• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant

Search Result 9,994, Processing Time 0.058 seconds

Antioxidant activities and nutritional characteristics of smoked duck marinated in natural curing agent (천연 염지제를 첨가한 오리훈제의 항산화 활성과 영양적 특성)

  • Bark, Yeon Ok
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.47 no.6
    • /
    • pp.484-488
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study investigated the question of whether the addition of natural ingredients (pear fermented solution, celery powder, vitamin C) in curing agents may influence antioxidant activities and nutritional characteristics of smoked duck. Methods: Smoked duck samples with general or natural curing agent containing three additive ingredients were examined to determine total polyphenol contents, antioxidant activities, pH, TBARS, and food additives residue (nitrite ion, antioxidant, sodium glutamate). Results: Smoked duck with natural curing agent showed a higher level of total polyphenol content and antioxidant activities than smoked duck using general curing agent (p < 0.05). The pH and TBARS of smoked duck were significantly decreased by the addition of natural curing ingredients compared to those of smoked duck using general curing agent (p < 0.05). The residues of food additives were not detected in smoked duck using natural curing agent. Conclusion: Findings suggest that the addition of pear fermented solution, celery powder, and vitamin C in natural duck curing agent may improve the antioxidant activities and nutritional characteristics of smoked duck and provides health benefits.

Variations in total phenols, total anthocyanins, and antioxidant activity levels in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) fruits subjected to dry and moist heat treatments

  • Kim, Hekap;Mai, Thu Thi Hoai
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.52 no.5
    • /
    • pp.503-509
    • /
    • 2020
  • The present study investigated the effects of dry and moist heat treatments on total phenols, total anthocyanins, and antioxidant activity levels in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) fruits. Lyophilized chokeberry powder samples were heated in a drying oven at 60, 100, 160, 180, and 200℃ for 20, 40, or 60 min. Finely ground fresh chokeberry fruits were heated in water at 60, 80, and 100℃ for 20 min, and bioactive compound and antioxidant activity levels were measured. The bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity decreased with increasing temperature and treatment duration. Antioxidant activity was preserved at 160℃ or lower without significant loss for dry heating, whereas moist heat treatment increased both bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity with increasing temperature.

The Effect of Antioxidant in the Electrical Properties of Homemade Insulating Oil (국산절연유의 전기적 특성에 미치는 산화방지제의 효과)

  • 성영권;김은배;김호윤;이덕출
    • 전기의세계
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.30-34
    • /
    • 1973
  • The main purporse of this paper is to study on the influence of temperature effect on electrical-properties, i.e., dielectric breakdown voltage, dielectric constant and resitivity of homemade insulating oil containing antioxidant. Transformer oil manufactured in Korea is taken for a sample, and this sample is classified into seven samples in which antioxidant is contained and not contained, and antioxidant is divided into three kinds of amount: 0.3%, 0.5%, 0.8%. Changing the tempe5rature of the samples by oil bath, the electric properties measured from the samples are as follows: (1) the variation of either the dielectric breakdown voltage or the resistivity are considerably large, but the dielectric constants are almost unchanging. (2) In view of electrical characteristic, the deterioration rate of the samples containing antioxidant is somewhat lower than that of other samples. (3) Nearly the same value is shown in the dielectric-breakdown voltage of the samples, in which contained the different amount of antioxidant: 0.3%, 0.5%, 0.8%, but the decrease rate of resitivity is lowest, 0.3%, of all. As the result of the experiment, This study can suggest that 0.3% be the optimum amount of antioxidant which will be added transformer oil manufactured in Korea and is useful for the understanding about the electrical properties of transformer oil containing antioxidant.

  • PDF

Antioxidant Activity of Amino Acid-Xylose Browning Reaction Products 1. Antioxidant Activity of Various Amino Acids and Their Browning Reaction Products (Amino산-Xylose 갈변반응 물질의 항산화성 1. 아미노산과 갈변 반응 물질의 항산화성)

  • YOU Byeong-Jin;LEE Kang-Ho;KIM Chang-Yang;LEE Jong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-9
    • /
    • 1986
  • In order to isolate and clarify the antioxygenic substances from the browning reaction products, the antioxidant activity of various amino acids and their browning reaction products were measured when they were reacted with xylose. Among nonpolar amino acids Met and Trp appeared to have stronger antioxidant effect than others. Most of polar and basic amino acids, however, did not have antioxidant activity. Ser and Cys showed a rather slight prooxidant effect. The browning reaction products of Trp and His had a higher level of antioxidant activity than that they were reacted as free amino acids. But the browning product of Met did not show the antioxidant activity. When all amino acids were divided on their polar characteristics, the higher optical density of the browning reaction products showed, the stronger antioxidant activity revealed.

  • PDF

Antioxidant Enzymes in Relation to Oxidative Deterioration of Muscle Foods (근육식품에서 지방산화와 관련된 항산화 효소)

  • Lee, Sung-Ki
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.97-106
    • /
    • 1998
  • Antioxidant enzymes such as catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) are known to inhibit oxidative reactions by incativating compounds responsible for the formation of ree radicals. SOD transforms superoxide radical into hydrogen peroxide which is precursor to active free radicals. CAT reduces hydrogen peroxide to water. GSH-Px reduces hydroperoxides to corresponding alcohols. Antioxidant enzyme activities of muscle are different by animal species age, stress and exercise, muscle type and part, conditions of post mortem, storage and processing which are related to oxidative deterioration I muscle foods as well as oxidative defence in living systems. Antioxidant enzyme systems are enhanced rather than weakened in aging skeletal muscle. Red muscle contains higher antioxidant enzyme activity than white muscle. The antioxidant enzyme activities of poultry are higher in leg than in breast, and those of beef are higher in redder and more unstable muscles. It is clear that the effectiveness of the antioxidant enzyme in muscle foods seems to be influenced by meat processing operations. Both GSH-Px and CAT are inactivated by heat processing NaCl also influence the efficiency of the antioxident enzymes since its presence diminishes their catalyitc activity.

  • PDF

Effect of Quercetin on the Activity and mRNA Expression of Antioxidant Enzymes and Physiological Responses in Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) Exposed to Cadmium

  • Shin, H.S.;Yoo, J.H.;Min, T.S.;Lee, J.;Choi, C.Y.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.23 no.6
    • /
    • pp.742-749
    • /
    • 2010
  • We investigated the antioxidant efficacy of quercetin (0% Diet 1, 0.25% Diet 2, and 0.5% Diet 3) pretreatment for 30 and 60 days in response to cadmium (Cd) toxicity in the olive flounder, and measured the plasma lysozyme activity to understand the immune effects of quercetin. The lysozyme activity with Diets 2 and 3 was higher than with Diet 1. Based on this result, to examine the immune ability and antioxidant role of quercetin, we exposed olive flounder fed quercetin to Cd and then measured the expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT)) and lipid peroxidation (LPO). With Diets 2 and 3, the expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes and the $H_2O_2$ concentration were lower than with Diet 1. In addition, the LPO levels were lower than with Diet 1, which protected the cell membrane. Therefore, quercetin removed the reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by Cd, indicating that quercetin has antioxidant ability. In addition to its antioxidant ability, quercetin has immune effects.

Antioxidant and Nicotine Degradation Effects of Medicinal Herbs

  • Lee, Ho-Jae;Hur, Sung-Ho;Shin, Eui-Cheol;Lee, Yang-Bong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.289-293
    • /
    • 2003
  • Antioxidant activity and nicotine degradation activity (NDA) of 21 medicinal herbs were determined by using a 1,1-diphenol-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method and a PLC/PRF5 human liver cell line method, respectively, to develop an anti-smoking aid. The highest and lowest antioxidant activities represented by $IC_{50}$/ value were 30 $\mu$g/mL of Eugenia caryophyllus and 3,270 $\mu$g/mL of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, respectively. Antioxidant activity of Eugenia caryophyllus was equal to 38.0$\pm$1.2 mg VCEAC(vitamin C equivalent antioxidant capacity)/ g herb. The highest and lowest NDA values were 1.81 of Astrgalus membranaceus Bunge and 1.01 of Raphani seed and Lespedeza tomentosa Sieb, respectively. Eleven medicinal herbs with high antioxidant activity and/or NDA were selected to make an herbal tea. The herbal tea had high antioxidant activity (50 $\mu$g/mL $IC_{50}$/ and 22.4$\pm$1.4 mgVCEAC/g) and NDA (1.243). The medicinal herb tea could help smokers quitting smoking by degrading and exhausting nicotine accumulated in body and removing reactive oxygen species.

Antioxidant activity and analysis of proantbocyanidins from pine (Pinus densiflora)needles

  • Park, Yong-Soo;Jeon, Min-Hee;Hwang, Hyun-Jung;Park, Mi-Ra;Lee, Sang-Hyeon;Kim, Sung-Gu;Kim, Mi-Hyang
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
    • /
    • v.5 no.4
    • /
    • pp.281-287
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this study, we evaluated the antioxidant activity of pine needle extracts prepared with hot water, ethanol, hexane, hot water-hexane (HWH), and hot water-ethanol (HWE), using the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical method. The hot water extract possessed superior antioxidant activity than the other extracts. We also compared the antioxidant activity of pine needle extracts through ROS inhibition activity in a cellular system using MC3T3 E-1 cells. The hot water extract exhibited the lowest ROS production. The pattern of HPLC analysis of each extract indicated that the hot water extract contained the highest proanthocyanidin level. The pine needle hot-water extract was then isolated and fractionated with Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography to determine the major contributor to its antioxidant activity. The No.7 and 12 fractions had high antioxidant activities, that is, the highest contents of proanthocyanidins and catechins, respectively. These results indicate that the antioxidant activity of procyanidins from the hot water extract of pine needles is positively related to not only polymeric proanthocyanidins but also to monomeric catechins. Moreover, the antioxidant activity of the pine needle hot water extract was similar to well-known antioxidants, such as vitamin C. This suggests that pine needle proanthocyanidins and catechins might be of interest for use as alternative antioxidants.

Effect of Myricetin on mRNA Expression of Different Antioxidant Enzymes in B16F10 Murine Melanoma Cells (B16F10 Murine Melanoma Cell에서 Myricetin이 항산화효소의 m-RNA 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Yu Ji Sun;Kim An Keun
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
    • /
    • v.49 no.1
    • /
    • pp.86-91
    • /
    • 2005
  • Flavonoids are class of polyphenolic compounds widely distributed in the plant kingdom, which display a variety of biological activities, including antiviral, antithrombotic, antiinflammatory, antihistaminic, antioxidant and free-radica 1 scavenging abilities. The antioxidant enzyme (AOE) system plays an important role in the defense against oxidative stress insults. To determine whether flavonoid, myricetin can exert antioxidative effects not only directly by modulating the AOE system but also scavenging free radical, we investigated the influence of the flavonoid myricetin on cell viability, different antioxidant enzyme activities, ROS level and the expression of different antioxidant emzyme in B16F10 murine melanoma cells. Myricetin in a concentration range from 6.25 to $50\;{\mu}M$ decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) enzyme activities, but catalase (CAT) activity was increased. In the myricetin-treated group, ROS levels were decreased dose-dependently. Antioxidant enzyme expression was measured by RT-PCR. Myricetin treatment of B16F10 cells increased catalase expression. Expression levels of copper zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZn SOD) were not affected by exposure of myricetin. Manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn SOD) and GPx expression levels decreased slightly after myricetin treatment. In conclusion, the antioxidant capacity of myricetin was due to CAT and free-radical scavenging.

Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activity of Cooked Gomchwi (Ligularia fischeri) Using the Myoglobin Methods

  • An, Sejin;Park, Hee-Sook;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.34-39
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study evaluated the influence of cooking methods (blanching, pan-frying, and microwaving) on the antioxidant activity of Ligularia fischeri (LF) using myoglobin methods against five different reactive oxygen species (ROS) (i.e., 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hypochlorite ions, hydroxyl radicals, peroxyl radicals, and peroxynitrite ions). With respect to DPPH scavenging activity, the antioxidant activities of blanched LF and pan-fried LF were significantly higher (P<0.05) than that of fresh LF for all cooking times. Pan-fried LF and microwaved LF showed higher antioxidant activities against hydroxyl radicals and peroxyl radicals than uncooked LF, while the protective effect of blanched LF was low, except for the at the 3 min cooking time point. Microwaved LF showed high antioxidant activity against all ROS at the 2 min cooking time point. Interestingly, LF that had been microwaved for 2 min and 3 min had high antioxidant values, whereas blanched LF and pan-fried LF had low antioxidant values. The activities of cooked LF against five different ROS were characterized comprehensively by 5-axe cobweb charts.