• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidants

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Studies on co-operative effect of phenolic antioxidants and pyrophosphate (폐놀성산화방지제에 대한 피로인산염의 협력효과에 대한 연구)

  • 우세홍;김선덕
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.53-55
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    • 1979
  • This study was conducted to find out the co-operative effect of antioxidants (butyl hydroxy anisol, dibutyl hydroxy toluene, propyl gallate) and pyrophosphate (tetrasodium pyrophosphate, disodium pyrophosphate) on the stability of soybean oil by determining the peroxide values. The results obtained were summarized follows: 1. When antioxidants and pyrophosphates were used together, the antioxidants activity was more strong than antioxidants were used only. 2. The co-operative effect of disodium pyrophosphate for antioxidants was stronger than tetrasodium pyrophosphate.

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Effect of Enrobing and Adding Antioxidants on the Quality of Pork Patties

  • Biswas, A.K.;Keshri, R.C.;Kumar, Sunil
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.1374-1383
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    • 2003
  • The effect of applying edible coating and addition of antioxidants (butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) plus butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) in a 1:1 ratio) on pork patties were investigated prior to achieve desired physico-chemical, microbiological and sensory qualities. For this, five treatments were conducted as (i) control (neither coated nor antioxidants treated); (ii) coated without antioxidants treated; (iii) coated and antioxidants added in the batter mix only (100 ppm); (iv) coated and antioxidants added in meat mix (100 ppm) only; and (v) coated and antioxidants added both in the batter mix (50 ppm) and the meat mix (50 ppm). Addition of antioxidants both in the batter mix and the meat mix significantly (p<0.05) reduced the microbial loads and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) values. The TBA values significantly (p<0.05) increased up to day 14 and then progressively increased with the advancement of each interval of storage days up to 28 days. Total plate count significantly (p<0.05) increased with the increase in storage days.Coliform and Staphylococcus aureus were absent throughout the storage days in all samples. Staphylococcus aureus however, were present in the control group at day 14 and in enrobed (coated) patties (without antioxidants treated) at 28th day. Addition of antioxidants to batter mix and meat mix did not substantially enhance bacteriostatic activity. Application of coatings and antioxidants retarded the loss of firmness, flavor, changes in appearance and color, and also other sensory attributes. Control patties were better with respect to microbial quality and TBA values but had poorer sensory quality than coated patties.

The Scavenger Effects of Various Antioxidants in Cigarette Filters on the Free Radicals in Mainstream Smoke

  • Park, Jin-Won;Kim, Soo-Ho;Kim, Jong-Yeol;Kim, Chung-Ryul;Rhee, Moon-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.90-97
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of additives (antioxidants for free radicals reduction) in cigarette filter treated with various antioxidants (three types of proanthocyanidins and ascorbic acid) and various concentrations of ascorbic acid and loaded with activated carbon on the delivery of free radicals of mainstream smoke (MS) by ESR. Also, we analyzed Hoffmann's analytes andscavenger activity according to the storage time and in vitro cytotoxicity. The analysis of spin number of vapor and particulate phase free radicals in MS are decreased to $14{\sim}24\;%$ and $16{\sim}40\;%$, respectively. As aresult of antioxidant potential for inactivity of vapor and particulate phase free radicals, natural antioxidants were more effective than ascorbic acid. Based on the result of the analysis of Hoffmann's analytes for various antioxidantstreated cigarette filters during the smoking, cigarette filter treated with ascorbic acid showed the lower amount of the deliveries of hydroquinone, isoprene and quinoline in MS than those treated with the other antioxidants. In the significant t-test on the difference of the cytotoxicity among the various antioxidants treated-cigarette filters, there are no significant differences at the 95 % confidence level. Those results indicated that the antioxidants were useful for reducing free radicals in MS because of the fast reaction between antioxidant and free radicals.

Low Density Lipoprotein(LDL), Atherosclerosis and Antioxidants

  • Ryu, Beung-Ho
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.313-319
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    • 2000
  • A crucial and causative role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is believed to be the oxidative modification of low density lipoprotein (LDL). The oxidation of LDL involves released free radical driven lipid peroxidation. Several lines of evidence support the role of oxidized LDL in atherogenesis. Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated an association between an increased intake of dietary antioxidant vitamins, such as vitamin E and vitamin C and reduced morbidity and mortality from coronary artery diseases. It is thus hypothesized that dietary antioxidants may help prevent the development and progression of atherosclerosis. The oxidation of LDL has been shown to be reduced by antioxidants, and, in animal models, improved antioxidants may offer possibilities for the prevention of atherosclerosis. The results of several on going long randomized intervention trials will provide valuahle information on the efficacy and safety of improved antioxidants in the prevention of atherosclerosis. This review a evaluates current literature involving antioxidants and vascular disease, with a particular focus on the potential mechanisms.

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Effects of Antioxidants on the Photosynsthesis and Carbohydrates/Saponin Contents in Panax ginseng Leaves (인삼잎의 광합성과 탄수화물.사포닌 함량에 미치는 항산화제의 효과)

  • 양덕조;김용해
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.175-181
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    • 1994
  • We studied the folilar wiping effects of antioxidants (ascorbate, glutathione and sodium azide), which effectively inhibited the chlorophyll bleaching or completely recorved the early stage of photosynthesis of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, on photosynthesis, stomatal resistance, free sugar, starch, and total saponin contents of ginseng under the excess light intensity (45 kLux) during 6 days. Ascorbate and glutathione, endogenous antioxidant, recovered photosynehtsis and stomatal resistance, and reduced the photoinhibition by the excess light intensity (45 kLux) on free sugar, starch and total saponin contents. But sodium azide, exogenous $^{1}O_2$ quencher, showed negative effect. Therefore, we assumed that carbohydrates and saponin metabolisms of ginseng by antioxidants (ascorbate, glutathione) were normal. For the reduction of inhibition by excess light in ginseng a program for the higher activation of antioxidants and antioxidative enzymes in ginseng leaf will be desirable. Key words Antioxidants, ascorbate, glutathione, Photoinhibition, ginseng.

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Determination of Antioxidants in Polyolefin Packaging Materials (폴리올레핀계 포장재 중의 항산화제 분석)

  • Lee, Keun-Taik;Park, Young-Ju
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF PACKAGING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.20-28
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    • 1995
  • The conditions of Soxhlet extraction and HPLC analysis were examined for the determination of antioxidants used for polyolefins manufacturing. The extraction with methylene chloride in a Soxhlet apparatus for 10 hours and above provides almost complete recovery of the additives from polyolefins. The determination of the antioxidants including BHT, Irganox 1076, Irganox 1010 and Irgafos 168 could be successfully performed by using reversed-phase HPLC under gradient elution where the baseline separation of all four antioxidants in a single run was possible. In addition, the antioxidants inherently contained in commercial LLDPE and OPP films were identified and quantitatively determined.

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Protection of Peroxynitrite-Induced DNA Damage by Dietary Antioxidants

  • Moon Hye-Kyung;Yang Eun-Sun;Park Jeen-Woo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.213-217
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    • 2006
  • The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that dietary antioxidants protect DNA damage induced by peroxynitrite, a potent physiological inorganic toxin. The present study showed that dietary antioxidants such as (-)-epigallocatechin gallate, quercerin, rutin, resveratrol, and ursolic acid inhibit single strand breaks in supercoiled plasmid DNA induced by 3-morpholinosydnomine N-ethylcarbamide (SIN-1), a generator of peroxynitrite through the reaction between nitric oxide and superoxide anion. The formation of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG) in calf thymus DNA by SIN-1 was also inhibited by dietary antioxidants. When U937 cells were incubated with 1 mM SIN-1 bolus, a significant increase of 8-OH-dG level was observed. However, oxidative DNA damage was significantly lower in the cells pre-treated with dietary antioxidants when cells were exposed to SIN-1.

Analysis of Antioxidants in Fatty Foods Using Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (식품 중 Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry를 이용한 산화방지제의 분석에 관한 연구)

  • 이정애;노동석
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.210-216
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    • 1997
  • The prevention of oxidative degradation in fats and oils is largely controlled by the use of synthetic phenolic antioxidants. Antioxidants, BHA: 2-&-3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisol, BHT: 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxytoluene, TBHQ: tert-butylhydroquinone, PG: propyl gallate, PTG: pentyl gallate, OG:octyl gallate, were extracted from fatty foods with hexane and from hexane layer to presaturated acetonitrile with hexane. The polar phenolic hydroxyl groups of antioxidants were silylated with MSTFA and injected to Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. The calibration plots were linear in the investigated range, 0.1~10.0 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g. The limit of detection for 6 phenolic antioxidants was 0.1 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g. Recoveries and reproducibilities from samples fortified at 1.0 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g were in the range of 70~90% and 0.5~13%, respectively. The simultaneous determination of phenolic antioxidants in fatty foods using GC/MS-SIM mode and macro program was described.

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Residue by elapsed time of non-enzymatic antioxidants in dentifrice (세치제에 함유된 비효소계 항산화제의 경시변화에 따른 잔류량)

  • Park, Jung-Eun;Park, Yong-Duk;Hong, Tae-Gi;Jang, Jong-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.783-790
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the non-enzymatic antioxidants stabilities in dentifrices by ascorbic acid and tocopherol according to the chemical condition. Methods: For the analysis of two antioxidants, HPLC UV detector system was used. HPLC was performed using sodium sulfate, acetonitrile(ACN), methanol(MeOH) and measuring absorbance at 240-295 nm. To confirm general pH reaction of two compounds, buffer solution was prepared for the analysis. The dentifrice was titrated by pH so as to examine the change of elapsed time in dentifrice. Linearity of calibration curve of two antioxidants was measured. Results: Each compound showed good linearity at optimized wavelength as well as showing good precision. General pH reaction of two antioxidants was examined. Ascorbic acid showed the highest residue(63.23%) at pH 10 and the lowest residue(2.77%) at pH 4. Tocopherol showed the highest residue(55.70%) at pH 7 and the lowest residue(3.31%) at pH 4. As a result of changing elapsed time of antioxidants in dentifrice by pH, components were remained stably at low temperature($39.2^{\circ}F$) and pH 7. Conclusions: It is necessary to keep dentifrice including ascorbic acid and tocopherol, and non-enzymatic antioxidants at pH 7 and low temperature for improving chemical stability.

The effects of oral antioxidants on the semen of men with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia

  • Alahmar, Ahmed T
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2018
  • It has been estimated that approximately 15% of reproductive-age couples suffer from infertility. Male factors contribute to almost half of infertility cases, and in many patients the underlying cause of oligoasthenoteratozoospermia is unknown. Accumulating evidence suggests that oxidative stress plays a role as a contributing factor to male infertility, and reactive oxygen species have been shown to impair sperm function and motility and to damage sperm membrane and DNA. Therefore, this review explored the evidence provided by studies published from 2002 to 2017 on the impact of oral antioxidants (vitamin C, vitamin E, L-carnitine, coenzyme Q10, zinc, selenium, and pentoxifylline) on seminal fluid parameters in men with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia. Most of the studies were randomized controlled studies that investigated the effect of single or combined antioxidants and reported improvements in at least one semen parameter. The most noteworthy effect that was found was that the use of multiple antioxidants increased sperm motility and concentration. Nonetheless, there is a lack of agreement on the dose, the duration of treatment, and whether individual or combined oral antioxidants should be used. Therefore, the current review provides evidence supporting the use of oral antioxidants in the treatment of infertile men with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia.