• Title, Summary, Keyword: anti-tumor

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Anti-Tumor Activities of Decursinol Angelate and Decursin from Angelica gigas

  • Lee, Sang-Hyun;Lee, Yeon-Sil;Jang, Sang-Hoon;Shin, Kuk-Hyun;Kim, Bak-Kwang;Kang, Sam-Sik
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.26 no.9
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    • pp.727-730
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    • 2003
  • The in vivo anti-tumor activities of decursinol angelate (1) and decursin (2) isolated from the roots of Angelica gigas were investigated. These two compounds, when administered consecutively for 9 days at 50 and 100 mg/kg i.p. in mice, caused a significant increase in the life span and a significant decrease in the tumor weight and volume of mice inoculated with Sarcoma-180 tumor cells. These results suggest that decursinol angelate (1) and decursin (2) from A. gigas have anti-tumor activities.

Enhancement of Anti-tumor Immunity by Administration of Macrolepiota procera Extracts (큰갓버섯 추출물의 종양면역 증진 효과)

  • Han, Kyung-Hoon;Kim, Doh-Hee;Song, Kwan-Yong;Lee, Kye-Heui;Kang, Tae-Bong;Yoon, Taek-Joon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2012
  • To examine the potentiation of Macrolepiota procera extracts (MPE-4) to act as adjuvant enhancing the tumor specific anti-tumor immune response, tumor vaccine prepared by boiling (HK vaccine) admixed with MPE-4 and immunized in mice. Vaccination of mice with HK vaccine in combination with MPE-4 resulted in higher inhibition in tumor metastasis compared with the mice of HK vaccine alone treatment against live syngeneic tumor cell challenge. The splenocytes from mice immunized HK vaccine mixed with MPE-4 was able to elicit a stronger cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response as compared with HK vaccine alone. In addition, the splenocytes from MPE-4 admixed HK vaccine immunized mice secreted a higher concentration of Th1 type cytokine such as IFN-${\gamma}$, and GM-CSF. Furthermore, the adoptive transfer of splenocytes from mice immunized HK vaccine and MPE-4 led to a more robust anti-tumour response than the HK vaccine alone. Overall, these results indicate that MPE-4 is a good candidate adjuvant of anti-tumor immune response.

Anti-tumor Effect of Carrot(Docus carota L.) Extracts in the Human Lung Cancer Cell Line NCI-H1299 (인체 페암세포주 NCI-H1299에 대한 당근 추출물의 항암효과)

  • 노숙령;김도희
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.289-298
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    • 2002
  • This study was designed to investigate the anti-tumor effects of fresh carrot juice, methanol-extracts, and $\beta$-carotene on the human lung cancer cell line NCI-H1299. The anti-tumor effect was evaluated by the MTT assay in vitro. The anti-tumor effect of fresh carrot juice against NCI-H1299 lasted up to 96 hours after exposure; the viability rate of lung cancer cells decreased below 50% after 48 hours, and further after 72 hours. The strongest propagation inhibition effect of fresh carrot juice was shown at the concentration of 2000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ after 72 hours and the viability rates was 45.98% even at the concentration of 25 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$. The value of $IC_{50}$/ was 23.1$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ when the elapsed time was 72 hours. The viability rate of methanol-extract was 52.4% under the concentration of 2000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ and the elapsed time of 72 hours. Under the concentration of 1000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ and the elapsed time of 48 hours, $\beta$ -carotene decreased the viability rate to 29.99%. The $IC_{50}$/ value of $\beta$-carotene was 691.2$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ after 72 hours. According to the above results, the anti-tumor effect arose in NCI-H1299 when the concentration of the fresh carrot juice or the $\beta$-carotene was more than 25 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ or 1000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$, respectively. On the other hand, the methanol-extracts showed a weak anti-tumor effect even at a concentration as high as 2000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$.

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Anti-tumor Metastatic Effect and Activation of Innate Immunity by Extract of Mori Radicis Cortex (상백피(桑白皮)의 선천면역 활성화에 의한 항암 효과)

  • Jeong, Jae-Hyuk;Lee, Jin-Moo;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Cho, Jung-Hoon;Jang, Jun-Bock;Lee, Kyung-Sub
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was carried out to investigate the anti-tumor metastasis effect and activation of innate immunity by extracts of Mori radicis cortex. Methods: Anti-tumor metastatic experiment was conducted in vitro and in vivo by using colon 26-M3.1 carcinoma cell, L5178Y-R lymphoma cell and HeLa cell. To observe the activation of innate immunity by extracts of Mori radicis cortex, we estimated IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, TNF-${\alpha}$ from peritoneal macrophages. And we evaluated the activation of NK cell by using anti-asialo-GM1 serum. Results: We found that the administration of Mori radicis cortex extracts significantly inhibited tumor metastasis. In an in vitro cytotoxicity analysis, Mori radicis cortex affected tumor cell growth above specific concentration. Mori radicis cortex also stimulated peritoneal macrophage, which was followed by the production of various cytokines such as IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, TNF-${\alpha}$. The depletion of NK cells by anti-asialo GM1 serum partly abolished the inhibitory effect of Mori radicis cortex on tumor metastasis. Conclusion: Mori radicis cortex appears to have considerable activity on the anti-metastasis by activation of innate immunity.

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In Vivo Anti-tumor Activity of 3-Methyl-6-allylthiopyridazine in Nude Mice Xenografted with Hep-G2 Hepatocarcinoma

  • Kwon, Soon-Kyoung;Moon, Aree
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.113-117
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    • 2005
  • Organosulfur compounds have been shown to exert an anti-cancer activity. In an attempt to develop novel chemopreventive and anti-cancer agents for liver cancer, we synthesized allylthiopyridazine derivatives. We have previously shown that allylthiopyridazine derivatives exert inhibitory effects on proliferation, invasion and migration of SK-Hep-1 hepatocarcinoma cells in vitro. The in vivo anti-tumor effect of 3-methvl-6-allylthiopy-ridazine, named as K6, was also reported. In this study, we further investigated the preclinical anti-cancer efficacy of K6 for hepatocarcinoma using nude mice xenografted with Hep-G2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells. K6(20-100 mg/kg, orally administered everyday for 30 days) markedly decreased the tumor volume of Hep-G2 cell-transplanted nude mice as evidenced by ultrasonographic and plethysmogranhic analyses. The inhibitory effect on tumor volume was lower than that exerted by doxorubicin (2 mg/kg), intravenously injected) which was used as a positive control. This study shows that K6 efficiently suppresses xenograft tumor growth, revealing K6 as apotential anti-cancer agent for suppressing in vivo progression of liver cancer. Given that hepatocarcinoma is among the most prevalent and lethal malignancies and there is no effective treatment to date, our study may contribute to the potential drug development for liver cancer.

Tumor microenvironment-responsive nanoparticles for cancer theragnostic applications

  • Uthaman, Saji;Huh, Kang Moo;Park, In-Kyu
    • Biomaterials Research
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.172-182
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    • 2018
  • Background: Cancer is one of the deadliest threats to human health. Abnormal physiochemical conditions and dysregulated biosynthetic intermediates in the tumor microenvironment (TME) play a significant role in modulating cancer cells to evade or defend conventional anti-cancer therapy such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. One of the most important challenges in the development of anti-tumor therapy is the successful delivery of therapeutic and imaging agents specifically to solid tumors. Main body: The recent progresses in development of TME responsive nanoparticles offers promising strategies for combating cancer by making use of the common attributes of tumor such as acidic and hypoxic microenvironments. In this review, we discussed the prominent strategies utilized in the development of tumor microenvironment-responsive nanoparticles and mode of release of therapeutic cargo. Conclusion: Tumor microenvironment-responsive nanoparticles offers a universal approach for anti-cancer therapy.

Anti-oxidant and Anti-tumor Activities of Crude Extracts by Gastrodia elata Blume (천마추출물의 항산화 및 항암 활성)

  • Heo Jin-Chul;Park Ja-Young;An Sang-Mi;Lee Jin-Man;Yun Chi-Young;Shin Heung-Mook;Kwon Taeg-Kyu;Lee Sang-Han
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.83-87
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    • 2006
  • Gastrodia elata Blume is a major imp0l1ant medicinal resource in Korea. In order to confirm the biological activities of Gastrodia elata Blume, we carried out various in vitro assays. Of them, anti-oxidant and anti-tumor activities were detected from assays. The prototype of Gastrodia elata Blume extracts was used for 1he evaluation of DPPH, FRAP, hydroxyradical scavenging assay as anti-oxidant assays, as well as anti-tumor asctivities as wound assay and invasion assay. As a result, the prototype of Gastrodia elata Blume extracts showed potent anti-oxidative activity and anti-tumor activity in vitro. These above results suggest that 1he Gastrodia elata Blume extracts could have potential to alleviate oxidation process, cell motility activity, and tumorigenesis.

Anti-tumor and Chemoprotective Effect of Bauhinia tomentosa by Regulating Growth Factors and Inflammatory Mediators

  • Kannan, Narayanan;Sakthivel, Kunnathur Murugesan;Guruvayoorappan, Chandrasekaran
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.18
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    • pp.8119-8126
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    • 2016
  • Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Due to the toxic side effects of the commonly used chemotherapeutic drug cyclophosphamide (CTX), the use of herbal medicines with fewer side effects but having potential use as inducing anti-cancer outcomes in situ has become increasingly popular. The present study sought to investigate the effects of a methanolic extract of Bauhinia tomentosa against Dalton's ascites lymphoma (DAL) induced ascites as well as solid tumors in BALB/c mice. Specifically, B. tomentosa extract was administered intraperitonealy (IP) at 10 mg/kg. BW body weight starting just after tumor cell implantation and thereafter for 10 consecutive days. In the ascites tumor model hosts, administration of extract resulted in a 52% increase in the life span. In solid tumor models, co-administration of extract and CTX significantly reduced tumor volume (relative to in untreated hosts) by 73% compared to just by 52% when the extract alone was provided. Co-administration of the extract also mitigated CTX-induced toxicity, including decreases in WBC count, and in bone marrow cellularity and ${\alpha}$-esterase activity. Extract treatment also attenuated any increases in serum levels of $TNF{\alpha}$, iNOS, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, GM-CSF, and VEGF seen in tumor-bearing hosts. This study confirmed that, the potent antitumor activity of B.tomentosa extract may be associated with immune modulatory effects by regulating anti-oxidants and cytokine levels.

Effect of Neem (Azadirachta indica) oil on the progressive growth of a spontaneous T cell lymphoma

  • Mallick, Sanjaya Kumar;Gupta, Vivekanand;Singh, Mahendra Pal;Vishvakarma, Naveen Kumar;Singh, Nisha;Singh, Sukh Mahendra
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.459-465
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    • 2008
  • The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of in vivo administration of neem oil intra-peritoneally (i.p.) to mice bearing a progressively growing transplantable T cell lymphoma of spontaneous origin, designated as Daltons lymphoma (DL), on the tumor growth. Mice were administered various doses of neem oil mixed in groundnut oil, which was used as a diluting vehicle or for administration to control DL-bearing mice. Administration of neem oil resulted in an acceleration of tumor growth along with a reduction in the survival time of the tumor-bearing host. Neem oil administered DL-bearing mice showed an augmented apoptosis in splenocytes, bone marrow cells and thymocytes along with an inhibition in the anti-tumor functions of tumor-associated macrophages. Thus this study gives an altogether a novel information that neem oil instead of the popular belief of being anti-tumor and immunoaugmentary may in some tumor-bearing conditions, behave in an opposite way leading to an accelarated tumor progression along with a collapse of the host's anti-tumor machinery. These observations will thus have long lasting clinical significance, suggesting caution in use of neem oil for treatment of cancer.

Maturation and migration of dendritic cells upon stimulation with heat-killed tumor cells

  • Kim, Hyo-Jeong;Yoon, Taek-Joon;Lee, Sung-Won;Yun, Dae-Sun;Kim, Ji-Yeon;Shin, Kwang-Soon;Park, Se-Ho;Hong, Seok-Mann
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.215-223
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    • 2012
  • Recently it has been reported that immunization with heat-killed tumor cells (HK vaccine) induces anti-tumor immune responses in mice. To investigate how HKvaccine elicits anti-tumor specific adaptive immunity, we examined the effect of HK vaccination on innate immune cells such as dendritic cells (DCs), which are essential for the generation of adaptive immunity. Upon stimulation with HK vaccine, DCs matured to promote not only the upregulation of co-stimulatory molecules but also secretion of cytokine IL12. Furthermore, HK vaccine-treated DCs migrated more efficiently to draining lymph nodes compared with untreated ones. Taken together, HK vaccine can be useful as an adjuvant to activate DCs for anti-tumor immune responses.