs.

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Flow Cytometrical Analysis of the Antitumor and Immunomodulatory Activities of GLB-A and GLB-B, the Protein-polysaccharide Fractions of the Growing Tips of Ganoderma Lucidum (영지버섯 생장점 단백다당체 GLB-A, GLB-B의 항암효과 및 면역 활성에 관한 유세포 분석학적 연구)

  • Oh, Jung-Yeon;Chung, Kyeong-Soo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.487-493
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    • 1998
  • In the previous study we described the antitumor effect of GLB, a protein-polysaccharide fraction separated from the growing tips of Ganoderma lucidum, against sarcoma 18 0 solid tumor in ICR mice. In this study, we separated an acidic protein-polysaccharide fraction, GLB-A, and a basic protein-polyaccharide fraction, GLB-B, from GLB by differential precipitation, and elucidated their antitumor and immunomodulatory activities. When ip injected at the dose of 50mg/kg/day into the ICR mice, GLB-A and GLB-B inhibited the growth of ip implantated sarcoma 180 cells by 32.4% and 21.0%, respectively. Of these, GLB-A increased the % lymphoblast in the spleen of the tumor-bearing and the normal mice by 20.9% and 123.0%, and the CD4/CD8 ratio by 73.3% and 22.4%, respectively. GLB-A also increased the expression of CD25 (IL-2 receptor alpha ch0ain) in normal mice by 82.0%. These results strongly suggest that GLB-A is a promising candidate for antitumor immunomodulatory medicine.

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