• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant

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Antioxidant and Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Different Fractions from Hawthorn Fruit

  • Park, Jae-Hyo;Li, Chunmei;Hu, Weicheng;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.44-50
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    • 2010
  • Hawthorn fruit is a conventional medicine used in treating cardiovascular diseases. Its therapeutic effects may relate to its antioxidant compounds. In this study, we evaluated the antioxidant activity of $CH_2Cl_2$, EtOAc, n-butanol and water fractions from 70% methanolic hawthorn fruit extract by total phenolic and flavonoid contents, total antioxidant activity, DPPH free radical scavenging activity, superoxide radical scavenging activity, reducing power assay, lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity and protective effect against hydroxyl-radical-induced DNA damage. Results showed that the EtOAc fraction contained significantly greater antioxidant activities than other fractions, which suggests that the potent EtOAc fraction should be used for further studies to identify the antioxidant compounds.

Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of Cleome rutidosperma

  • Bose, Anindya;Mondal, Sumanta;Gupta, Jayanta Kumar;Ghosh, Tirtha;Debbhuti, Debabrata;Si, Sudam
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.135-145
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    • 2008
  • The study was aimed at evaluating the antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of ethanolic extract and its fractions of Cleome rutidosperma. The antioxidant activity, reducing power, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, superoxide anion scavenging activity, nitric oxide anion scavenging activity, in vitro antilipid peroxidation activity and in vitro non-enzymatic hemoglobin glycosylation were studied. The results obtained in the study indicate that Cleome rutidosperma is a potential source of natural antioxidant. All the parameters were found to be concentration dependent and increased with increasing amounts of sample. Flavonoids, phenolic compound like tannins, terpenoids may be responsible for the antioxidant activity of the plant. Variation of solubility parameters in various models may be attributed to non-linearity of activity of ethanol extract fractions models. Further investigation on the isolation and identification of antioxidant component(s) in the plant may lead to chemical entities with potential for clinical use.

Antioxidant Activities and Total Phenolics of Ethanol Extracts from Several Edible Mushrooms Produced in Korea

  • Choi, Young-Min;Ku, Ja-Bi;Chang, Hoo-Bong;Lee, Jun-Soo
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.700-703
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    • 2005
  • Eight edible mushrooms grown in Korea were extracted with ethanol at room temperature for 24 hr. The extracts were investigated for their antioxidant activities as measured by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and 2,2-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical cation scavenging activities. Among the mushroom extracts evaluated in this study, the ethanolic extracts from Ganoderma lucidum and Pleurotus eryngii showed the greatest potential antioxidant activity, by producing 85 and 88% inhibition in DPPH radical scavenging method and 219 and 165 mg ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant capacity (AEAC), respectively. Total phenolics and total flavonoids in the ethanolic extracts were determined by spectrophotometric method. Positive correlations were found between total phenolic contents in the extracts and their antioxidant activities, suggesting that phenolic contents in the mushrooms extracts are mainly responsible for their antioxidant activities.

Comparison of Antioxidant Potentials in Methanolic Extracts from Soybean and Rice Fermented with Monascus sp.

  • Pyo, Young-Hee
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.451-456
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    • 2007
  • The potential antioxidant activities of methanolic extracts from soybean and rice fermented with Monascus sp. were investigated. M. pilosus IFO 480 and M. anka IFO 478 were screened as a suitable strain to promote the antioxidant activities in soybean- and rice- fermentation. The methanol extracts from soybean and rice after fermenting for 20 days at $30^{\circ}C$ resulted in a significant increase in the antioxidant capacities expressed as radical (ABTS and DPPH) scavenging assay and peroxidation inhibition (%) by thiocyanate method and increased (p<0.01) by a 2.6 to 3.1-fold compared with those of the unfermented products. The average antioxidant potentials of Monascus-fermented soybean extracts (MFSE) were significantly (p<0.01) stronger than Monascus-fermented rice extracts (MFRE). A linear correlations between free radical scavenging activity of MFSE and the total phenolics content (r=0.84) and total flavonoids content (r=0.81) were observed. These results indicated that MFSE exhibited stronger (p<0.01) antioxidant activity and contained significantly higher levels (p<0.05) of phenolics than MFRE.

Antioxidant Activity of Main and Fine Roots of Ginseng (Panax Ginseng C.A. Meyer) Extracted with Various Solvents

  • Kim, Ji-Sang;Yoon, Ki-Sun;Lee, Young-Soon
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.46-51
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study was to investigate antioxidant activities of freeze-dried, main root, and fine root of ginseng (Panax ginseng CA. Meyer), which were extracted with various solvents including ethanol, methanol, and water. Ethanol extracts in both parts showed the most powerful scavenging activities against DPPH radicals. Especially, ethanol extract of fine root had higher reducing power and antioxidant capacity than that of main root. The highest antioxidant activity in linoleic acid emulsion system was also observed in fine root extracted with ethanol, followed by methanol and water. Both ferrous ion chelating activity and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) of extracts were increased with the increase of extracts concentration. These results suggest that ethanol extract of fine root of ginseng has the most effective antioxidant capacity compared to the methanol and water extracts tested in the present study. Thus it can be applied for the effective extraction of functional material from ginseng for the usage of pharmaceutical and/or food industries.

Optimization of the Extraction Parameters of Gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides Ellis) Fruits for the Maximum Antioxidant Capacity

  • Yang, Bin;Liu, Xuan;Teng, Dike;Gao, Yanxiang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.867-871
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    • 2009
  • Response surface methodology (RSM) was used for the optimization of antioxidant capacity in gardenia extracts. The antioxidant capacities of gardenia fruit extracts were investigated by ferric reducing ability (FRA) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity (RSA) assays. The optimum extraction parameters for the strongest antioxidant capacity were the ethanol concentration (EtOH) of 48.9%, extraction temperature of $72.9^{\circ}C$, and extraction time of 29.9 min. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that the quadratics of EtOH and extraction temperature had highly significant effect on the antioxidant capacity (p<0.001). The antioxidant capacity was correlated with contents of bioactive components [crocin, geniposide, and total phenolic (TP) compounds] in gardenia extracts and mainly attributed to the content of the TP compounds.

Antioxidant Activity and Protective Effects of Extracts from Sambucus williamsii var. coreana on t-BHP Induced Oxidative Stress in Chang cells (접골목 추출물에 의한 항산화 활성이 정상 간세포의 t-BHP 유발 산화스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kitae
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.275-286
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    • 2013
  • In the present study, antioxidant activity and protective effect of extracts from Sambucus williamsii var. coreana stems (SWC) were evaluated on tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) induced oxidative stress in human liver (Chang) cells. Antioxidant activities of the SWC extracts were determined by various radical scavenging activities, such as DPPH, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethybenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging activity and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. SWC extracts showed strong antioxidant effect on various assay. To determine the hepatoprotective effects of SWC on t-BHP induced oxidative damage, cell viability was measured using MTT assay. Pretreatment of SWC extracts showed increasing cell viability, decreasing ROS and restoring mitochondria membrane potential on t-BHP induced oxidative stress in Chang cells. Our findings suggest that SWC extracts may be considered a potential agent for therapeutic protective effect from oxidative stress through its antioxidant activity.

Melt-Grafting of Maleimides Having Hindered Phenol Group onto Polypropylene

  • Kim, Taek-Hyeon;Lee, Nam-Gun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.24 no.12
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    • pp.1809-1813
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    • 2003
  • Monomeric antioxidant 1 was prepared by the reaction of 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol with N-[4-(chlorocarbonyl)phenyl]maleimide in the presence of imidazole. Monomeric antioxidant 2, bearing carbamate group, was synthesized from the reaction of 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol and azidomaleimide. Antioxidant 3 was prepared by the reaction of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)maleimide and 3-(3,5-ditert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) propionic chloride in the presence of triethylamine. These reactive antioxidants were grafted onto polypropylene (PP) by melt-processing with free radical initiators in a mini-max moulder. From the infrared spectra of the grafted PP, it was found that the monomeric antioxidants were grafted onto PP. IR spectroscopic methods were used for the quantitative determination of the extent of grafting of monomeric antioxidant. To optimize the reaction conditions, the influences of the concentration of DCP, monomeric antioxidant, reaction time and temperature on the extent of grafting were studied.

Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory and Cytotoxicity on Human Lung Epithelial A549 Cells of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) Tuber

  • Zhang, Qin;Kim, Hye-Young
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.305-311
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated in vitro antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxicity on human lung epithelial A549 cells of different solvent extracts from Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) tuber. The EtOH extract contained amounts of phenolics (22.20 tannic acid equivalent ㎎/ɡ) and exhibited the highest antioxidant activity and anti-inflammatory activity. Several methods were employed for measure the antioxidant activity: 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity (IC50 = 206.79 ㎍/㎖), reducing power activity (21.26 ascorbic acid equivalent ㎎/ɡ) and total antioxidant activity (19.05 ascorbic acid equivalent ㎎/ɡ). Meantime, the EtOH extract inhibited the NO production completely with a concentration of 800 ㎍/㎖. Besides, the H2O extract exhibited more potent effect on human lung epithelial A549 cells. This study suggested that Jerusalem artichoke tuber had antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxicity on human lung epithelial A549 cells.

Assessment of Allelopathic Potential and Antioxidant Activity of Leaf Extracts from Three Compositae Plants

  • Chon, Sang-Uk;Park, Seong-Kyu
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.303-307
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    • 2003
  • Some Compositae plants are known to contain biologically active substances that are allelopathic to weeds species as well as antioxidant to foods. Aqueous extracts from leaves of 3 plant species, Cirsium japonica, Kalimeris yomena, and Lactuca saliva, were bioassayed against alfalfa (Medicago saliva) to determine their allelopathic effects. The extracts applied on filter paper in bioassay significantly inhibited root growth of alfalfa. Extracts of 20 g dry tissue $\textrm{L}^{-1}$ from Lactuca sativa showed the most inhibitory effect on alfalfa seedling growth and followed by Cirsium japonica and Kalimeris yomena. Oxidative stability by Rancimat method and antioxidant activity by TBA method for the ground samples were the greatest in Lactuca sativa although were less than that of a commonly used antioxidant, 1% ascorbic acid. Antioxidant activity of methanol extracts on storing meat was stably kept for 28days and was excellent compared to control. These results suggest that three Compositae plants have potent allelopathic and antioxidant effects, and that their activities differ, depending on plant species.