• Title, Summary, Keyword: anti-inflammatory

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A Pharmacological Review on Portulaca oleracea L.: Focusing on Anti-Inflammatory, Anti- Oxidant, Immuno-Modulatory and Antitumor Activities

  • Rahimi, Vafa Baradaran;Ajam, Farideh;Rakhshandeh, Hasan;Askari, Vahid Reza
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2019
  • Portulaca oleracea L. (PO) or Purslane is an annual grassy plant that is distributed in many parts of the world, especially the tropical and subtropical areas. PO has some pharmacological properties such as analgesic, antibacterial, skeletal muscle-relaxant, wound-healing, anti- inflammatory and a radical scavenger. This review article is focused on the anti-inflammatory, immuno-modulatory, anti-oxidant and anti-tumor activities of the PO. Anti-inflammatory, immuno-modulatory, anti-oxidant and Anti-tumor effects of PO were searched using various databases until the end of August 2018. The online literature was searched using PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Google Scholar and Web of Science. Our review showed that PO exerts its effects through anti-inflammatory properties and balancing the adaptive and innate immune system depending on situations. PO acts as immune-modulator and anti-oxidant agent in both inflammatory states by the dominance of Th2 response such as asthma, cancer and atopic dermatitis and evoked Th1 disorders including hepatitis and multiple sclerosis.

Comparative Study of Bojungikgitang in Korea, Japan and China on the Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Oxidative Effects (보중익기탕 (補中益氣湯)의 한국, 중국, 일본 처방에 대한 항염증 및 항산화 효과 비교 연구)

  • Choi, Hye-Min;Kim, Hui-Hun;Lee, Hwa-Dong
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : Bojungikgitang (BJT), the Oriental medical prescription has been traditionally used about improvement of immune response and infective disease at Asian nation. In this study, we has compared about the anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects on BJT of three countries including Korea (Korean Traditional Medicine, KTM), China (Traditional Chinese Medicine, CTM) and Japan (Japanese Traditional Medicine, JTM). Methods : We has basically using LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. The expression of these inflammatory mediators has measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Also, free radical scavenging assay has tested for anti-oxidative activity as well as the contents of total flavonoid and polyphenol. Results : As a result, we were founded the inhibitory effects of BJT (KTM, CTM, JTM) on LPS-induced production of NO, TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-6 as well as the anti-oxidative activities. Especially the KTM was most effective in anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities. Conclusions : These results indicate that BJT (KTM, CTM, JTM) has a good anti- inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. But, there were degree of effects on between pharmacopoeia of the countries. Thus, further study is required that find appropriate methods for extracting as well as establish of standardized processes in order to improve the quality of BJT (KTM, CTM, JTM) as an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative agent for treatment of inflammatory diseases.

Anti-nociceptive and Anti-inflammatory Effect of an Ethanol Extract Mixture of Vitis amurensis, Aralia cordata, and Glycyrrhizae radix

  • Park, Sang-Hwa;Seong, Yeon Hee
    • Journal of Biomedical and Translational Research
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2017
  • Vitis amurensis, Aralia cordata, and Glycyrrhizae radix have been widely used in Korea, China, and Japan because of their anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. The present study investigated the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory properties of an ethanol extract (SSB) of a mixture of three medicinal plants of Vitis amurensis (stem and leaf), Aralia cordata (stem and leaf), and Glycyrrhizae radix. Anti-nociceptive activity was determined using chemical (acetic acid and formalin) and thermal (hot plate) stimuli-induced algesia tests. Formalin-induced paw edema was evaluated for anti-inflammatory activity. SSB (25-100 mg/kg, p.o.) and ibuprofen (100 mg/kg, p.o.), a positive non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), significantly inhibited the acetic acid-induced writhing response caused by peripherally mediated algesia, but failed to protect thermal nociception in the hot plate test that was employed for centrally mediated analgesic activity. However, morphine (5 mg/kg, s.c.) used as a positive opioid control alleviated the acetic acid-induced writhing response and thermal nociception in the hot plate test. In the formalin test, SSB (50 and 100 mg/kg, p.o.) inhibited the second phase response (peripheral inflammatory algesia), but not the first phase response (central algesia), whereas morphine inhibited both phases of the pain response. Both SSB (25-100 mg/kg, p.o.) and ibuprofen (200 mg/kg) caused significant reduction of the formalin-induced increase of paw thickness, which was the index of inflammation. These results suggest that SSB has a significant anti-nociceptive activity that seems to be peripheral, but not central. SSB also displays anti-inflammatory activity in an acute inflammatory model. The present study supports a possible use of SSB to treat pain and inflammation.

Anti-inflammatory and Anticancer Activities of Ethanol Extract of Pendulous Monkshood Root in vitro

  • Huang, Xian-Ju;Ren, Wei;Li, Jun;Chen, Lv-Yi;Mei, Zhi-Nan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.3569-3573
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    • 2013
  • Aim: Pendulous monkshood root is traditionally used for the treatment of several inflammatory pathologies such as rheumatisms, wounds, pain and tumors in China. In this study, the anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities and the mechanism of crude ethanol extract of pendulous monkshood root (EPMR) were evaluated and investigated in vitro. Materials and Methods: The cytotoxic effects of EPMR on different tumor cell lines were determined by the MTT method. Cell apoptosis and cell nucleus morphology were assessed by Hoechst 33258 staining. Moreover, nitric oxide (NO) levels and intracellular oxidative stress in peritoneal macrophages were determined to further elucidate mechanisms of action. Results: The data showed that EPMR could produce significant dose-dependent toxicity on three kinds of tumor cells. Furthermore, EPMR displayed obvious anti-inflammatory effects on LPS-induced mouse peritoneal macrophages at the dosage of 4 - 200 ${\mu}g/mL$. The results demonstrated the therapeutic potential of Pendulous Monkshood Root on cancer and inflammatory diseases. Conclusion: Our results indicate that EPMR has anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties, suggesting that pendulous monkshood root may be a useful anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory reagent in the clinic.

In Vivo Studies on Anti-inflammatory Activity of Nephrite (급성염증 동물모델에서 연옥분과 연옥수의 염증억제 효과)

  • Han Dong-Oh;Choi Bo-Hee;Lee Hye-Jung;Shim Insop;Kang Sung-Keel;Hahm Dae-Hyun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.977-981
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    • 2005
  • Most inflammatory disorders are usually treated using anti-inflammatory drugs including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (SAID). In a prolonged use, however, they may frequently produce adverse side-effects. Thus, it is necessarily required to develop a new anti-inflammatory drug with little side-effects. Nephrite has been widely used by traditional oriental medicine to cure the various chronic diseases. In order to verify the anti-inflammatory activity of nephrite, the TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-acetate) or the croton oil-induced edema was developed in the mouse ears and the nephrite powder suspension or the nephrite water was directly applied to the ear edema. It was found that nephrite could significantly reduce the ear swelling implying its strong potential as an active anti-inflammatory agent when comparing to indomethacin, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.

Anti-inflammatory and Wrinkle Improvement Effects of Peptides from Ginseng Berry Amino Acidic Complex (진생베리 아미노산 복합체로부터 분리한 펩타이드의 항염, 주름개선 효과)

  • Kang, Sang Moon;Park, Chung
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 2019
  • Ginseng berry (GB) contains Ginsenoside Re and has anti-inflammatory and anti-wrinkle properties. In this study, TLC fractions 1, 2, and 4 of the ginseng berry amino acid complex were identified and analyzed by HPLC. And identified a peptide (AP-1) by LC/MASS analysis of fraction 1. The anti-inflammatory activity was confirmed by investigating the inhibitory effect of AP-1 on NO production. In addition, collagen synthesis using procollagen type I C-peptide (PIP) ELISA kit was 50% higher effective than that of the control group. From these results, the peptide isolated from ginseng berry amino acid complex is considered to have anti-inflammatory and anti-wrinkle effect, and may be useful as an anti-inflammatory and anti-aging cosmetic raw material.

Anti-oxidative and Anti-inflammatory Effect of 7 Herbal Extracts and Methods of Herbal Formula Compositioning (7종 한약재 추출물의 항산화 및 항염증 효과와 이를 이용한 방제 구성에 대한 고찰)

  • Park, JeongHoo;Park, JooYeon;Park, Sundong
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.87-103
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : Herbal formulas are complicated to analyze and difficult to compose because of its mixed, complex features. So we discussed about how to compose herbal formulas effective and efficient by analyzing various effectiveness of each herbal extracts. Methods : To evaluate the effectiveness of herbal formula, anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effectiveness were mathematically analyzed. DPPH, superoxide anions, Nitric Oxide scavenging activity was measured to evaluate the effectiveness of 7 herbal extracts. And next, cytotoxic activity of extracts on RAW 264.7 cells were measured using MTS assay. To asses anti-inflammatory effect, nitric oxide and $PGE_2$ production were measured. Based on these anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory experiment result, mathematical analyzation were carried out with constOptm function, and determined efficacy-maximizing ratio. Results : This mathematical analysis based formula showed significantly outstanding effectiveness than other formulae. And estimated tendency of anti-inflammatory effectiveness was matched with real effectiveness. Conclusions : So, mathematical analysis can be available to evaluate and estimate the effectiveness of herbal formulae.

Antioxidant Activity and Anti-inflammatory Effects of Salix Koreensis Andersson Branches Extracts (버드나무(Salix Koreensis Andersson) 가지 추출물의 항산화 및 항염증 효과)

  • Kim, Mi-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.104-111
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to compare and analyze a willow tree (Salix Koreensis andersson) extract's antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity by investigating its: total polyphenol, flavonoid content, SOD-like activity, DPPH vitality. the willow tree was induced with LPS to determine its active anti-inflammatory effects. as a result, the willow methanol extract showed a higher total polyphenol and flavonoid content than those of willow distilled water extract, but the willow distilled water extract showed a higher SOD than that of willow methanol extract. in its DPPH scavenging ability, the willow methanol extract's antioxidant activity was higher than that of the willow distilled water extract. the willow extract's measurements such as the production of NO, inflammatory cytokine ($TNF-{\alpha}$, IL-6 measurement) were significantly reduced as its concentration level went down. according to the research outcomes, when induced, he will extract's macrophage produces mediator-like substances such as NO and inflammatory cytokine that can be used to alleviate the inflammatory response. therefore, the willow tree proved to be a useful raw plant material for the products designed to combat inflammatory activities due to its natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory response substances such as NO and cytokine.

Effects of Naturally Occurring Flavonoids on Inflammatory Responses and Their Action Mechanisms

  • Kim, Hyun-Pyo;Son, Kun-Ho;Chang, Hyeun-Wook;Kang, Sam-Sik
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.170-178
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    • 2000
  • Flavonoids are natural polyphenolic compounds widely distributed in plant kingdom. Although many flavonoids were found to show anti-inflammatory activity in vitro and in vivo, the potency of anti-inflammatory activity was not enough for a clinical trial. Thus, a search for finding potential flavonoid molecules is continuing. In this review, in vivo anti-inflammatory activity of various flavonoid derivatives is summarized mainly based on the results obtained in authors' laboratories. Among them, several biflavonoids such as amentoflavone and ginkgetin were found to possess anti-inflammatory activity on animal models of acute/chronic inflammation comparable to nonsteroidal and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs currently used. In respect of their action mechanisms, the effects on arachidonic acid metabolism and nitric oxide production were described. Some flavonoids directly inhibit cyclooxygenase and/or lipoxygenase. Biflavones such as ochnaflavone and ginkgetin are inhibitors of phospholipase $A_2$. In recent studies, certain flavonoids were also found to suppress cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression induced by inflammatory stimuli. Therefore, it is suggested that anti-inflammatory activity of the certain flavonoids (mainly flavones, flavonols and biflavonoids) may be mediated by direct inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolizing enzymes as well as suppression of the enzyme expression involved in inflammatory responses.

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Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Rice Bran Ethanol Extract in Murine Macrophage RAW 264.7 Cells (미강에탄올추출물의 RAW264.7 세포에서 항염증효과)

  • Park, Jeong-Suk;Kim, Mi-Hye
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.55 no.6
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    • pp.456-461
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    • 2011
  • The aim of the present study is to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of a Rice Bran Ethanol Extract (RBE). Inflammation, such as a bacterial infection in vivo metabolites, such as external stimuli or internal stimuli to the defense mechanisms of the biological tissue a variety of intracellular regulatory factors deulin inflammatory TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, IL-8, such as proinflammatory cytokines, prostagrandin, lysosomal enzyme, free radicals are involved in a variety of mediators. The present study was designed to determine the effect of the RBE on pro-inflammatory factors such as NO, iNOS expression and TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) - stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages cells. The cell toxicity was determined by MTS assay. To evaluate of anti-inflammatory effect of RBE, amount of NO was measured using the NO detection kit and the iNOS expression was measured by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). And proinflammatory cytokines were measured by ELISA kit. As a result, the RBE reduced NO, iNOS expression and TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6 production without cytotoxicity. Our results suggest that the RBE may have an anti-inflammatory property through suppressing inflammatory mediator productions and appears to be useful as an anti-inflammatory material.