• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant

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Evaluation of Different Methods of Antioxidant Measurement

  • Yoo, Kyung-Mi;Kim, Dae-Ok;Lee, Chang-Yong
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.177-182
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    • 2007
  • The beneficial effects of fruits, vegetables, and beverages on human health have been attributed to their antioxidant activities. Therefore, antioxidant activity of food products is recognized as one of the important parameters in determining their functional values. Until now, antioxidant activity has been measured by various chemical and biological methods; however, many factors confound the reliability and reproducibility of measurements of antioxidant activity of food. In vitro methods may provide a useful indication of antioxidant activity but their results may not translate to the human biological system, while in vivo tests are difficult to carry out due to the intricate processes of uptake, cellular transportation, and metabolism of individual antioxidant components. Therefore, as long as these limitations exist, our best option is to measure the antioxidant activity in food directly. This review briefly summarizes currently available methods for the measurement of antioxidant activity in food and examines their respective validity.

Influence of Roasting Treatment on the Antioxidant Activities and Color of Burdock Root Tea

  • Lee, Darye;Kim, Choon Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.21-29
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    • 2017
  • The major trend in the antioxidant market is the growing consumer demand for natural antioxidants. Tea, one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world, is an easy way to obtain antioxidant components from a natural source. Our objective was to develop burdock root tea (BRT) with potent antioxidant activity and good color quality. In order to obtain maximum antioxidant activity and quality, the effect of roasting was determined. The antioxidant capacities and total phenolic contents of BRT increased as roasting increased. The color of BRT became darker with increased roasting, extraction time, and amount of burdock roots. Color of BRT was also positively correlated with total antioxidant capacity. Roasting significantly enhanced the total antioxidant activities and color quality of BRT. These results suggest that roasting BRT increases beneficial antioxidant components from burdock roots.

The Change of Lipid Metabolism and Immune Function Caused by Antioxidant Material in the Hypercholesterolemic Elderly Women in Korea (고콜레스테롤혈증 여자 노인에서 항산화 물질 복용에 따른 혈중 지질 농도와 면역능의 변화)

  • Kim Wha Young;Kim Mi Hyun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to examine the change of lipid metabolism and immune function caused by antioxidant material in hypercholesterolemic elderly women (serum total cholesterol $\geq$200 mg/dI). The subjects were 51 elderly women aged over 60 yrs. They were divided into antioxidant nutrients complex group (n = 25) and spirulina group (n= 26). Antioxidant nutrients complex (1 capsule/day) and spirulina (7.5 mg/day) were used for intervention for 8weeks. All the subjects were fully informed the purpose of study and gave written consents to participate in this study. Dietary intakes, anthropometric indices and blood assessment for lipid, immune function and antioxidant status were measured before and after supplementation. Either antioxidant nutrients complex or spirulina supplementation for 8weeks resulted in improved antioxidant status evidence by increased TAS (total antioxidant status) and decreased TB-ARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substance) . This intervention led to decreased serum levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, oxLDL, apolipoprotein B, IL-6 and IL-6 production by peripheral blood lymphocyte. In conclusion, the lipid profiles, immune function and antioxidant capacity were improved after either antioxidant nutrient complex or spirulina supplementation for hypercholesterolemic women. Therefore, improving antioxidant status using supplemen-tation could provide means of controlling cardiovascular disease in Korean elderly people.

In Vitro and In Vivo Antioxidant Activity of Aged Ginseng (Panax ginseng)

  • Chung, Soo Im;Kang, Mi Young;Lee, Sang Chul
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.24-30
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    • 2016
  • Fresh ginseng roots were aged in an oven at $80^{\circ}C$ for 14 d. The in vitro and in vivo antioxidant activities of this aged ginseng, in comparison with those of the white and red ginsengs, were evaluated. In in vitro antioxidant assays, the ethanolic extracts from aged ginseng showed significantly higher free radical scavenging activity and reducing power than those of the white and red ginsengs. In in vivo antioxidant assays, mice were fed a high fat diet supplemented with white, red, or aged ginseng powders. High fat feeding resulted in a significant increase in lipid peroxidation and a substantial decrease in antioxidant enzymes activities in the animals. However, diet supplementation of ginseng powders, particularly aged ginseng, markedly reduced lipid peroxidation and enhanced the antioxidant enzymes activities. The results illustrate that the aged ginseng has greater in vitro and in vivo antioxidant capacity than the white and red ginsengs. The aged ginseng also showed considerably higher total saponin, phenolic, and flavonoid contents, indicating that its antioxidant capacity may have been partly due to its high levels of antioxidant compounds. This new ginseng product may be useful as a functional food with strong antioxidant potential.

Antioxidant Characteristics in the Leaves of 14 Coniferous Trees under Field Conditions

  • Han, Sim-Hee;Lee, Jae-Cheon;Lee, Wi Young;Park, YoungKi;Oh, Chang-Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.95 no.2
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    • pp.209-215
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    • 2006
  • We investigated antioxidant capacity in leaves of 14 coniferous trees under field conditions. We focused on understanding the species characteristics on antioxidant systems and screening the coniferous tree species with the best antioxidant systems using their characteristics. The antioxidant capacity of 14 coniferous trees was divided into three groups. First group was Thuja orientalis and Chamaecyparis obtusa and those species had the highest content of ${\beta}$-carotene and xanthophyll. Second group, C. obtusa and Juniperus chinensis, used antioxidant enzymes to mitigate stress. C. obtusa represented high activity at superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase (GR), and peroxidase (POD), and J. chinensis exhibited high activity at SOD, POD, catalase (CAT). Third group employed antioxidant such as ascorbic acid and ${\alpha}$-tocopherol. The antioxidant content of T. orientalis was the highest while that of Pinus parviflora and C. obtusa were the lowest. Few species belonged in three groups simultaneously, and most species belonged in at least one or two groups. In summary, we proposed that C. obtusa and T. orientalis had the highest antioxidant capacity while P. parviflora and P. desiflora for. multicalus had the lowest antioxidant capacity.

Antioxidant Activities of Fractions from Sedum sarmentosum

  • Kim, Choon-Young;Lee, Min-Young;Park, In-Shik
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.6-9
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidant activity of each fraction from Sedum sarmentosum. Antioxidant activity of each fraction was measured using the DPPH radical assay, the ferric thiocyanate (FTC) method, and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method. The antioxidant activities were then compared with that of BHT(synthetic antioxidant). The ethyl acetate and butanol fractions were found to have significant DPPH radical scavenging activity, with scavenging potencies showing 90.61 % and 87.02%, respectively. Total phenolic compound contents, determined according to the Folin-Denis method, were found to be in the order of ethyl acetate>butanol>ethanol>chloroform>aqueous fraction. From the results, we have been able to establish a positive correlation between the antioxidant activity and the total phenolic compound content of the sample. The antioxidant activity in a linoleic acid system was measured using the ferric thiocyanate (FTC) method and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method. The ethyl acetate fraction had the highest antioxidant activity among the tested fractions. On the basis of these results, the ethyl acetate fraction provided equivalent or higher antioxidant activity as compared to BHT. These results suggest that Sedum sarmentosum is a potentially useful antioxidant for foods, cosmetics, and medicine.

Antioxidant effect of myricetin with other antioxidants, taurine and $\beta$-carotene on mouse melanoma cell

  • Yu, Ji-Sun;Kim, An-Keun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.69-69
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    • 2003
  • There are now increasing evidences that free radicals and reactive oxygen species are involved in a variety of pathological events. Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) are produced during normal cellular function. ROS lead to lipid peroxidation, massive protein oxdiation and degradation. Under normal conditions, antioxidant are substnaces that either directly or indirectly protect cell against adverse effect of ROS. several biologically important compound include ${\beta}$-carotene, taruine and flavonoids reported have antioxidant function. The various antioxidant either scavange superoxide and free radicals or stimulate the detoxification mechanisms within cells resulting in increased detoxification of free radicals formation and thus in prevention of many pathophysiologic processes. This study carried out to investigate the antioxidant activity of flavonoids, myricetin with other antioxidants, ${\beta}$-carotene and taurine on B16Fl0. In order to investigate the efficacy of antioxidant activity, we measured cell viability, antioxidant enzyme activity (SOD, GPX, CAT) and intracellular reactive oxygen intermediate (ROI). In this results, we show that these flavonoids with other antioxidant substrates are increased antioxidant activity level.

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A Study on the College Student's Recognition and Consumption of Antioxidant in Seoul Area (대학생의 항산화에 대한 인식 및 항산화 식품 섭취 실태 -서울 지역을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Young Soon;Bang, Hyeon Ho;Du, Xin Yi;Lee, Hye Won;Li, Feng Xiao;Jeon, Hyo Ju;Jun, Young Mi
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.758-771
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    • 2012
  • This research contains awareness of antioxidant and intakes of antioxidant foods for the present evaluate college students in Seoul, 375 patients were investigated. The subjects, the woman college student more than male's responded, showed a uniform distribution in the allowance, grade and the most type of residence is living apart from their family. All male and female college students recognize a lot about health, but male college students had higher than female students interested in the health, on the other hand, female college students had higher than male college students for the health efforts for the promotion of a healthy. Awareness about the oxide and active oxygen is moderate level, but knowledge about active oxygen is low level, they responded that active oxygen was caused when received stress or do strenuous exercise. General Health Functional Foods recognized that the usual intake, but intake of antioxidant was when the activity was caused by active oxygen. They recognized that the antioxidant effect is anti-aging and vitamin, wine and tea, were perceived as antioxidant foods, are popularly known. Usually, people was initially recognized through the internet in university or high school, they desire to obtain information was high but the effort to gain understanding and knowledge about antioxidant are relatively low. The result of comparing the difference of natural antioxidant foods and antioxidant healthy functional foods, recognizes of effects and absorption rate are similar, but recognizes that natural food intake is better recognition in the economics and health functional food is better recognition in the easy intake and nature foods was more preferred than functional foods because of nature friendly. Trying to intake of antioxidant foods is low, but people is expected anti-aging and fatigue recovery through the intake of antioxidant food. People think that intake is irrelevant to the season, but summer is higher than other seasons. Showed that efficacy perceptions about health supplements are higher, but efficacy perceptions about antioxidant health supplements when ingested are at a moderate level, which is lower, due to low antioxidant for understanding. Antioxidant functional health food intake will be affected the gifts or the people around them and purchase is also more influenced by surround people than themselves. So showed that most college students prefer natural antioxidant foods than antioxidant health supplements, in case of ingested antioxidant health supplements also showed that it was consumed by surround people than personal will.

Effect of Extraction Conditions of Green Tea on Antioxidant Activity and EGCG Content: Optimization using Response Surface Methodology

  • Kim, Mun Jun;Ahn, Jong Hoon;Kim, Seon Beom;Jo, Yang Hee;Liu, Qing;Hwang, Bang Yeon;Lee, Mi Kyeong
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.270-274
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    • 2016
  • Green tea, the leaves of Camellia sinsneis (Theaceae), is generally acknowledged as the most consumed beverage with multiple pharmacological functions including antioxidant activity. This study was performed to analyze the effect of extraction conditions of green tea on its antioxidant effects using DPPH assay. Three extraction factors such as extraction solvent (EtOH, 0 - 100%), extraction time (3 - 15 min) and extraction temperature ($10-70^{\circ}C$) were analyzed and optimized extraction condition for antioxidant activity of green tea extract (GTE) was determined using response surface methodology with three-level-three-factor Box-Behnken design (BBD). Regression analysis showed a good fit of data and the optimal conditions of extraction were found to be 57.7% EtOH, 15 min and $70^{\circ}C$. Under this condition, antioxidant activity of experimental data was 88.4% which was almost fit to the ideal value of 88.6%. As epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is known for the major ingredient for antioxidant activity of green tea, we investigated the effect of EGCG on antioxidant activity of GTE. EGCG showed antioxidant activity with the $IC_{50}$ value of $4.2{\mu}g/ml$ and a positive correlation was observed between EGCG content and the antioxidant activity of GTE with $R^2=0.7134$. Interestingly, however, GTE with 50 - 70% antioxidant activity contain less than $1.0{\mu}g/ml$ of EGCG, which is much lower than $IC_{50}$ value of EGCG. Therefore, we suppose that EGCG together with other constituents contribute to antioxidant activity of GTE. Taken together, these results suggest that green tea is more beneficial than EGCG alone for antioxidant ability and optimal extraction condition of green tea will be useful for the development of food and pharmaceutical applications

Effect of Some Synthetic and Natural Antioxidants on the Oxidative Stability of Skip Jack Oil (참치유의 산화 안전성에 미치는 일부 합성 및 천연 항산화제의 효과)

  • Son, Jong-Yeon;Im, Jae-Ho;Son, Heung-Su
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.88-92
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    • 1995
  • The antioxidant activity of synthetic antioxidants, BHA, BHT and TBHQ and natural antioxidants, rosemary extract, sesamol, caffeic acid and pyrogallol In a skip jack oil were studied. A control and substrates containing synthetic(0.02%) and natural antioxidant (0.05%) were stored in an incubator kept at 37$^{\circ}C$ for 8 days. The antioxidant activity of synthetic and natural antioxidants was investigated by comparing peroxide values. The results of this study were as follows All the synthetic antioxidants used for this study exhibited antioxidant activity in skip jack oils. The antioxidant activity of TBHQ was greater than that of BHA and BHT. The rosemary extract did not show antioxidant activity in skip jack oils. The antioxidant activity of sesamol and caffeic acid were greater than those of BHA. Especially Pyrogallol exhibited very strong antioxidant activity, comparable to that of the TBHQ. The antioxidant activity of the sesamol, caffein acid and pyrogallol used skip lack oil, In decreasing order as follows : pyrogallol>caffeic acid> sesamol.

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