• Title/Summary/Keyword: anthracite

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A Study on Manufacturing Cokes for Ferroalloy Using Domestic Anthracite and Waste Plastic (국산(國産) 무연탄(無煙炭)과 폐플라스틱을 사용(使用)하는 합금철용(合金鐵用) 코크스의 제조(製造)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Gye-Seung;Song, Young-Jun;Seo, Bong-Won;Lee, Dae-Young;Lee, Sung-Riong;Yoon, Si-Nae;Kim, Youn-Che
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2008
  • The aim of this study is to produce cokes which can be used for the production of ferroalloy, for this purpose, domestic anthracite mixed with plastic was sintered at various condition. The combustion and physical properties of anthracite and plastic, coal separation, and the influence of factors on the strength of coke were investigated. The results of this study are as follows: 1. The three kinds of anthracite from the Samcheok region contained 25 to 30% ash of $100{\mu}m$ over size, and have the caloric value of 5,205 cal/g(TaeAn), 4,893 cal/g(JangSung), 4,873cal/g(KyongDong). 2. The recommendable conditions for heavy-fluid separation of the Samcheok coal are to set the specific gravity of heavy fluid to 2.4 and control the size of coal to $35{\sim}140mesh$. 3. It is concluded that phenolic resin powder, liquefied phenolic resin, SAN, and melamine resin can be used as a binder for the anthracite cokes, from the thermal analysis of various plastics. Especially, the liquefied phenolic resin was considered as the most suitable binder as it would simplify the process.

Anthracite Oxygen Combustion Simulation in 0.1MWth Circulating Fluidized Bed (0.1 MWth 급 순환유동층에서의 무연탄 연소 전산유체역학 모사)

  • Go, Eun Sol;Kook, Jin Woo;Seo, Kwang Won;Seo, Su Been;Kim, Hyung Woo;Kang, Seo Yeong;Lee, See Hoon
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.59 no.3
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    • pp.417-428
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    • 2021
  • The combustion characteristics of anthracite, which follow a complex process with low reactivity, must be considered through the dynamic behavior of circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boilers. In this study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation was performed to analyze the combustion characteristics of anthracite in a pilot scale 0.1 MWth Oxy-fuel circulating fluidized bed (Oxy-CFB) boiler. The 0.1MWth Oxy-CFB boiler is composed of combustor (0.15 m l.D., 10 m High), cyclone, return leg, and so on. To perform CFD analysis, a 3D simulation model reactor was designed and used. The anthracite used in the experiment has an average particle size of 1,070 ㎛ and a density of 2,326 kg/m3. The flow pattern of gas-solids inside the reactor according to the change of combustion environment from air combustion to oxygen combustion was investigated. At this time, it was found that the temperature distribution in air combustion and oxygen combustion showed a similar pattern, but the pressure distribution was lower in oxygen combustion. addition, since it has a higher CO2 concentration in oxygen combustion than in air combustion, it can be expected that carbon dioxide capture will take place actively. As a result, it was confirmed that this study can contribute to the optimized design and operation of a circulating fluidized bed reactor using anthracite.

Studies on the Electric Resistecna of Coals (1) (石炭의 黑鉛性에 關한 硏究 (第1報))

  • Oh, Sin-Sub;Lee, Suk-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.22-25
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    • 1961
  • The attempt to distinguish between graphite and domestic anthracite was means, especially electric resistance. The specific resistance values of various coals and graphites were determined by Wheaston Bridge equipped with more finely adjustable slide wire. The result of graphite was in the below of 0.08 ohm-cm and that of anthracite has $10^{-1}{\sim}10^1$ohm-cm range.

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A Study on Combustion Characteristics and Evaluating of RDFs(Refused Derived Fuels) from Mixture of Petrochemical Wastewater Sludge and Organic Matters (석유화학폐수슬러지와 유기성 폐기물 혼합에 의한 연소특성 및 고형연료 폐기물화 재활용에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Young-Rip;Choi, Young-Ik
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.237-244
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    • 2015
  • This objectives of research are to figure out combustion characteristics with increasing temperature with petrochemical sludge by adding wasted organic matters which are waste electric wire, anthracite coal and sawdust, and to exam heating value and ignition temperature for using refused derived fuels(RDFs). After analyzing TGA/DTG, petrochemical sludge shows a rapid weight reduction by vaporing of inner moisture after $170^{\circ}C$. Gross weight reduction rate, ignition temperature and combustion rates represent 68.6%, $221.9^{\circ}C$ and 54.1%, respectively. In order to assess the validity of the RDFs, the petrochemical sludge by adding wasted organic matters which are waste electric wire, anthracite coal and waste sawdust. The materials are mixed with 7:3(petrochemical sludge : organic matters)(wt%), and it analyzes after below 10% of moisture content. The ignition temperatures and combustion rates of the waste electric wire, anthracite coal and waste sawdust are $410.6^{\circ}C$, $596.1^{\circ}C$ and $284.1^{\circ}C$, and 85.6%, 30.7% and 88.8% respectively. In heating values, petrochemical sludge is 3,600 kcal/kg. And the heating values of mixed sludge (adding 30% of the waste electric wire, anthracite coal and waste sawdust) each increase up to 4,600 kcal/kg, 4,100 kcal/kg and 4,300 kcal/kg. It improves the ignition temperatures and combustion rates by mixing petrochemical sludge and organic matters. It is considered that the production of RDFs is sufficiently possible by using of petrochemical sludge by mixing wasted organic matters.

Oxidation of Ash Free Coal from Lignite and Anthracite Coals in a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (갈탄과 무연탄으로부터의 초청정석탄 제조 및 용융탄산염형 연료전지에서의 산화거동연구)

  • LEE, SANGWOO;KIM, YUJEONG;KIM, TAEKYUN;LEE, KIJEONG;LEE, CHOONGGON
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2016
  • In this study, ash free coals(AFCs) were produced with lignite and anthracite coals in a microwave. The AFCs were analyzed with proximate analysis, fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), X-ray diffraction analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The extraction yields of the AFCs were 16.4 wt%, 7.6 wt% at lignite and anthracite coal, respectively. The chemical and physical properties of the AFCs were similar regardless of the original coal types. Oxidation behavior of the AFCs was investigated by supplying a mixture of 3g of AFC and 3g of electrolyte into the coin-type molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). For the evaluation of AFC fuel performance, electrochemical analysis of the steady-state polarization and step-chronopotentiometry were conducted based on the standard hydrogen fuel (69 mol% $H_2$, 17 mol% $CO_2$, 14 mol% $H_2O$). The AFCs showed similar electrochemical oxidation behaviors regardless of the original coal types. The overvoltage of the AFCs was larger than the hydrogen fuel, although OCV of the AFCs was higher.

Effects of Application of Fly Ash on Tobacco Growth and on Accumulation of Heavy Metal in Soil (석탄회 시용이 연초 생육과 토양중 중금속 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Soon-Dal;Seok, Yong-Seon;Song, Beom-Heon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 1998
  • Pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of fly ash on growth responses and on accumulation of the heavy metals in soil. Two kinds of fly ash, anthracite and bituminous coal, were treated with different levels of 0, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.2 kg/pot(20L). Tobacco growth was better by application of fly ash than that by the control. However, the early stage of growth by application of bituminous coal, 1.2 kg/pot, was decreased due to the boron toxicity occurred by fly ash. Generally, tobacco yield was significantly increased with applying fly ash, showing the highest yield at 1.2 kg/pot for anthracite and at 0.8 kg/pot for bituminous coal. The content of total nitrogen in leaves was higher with fly ash than that of the control, while the content of calcium in leaves was low, Contents of heavy metal and the other minerals were not significantly different between the control and the treatment of fly ash. Soil pH after experiment was linearly increased with application level of fly ash, indicating that the application of bituminous coal was more effective than that of anthracite. Contents of available phosphate, exchangeable $Ca^{2+}$+ and $Mg^{2+}$ in soil were increased by application of fly ash, especially with bituminous coal. Contents of Cu, Cr, and Ni were increased with application level of bituminous coati even if the contents were still lower than critical levels for farming land. The other heavy metals were similar between the control and the application of fly ash.

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A Study on the Quality of Korean Anthracites (國産無煙炭의 炭質에 關한 考察)

  • Lee, Kae-Soo;Chung, Byung-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 1965
  • In an effort to make a comprehensive investigation of the quality of the Korean anthracite various analysis-proximate analysis, ultimate analysis, and other analysis of the samples picked up from some 40 collieries were conducted. It was found that the quality of the Korean anthracite was in ferion in general with the graphitic property by half. The important ingredient of Korean anthracite is as follows: $Moisture\;:\;4{\sim}7%,\;Ash\;:\;20{\sim}30%,\;Volatile matter:\;3{\sim}5%,\;Sulfur\;:\;0.2{\sim}0.5%,\;Carbon\;:\;62{\sim}73%,\;Hydrogen\;:\;0.3{\sim}1.0%,\;Nitrogen\;:\;0.2{\sim}0.5%,\;Oxygen\;:\;2.0{\sim}4.0%,\;Calorific\;value\;:\;5,200{\sim}6,100 cal/g$.

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Removal Characteristics of Chloral Hydrate by Activated Carbons and Biofiltration (활성탄과 생물여과 공정에서의 Chloral hydrate 제거 특성)

  • Bae, Sang-Dae;Son, Hee-Jong;Jung, Chul-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.218-224
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    • 2008
  • Coal-, coconut- and wood-based activated carbons and anthracite were tested to evaluate adsorption and biodegradation performances of chloral hydrate. In the early stage of the operation, the adsorption was the main mechanism for the removal of chloral hydrate, however as increasing populations of attached bacteria, the bacteria played a major role in removing chloral hydrate in the activated carbon and anthracite biofilter. It was also investigated that chloral hydrate was readily subjected to biodegrade. The coal- and coconut-based activated carbons were found to be most effective adsorbents in adsorption of chloral hydrate. Highest populations and activity of attached bacteria were shown in the coal-based activated carbon. The populations and activity of attached bacteria decreased in the order: coconut-based activated carbon > wood-based activated carbon > anthracite. The attached bacteria was inhibited in the removal of chloral hydrate at temperatures below 10$^{\circ}C$. It was more active at higher water temperatures(20$^{\circ}C$ <) but less active at lower water temperature(10$^{\circ}C$>). The removal efficiencies of chloral hydrate obtained by using four different adsorbents were directly related to the water temperatures. Water temperature was the most important factor for removal of chloral hydrate in the anthracite biofilter because the removal of chloral hydrate depended mainly on biodegradation. Therefore, the main removal mechanism of chloral hydrate by applying activated carbon was both adsorption and biodegradation by the attached bacteria. The observation suggests that the application of coalbased activated carbon to the water treatment should be the best for the removal of chloral hydrate.

Manufacture of Adsorbent from Fly-ash and Anthracite (비산회재 및 무연탄을 원료로 한 흡착제 제조)

  • Baek, Il-Hyung;Bin, Hyun-Suk;Roo, Wan-Ho;Kim, Tae-Young;Min, Byoung-Moo
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.543-547
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    • 1999
  • The utilization of fly-ash containing high levels of the unburned carbon was investigated. In this study adsorbents were manufactured from fly-ash ad a raw material and the manufactured adsorbents were applied to the waste-water treatment including heavy metals. Varying the anthracite(Jangsung coal) content, three types of pellet were made. The carbon content of pellet increased appreciably upon the addition of anthracite. After carbonization and activation using the pellets, adsorbents showed following characteristics; the range of hardness was between 85% and 96%, iodine number was from 100 mg/g to 300 mg/g. In proportion to the anthracite addition, hardness and iodine number increased. Through the adsorption experiments of heavy metals, removal efficiencies of Pb and Cr by manufactured adsorbents were over 90%. In case of fly-ash, removal efficiencies of Pb and Cr were 31.5% and 5.6% respectively. The reason why removal capacities of manufactured adsorbents were higher than fly-ash was postulated that adsorption capability was improved by unburned carbon and $SiO_2$ which included in fly-ash during steam activation.

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Oxy Combustion Characteristics of Anthracite in a 100 kWth Circulating Fluidized Bed System (100 kWth 급 순환유동층 시스템에서 무연탄 순산소연소 특성 연구)

  • Moon, Ji-Hong;Jo, Sung-Ho;Mun, Tae-Young;Park, Sung-Jin;Kim, Jae-Young;Nguyen, Hoang Khoi;Lee, Jae-Goo
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.400-407
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    • 2019
  • Oxy-combustion with a circulating fluidized bed (Oxy-CFBC) technology has been paid attention to cope with the climate change and fuel supply problem. In addition, Oxy-CFBC technology as one of the methods for carbon dioxide capture is an eco-friendly that can reduce air pollutants, such as $SO_2$, NO and CO through a flue gas recirculation process. The newly developed $100kW_{th}$ pilot-scale Oxy-CFBC system used for this research has been continuously utilizing to investigate oxy-combustion characteristics for various fuels, coals and biomasses to verify the possibility of fuel diversification. The anthracite is known as a low reactivity fuel due to a lot of fixed carbon and ash. Therefore, this study aims not only to improve combustion efficiency of an anthracite, but also to capture carbon dioxide. As a result, compared to air-combustion of sub-bituminous coal, oxy-combustion of anthracite could improve 2% combustion efficiency and emissions of $SO_2$, CO and NO were reduced 15%, 60% and 99%, respectively. In addition, stable operating of Oxy-CFBC could capture above 94 vol.% $CO_2$.