• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant activities

Search Result 4,680, Processing Time 0.056 seconds

Antioxidant Activities and Total Phenolics of Ethanol Extracts from Several Edible Mushrooms Produced in Korea

  • Choi, Young-Min;Ku, Ja-Bi;Chang, Hoo-Bong;Lee, Jun-Soo
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.14 no.5
    • /
    • pp.700-703
    • /
    • 2005
  • Eight edible mushrooms grown in Korea were extracted with ethanol at room temperature for 24 hr. The extracts were investigated for their antioxidant activities as measured by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and 2,2-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical cation scavenging activities. Among the mushroom extracts evaluated in this study, the ethanolic extracts from Ganoderma lucidum and Pleurotus eryngii showed the greatest potential antioxidant activity, by producing 85 and 88% inhibition in DPPH radical scavenging method and 219 and 165 mg ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant capacity (AEAC), respectively. Total phenolics and total flavonoids in the ethanolic extracts were determined by spectrophotometric method. Positive correlations were found between total phenolic contents in the extracts and their antioxidant activities, suggesting that phenolic contents in the mushrooms extracts are mainly responsible for their antioxidant activities.

Antioxidant activities and nutritional characteristics of smoked duck marinated in natural curing agent (천연 염지제를 첨가한 오리훈제의 항산화 활성과 영양적 특성)

  • Bark, Yeon Ok
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.47 no.6
    • /
    • pp.484-488
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study investigated the question of whether the addition of natural ingredients (pear fermented solution, celery powder, vitamin C) in curing agents may influence antioxidant activities and nutritional characteristics of smoked duck. Methods: Smoked duck samples with general or natural curing agent containing three additive ingredients were examined to determine total polyphenol contents, antioxidant activities, pH, TBARS, and food additives residue (nitrite ion, antioxidant, sodium glutamate). Results: Smoked duck with natural curing agent showed a higher level of total polyphenol content and antioxidant activities than smoked duck using general curing agent (p < 0.05). The pH and TBARS of smoked duck were significantly decreased by the addition of natural curing ingredients compared to those of smoked duck using general curing agent (p < 0.05). The residues of food additives were not detected in smoked duck using natural curing agent. Conclusion: Findings suggest that the addition of pear fermented solution, celery powder, and vitamin C in natural duck curing agent may improve the antioxidant activities and nutritional characteristics of smoked duck and provides health benefits.

Radical Scavenging and Antioxidant Activities of Fermented Laminaria japonica Extracts

  • Park, Min-Jung;Han, Ji-Sook
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.10-16
    • /
    • 2006
  • Radical scavenging and antioxidant activities of Laminaria japonica and fermented its extracts were evaluated. Freeze-dried L. japonica was fermented by Aspergillus oryzae and extracted with distilled water. The extract solution was mixed with ethanol and centrifuged. The supernatant was ethanol soluble fraction, non-polysaccharide fraction (ESF), and residue was ethanol insoluble precipitation, polysaccharide fraction (EIP). ESF was subjected to sequential fractionation with dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water. To determine the radical scavenging and antioxidant activities of these, DPPH radical, hydroxyl radical, superoxide anion radical scavenging activities and linoleic acid oxidation were tested. Among the extracts, ESF of fermented L. japonica showed the highest radical scavenging activity. The ESF showed DPPH radical scavenging activity of 64.33% at concentration of $50{\mu}g/mL$. It was higher than 57.70% of vit. C. Ethyl acetate and butanol fraction had high value of radical scavenging and antioxidant activities, especially butanol fraction of fermented L. japonica was 79.48 % of hydroxyl radical scavenging activity at concentration of $50{\mu}g/mL$. The fermented L japonica had radical scavenging and antioxidant activities higher than L. japonica. These results suggest that fermented L japonica is healthy food having radical scavenging and antioxidant activities.

Antioxidant and Antiproliferative Activities of Methanolic Extracts from Thirty Korean Medicinal Plants

  • Choi, Young-Min;Gu, Ja-Bi;Kim, Myung-Hee;Lee, Jun-Soo
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.17 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1235-1239
    • /
    • 2008
  • To study the health promoting effects of medicinal plants, 30 medicinal plants commonly available in Korea have been evaluated for their antioxidant compounds and antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. Total polyphenolics and flavonoids in the methanolic extracts were measured by spectrophotometric methods and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activities and chelating effects have been determined for antioxidant activities. Moreover, the effects of medicinal plants on cell proliferation of intestinal (Caco-2) and pituitary (GH3) tumor cells were investigated using thiazolyl blue terazolium bromide (MIT) assay. The methanolic extracts of Pueraria thunbergiana and Artemisiae asiatria contained the highest total polyphenolic and flavonoid contents, respectively. P. thunbergiana exhibited the highest antioxidant activities. A. asiatria showed the strongest antiproliferative activity against Caco-2 and Ponciruc trifoliata Rafin and Lophathrum gracile Bronghiart exhibited the highest activities against GH3. Although there was positive correlation between ABTS radical scavenging activity and polyphenolic contents ($R^2=8189$), no relationship was found between antiproliferative and antioxidant activities.

Total flavonoids and phenolics in fermented soy products and their effects on antioxidant activities determined by different assays. (발효 대두 식품의 폴리페놀, 플라보노이드 함량과 다양한 측정 방법에 따른 항산화 활성 비교)

  • Park, Jeong-Woo;Lee, Young-Jin;Yoon, Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.353-358
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to compare the antioxidant activities of fermented soy products such as chungkukjang, meju and doenjang with soybeans. Total phenolic, flavonoids contents and antioxidative activities of the methanol extract of soy and fermented products were compared with specific reference to alpha-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrozyl (DPPH) radicals scavenging effects, ferric /reducing power (FRAP), inhibition of conjugated diene formation and tyrosinase activities. Total phenolic and flavonoids contents increased in soybeans after fermentation. Fermented soy products also displayed enhanced antioxidative activities in comparison with the non-fermented soybeans. There were linear relationships between total phenolic and flavonoids contents and ferric reducing/antioxidant power of the samples. Overall, the fermented soy products showed a better antioxidant activity than soybeans. Among the 3 kinds of fermented soy products, chungkukjang, meju and deonjang, doenjang exhibited the highest levels of DPPH-free radicals scavenging activity, ferric /reducing power, inhibition of conjugated diene formation and tyrosinase activities. The fermented soy products with longer fermentation time demonstrated the higher antioxidant activities as well as higher total phenols and flavonoids in the order of doenjang > meju > chunghlkjang> soybeans.

Antioxidant and Cholinesterase Inhibitory Activities of Antarctic Krill Eupausia superba

  • Yoon, Na-Young;Xie, Chengliang;Shim, Kil-Bo;Kim, Yeon-Kye;Lee, Doo-Seog;Yoon, Ho-Dong
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.289-293
    • /
    • 2011
  • The antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibitory activities of methanol, pretanol, and acetone extracts of Eupausia superba were investigated and their bioactivities compared. The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis[3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid] ($ABTS^+$) radical-scavenging activities and reducing power assays were used to determine antioxidant activities, and Ellman's colorimetric methods were applied to evaluate cholinesterase inhibitory activity. Although all extracts were positive, Acetone extract of E. superba showed the highest activities. However, these showed moderate or no inhibitory activity against butyrylcholinesterase. Moreover, the total carotenoid contents of the organic solvent extracts followed the same order as their antioxidant and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities. These results suggest that E. superba is a potential source of natural antioxidants and cholinesterase inhibitors.

Physiological and Antioxidant Activities of Green, Oolong and Black Tea Extracts (녹차, 오룡차 및 홍차 추출물의 생리활성과 항산화 효과)

  • Kang, Kun-Og
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.243-249
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study investigated the physiological and antioxidant activities of green, oolong, and black tea extracts. The crude catechin extract yields of green, oolong, and black tea were 4.9%, 3.4%, and 2.5%, respectively. Total phenol contents of green, oolong, and black tea were 40.9%, 43.0%, and 38.5%, respectively. The order of the electron donating abilities of green, oolong and black tea were green tea>oolong tea>black tea extracts. The SOD-like activities of green, oolong and black tea extracts at 5,000 ppm were 21.2%, 17.5% and 13.9%, respectively. The nitrite-scavenging abilities of green, oolong and black tea extracts were higher than that of ascorbic acid (p<0.05). Antioxidant activities in soybean oil substrates at 500 ppm were in the order of green tea>oolong tea>black tea${\geq}$BHT (200 ppm). Therefore these results showed that the physiological and antioxidant activities of green tea were better than those of oolong and black tea.

Influence of phytochemical composition on in vitro antioxidant and reducing activities of Indian ginseng [Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal] root extracts

  • Ganguly, Bhaskar;Kumar, Nirbhay;Ahmad, Abul H.;Rastogi, Sunil K.
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.42 no.4
    • /
    • pp.463-469
    • /
    • 2018
  • Background: Roots of Withania somnifera (WS) are a celebrated medicinal ingredient in Ayurvedic and many other indigenous systems of medicine. The present study investigates the effect of the phytochemical composition of the extracts on their antioxidant and reducing activities. Methods: WS roots were extracted with water, acetone, aqueous methanol (1:1), and methanol:-chloroform:water (1:1:1) to obtain aqueous, acetone, hydro-methanolic, and methanol-chloroform-water extracts. Thereafter, phytochemical constitution and antioxidant and reducing activities of the extracts were compared using different qualitative and quantitative tests. Results: Maximum extraction recovery was obtained with 50% aqueous methanol whereas extraction with acetone yielded the poorest recovery. Methanol-chloroform-water extract had the highest content of phytochemical constituents, except tannins, and also exhibited the highest antioxidant and reducing activities. Conclusion: Phytochemical composition and antioxidant and reducing activities of the extracts were positively associated with the use of organic solvents during the extraction process. Alkaloids and flavonoids were the most important contributors in the antioxidant and reducing activities of the extracts.

Antioxidant and Cholinesterase Inhibitory Activities of the By-products of Three Pandalid Shrimps

  • Kim, Sang-Bo;Yoon, Na Young;Shi, Kil Bo;Lim, Chi-Won
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.421-425
    • /
    • 2014
  • The antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibitory activities of the acetone and dichloromethane ($CH_2Cl_2$) extracts of the by-products (heads, shells, and tails) of Pandalus borealis, Pandalus hypsinotus, and Pandalopsis japonica belonging to the family Pandalidae were investigated and their bioactivities were compared. The antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibitory activities of the organic solvent extracts of three shrimp by-products were evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-Azino-bis[3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid] ($ABTS^+$) radical scavenging activities, reducing power and xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory activity assays and Ellman's colorimetric method. The extracts of P. hypsinotus exhibited the highest antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibitory activities. The acetone extracts showed more potent activities toward antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibition compared with the $CH_2Cl_2$ extracts. Furthermore, the total carotenoid contents of the acetone extracts were higher than those of the $CH_2Cl_2$ extracts. Thus, the carotenoid contents may affect antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibition. Our results suggest that the shrimp by-products could act as a nutraceutical agent to prevent oxidative stress and Alzheimer's disease.

Antioxidant Activities of Various Berries Ethanolic Extract (베리류 에탄올 추출물의 항산화 활성)

  • Li, Hua;Jeong, Jong Moon
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
    • /
    • v.23 no.1
    • /
    • pp.49-56
    • /
    • 2015
  • Edible berries are rich in anthocyanins and phenolic acids, compounds that possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and other biological activities. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of five berries including acaiberry (Euterpe oleracea Mart.), Aronia/black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa), blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium), black currant (Ribes nigrum L.), and cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) were assessed. The Aronia G (prepared by GreenField s.c.) exhibited the highest antioxidant activities as shown in total phenolic (138.81 mg CAE/g), flavonoid (3.68 mg QE/g), and anthocyanin (20.31 mg/g) contents compared to the other berries. It also showed the strongest scavenging activities such as DPPH (69.69 mg vitamin C/g) and ABTS radical scavenging activity ($757.79{\mu}mol$ trolox/g). Aronia G exhibited strong ferric reducing antioxidant power ($553.98{\mu}mol$ vitamin C/g), and oxygen radical absorbance capacity ($820.92{\mu}mol$ trolox/g). In addition, black currant and Aronia showed stronger inhibition of nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cell than the other berries. According to the above results, the Aronia and other edible berries have notably high level of antioxidant activities and they could be used as a potential source of natural antioxidants.