• Title, Summary, Keyword: antibacterial activity

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EFFECT OF POLYPHOSPHATE IN ROOT CANAL SEALERS ON THE GROWTH OF ORAL BACTERIA (Polyphosphate가 함유된 근관충전재가 구강세균의 성장에 미치는 영향)

  • 박석범;최기운;최호영
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.141-152
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    • 2001
  • Eliminating the infecting bacteria of the root canal system and preventing reinfection must be the main objectives of all endodontic works. None of commercially available root canal sealers have the properties of desirable tissue compatibility and strong antibacterial activity. The purpose of this study is to develope an ideal root canal sealer using commercially available polyphosphate (polyP), Calgon, which is known to be antibacterial and safe. For the study. resin type AH26, zinc oxide eugenol type Tubli Seal. Ca(OH)$_2$ type Apexit as base sealers for polyP (0~3%) and para formaldehyde containing N2 as a control base were selected. Specimens (3$\times$4mm) of the sealers were prepared in a 37$^{\circ}C$ incubator for 3 and 10 days and their antibacterial activity against streptococci and black pigmented anaerobic rods was observed using an agar diffusion method. The result were as follows: 1. Among 3 day old root canal sealers. N2 as a positive control showed the strongest antibacterial effect. followed by AH26. Tubli Seal and. Apexit which barely showed antibacterial activity against the test bacteria. In contrast. 10 day old AH26 showed a greater antibacterial activity than 10 day old N2. 2. All sealer specimens showed a greater antibacterial activity against black pigmented anaerobic rods than streptococci. Three day old ones appeared to be more antibacterial than 10 day old ones except for Apexit. 3. As compared to N2, 3 day old AH26 demonstrated a similar antibacterial activity against black pig mented anaerobic rods but to a lesser extent to streptococci. Ten day old AH26 showed a greater antibacterial activity against black pigmented anaerobic rods than 10 day old N2. 4. As compared to AH26. Tubli Seal generally revealed a lower antibacterial activity but it showed a greater antibacterial activity aginst S. gordonii Challis. 5. Enhancement of antibacterial activity by polyP was more clearly observed when it was added to Ca(OH)$^{\circ}C$ based root canal sealers. Tubli Seal and N2. 6. The addition of polyP enhanced the antibacterial activity of 3 day old AH26 against S. gordonii G9B (16%) and Challis (29%), and P. gingivalis 2561 (24%) only. Moreover, polyP failed to increase antibacterial activity of 10 day old AH26 against the test strains but P. gingivalis A7A1 28(13%). 7. The addition of polyP increased the antibacterial effect of 3 day old Tubli Seal on several test bacteria including s. mutans GS 5 (50%). s. gordonii G9B (47%) and Challis (122%). and all the test strains of P. gingivalis (13~35%) except for 9 14K 1. The addition of polyP to 10 day old Tubli Seal increased antibacterial activity of the root canal sealer against most test strains. 8. 3 day old Apexit failed to show antibacterial activity. if any very little against S. mutans GS 5 and Pr. intermedia ATCC 49046. However. polyP increased its antibacterial activity by 50 and 69%, respectively. Increase of antibacterial activity of 10 day old Apexit by polyP was more clearly observed than that of 3 day old one.

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Antibacterial Activity of Puer Tea Extract on Pathogenic Microorganisms

  • Kim, Hyo-Jeong;Kim, Su-Won;Baek, Sun-Ah;Kim, Jong-Won;Yoo, Min
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.21-25
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    • 2011
  • We have analyzed 11 different commercial brands provided by Daboo Culture and Art Center. This study was carried out to determine the antibacterial activity of water extract from puer tea ingredients against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes). Antibacterial activity of the water extracts was shown against S. aureus and L. monocytogenes by paper disc method. In case of S. aureus, antibacterial activity of the extracts appeared as clear inhibitory zone. This antibacterial activity was greater along with pH and showed the highest effect at pH 10. In case of L. monocytogenes, antibacterial activity of the extract appeared as clear inhibitory zone. Some Puer tea appeared to be more powerful in antibacterial activity against S. aureus and L. monocytogenes. The polyphenol compounds were 3.46~8.68%, depending upon samples. In conclusion, puer tea is considered as a good choice for well-being food.

Rapid Preparation of Dongchimi-Juice for Naengmyon by Lactic Acid Bacteria Having High Antibacterial Activity (항균활성이 높은 젖산균에 의한 냉면용 동치미액의 속성제조)

  • 박상희
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to establish a rapid preparation method of Dongchimi-juice having favor-able flavor and high antibacterial activity against undesirable bacteria in Naengmyon-broth by using high antibacterial strains of lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus homohiochii B21 and leuconostoc mesenteroid-es subsp. mesenteroides C16 as Dongchimi starter. When the two strains of lactic acid bacteria were used as starter mixed culture was better than single culture in acid production and antibacterial activity. When starter was not inoculated in Dongchimi fermentation the numbers of Gram negatives and colifor-ms were remarkably increased in early phase and antibacterial activity could scarcely be detected. But when starter was inoculated the numbers of Gram negatives and coliforms were sharply decreased from early phase and antibacterial ctivity was high. When Dongchimi was made with heat sterilized mat-erials and starter there were no Gram negatives and coliforms and antibacterial activity was high. The antibacterial activity of starter inoculated Dongchimi was maximum in 2 days of fermentation at 2$0^{\circ}C$ and was scarcely detected in six days. In consideration of coliform counts antibacterial activity and the flavor of Dongchimi the preparation method in which all materials were heat treated at 8$0^{\circ}C$ for 15 min-utes and inoculated with mixed starter of the two strains and fermented for 2 days at 2$0^{\circ}C$ was thoug-ht to be good.

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Antibacterial Activity of Chitosan against Staphylococcus aureus -The Effect of Watersolubility, Degree of Deacetylation and Molecular Weight of Chitosan on Antibacterial Activity- (포도상구균(Staphylococcus aureus)에 대한 키토산의 항균성 -키토산의 수용성, 탈아세틸화도 및 분자량이 항균성에 미치는 효과-)

  • 한영숙;전동원
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.807-818
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    • 2004
  • The antibacterial activities of several types of chitosan were measured against Staphylococcus aureus and evaluated for their application to antibacterial textile finishing. The % reduction of bacteria of the chitosans prepared in our laboratory were between 72 and 87%. The two water-soluble chitosans with molecular weights 1,000 and 3,000 did not show antibacterial activities. The deacetylation of chitosan was appeared to increase antibacterial activity. The % reduction in bacterial density of the 86%-deacetylated chitosan solution was 56% where that of the 76%-deacetylated chitosan solution was only 17% at 0.1% chitosan concentration. Molecular weights of the chitosans seemed not to affect antibacterial activities of chitosans. The antibacterial activity of the acid-soluble, 86%-deacetylated chitosan with 4 cps showed 98% of the % reduction at the level of 0.2% chitosan. The % reduction of bacteria of this chitosan was higher at the higher concentration of acetic acid in the chitosan-bacterial mixture. The antibacterial activity was increased with the pH change over the range of 4.0 to 6.5. The 100% of the % reduction of bacteria was achieved within 4 hour incubation of the chitosan-bacterial mixture. According to the data obtained from the above experiments, the four chitosans among the six prepared in our laboratory were proved to be valuable for antibacterial textile finishing.

Antibacterial potential of the extracts derived from leaves and in vitro raised calli of medicinal plants Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb., Clitoria ternatea L., and Sanseveiria cylindrica Bojer ex Hook

  • Shahid, M;Shahzad, A;Anis, M
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.174-181
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    • 2009
  • Pterocarpus marsupium, Clitoria ternatea, and Sanseveiria cylindrica are some of the important and endangered medicinal plant species of India. Despite of medicinal properties, antibacterial potential of the plants have not yet been explored. The present study was designed to optimize the in vitro technique for micropropagation and to screen the extracts from leaves and in vitro raised calli for antibacterial properties. Excised leaf-explants from the parent plants were surface sterilized and cultivated on Murashige & Skoog's (MS) medium containing $N^6$-benzyladenine (BA) in concentrations of 1, 2, 5, and $10{\mu}M$. Optimal growth of calli was noticed at a concentration of $5{\mu}M$, therefore the extracts from calli grown at this concentration were further studied for antibacterial activity. Both alcoholic and aqueous extracts from leaves of respective plants, and their in vitro raised calli were tested for antibacterial activity by agar well diffusion method against a range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Aqueous extracts showed antibacterial activity against limited number of bacterial species; notably the extracts of C. ternatea which showed antibacterial activity against Streptococcus pyogenes, Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus. Alcoholic extracts of all three plants showed antibacterial activity against a wider range of bacteria. Among the Gram-positive bacteria, extracts from C. ternatea showed strong antibacterial activity against Bacillus spp., whereas the extracts of S. cylindrica showed good antibacterial potential for Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis and S. pyogenes. The extracts from all three plants showed antibacterial activity against Gram-negative bacteria, including, Salmonella spp. and Shigella dysenteriae; organisms causing enteric fever and dysentery. In most of the cases, the extracts from respective calli showed comparable, and in some cases better, result in comparison to the extracts from parent leaves. To the best of our knowledge this is the first preliminary report on antibacterial potential, especially through calli extracts, of these plants; and in vitro cultivation of the explants may be used to obtain phytotherapeutic compounds.

A Study on Antibacterial Activity of Natural Material Treated Cotton Fabric (천연물 가공 면포의 항균성 연구)

  • 최인려
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.441-446
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    • 2003
  • Water-insoluble chitosan with molecular weight of 2,000,000, 500,000, 80,000, and 40,000 and more than 90% of degree of deacetylation were used to test antibacterial activity of chitosan against a pathogenic bacteria, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA), which is being issued in the world. As experimental method, Agar plate Smear Method and Agar plate Contact Method were used. The moleculur weight of chitosan didn't exert significant influences on its antibacterial activity against MRSA but chitosan having molecular weight 40,000, 80,000 and 150,000 showed the excellent antibacterial activity. The antibacterial efHciency was excellent in applying it after chitosan was dissolved in acetic acid solution, while the antibacterial efficiency was not expressed nearly in case of applying after chitosan was dissolved in neutral water. Therefore, it is considered that chitosan can show the antibacterial efficiency only if a positive ion status of -NH₃/sup +/ is maintained. MIC of chitosan/acetic acid solution and cotton fabrics finished with chitosan/acetic acid solution showed in concentration of 0.05%.

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A Study on the Antibacterial Activity of Chitosan on the MRSA by the AATCC Test Method 100 and Modified AATCC Test Method 100

  • Choi, Jeong-Im;Jeon, Dong-Won
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.4 no.6
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    • pp.557-563
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    • 2002
  • Water-soluble chitosan and water-insoluble chitosan with molecular weight of 2,000,000, 500,000, 80,000, and 40,000 with more than 90%of degree of deacetylation were produced to test antibacterial activity of chitosan against a pathogenic bacteria, Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA). the AATCC Test Method 100and Modified AATCC Test Method 100 were used to evaluate the antibacterial activity of chitosan. Antibacterial activity of chitosan/acetic acid solution was the same when they were tested by two different methods, but those of polyester fabrics treated with chitosan/acetic acid solution were different in different antibacterial test. So several problems were found in the experimental methods. The AATCC Test Method 100 seems that excessive nutrition exists in inoculum solution by quantitative analysis on the basis the result of antibacterial activity on chitosan/acetic acid solution and amount of chitosan attached to the surface of treated fabrics.

Antibacterial activity of supernatant obtained from Weissella koreensis and Lactobacillus sakei on the growth of pathogenic bacteria

  • Im, Hana;Moon, Joon-Kwan;Kim, Woan-Sub
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.415-423
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    • 2016
  • This study was carried out to obtain basic data for the industrial use of Weissella koreensis and Lactobacillus sakei. The antibacterial activity of supernatants obtained from W. koreensis and L. sakei were tested against pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli KCCM 11234, Salmonella enteritidis KCCM 3313, Salmonella enteritidis KCCM 12021, Salmonella typhimurium KCCM 40253, and Salmonella typhimurium KCCM 15. The supernatant of L. sakei showed antibacterial activity against E. coli KCCM 11234, S. enteritidis KCCM 12021, and S. typhimurium KCCM 15, while the supernatant of W. koreensis showed antibacterial activity against E. coli KCCM 11234 and S. enteritidis KCCM 12021. The effect of pH changes and heat treatment on antibacterial activity of the supernatants was examined using the sensitive pathogenic bacteria (E. coli KCCM 11234, S. enteritidis KCCM 12021 and S. typhimurium KCCM 15). Antibacterial activity against sensitive pathogenic bacteria was maintained under heat treatment at all temperatures, but there was no antibacterial activity associated with pH modification. Furthermore, it was confirmed that the antibacterial activity of the supernatants obtained from W. koreensis and L. sakei was a result of organic acids including, lactic, acetic, phosphoric, succinic, pyroglutamic, citric, malic, and formic acids. Therefore, the present study showed that the organic acids produced by L. sakei and W. koreensis exhibited a strong antibacterial activity against pathogenic bacteria. Moreover, in the food industry, these organic acids have the potential to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria and improve the quality of stored food.

Antibacterial activity of Bio-fermented Galla Rhios Extract (오배자 발효추출물의 항세균활성)

  • Doh, Eun Soo;Yoo, Ji Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : This experimental study was performed in order to investigate the antibacterial effect of bio-fermented Galla Rhois extract. Methods : The Galla Rhois extract was fermented by Streptococcus thermophilus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Lactobacillus delbrueckii, and their products was tested for antibacterial activity against six pathogenic microorganisms namely, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium by paper disc diffusion method. Results : The Galla Rhois fermented extract by Lactobacillus delbrueckii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae showed more effective antibacterial activity than not fermented extract against Bacillus subtilis and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Antibacterial activity of fermented extract using especially Lactobacillus delbrueckii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae was proved that it was good with even 2 percents concentration. Antibacterial activity of Galla Rhois extract within pH 3 to pH 7 had been safe regardless of pH but low over pH 9. The growth of Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus had a tendency to decrease depend on the increasing concentration of the extract. EtOEt, EtOAc and n-BuOH fractions of the Galla Rhois extract had a high level of antibacterial activity against Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus, respectively. Surprisingly, EtOAc fractions of the Galla Rhois extract showed higher antibacterial activity against Vibrio parahaemolyticus alone. And antibacterial activity against six pathogenic microorganisms had a tendency to increase depend on the increasing concentration of the fractions of the Galla Rhois extract. Conclusions : Bio-fermented Galla Rhois extract, efficiently inhibited the growth of Bacillus cereus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus.

Characterization of Antibacterial Activity and Synergistic Effect of Cationic Antibacterial Peptide-resin Conjugates

  • Kim, Jeong-Min;Jang, Su-Jung;Yang, Mi-Hwa;Cho, Hyeong-Jin;Lee, Keun-Hyeung
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.11
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    • pp.3928-3932
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    • 2011
  • We synthesized peptide-resin conjugates (1 and 2) by immobilizing ${\beta}$-sheet antibacterial peptide and ${\alpha}$ helical antibacterial peptide on PEG-PS resin, respectively. Conjugate 1 showed considerable antibacterial activity in various conditions, whereas conjugate 2 did not exhibit antibacterial activity. The growths of various bacteria were inhibited by conjugate 1 even at lower concentrations than MIC. Conjugate 1 killed bacteria at MIC and had a potent synergistic effect with current antibacterial agents such as vancomycin and tetracycline, respectively. Overall results indicate that polymer surface modification using antibacterial ${\beta}$ sheet peptide is a powerful way to prevent microbial contamination on polymer surfaces.