• Title/Summary/Keyword: anthropometric measurements

Search Result 435, Processing Time 0.121 seconds

A Study on Dietary Intakes and Nutritional Status in College Women Smokers -I. Anthropometric Measurements and Nutrient Intakes - (흡연 여대생의 식이섭취실태 및 영양상태 평가에 관한 연구 -I. 신체계측 및 식이섭취실태 -)

  • 김정희;이화신;문정숙;김경원
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.2 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-43
    • /
    • 1997
  • In order to investigate the dietary intakes and physical characteristics in college women smokers, interviews using questionnaires were done on 33 smokers and 42 nonsmokers residing in seoul area. General living habits, dietary habits, food consumption frequency and nutrient intake by quick estimation were investigated through direct interviews with subjects. Subjects height, weight and blood pressure were measured, and body fat percentage were statistically analyzed using Bio-electrical Impedence Fatness Analyzer(GIF-891). All data were statistically analyzed by SAS PC package program ; percentage or mean and standard error were examined for each item, and the significant difference was evaluated by chi-square test or Student's t-test at $\alpha$=0.05. In the analysis of taste and food preference, smokers consumed larger amount of alcohol and coffee than nonsmokers ; they also disliked sweet taste. The results of food consumption frequency data also showed that smokers consumed less fish, milk and fruits but consumed more instant foods than nonsmokers. As a result of anthropometric measurements, height, age, and 패요 fat percentage showed no difference, but there was a significant difference in weight, BMI, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure. Energy intake in nonsmokers was 1640 ㎉/day(CHO : Pro : Fat=66.0 : 14.7 : 19.3), in smokers. Intakes of calcium, iron, vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, and niacin in smokers were not significantly different from those of nonsmokers.

  • PDF

An Analysis of Torso somatotype according to age group of Elderly Women (노년 여성의 연령집단별 동체부 형태 분석)

  • 최인순
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.33 no.6
    • /
    • pp.255-268
    • /
    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study is to provide basic information for elderly women's clothing construction and to develop dress form that can reflect the characteristics of their bodies. Three hundred twenty subjects, between the ages of 60∼85, were chosen and the data were collected from 59 anthropometric measurements of each subject. Data were analyzed by factor analysis of principal component model, cluster analysis, analysis of variance and duncan test. The results are as follows : 1. A decrease in height, an enlargement of the waist and abdomen area, and a dropped bustline are characteristics of elderly women. The upper-torso droops as a ge increase 2. Seven factors were extracted from anthropometric measurements. Factor components were obesity, height, shoulder shaper, the center front bodice length, the center back bodice length, the bust and neck shape, the degree and level of scapular protusion. 3. After analyzing seven factors, four types were categorized.

  • PDF

Classification and Characteristics of the Lower Body Type of Elderly Women (노년여성의 하반신 체형분류 및 특성)

  • 남윤자;최인순
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
    • /
    • v.7 no.1
    • /
    • pp.154-164
    • /
    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to provide total information for elderly women\`s clothing construction by classifying and analyzing the characteristics of their lower body types. Three hundred three subjects, between the ages of 60 and 82, were chosen. The data were collected from 37 anthropometric measurements of each subject and analyzed by the multivariate method. Through the factor analysis of principal component model, eight factors were extracted from anthropometric measurements. The most important factors were obesity, vertical size, and shape of below waistline to hip. The subjects were classified into 5 types according to cluster analysis by Ward\`s minimum variance method. The dominent types were type 1, 2. The chracteristics of type 1 are average height and sized tyoes, a greater difference between hip and waist. The charateristics of type 2 are shorter height and comparatively fat types, fatness of the waist and abdomen.

  • PDF

The Study of Nutrient Intake and Mineral Contents of Hair and Urine in Autistic Children (자폐증 아동의 영양소 섭취 및 두발과 소변 중의 무기질 함량에 관한 연구)

  • 허귀엽;손숙미
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.1 no.3
    • /
    • pp.346-353
    • /
    • 1996
  • The anthropometric measurements, nutrient intake, concentrations of minerals in scalp hair and urine and urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid(5-HIAA) of 30 autistic children not taking psychoactive drugs and 30 nonautistic control children were determined. The autistic children were taking significantly lower amounts of vitamin A, niacin, ascorbic acid and iron. The intake of vitamin A, niacin, and iron in autistic children were found to be 22$\%$, 75$\%$ and 58 of RDA, respectively. The decreased anthropometric measurements in height and weight of autistic children seems partly due to lower intake of these micronutrients. The food intake in vitamin and mineral group of autistic children was significantly lower. It is probably related to decreased intake of fruit in autistic children. There was no toxicity of cadmium and aluminum in both groups according to their contents in scalp hair. Autistic children showed elevated levels of hair calcium and zinc but lowered levels of copper and iron. The urinary excretion urinary excretion of 5-HIAA.

  • PDF

A Study on Body Types of Mongolian Women (몽골 성인여성체형에 관한 연구)

  • 홍정민
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
    • /
    • v.51 no.6
    • /
    • pp.167-176
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study analyzes characterization and classification of body types of Mongolian women aged 18∼39 ages. The anthropometric measurements of the research subjects come up to a total of 23 items and are summarized as follows : 1. As the results of comparative analysis of the body measurements by age group, 16 items show a significant difference except shoulder height, thigh girth, neck base girth, back length shoulder length, sleeve length and weight. Both age group are considered to be of average weight but 25 to 39 age group were slightly greater than that of the 18 to 24 age group. 2. As the results of factor analysis, 4 factors such as the first factor on the obesity of body, the second factor on the vertical size of body, the third factor on the back length, the forth factor on the shoulder width and neck base girth were extracted. 3. As the results of classification based on the duster analysis, the body types were classified into 3 types in each age group. In each age group the most frequent body type is average stature and slightly thin type.

  • PDF

Effects of Mulberry-Leaf Powder Tofu on Carpus Mineral Density, Biochemical Markers of Bone Turnover and Lipid Profiles in Female University Students from Choongnam Consuming Low Calcium Diet (뽕잎 분말 첨가 두부가 충남 일부지역 저칼슘 섭취 여대생의 손목 골밀도, 생화학적 골대사지표 및 지질성상에 미친 영향)

  • Kim, Ae-Jung;Kim, Myung-Hwan;Han, Myung-Ryun;Choi, Mi-Kyeong;Kim, Mi-Hyun;Kang, Nam-Mi
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.71-78
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study examined the effects of mulberry-leaf powder Tofu(MPT) on the anthropometric measurements, bone mineral density(BMD), biochemical markers of bone turnover, serum lipid levels of and macrominerals status in 30 female university students living in Choongnam with low dietary Ca intake was low(mean daily $intake=524.66{\pm}21.47$ mg/day). The subjects received the MPT supplemented(100 g/day) for 4 weeks. The nutrient content per 100 g MPT was 84.10 kcal(energy), 8.98 g(protein), 0.53 mg(fiber), 211.33 mg(Ca) and 1.59 g(fat). Anthropometric measurements, 24-hour dietary recall, carpus BMD using DEXA, select BMD biomarckers(serum alkaline phophatase activity, osteocalcin, urinary deoxypyridinoline), serum protein levels, albumin, and glucose levels, lipid profiles(cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol) and serum macrominerals(Ca, Ca/P ratio, Mg) were analyzed before and after MPT supplementation. Following MPT supplementation, there was no significant differences in anthropometric measurements, nutrient intakes, carpus BMD, serum alkaline phosphatase activity, osteocalcin, and urinary deoxypyridinoline, serum levels of protein, albumin, and glucose or lipid profiles with AI, HTR, LHR and CRF. However, there were significant increases in dietary calcium as well as decreases in serum triglycerides with MPT supplementation. Although further research is needed, these results that regular intake MPT could prevent bone and cardiovascular diseases.

Still life with less: North Korean young adult defectors in South Korea show continued poor nutrition and physique

  • Choi, Seul-Ki;Park, Sang-Min;Joung, Hyo-Jee
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
    • /
    • v.4 no.2
    • /
    • pp.136-141
    • /
    • 2010
  • North Korean defectors who settle in South Korea have experienced severe food shortage and transition of food environment which could affect their health status. However, little is known about their anthropometric measurements and dietary intake after settlement in South Korea. The purpose of this study is to compare anthropometric measurements and dietary intake between North Korean young adults who defected to South Korea and those of South Koreans. We hypothesized that North Korean young adults' physiques and dietary intake would be poorer than that of South Koreans. We compared anthropometric measurements and dietary intake from 3-day food records in a cross-sectional study of 103 North Korean young adult defectors, aged 12 to 24 and 309 South Korean subjects. North Korean subjects were significantly shorter (4.9 to 10.8 cm) and lighter (6.0 to 12.5 kg) than the control group. Body mass index were significantly different between North and South Korean groups only in men. North Korean young adult defectors had lower mean daily intakes of energy and most nutrients and food groups compared to the control group, while North Korean subjects had higher nutrient density diet than that of South Koreans. The proportion of subjects who had dietary intakes of nutrients of less than the Estimated Average Requirement was higher in North Korean subjects than in controls except for in the cases of vitamin A and vitamin C. In conclusion, we recommend providing nutrition support programs for North Korean young adult defectors to secure adequate nutrient intake.

Correlation of Nutrient Intake, Obesity-related Anthropometrics, and Blood Lipid Status with Instant Coffee-mix Intakes in Gangneung and Samcheok Residents (강릉과 삼척지역 주민의 커피믹스 섭취 여부에 따른 영양섭취실태 및 비만관련 신체계측치, 혈중지질패턴과의 상호관련성)

  • Kim, Eun Kyung;Choe, Jeong Sook;Kim, Eun Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.134-141
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate instant coffee-mix intakes and its relations with anthropometric measurements, nutrient intake, and blood lipid in Gangneung and Samcheok residents. Coffee-mix is a mixture of instant coffee, sugar and coffee-creamer. It is a standardized convenience food in Korea. Recently, Koreans appear to consume too much of instant coffee-mix. The respondents of this study were 218 Koreans (Gangneung region 133, Samcheok region 85). The average age was 56.0 years (male), 57.5 years (female). They were divided into 2 groups, the instant coffee-mix drinkers and the non-drinkers. The nutrient intake and anthropometric measurements and their relations with coffee-mix intakes were analyzed (nutrient intakes were calculated by converting per 1,000 kcal and adjusted by age, region). As for male, body fat was significantly higher in coffee-mix drinkers (18.1 kg, 25.0%) than in non-drinkers (17.1 kg, 23.8%). In the case of females, serum triglyceride was significantly higher in coffee-mix drinkers (109.1 mg/dL) than in nondrinkers (102.9 mg/dL). Coffee-mix intakes and coffee-mix's contributions to energy were higher for participants from Samcheok (21.2 g, 4.7%) than those from Gangneung (16.6 g, 3.4%). In addition, for Samcheok, coffee-mix's contribution to energy was significantly higher in male (5.6%) than in female (4.2%). Coffee-mix intakes and energy contribution of coffee-mix were not significantly correlated with anthropometric measurements. Only HDL-cholestrol showed significantly negative correlation with coffee-mix's contributions to energy. Based on the above results, we conclude that usual instant coffee-mix intake may increase intakes of sugar and fat and exert negative effects on serum lipids. Therefore, it is needed to control too much instant coffee-mix intake in the dietary management of rural residents.

Modification of nutrition strategy for improvement of postnatal growth in very low birth weight infants

  • Choi, Ah Young;Lee, Yong Wook;Chang, Mea-young
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.59 no.4
    • /
    • pp.165-173
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: To identify the effects of modified parenteral nutrition (PN) and enteral nutrition (EN) regimens on the growth of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: The study included VLBW infants weighing <1,500 g, admitted to Chungnam National University Hospital between October 2010 and April 2014, who were alive at the time of discharge. Subjects were divided according to 3 periods: period 1 (n=37); prior to the PN and EN regimen being modified, period 2 (n=50); following the PN-only regimen modification, period 3 (n=37); following both PN and EN regimen modification. The modified PN regimen provided 3 g/kg/day of protein and 1 g/kg/day of lipid on the first day of life. The modified EN regimen provided 3.5-4.5 g/kg/day of protein and 150 kcal/kg/day of energy. We investigated growth rate, anthropometric measurements at 40 weeks postconceptional age (PCA) and the incidence of extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) at 40 weeks PCA. Results: Across the 3 periods, clinical characteristics, including gestational age, anthropometric measurements at birth, multiple births, sex, Apgar score, surfactant use and PDA treatment, were similar. Growth rates for weight and height, from time of full enteral feeding to 40 weeks PCA, were higher in period 3. Anthropometric measurements at 40 weeks PCA were greatest in period 3. Incidence of weight, height and head circumference EUGR at 40 weeks PCA decreased in period 3. Conclusion: Beginning PN earlier, with a greater supply of protein and energy during PN and EN, is advantageous for postnatal growth in VLBW infants.

Effects of Mulberry-Leaf Powder Tofu Consumption on Carpal Bone Mineral Density, Biochemical Bone Turnover Markers and Serum Lipid Profiles in Smoking Male Adults Living in Choongnam (뽕잎 분말 첨가 두부 섭취가 충남 일부 지역에 거주하는 흡연 남자 성인의 손목 골밀도, 생화학 골대사 지표 및 혈청 지질 성상에 미친 영향)

  • Kim, Ae-Jung;Kim, Myung-Hwan;Chung, Kun-Sub
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-10
    • /
    • 2007
  • The effects of mulberry-leaf powder Tofu(MPT) on anthropometric measurements, including bone mineral density(BMD) in the right carpus, biochemical bone turnover markers, serum levels of lipids and macrominerals, were investigated in 30 smoking male adults who lived in Choongnam were given MPT(100 g/day) for 4 weeks. The average ages, number of smoked cigarettes and packyear were 22.38 years, 15.12/day and 3.54 years, respectively. The nutrient contents per 100 g MPT were 86.10 kcal energy, 8.98 g protein, 0.53 mg fiber, 211.33 mg Ca and 1.59 g fat. Anthropometric measurements, including dietary intake using the 24-hours recall method, carpal BMD using DEXA, serum levels of protein, albumin and glucose, lipid profiles (cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol) with Al(atherosclerosis index), HTR, CRF, LHBt, some biomarkers of BMD(serum alkaline phosphatase activity, osteocalcin, urinary DPD), and serum macrominerals(Ca, Ca/P ratio, Mg) and Pb were analyzed before and after consumption of MPT. After MPT consumption, dietary intakes of plant protein, total Ca and plant Ca increased significantly, but there were no significant differences in anthropometric measurements, BMD with bone metabolism markers, serum levels of protein, albumin or glucose, lipid profiles with AI, HTR, LHR and CRF.

  • PDF