• Title, Summary, Keyword: anti-${\alpha}$-glucosidase

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Comparison of antioxidant, ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibition and anti-inflammatory activities of the leaf and root extracts of Smilax china L. (청미래덩굴 잎 및 뿌리 추출물의 항산화, ${\alpha}$-Glucosidase 억제 및 항염증 활성비교)

  • Kim, Kyoung Kon;Kang, Yun Hwan;Kim, Dae Jung;Kim, Tae Woo;Choe, Myeon
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.315-323
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted in order to compare the biological activities of leaf and root water extracts of Smilax china L. (SC) by measuring the total polyphenol and flavonoid contents, anti-oxidant activity, inhibitory effect on ${\alpha}$-glucosidase, and anti-inflammatory gene expression. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents of SC leaf (SCLE) and root (SCRE) water extracts were 127.93 mg GAE/g and 39.50 mg GAE/g and 41.99 mg QE/g and 1.25 mg QE/g, respectively. The anti-oxidative activities of SCLE and SCRE were measured using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) radical scavenging activity assay and reducing power assay. Both SCLE and SCRE scavenged radicals in a concentration-dependent manner, and SCLE showed stronger radical scavenging activity and reducing power than SCRE; however, both SCLE and SCRE exhibited lower activities than ascorbic acid. Compared to the anti-diabetic drug acarbose, which was used as a positive control, SCLE and SCRE exhibited low ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibition activities; nevertheless, the activity of SCLE was 3.7 fold higher than that of SCRE. Finally, SCLE caused significantly decreased expression of the LPS-induced cytokines, iNOS, and COX-2 mRNA in RAW264.7 cells, indicating anti-inflammatory activity. These results indicate that SCLE might be a potential candidate as an anti-oxidant, anti-diabetic, and anti-inflammatory agent.

Fermentation of purple Jerusalem artichoke extract to improve the α-glucosidase inhibitory effect in vitro and ameliorate blood glucose in db/db mice

  • Wang, Zhiqiang;Hwang, Seung Hwan;Lee, Sun Youb;Lim, Soon Sung
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.282-287
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    • 2016
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Jerusalem artichoke has inhibitory activity against ${\alpha}$-glucosidase and decreases fasting serum glucose levels, which may be related to its fructan content. The biological activity of fructan can be influenced by the degree of polymerization. Thus, in this study, the inhibitory effects of original and fermented purple Jerusalem artichoke (PJA) on ${\alpha}$-glucosidase were compared in vitro. Additionally, the anti-diabetes effect of Lactobacillus plantarum-fermented PJA (LJA) was studied in a non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus animal model (C57BIKsJ db/db). MATERIALS/METHODS: The water extract of PJA was fermented by L. plantarum, and two strains of Bacillus subtilis to compare their anti-${\alpha}$-glucosidase activities in vitro by ${\alpha}$-glucosidase assays. The anti-diabetes effect of LJA was studied in a non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus animal model (C57BIKsJ db/db) for seven weeks. During the experiment, food intake, body weight, and fasting blood glucose were measured every week. At the end of the treatment period, several diabetic parameters and the intestinal ${\alpha}$-glucosidase activity were measured. RESULTS: The LJA showed the highest ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activity in vitro. In the in vivo study, it resulted in a significantly lower blood glucose concentration than the control. Serum insulin and HDL cholesterol levels were significantly higher and the concentrations of triglycerides, non-esterified fatty acids, and total cholesterol were significant lower in mice treated with LJA after seven weeks. In addition, the intestinal ${\alpha}$-glucosidase activity was partially inhibited. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that LJA regulates blood glucose and has potential use as a dietary supplement.

Anti-oxidant and α-Glucosidase Inhibition Activity of Extracts or Fractions from Diospyros lotus L. Leaves and Quantitative Analysis of Their Flavonoid Compounds (고욤잎 추출물과 분획물의 항산화 및 alpha-glucosdiase 저해 활성 및 플라보노이드 화합물의 정량)

  • Kim, Seon-Young;Kim, Sang Jun;Kim, Ji-Ae;Kim, Da Hye;Kwak, Seol Hwa;Chung, Chang Ho;Jeon, In Hwa;Jang, Seon Il;Jeong, Seung-Il
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.24 no.9
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    • pp.935-945
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    • 2014
  • Persimmon leaves were commonly consumed as beverages, but were also used as popular folk medicine in Asia. The purpose of this work was to assess the biological activities of Diospyros Lotus L. extracts (DLLE). Various solvent extracts, including n-Hexnae, $CHCl_3$, EtOAc, and n-BuOH fractions, were obtained from the methanol extract of Diospyros Lotus L. leaves. The increasing interest in the powerful biological activity of plant phenolics and flavonoids outlined the necessity for determining their content in medicinal herbs. In this study, the total polyphenol and flavonoid contents (TPC and TFC) in the EA fraction were higher than those of other fractions. The biological activities of DLLE were tested using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) radical scavenging activity assay, as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity as an anti-oxidant effect and ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activity as an anti-diabetic effect. The EA fraction with high TPC and TFC values showed the highest anti-oxidant effect and high ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibition. The EA fractions were further purified into eight fractions using open column chromatography. Higher anti-oxidant and anti-${\alpha}$-glucosidase activity were observed in polar fractions. The content of the flavonoids, including quercein-3-O-rutinoside, kaempferol-3-O-glucoside, myricetin, luteolin, and kaempferol, were analyzed in effective fractions using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The results suggest that DLLE have anti-oxidative and anti-diabetic effects and thus, have the potential as anti-diabetic materials and as a source for natural health products.

Evaluation of Antioxidant and Anti-diabetic Effects of Sappan Lignum by Extraction Method (추출방법에 따른 소목 심재의 항산화 및 항당뇨 활성 평가)

  • Hong, Young Ju;Jeong, Gyeong Han;Jeong, Yun Hee;Kim, Tae Hoon
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : The heartwood of Sappan Lignum has been used since ancient times as an ingredient in folk medicines against anti-bacterial and anti-anemia purposes. Many bioactive constituents have been derived from this biomass such as chalcones and homoisoflavonoids. In the current investigation, the antioxidant and anti-diabetic properties using DPPH and $ABTS^+$ radicals scavenging, ${\alpha}-glucosidase$, and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) inhibition assays were evaluated by different extraction methods of Sappan Lignum. Methods : In our continuing investigation for bioactive natural ingredients, the antioxidant and ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory properties of Sappan Lignum extracts were prepared from different extraction methods and the biological efficacies were investigated in vitro. The antioxidant properties were evaluated employing radical scavenging assays using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) ($ABTS^+$) radicals. In addition, the anti-diabetic effects of Sappan Lignum extracts were tested via ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ and AGEs formation inhibitory assay. The total phenolic contents were determined using a spectrophotometric method. Results : All the tested samples showed dose-dependent radical scavenging and ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory activities. Among the tested extracts, the 80% methanolic extract of Sappan Lignum was showed the most potent activity with an $IC_{50}$ value of $82.3{\pm}1.7{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ against DPPH radical scavenging assay. While, $ABTS^+$ radical scavenging activity of 80% methanolic extract was higher than those of other extracts. Also, ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory and AGEs formation effects of each extacts and total phenolic contents were evaluated. Conclusions : These results suggested that Sappan Lignum can be considered as a new effective source of natural antioxidant and anti-diabetic materials.

Production and Anti-hyperglycemic Effects of ${\alpha}$-Glucosidase Inhibitor from Yeast, Pichia burtonii Y257-7 (효모 Pichia burtonii Y257-7에 의한 ${\alpha}$-Glucosidase 저해제의 생산 및 식후 혈당 상승 억제 효과)

  • Kim, Young-Hun;Shin, Ja-Won;Lee, Jong-Soo
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.219-224
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    • 2014
  • In order to develop a new anti-diabetic ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor, we compared the ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activity of the cell-free extracts of 48 strains of yeasts isolated from Korean fermented foods, and found that Pichia burtonii Y257-7 exhibited the highest ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activity of 55.6%. The ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor was maximally produced when Pichia burtonii Y257-7 was cultured in LB broth (initial pH of 6.0) at $28^{\circ}C$ for 24 h. The ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor, partially purified by Sephadex G-50 gel permeation chromatography and systematic solvents extraction, revealed potent hypoglycemic effects in normal rats and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats after the oral administration of starch.

Screening of $\alpha$-Amylase and $\alpha$-Glucosidase Inhibitor from Nepalese Plant Extracts (100종 네팔 식물 추출물로부터 $\alpha$-Amylase 및 $\alpha$-Glucosidase저해제의 선별)

  • Kim, Mi-Sun;Ahn, Seon-Mi;Jung, In-Chang;Kwon, Gi-Seok;Sohn, Ho-Yong
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.183-189
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    • 2010
  • In the course of screening for anti-acidosis and anti-diabetes agent from natural products, the inhibitory activities of Nepales plant extracts against microbial $\alpha$-amylase and $\alpha$-glucosidase were evaluated. Among the 100 different kinds of ethanol extracts, Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) G. Don and Myrica nagi Thunb showed strong inhibition activities against $\alpha$-amylase. The $IC_{50}$ values of C. deodara (Roxb.) G. Don, M. nagi Thunb and acarose, a commercial available anti-diabetes agent, were 44.5, 47.5 and $50.5\;{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Considering the crude extract of C. deodara (Roxb.) G. Don, and M. nagi Thunb, these extracts have strong potentials as anti-acidosis or anti-diabates agent. In a while, Cleistocalyx operculatus (Roxb.) extract showed a good inhibition activity to $\alpha$-amylase and $\alpha$-glucosidase, even it was recently reported. The selected three extracts did not show any hemolysis activity against human red blood cell up to 1 mg/mL, and the inhibition activities were maintained by heat or acid treatment. Moreover, treatment of HCl (0.01N) for 1 h into C. operculatus (Roxb.) and M. nagi Thunb increased the inhibition activity from 50% to 70%. Our results suggest that C. deodara (Roxb.) G. Don, M. nagi Thunb, and C. operculatus (Roxb.) are potential as anti-acidosis and anti-diabetes agents.

Effect of Medicinal Plant Water Extracts on Glucose-regulating Enzyme Activities in Goto-Kakizaki Rat Liver Cytosol (약용식물 물 추출물이 Goto-Kakizaki 흰쥐의 간 세포액에서 당대사 관련효소 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dae-Jung;Chung, Mi-Ja;You, Jin-Kyoun;Seo, Dong-Joo;Kim, Jeong-Mi;Choe, Myeon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.1331-1335
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    • 2009
  • We have studied the anti-diabetic effects of medicinal plant water extracts on hepatic glucose-regulating enzymes such as glucokinase (GK) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC). $\alpha$-Glucosidase inhibitor is usually used to prevent and treat type II diabetes; thus, anti-$\alpha$-glucosidase activity of medicinal plant water extracts was assayed. The hepatic cytosol faction of a type II diabetic animal (Goto-Kakizaki rat) was used in GK and ACC activity assays. The medicinal plants were Lycium chinense (JGP), Discorea japonica Thunb. (SY), Pyrus pyrifolia (YSB), Cornus officinalis (SSY), Paeonia suffruticosa ANDR. (MDP), Cordyceps militaris (DCH), and Acanthopanax senticosus (GSO). JGP, SY, YSB, and SSY water extracts increased the hepatic GK activity and all medicinal plant water extracts led to an increase in hepatic ACC activity. YSB, SSY, MDP, and GSO water extracts showed significantly higher anti-$\alpha$-glucosidase activity than control samples. The highest anti-$\alpha$-glucosidase activity was observed in GSO water extract and the anti-$\alpha$-glucoside activity was higher than that of Acarbose (reference $\alpha$-glucosidase inhibitor). We suggest that JGP, SY, YSB, and SSY water extracts may exert an anti-diabetic effect by enhancing the glucose metabolism and that YSB, MDP and GSO may be used as natural $\alpha$-glucosidase inhibitors in type II diabetic conditions. Increased ACC activity by plant water extracts may provide additional anti-diabetic effect.

Antioxidant Properties of Water Extract from Acorn

  • Yin, Yu;Heo, Seong-Il;Jung, Mee-Jung;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.70-73
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    • 2007
  • Antioxidant and anti-diabetic activities of acorn were evaluated by its potential for scavenging stable DPPH free radical, inhibition of lipid peroxidation, reducing power, and inhibiton of ${\alpha}-glucosidase\;and\;{\alpha}-amylase$. The water extract of acorn exhibited strong antioxidant and antidiabetic related activities in the tested model systems. Solvent fractionation of the water extract revealed that the water fraction and the EtOAc fraction had strong antioxidant activity, and inhibitory activity on ${\alpha}-glucosidase\;and\;{\alpha}-amylase$. The water fraction exhibited higher DPPH radical scavenging activity ($EC_{50}=7.19{\mu}g/mL$) than that of ${\alpha}-tocopherol\;(EC_{50}=7.59{\mu}g/mL)$. It is considered that water extract of acorn has the potential for natural antioxidant and anti-diabetic products.

Screening of $\alpha$-amylase and $\alpha$-glucosidase Inhibitors from Brazilian Plant Extracts for Treatment of Rumen Acidosis (100종 브라질 식물 추출물로부터 반추동물 산독증 예방치료를 위한 $\alpha$-amylase 및 $\alpha$-glucosidase 저해제의 선별)

  • Kim, Mi-Sun;An, Seon-Mi;Jung, In-Chang;Kwon, Gi-Seok;Sohn, Ho-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.290-296
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    • 2010
  • To develop anti-acidosis and anti-diabetes agentsfrom natural products, the inhibitory activities of Brazilian plant extracts against microbial $\alpha$-amylase and $\alpha$-glucosidase were evaluated. Among 100 different ethanol extracts tested, those of Acacia jurema Mart., Anacardium humile A. St.-Hil., Cedrela odorata L., and Guazuma ulmifolia Lam showed good inhibitoryactivities toward both enzymes. In addition, an extract of Plumeria drastica Mart. showed specific inhibition of $\alpha$-amylase, whereas that of Eugenia uniflora L. demonstrated strong inhibition of the enzyme. IC50 values of $\alpha$-amylase inhibition suggested that the extract of A. humile A. St.-Hil., which has been used as an anti-diabetes medicine in Brazil, had potent inhibitory activity. The IC50 for the A. humile A. St.-Hil. extract ($91.2{\mu}g/mL$) was similar to that of acarbose ($50.5{\mu}g/mL$). This activity of A. humile A. St.-Hil. was not reduced by heat or acid treatment. Moreover, treatment with HCl (0.01 M) for 1 h increased the inhibitory activity from 57.5% to 81.2%. Also, the extract did not cause hemolysis of human red blood cells at levels up to 1 mg/mL. The results indicate that the extract of A. humile A. St.-Hil. is potentially useful as an anti-acidosis and anti-diabetes agent.

Antihyperglycemic α-Glucosidase Inhibitory Activity of Ethanol Extract from Neolentinus lepideus (잣버섯(Neolentinus lepideus) 에탄올 추출물의 혈당상승 억제 효과)

  • Shin, Ja-Won;Bae, Sang-Min;Han, Sang-Min;Lee, Yun-Hae;Kim, Jeong-Han;Ji, Jeong-Hyun;Lee, Jong-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.174-179
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    • 2015
  • For development a new anti-diabetic compound from edible mushroom, antihyperglycemic ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activities of Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus cornucopiae, Pleurotus salmoneostramineus, Pleurotus eryngii and Neolentinus lepideus were investigated on its water and ethanol extracts. ${\alpha}$-Glucosidase inhibitory activity of Neolentinus lepideus fruiting body showed the highest at 86.3% in the 95% ethanol extracts and water extract from Pleurotus cornucopiae was also higher at 48.5% among water extracts. Therefore, Neolentinus lepideus which showed very high ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activity was selected as a new anti-diabetic agent-containing mushroom and the ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor was maximally extracted when treated with 95% ethanol at $30^{\circ}C$ for 48 hr. The ethanol extracts from Neolentinus lepideus fruiting body showed dosage-dependent hypoglycemic action after administration to 120 min in the SD-rat and streptozotocin-induced diabetic SD-rat.