• Title, Summary, Keyword: anti-angiogenesis

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Vascular endothelial growth factor-dependent and -independent regulation of angiogenesis

  • Shibuya, Masabumi
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.278-286
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    • 2008
  • Angiogenesis, the formation of blood vessels, is essential for preparing a closed circulatory system in the body, and for supplying oxygen and nutrition to tissues. Major diseases such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and atherosclerosis include pathological angiogenesis in their malignant processes, suggesting anti-angiogenic therapy to be a new strategy for suppression of diseases. However, until the 1970s, the molecular basis of angiogenesis was largely unknown. In recent decades, extensive studies have revealed a variety of angiogenic factors and their receptors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-VEGFRs, Angiopoietin-Tie, Ephrin-EphRs and Delta-Notch to be the major regulators of angiogenesis in vertebrates. VEGF and its receptors play a central role in physiological as well as pathological angiogenesis, and functional inhibitors of VEGF and VEGFRs such as anti-VEGF neutralizing antibody and small molecules that block the tyrosine kinase activity of VEGFRs have recently been approved for use to treat patients with colorectal, lung, renal and liver cancers. These drugs have opened a novel field of cancer therapy, i.e. anti-angiogenesis therapy. However, as yet they cannot completely cure patients, and cancer cells could become resistant to these drugs. Thus, it is important to understand further the molecular mechanisms underlying not only VEGF-VEGFR signaling but also the VEGF-independent regulation of angiogenesis, and to learn how to improve anti-angiogenesis therapy.

Antiangiogenic and Antitumor Activities of the Cryptic Fragments with Kringle Architecture

  • Joe, Young-Ae;Kim, Myung-Rae;Shim, Byoung-Shik;Oh, Dae-Shik;Hong, Sung-Hee;Hong, Yong-Kil
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 2003
  • Various angiogenesis inhibitors target vascular endothelial cells and block tumor angiogenesis. Angiostatin is a specific endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor in clinical trials, which contains only the first four triple loop structures, known as kringle domains. Its generated by proteolytic cleavage of its parent molecule plasminogen, which itself does not exhibit antiangiogenic activity. Kringle domains from prothrombin, apolipoprotein, hepatocyte growth factor, urokinase and tissue-type plasminogen activator also elicit anti-angiogenic or antitumor activities in several model systems, albeit low amino acid sequence identity between angiostatin and each individual kringle. However, the differential effects of each kringle domain on endothelial cell proliferation, and migration observed in these kringle domains, suggest that the amino acid sequence of the primary structure is still important although kringle architecture is essential for anti-mlgiogenic activity. If it is further studied as to how amino acid sequence and kringle architecture contributes in anti-angiogenic activity, with studies on underlying mechanisms of anti-angiogenesis by kringle-based angiogenesis inhibitors, it will provide basis for the development of new potent anti-angiogenesis inhibitors and improvement of the efficacy of angiogenesis inhibitors.

Inhibition of Angiogenesis by Propolis

  • Song, Yun-Seon;Park, Eun-Hee;Jung, Kyung-Ja;Jin, Changbae
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.500-504
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    • 2002
  • Propolis, obtained from honeybee hives, has been used in Oriental folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, and immunomodulatory agent. There is considerable evidence suggesting that angiogenesis and chronic inflammation are codependent. Blockage of angiogenesis results in an anti-inflammatory effect. Ethanol (EEP) and ether extracts of propolis (REP), and caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), an active component of propolis, were examined for their anti-angiogenic activities using the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM), and the calf pulmonary arterial endothelial (CPAE) cell proliferation, assays. The presence of EEP, REP and CAPE inhibited angiogenesis in the CAM assay and the proliferation of CPAE cells. The results suggest that anti-angiogenic activities of EEP, REP and CAPE are also responsible for their anti-inflammatory effect.

Inhibitory Effects of Corni Fructus Extract on Angiogenesis and Adipogenesis

  • Hwang, Jae-Ho;Kim, Jong-Deog
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 2011
  • Natural products in Chonnam, Korea were screened via anti-angiogenesis experiments, and 1 candidate product was identified, Corni fructus, which exerted dose-dependent inhibitory effects against angiogenesis, adipogenesis, and cell adhesion. C. fructus extract (CFE) exhibits an angiogenesis inhibitory effect superior to that of the EGCG from green tea leaves. The expression level of angiogenesis and adipogenesis-related signal molecules in the western blotting was reduced by increasing the amount of added CFE. Moreover, a diet supplemented with CFE was deemed more effective in inducing weight loss in LB mice than a representative synthetic diet drug, orlistat, which incidently caused the side effect of denuding the mice of their hair. These results indicate that C. fructus may prove to be a useful anti-adipogenic compound, and these in vitro results may be reflected later under in vivo conditions.

Novel Anti-Angiogenic Activity in Rubus coreanus Miquel Water Extract Suppresses VEGF-Induced Angiogenesis

  • Kim, Eok-Cheon;Kim, Hye Jin;Kim, Tack-Joong
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.209-220
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    • 2014
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key factor involved in the induction of angiogenesis and has become an attractive target for anti-angiogenesis therapies. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the anti-angiogenic activity of Rubus coreanus Miquel water extract (RCME). Rubus coreanus Miquel has long been employed as a traditional medicine, and recent studies have demonstrated that it has measureable biological activities. Thus, we investigated for the first time the effect of RCME on angiogenesis and its underlying signaling pathways. The effects of RCME were tested on in vitro models of angiogenesis, namely, proliferation, migration, invasion and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells as well as an ex vivo model of vessel sprouting from the rat aorta in response to VEGF. We observed that VEGF-induced angiogenesis was strongly suppressed by RCME treatment compared to that of the control group. Moreover, we found that RCME inhibited VEGF-induced activation of matrix metalloproteinases and phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38, and also effectively inhibited phosphorylation of VEGF receptor 2. These results indicated that RCME inhibits angiogenesis by suppressing phosphorylation of the VEGF receptor and may be useful for the treatment of angiogenesis-dependent diseases such as cancer and diabetic retinopathy.

Effects of Bikihuan (BKH) on anti-angiogenesis (비기환이 신생혈관형성 억제에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Dae-Jun;Park, Bong-Ky;Lee, Yeon-Wall;Yoo, Hwa-Seung;Han, Sung-Soo;Cho, Chong-Guan
    • Journal of Korean Traditional Oncology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 2008
  • Objective: To evaluate the effects of Bikihaun (BKH) on angiogenesis. Method: We examined the anti-angiogenic effect of BKH in invasion assay model. We performed proliferation assay, migration assay, tube formation assay and Chicken Chorioallantoic Membrane (CAM) assay. Results: In proliferation assay, at lower dose under 125 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ anti-angiogenesis effect of the group treated BKH made no difference with the control group. But, at the dose of 250 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ or more anti-angiogenesis effect of the group treated BKH showed more effective as compared to the control group. In migration assay, BKH did not affect migration of vascular endothelial cell. In tube formation assay, at lower dose under 100 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ showed mild effect of anti-tube formation. But, at the dose of 1000 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ showed more effective anti-tube formation. In CAM assay, BKH showed anti-angiogenesis effect at the dose of 10 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$. Conclusion: BKH has antiangiogenetic properties in vitro.

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Effect of Whalakyuoleyng-dan plus Yinsamyangwui-tang on Anti-angionesis (활락효영단합인삼양위탕(活絡效靈丹合人蔘養胃湯)이 혈관신생(血管新生) 억제(抑制)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Ko, Ki-Wan;Park, Joon-Hyuk;Kang, Hee;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Yu, Young-Beob;Shim, Bum-Sang;Choi, Seung-Hoon;Ahn, Koo-Seok
    • THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN ORIENTAL ONCOLOGY
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.77-97
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    • 2001
  • Anti-angiogenesis is one of therapies which have been high-lightened on the research of cancer treatment. Anti-angiogenesis means that new blood vessels are created from a existing capillary tube and it is a important process on metastasis and permeation when cancer is created or formed. Since angiogenesis have been under research, a complete recovery oriented treatment against cancer have been suggested blocking metastasis, delaying the growth of cancer cell, and blocking the supply of oxygen and nutritive substance through the web of blood vessels. Until now, there are several anti-angiogenesis, which have been known to the public, such as thalidomide, angiostatin, endostatin, 2-methoxyestradiol, TNP-470, and marimastat, etc. Additionally, 17 clinical testing projects about anti-angiogenesis are on the process in NCI(National Cancer Institute). Especially, TNP-470 showed effectiveness against cancer on clinical testing after finishing animal testing. Based on existing researches showing that Yinsamyangwui-tang is effective to strengthening body resistance and Whallakhyolenyng-dan effects cells on the inside of blood vessel because Whallakhyolenyng- dan restrains cell adhesion during the restraining period of a blood vessel, I tried to research the effect of Whalakhyolenyng-dan plus Yinsamyangwui-tang on angiogenesis. I made a conclusion putting into operation through using SK-Hep-1 (KCLB 30052), A549(KCLB 10185), AGS(KCLB 21739), and BCE(Bovine Capillary Endothelial Cell). Followings are the results of my experimental research: 1. According to the researching results of anti-cancer activation against cancer cell, Whallkhyoleyng dan plus Yinsamyangwui-tang decreased the number of cancer cells -- While injecting $600{\mu}g/ml$, injected groups decreased 3.1% more comparing with the contrastive group of SK-Hep-1, 49.7% more comparing with the contrastive group of A549, and 31.0% more comparing with the contrastive group of AGS. 2. According to the researching results of DNA composition effect between BCE and cancer cell, Whallakhyoleyng-dan plus Yinsamyangwui-tang reduced the rate of SK-Hep-1 synthesis inhibition by 59.1% at $600{\mu}g/ml$ intensity comparing with contrastive group; for A549, 72.6%; for AGS, 6.1%, for BCE, 28.9%. 3. According to the researching results about the effect of BCE cell to angiogenesis, angiogenesis was restrained at $400{\mu}g/ml$ intensity during 18 hours observation. 4. In the case of aortic ring assay, the half level of angiogenesis was reduced comparing with the contrastive group while injecting with $400{\mu}g/ml$ intensity; with $800{\mu}g/ml$, under 10% comparing with contrastive group; and with $1600{\mu}g/ml$, complete restrain. According to the above results, Whallakhyoleyng-dan plus Yinsamyangwui-tang was proved to have an anti-angiogenetic effects.

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Anti-Angiogenesis Effect and Cytotoxicity of Enterobacteria Isolated from Fusiform Fish

  • Lim, Jong-Kwon;Song, Min-Gyu;Shin, Jin-Hyuk;Lee, Se-Young;Kim, Jong-Deog
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.158-162
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    • 2005
  • Enterobacteria, named ${\lambda}-bacteria$ isolated from fusiform fish, have strong anti-angiogenesis effect. ${\lambda}-28$ species bore higher anti-angiogenesis effect. Cultured liquid was performed salting out, dialysed and freezed dried. This sample was executed size exclusion chromatography with fraction collector. Anti-angiogenesis, cytotoxicity, and SDS-PAGE were carried out with fraction number. ${\lambda}-28$ species was lower toxicity against HUVECs and effective band was conformed with SDS-PAGE.

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A Novel Anti-cancer Agent, SJ-8029, Inhibits Angiogenesis and Induces Apoptosis

  • Yi Eui-Yeun;Jeong Eun-Joo;Song Hyun-Seok;Kang Dong-Wook;Joo Jeong-Ho;Kwon Ho-Seok;Lee Sun-Hwan;Park Si-Kyung;Chung Sun-Gan;Cho Eui-Hwan;Kim Yung-Jin
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.161-170
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    • 2006
  • A new piperazine derivative, 8J-8029, is a synthetic anti-cancer agent which exhibits both microtubule and topoisomerase II inhibiting activities. In this study, we investigated the ability of 8J-8029 for anti-angiogenesis and apoptosis. 8J-8029 decreased the bFGF-induced angiogenesis in the CAM and the mouse Matrigel implants, in vivo. 8J-8029 inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion, tube fonnation, and expression of MMP-2 in BAECs. In addition, 8J-8029 reduced the cell viability in HepG2 cells, caused the production of fragmented DNA and the morphological changes corresponding to apoptosis. 8J-8029 also elicited the release of cytochrome c and the activation of caspase-3. Taken together, these results suggest 8J-8029 may be a candidate for anti-cancer agent with the ability to inhibit the angiogenesis of endothelial cells and to induce the apoptosis of tumor cells.

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Anti-angiogenesis Activity and Characterization of Extract of Ark Shell Scapharca subcrenata (새꼬막(Scapharca subcrenata) 추출물의 혈관신생 억제활성과 특성)

  • Lim, Chi-Won;Park, Hee-Yeon;Shim, Kil-Bo;Yoon, Na-Young;Kim, Yeon-Kye
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.303-306
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    • 2012
  • Anti-angiogenesis therapy is one of the most promising strategies for the treatment of cancer. We investigated the anti-angiogenesis activity of an extract from the ark shell Scapharca subcrenata and attempted to purify the active compounds. The crude extract of the ark shell inhibited the proliferation of human vein endothelial cells (HUVEC-1) and tube formation by human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1). The methanol extract of the viscera of the ark shell showed activity. The ark shell extract acts as an angiogenesis inhibitor and could be developed further as a health substance, functional food, and anticancer agent.