• Title/Summary/Keyword: anthropometric measurements

Search Result 435, Processing Time 0.084 seconds

The Effect of Taste Preference on Anthropometric Measurements and Nutrient intakes in Children (맛 선호도가 학령기 아동의 체위 및 영양소 섭취량에 미치는 영향)

  • 이성숙
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.130-138
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study investigated the effect of taste preference(sweet, sour, salty, hot) on anthropometric measurements and nutrient intakes of 256 primary school children in Kwangju. There was no significant difference in the anthropometric measurements according to the sweet taste preference. Height, weight, triceps, abdomen, and chest circumferences of the group preferring a sour taste, however, were significantly lower than those of the other groups. The height of the group preferring a salty taste was significantly shorter than that of the other groups and there was a tendency toward high systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. The waist circumference of the group not preferring the hot taste was larger than those of the other groups. There was no significant difference in the energy intake according to the sweet taste preference. The protein intake of the group preferring a sweet taste as significantly lower than that of the other groups. The fiber intake of the group preferring a sour taste was significantly higher than that of the other groups. There were no significant differences in the nutrient intakes according to the salty taste preference. The energy intake of the group preferring a hot taste was lower than that of the other groups. The results show that children's taste preferences influence anthropometric measurements and nutrient intakes. These results suggest that children's eating behaviors are in needs of correction. The findings of this study should be applied to nutrition education to ensure better physical fitness of children.

  • PDF

The Correlation of Anthropometric Measurements, Physical Performance and Biochemical Measurements with Nutrient Intakes in Male College Students

  • Cho, Youn-Ok;Kim, Bo-Young
    • Nutritional Sciences
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.113-117
    • /
    • 2003
  • Possible correlations between nutrient intake add health status-as assessed by anthropometric measurements, physical performance and biochemical measurements-were investigated, using 514 healthy young men aged 20 years old who had no apparent health problems. The intakes of nutrients were estimated using a three-day dietary recall method. Height and body weight were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Physical performance was tested using sit-ups, push-ups, a loom sprint and a 1,500m run. When compared with the Korean recommended dietary allowances (Korean RDA), the subjects nutrient intakes were adequate except for calcium. The intake of calcium was 516.66$\pm$293.43mg/day, which is 73.80 % of the Korean RDA. The subjects averaged 174.51$\pm$7.07cm in height, 68.17$\pm$9.25 kg in body weight and 22.23$\pm$2.16 in BMI. The associations between nutrient intakes and anthropometric measurements, and between nutrient intakes and physical performance, were weak. The intake of vegetable fat was positively correlated to body weight, whereas the intake of carbohydrate was negatively correlated to BMI. The intake of carbohydrate was positively correlated to the level of performance in the loom sprint, and the intake of vegetable Int was positively correlated to the level of performance of sit-ups. No correlation was found between nutrient intakes and the following biochemical measurements of the blood: the levels of glucose, total protein, total cholesterol, triglyceride, hemoglobin and hematocrit. These results suggest that anthropometric measurements and level of physical performance can be associated with energy nutrient intakes, even in moderately active, well-nourished, young men. No correlation was found between nutrient intake and biochemical measurements, probably because all subjects had a reasonably well-balanced diet.

Effect of Mulberry Fruit Tea on the Serum Lipid Profiles and Cardiovascular Disease Markers of Middle-Aged People Living in Choongnam (오디 분말차 급여가 일부 충남지역에 거주하는 중년 남.녀의 혈청 지질 및 심혈관계 인자에 미친 영향)

  • Kim Ae-Jung;Yuh Chung-Suk;Bang In-Soo
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.408-413
    • /
    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to examine the effects of mulberry fruit tea (MFT) on the levels of serum lipid profiles and serum cardiovascular disease markers in sixty middle-aged people(30 males and 30 females) who consumed MFT for 4 weeks. Anthropometric measurements, serum lipid profile levels, and serum cardiovascular disease markers were analyzed before and after consumption of MFT. After consumption of MFT, no significant differences were observed in anthropometric measurements, levels of serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) in males and females. Among serum lipid profiles, triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol were decreased significantly, whereas HDL-cholesterol was significantly increased.

  • PDF

The Manufacturing and Physiological Evaluation of Mulberry Fruit Tea (오디 분말차 제조 및 생리활성 평가)

  • Cho, Mi-Za;Kim, Ae-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.173-178
    • /
    • 2007
  • In this study we manufactured mulberry fruit tea(MFT) to be used as an anti-inflammatory agent. Here, MFT was consumed by thirty middle-aged women with symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis for 4 weeks. The anthropometric measurements and serum inflammatory factors were measured before and after consumption of the MFT. For the anthropometric measurements, BMI and body fat decreased after 4 weeks of tea consumption although there were no significant differences. The serum inflammatory factors(uric acid and homocysteine) as well as serum amino transferase activity(aspartate trans-aminase and alanine transaminase) showed a decreasing trend. In addition, serum carbon reactive protein(CRP) decreased significantly decreased after MFT consumption 4 weeks. It's concluded that this MFT is helpful to for rheumatyroid arthritis patients in order to decrease serum inflammatory factors such as CRP.

A Study on Bone Mineral Density, Anthropometric Measurements, Maternal Factors, and Exercise and Their Correlation in Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women in Gyeonggi-do Korea (경기 지역 폐경 전.후 여성들의 골밀도와 신체 계측, 모성요인 및 운동과의 상관성 연구)

  • Choi, Yun-Hee;Kim, Hyun-Oh
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.630-638
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study was performed to assess the relationships among bone mineral density, anthropometric measurements, maternal factors and exercise in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Anthropometric measurements were taken by a trained practitioner and the maternal factors of the 78 subjects in Gyeonggi-do were acquired by an interview questionnare. The BMD of the lumbar spine(L2~L4), femoral neck, Ward's triangles and trochanters were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. The mean age of the premenopausal women was 45.23 years and that of the postmenopausal women whose ase of menopause was 49.37 years was 61.27 years. The age, waist and waist to hip ratio of postmenopausal women were significantly higher than those of premenopausal women. BMD of the lumbar spine(L2~L4) in postmenopausal women was significantly higher than that of premenopausal women. Number of children and age at last delivery were significantly higher in postmenopausal women than those in premenopausal women. The BMDs of the lumbar spine and femoral neck of premenopausal women was positively correlated with weight, body mass index, waist and WHR and the BMDs of these two sites in postmenopausal women were positively correlated with height, and weight. In postmenopausal women, BMD of the lumbar spine was negatively correlated with duration time after menopause and BMD of the femoral neck was positively correlated with age at last delivery. These results suggest that it is necessary to maintain adequate body weight. Health management and education about performing more exercise are recommended for postmenopausal women to prevent osteoporosis.

A Study of Factors Affecting Bone Mineral Density in Korean Adolescents: Anthropometric Measurements, Life Style, and Other Environmental Factors (청소년의 골밀도에 영향을 주는 요인에 관한 연구: 신체계측치, 생활습관 및 기타 환경요인)

  • Ahn Hae-Sun;Kim Sun-Hee;Lee Sang-Sun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.38 no.3
    • /
    • pp.242-250
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to assess the bone mineral density (BMD) and the anthropometric measurements, life style, and other environmental factors affecting BMD in Korean adolescents. Subjects were 167 high school students (83 male students, 84 female students) in Seoul. BMD was measured in the lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN), femoral trochanter (FT), and Ward's triangle (WT) by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). The questionnaire was used to assess the anthropometric measurements, life style, and other environmental factors. Bone mineral density of LS, FN, FT and WT were 0.967, 0.960, 0.795, $0.761 g/{\cal}cm^2$. The BMD of LS was not different by sex but the male students's BMD of FN, FT and WT were higher significantly than the female students (LS: 0.976 vs. 0.958, FN: 1.040 vs. 0.880, FT: 0.842 vs. 0.749, WT: 0.827 vs. $0.695 g/{\cal}cm^2$) Female students's BMD of LS, FN, WT, and FT was positively correlated with weight but male students's BMD of WT was not correlated with weight. The factors such as the life style, activity and exercise have significant influence on BMD. This study confirms that the major factor affecting BMD was body weight and the factors such as the life style, activity and exercise is related to accumulation of BMD. The classification of sexual characteristics is needed for further studies on BMD of adolescents.

Changes in Nutritional Status of General Medical Patients During Hospitalization (내과 환자의 입원후 영양상태 변화 연구)

  • 양영희;최스미;김은경
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.49-60
    • /
    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of malnutrition among patients on admission to hospital, to monitor changes in their nutritional status during hospitalization, and to determine the factors which might affect changes in nutritional status. The subjects for the study were patients who were admitted to general medicine for more than one week. Patients suffering from cardiovascular. renal disease, or dehydration were excluded. Nutritional assessment of the patients was performed on admission and nutritional status was reassessed one week and two weeks after admission. The nutritional assessment tool consisted of subjective history taking and anthropometric measurements. Biochemical measurements were performed only on admission. For anthropometric assessment : patients' body weight, subcutaneous skinfolds thickness, % of body fat, body mass index, and lean body mass were measured using caliper or Bio impedance Analyzer. Factors which might influence current nutritional status, like dietary intake, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, sleep disturbance, and number of days of NPO for diagnostic examinations were analyzed. The results are as follows : 1. Of the 59 patients who were studied, 61% were male and 39% female. The nutritional status of all of the 59 subjects was reassessed one week after admission, but it was only done for 22 subjects at two weeks. 2. The anthropometric measurements. including weight body mass index, lean body mass, body fat. and skin fold thickness. were all significantly decreased at one week after admission compared to the values at admission. On the other hand, two weeks after admission, only body weight and abdominal skinfolds thickness were decreased. 3. The subjects reported anorexia for an average of two days, sleep disturbance for two days, and no food intake due to diagnostic test for one day. In the second week of hospitalization, almost none of the patients complained of gastrointestinal symptoms or sleep disturbance except anorexia. Food consumption which was measured based on rice intake was 60% of the food served during the first week of hospitalization, and 66% during the second week of hospitalization. 4. There was no correlation between the subjective nutritional assessment and anthropometric assessment. 5. There was no statistical significance in anthropometric measurements among the patients with various diseases whereas sleep disturbance and no food intake due to various diagnostic test was prominent in patients with gastrointestinal diseases.

  • PDF

Investigation on the Korean Cyclists' Body Type Through Anthropometric Measurements (사이클 선수들의 체형 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 최미성;정성필
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.28 no.7
    • /
    • pp.1019-1028
    • /
    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the body measurements of cyclists and non-cyclists and to classify cyclists' body types to offer basic information for the bicycle apparel manufacturer in Korea. The anthropometric data was collected including both direct and indirect measurements of 81 cyclists (40 female, 41 male) aged from 19 to 24. Anthropometric measurements were analyzed using percentiles, T-test, factor and cluster analysis. The results were as follows; Comparison of anthropomeoic data between cyclist and non-cyclist was to clarify that cyclists have bigger size than non-cyclists; especially the thigh circumference shows big differences. As the result of factor analysis, 5 factors, which explain 74% of variance, were extracted from all items for male and female cyclists. The results of cluster analysis classified body types into 3 groups. Cluster 1 among three female cyclist groups has biggest torso and had an erect back. Cluster 2 has small size among three female group and drooping shoulders. Cluster 3 has the bended forward shoulders and shows the protrusion back. In case of male cyclists, cluster 1 has thin body type owing to big height measurements and small girth measurements. Cluster 2 among three male groups has the biggest torso and thigh circumference. Cluster 3 has big forward angle of shoulders and shows the protrusion of the back as female cyclist.

The Variation and Classification of Somatotype of Female Students Aged from 12 to 18 in Their Growth Period(Part I) (성장기 여학생 (12~18세)의 체형 변이 및 체형 분류(제1보))

  • 이혜주;함옥상
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.319-332
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study attempts to measure body sizes and somatotypes of 844 female middle and high students girls in their growth period and to investigate characteristics of each of the measured somatotypes. The data used for this study were 50 items of body sizes obtained from anthropometric measurements. The purposes of the study are as follows: 1. to analyze physical characteristics according to age. 2. to extract factors of somatotypes using factor analyses. 3. to classify somatotypes according to physical characteristics using cluster analyses. The study results were as follows: 1. TH anthropometric measurements indicated that three existed collective patterns of somatotypes across Group I(12∼13 years old), Group II(14∼15 years old), and Group III(16∼18 years old). 2. Through factor analyses, 6 factors were yielded from each age group. The cumulative proportions of these factors were 77% for Group I, 75% for Group II, and 72% for Group III. Factor I indicates a horizontal size factor and Factor 2 indicates a vertical size factor. 3. Group I and Group II ere classified into 5 types and Group III was classified as 3 types. In Group I, middle height and a little slim types were most prevalent(28%). In Group II, low height and very slim types were most prevalent(28.9%). Finally, In Group III, low height and slim types were most prevalent(4.6%)

  • PDF

A Study on the Body Measurements of Korean Female Adults Resident in China -With the Focus on their 20's, 40's, and 60's- (중국 조선족 성인 여성 신체 계측치 연구 -20대, 40대, 60대를 중심으로-)

  • Im Soon;Seok Hye-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.29 no.9_10
    • /
    • pp.1241-1252
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study tried to compare and analyze the body measurements of female adults in China by various age groups. As for the study method, direct and anthropometric measurements were used on the 357 female subjects living in Yenbien and Harbin, China, consisting of 122 women in their 20's, 114 women in their 40's, and 121 women in their 60's. The results were as follows: 1. The comparison of major body measurements between Korean Chinese and Korean in land indicated that the former were shorter and plumper than the latter. Those groups in their 60's did not show any significant difference in height related measurements and revealed less differences in body measurements comparing to other age groups. 2 The comparison of Chinese anthropometric measurements among age groups of Korean Chinese indicated that, higher the age, shorter the height measurements, the leg length shorter, the upper-half body length longer, and the chest drooping due to the breast descent. 3. The comparison of indirect measurements among age groups of Koreans Chinese indicated that those in their 60's showed many items of big discrepancies in comparison with those in their 20's or 40's, with wide gap in discrepancies, thus resulting in large differences among individuals.