• Title, Summary, Keyword: antimicrobial functional group

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Antimicrobial Characterictics of Antimicrobial Agent (Antibiotics) and Reduction Effect on Mal-ordour. (항균제의 항균특성 및 악취제거 효과)

  • Shin, Choon-Hwan;Kim, Jong-Hyun;Han, Sun-Hong
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 1994
  • Various antimicrobial agents are widely used for the purpose of antimicrobial process. We investigated antimicrobial activity and reduction efficiency of mal-ordour by the diphenyl ether compound (2,4,4'- trichloro -2'- hydroxy diphenyl ether) against Sraphylocom aureus(S.aureus and Proton vulgaris(p.vulgaris causing the mal-ordour, Especially, the diphenyl ether compound is not restricted to the regulation of water-contamination. In this research, we found that the optimum concentration of diphenyl ether compound was 1.5w% for both strains and antimicrobial expressions were c0.38t= 2.56 for S.aureus, c0.38t=2.67 for P.vulgaris. We found also that -OH group played the role of antimicrobial functional group. Lastly, reduction effect of mal-ordour was more than 90% for both strain at the optimum conditions. Key Words : antimicrobial agents, antimicrobial activity, reduction effect of mal-ordour, antimicrobial expression, antimicrobial functional group.

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The Biological Functionality of Electro-Galvanized Steels Coated with a Hybrid Composite Containing Pyrethroid

  • Jo, Du-Hwan;Kim, Myung-Soo;Kim, Jong-Sang;Oh, Hyun-Woo
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.74-80
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    • 2018
  • The electronic industries require environmentally-friendly and highly functional materials to enhance the quality of human life. Home appliances require insect repellent steels that work to protect household microwave ovens from incurring damage by insects such as fire ants and cockroaches in tropical regions. Thus, POSCO has developed new types of functional steels, coated with an array of organic-inorganic hybrid composites on the steel surface, to cover panels in microwave ovens and refrigerators. The composite solution uses a fine dispersion of hybrid solution with polymeric resin, inorganic and a pyrethroid additive in aqueous media. The hybrid composite solution coats the steel surface, by using a roll coater and is cured using an induction curing furnace on both the continuous galvanizing line and the electro-galvanizing line. The new steels were evaluated for quality performances, salt spray test for corrosion resistance and biological performance for both insect repellent and antimicrobial activity. The new steels with organic-inorganic composite coating exhibit extraordinarily biological functionalities, for both insect repellent and antimicrobial activities for short and long term tests. The composite-coating solution and experimental results are discussed and suggest that the molecular level dispersion of insecticide on the coating layer is key to biological functional performances.

Development of Functional Beverages using Distilled Extract of Korean Medicinal Herb (약용식물의 증류 추출물을 이용한 기능성 음료 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Young-Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.384-392
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    • 2007
  • The primary objective of this study was to determine the effects of a water-distilled extract with 15 kinds of Korean medicinal herb on antioxidant activity, antimicrobial activity against Helicobacter pylori, and lipid metabolism. The water-distilled extract (WE) and fermenting water-distilled extract (FE) of medicinal herbs were utilized in order to make functional beverages. The EDA (electron donating activity), SOD-like ability, and RAE (relative antioxidant efficacy) of WE averaged 24.47, 50.35, and 1.57%, respectively, but the EDA, SOD-like ability, and RAE of FE was retardeded by 12.01, 35.72, and 1.55%, respectively. The antimicrobial activity against Helicobacter pylori of WE averaged 12.84 mm as a diametric clear zone, and was significantly (p<0.05) higher than those measured in the WE and control. Serum triglyceride contents, total serum cholesterol contents, and serum LDL-cholesterol contents of the WE group were significantly (p<0.05) lower than those of the control group. The liver total-cholesterol contents and liver triglycerides of WE group were significantly (p<0.05) lower than those of the control group. The plasma TBARS value of the WE group was significantly (p<0.05) lower than that of the control group. The sensory evaluation, taste, and smell of FE were more desirable than those of WE, but the color of WE was more desirable. According to the above results, the water distilled extracts (WE) of 15 kinds of medicinal herb are supposed to be effective with regard to antioxidant activity and lipid metabolism, but the antimicrobial activity against Helicobacter pylori was increased as the result of fermentation.

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Quality changes of Oiji with various antimicrobial ingredients during fermentation (기능성재료를 첨가한 오이지의 숙성 중 품질 변화)

  • 심영현;유창희;차경희
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.329-337
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to observe the changes of Oiji quality during fermentation by preparing the samples with various functional ingredients (Chinese pepper(Sancho), onion, pine leaves) exerting antimicrobial effect. The pH values of all experiment groups decreased significantly in proportion to the ripening period(P<0.05). Control and Chinese pepper-added groups showed a rapid decrease in pH after 5 days of ripening, and Onion- and Pine leaves-added groups after 3 days of ripening. All experimental groups showed the lowest pH value at the 20th day of ripening. Rapid permeation of salt solution occured in all groups at the 3rd day of ripening. But the increase rate of salt permeation decreased gradually after 3 days of ripening. Lightness and redness in color decreased gradually in all groups, but the redness of Pine leaves-added group increased at the 30th day of ripening. Yellowness of control group was higher than that of others after 10 days of ripening(P<0.05), and the yellowness of pine leaves-added Oiji was the lowest among all after 5 days of ripening(P<0.05). The maximum cutting force of raw cucumber was observed at stem end followed by blossom end and middle part, and the Oiji samples also showed the same order at the early stage of ripening. In general, maximum cutting force of minor ingredient-added Oiji was higher than that of control and maximum cutting force was decreased at the 30th day of ripening. Onion-added group showed the highest value among all at the 40th day of ripening. Chinese pepper-added group was ranked low, but onion- and pine leaves-added groups were ranked high in sensory evaluation.

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Antimicrobial activities and skin barrier improvement effect of Eruca sativa extract (루꼴라(Eruca sativa) 추출물의 항균활성과 피부장벽 개선 효과)

  • Kim, Bora;Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.320-324
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    • 2017
  • Eruca sativa is a rocket plant and a member of the Brassicaceae, which is considered to be an important chemo-preventive plant family. Although Eruca sativa has positive biological effects, the effect of Eruca sativa extract (ES) on improvement of skin barrier function has not been reported. In this study, we investigated the applicability of functional materials by examining a variety of physiological activities of Eruca sativa extract. ES showed anti-microbial activities against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, and Candida albicans. In particular, antimicrobial activities of ES against B. subtilis was the highest. Additionally, immunohistochemical analysis of protein marker related to keratinocyte differentiation was determined. The treatment by ES (50 mg/L) showed a significant increase of involucrin expression compared with treatment by 0.1% DMSO as a control in skin equivalents, the ES-treated group showed similar level in the expression of involucrin compared to the group treated with the same concentration of WY14643 in $EpiDerm^{TM}$, a three-dimensional model of skin equivalents. These results indicate that ES promotes the expression of protein related to barrier properties of the skin. Therefore, ES may be an effective ingredient for skin barrier improvement.

Application of Nanoparticles in Food Preservation and Food Processing

  • Prakash, J.;Vignesh, K.;Anusuya, T.;Kalaivani, T.;Ramachandran, C.;Sudha, Rani R.;Rubab, Momna;Khan, Imran;Elahi, Fazle;Oh, Deog-Hwan;DevanandVenkatasubbu, G.
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.317-324
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    • 2019
  • This study focuses on the role of nanotechnology in the field of food industries. Bioactive components with antimicrobial activity against food pathogens are encapsulated into nanoparticles (NPs) to improve and extend their efficiency in food preservation. However, these NPs should be biocompatible and nontoxic for humans. Advancement in this field has resulted in the development of NPs for food packaging in some industries. The most commonly used group of NPs in the food industry is metal oxide. As metal oxide NPs such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide exhibit antimicrobial activity in food materials, the NPs can be used for food preservation with enhanced functional properties. The application and effects of nanotechnology in correlation with the nutritional and sensory properties of foods were briefly discussed with a few insights into safety regulations on nano-based food formulation and preservation.

The Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk Prepared with Green Tea or Rosemary Powder (녹차 및 로즈마리 가루를 첨가한 설기떡의 품질특성)

  • Gwon, So-Young;Moon, Bo-Kyung
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.150-159
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this research was to improve the quality of Sulgidduk by additions of green tea or rosemary powder to enhance its functional properties and antimicrobial effects. The green tea or rosemary powders were added to the Sulgidduk at different levels (1 or 3%), and color values, textural characteristics, sensory qualities, pH values, and acetic acid values were evaluated. With higher amounts of green tea or rosemary powder, the L-values of samples decreased and a-and b-values increased. Texture profile analyses indicated that hardness was significantly different among all the samples. The sensory evaluation results showed that the 1% addition of green tea or rosemary powder did not cause significant differences in overall acceptability, flavor, or taste. During storage, pH values decreased in all groups and the control group showed the lowest value. Acetic acid values increased during storage and the control group showed the highest value in the last stage of storage. Finally, the L- and a-values of samples did not change significantly during storage.

Effects of the Extracts from Gyrophora esculenta and Coriolus versicolor judae Mycelia on the Growth of Intestinal Bacteria (석이버섯과 운지버섯 균사체 추출물이 장내 세균의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Kyoung-Ran;Lee, Woon-Jong;Cho, Min-Gyu;Park, Eui-Seok;Jeong, Jun-Young;Kwon, Oh-Sung;Yoon, Hyang-Sik;Kim, Kwang-Yup
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.820-825
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    • 2010
  • The functional food components from various Basidiomycota were investigated to improve human intestinal microflora, especially associated with obesity. EtOH extract from Gyrophora esculenta fruit body and Coriolus versicolor judae mycelia showed antimicrobial activities on Eubacterium limosum, Clostridium perfrigens, Clostridium paraputrificum, Clostridium difficile and Clostridium ramosum, and on Bacteroides fragilis, respectively. Although the 80% EtOH extract from G. esculenta fruit body and hot-water extract from C. versicolor judae mycelia did not reduce weight of the rats in the high fat diet, these extracts showed stability at high temperatures and at wide pH ranges. In the rat group of feeding 80% EtOH extract from G. esculanta fruit body, Bifidobacterium spp. were increased and Clostridium spp. and Eubacterium spp. were decreased compared to the high fat feeding group. Also sensory evaluation was carried out for the development of prototype drink product. These results demonstrated the possibilities of C. versicolor judae and G. esculenta as a functional food components to control intestinal microbial flora.

Effects of Grapefruit Seed Extract on Oxidative Stability and Quality Properties of Cured Chicken Breast

  • Kang, Su-Tae;Son, Hee-Kyoung;Lee, Hyun-Joo;Choi, Jung-Seok;Choi, Yang-Il;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.429-439
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated the antioxidative and functional effects of a curing agent containing grapefruit seed extract (GSE) on the quality and storage characteristics of chicken breast. The total polyphenol and total flavonoid contents of GSE were 45.06 mg/g and 36.06 mg/g, respectively. The $IC_{50}$ value of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl hydroxyl scavenging of GSE was $333.33{\mu}g/mL$. The chicken breast comprised six groups: no-treatment (N), 0.2% ascorbic acid + 70 ppm sodium nitrite (C), 0.05% GSE (G0.05), 0.1% GSE (G0.1), 0.3% GSE (G0.3), and 0.5% GSE (G0.5). The pH and cooking loss of cured chicken breast decreased with increasing GSE levels, and the water holding capacity increased with increasing GSE levels. The hardness and chewiness of GSE-treated chicken breast were higher than those of N and C. Hunter's L and a color values increased significantly after GSE addition. Moreover, 0.1% GSE (G0.1) increased the flavor and total acceptability scores. The 2-thiobarbituric acid and volatile basic nitrogen values of the 0.5% GSE group decreased significantly compared with those of C group. Total microbial counts of GSE-treated chicken breast were higher than those of C, but that lower than those of N. Adding GSE to chicken breast delayed lipid peroxidation and had antimicrobial effects during cold storage. GSE improved shelf life and palatability; therefore, it could be used as a natural antioxidant and functional curing agent ingredient in meat products.

Functional Probiotic Characterization and In Vivo Cholesterol-Lowering Activity of Lactobacillus helveticus Isolated from Fermented Cow MilkS

  • Damodharan, Karthiyaini;Palaniyandi, Sasikumar Arunachalam;Yang, Seung Hwan;Suh, Joo Won
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.26 no.10
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    • pp.1675-1686
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    • 2016
  • We characterized the probiotic properties of Lactobacillus helveticus strains KII13 and KHI1 isolated from fermented cow milk by in vitro and in vivo studies. The strains exhibited tolerance to simulated orogastrointestinal condition, adherence to Caco-2 cells, and antimicrobial activity. Both L. helveticus strains produced bioactive tripeptides, isoleucylprolyl-proline and valyl-prolyl-proline, during fermentation of milk. KII13 showed higher in vitro cholesterol-lowering activity (47%) compared with KHI1 (28%) and L. helveticus ATCC 15009 (22%), and hence, it was selected for in vivo study of cholesterol-lowering activity in atherogenic diet-fed hypercholesterolemic mice. For the study, mice were divided into four groups (viz., normal diet control group, atherogenic diet control group (HCD), KII13-atherogenic diet group (HCD-KII13), and Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 43121-atherogenic diet group (HCD-L.ac) as positive control). The serum total cholesterol level was significantly decreased by 8.6% and 7.78% in the HCD-KII13 and HCD-L.ac groups (p < 0.05), respectively, compared with the HCD group. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in both HCD-KII13 and HCD-L.ac groups were decreased by 13% and 11%, respectively, compared with the HCD group (both, p < 0.05). Analysis of cholesterol metabolism-related gene expression in mice liver showed increased expression of LDLR and SREBF2 genes in mice fed with KII13. By comparing all the results, we conclude that L. helveticus KII13 could be used as a potential probiotic strain to produce antihypertensive peptides and reduce serum cholesterol.