• Title, Summary, Keyword: angiotensin-converting enzyme

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Effects of Green Tea Catechin on Serum Lipid Composition and Angiotensin- Converting Enzyme Activity in Rats Exposed to Microwave

  • Kim, Mi-Ji;Rhee, Soon-Jae
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.156-160
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    • 2004
  • This study aims to investigate the changes in the lipid composition and angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in serum of rats exposed to microwave radiation, and to examine improving effects of green tea catechin to the lipid composition. The microwave-exposed rats received the normal and one of 3 diets: catechin free (MW-0C), 0.25% catechin (MW-0.25C) or 0.5% catechin (MW-0.5C). Rats were sacrificed 6th day after microwave radiation (2.45 ㎓, 15 min). The concentration of serum triglyceridein MW-0C group was increased by 85%, compared with the normal group, but that of MW-0.25C group with 0.25% catechin supplementation was to 17% lower, compared with the MW-0C group. There was no significant difference between normal group and MW-0.5C group. Total-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations were increased by 21.4% and 38.6%, respectively, by microwave irradiation. The concentration of HDL-cholesterol in MW-0C group was lower to 29.3%, but it was maintained at the normal level by catechin supplementation. There was no significant difference among four groups in HLD-cholesterol/LDL-cholesterol. Atherogenic index in MW-0C group was increased by 56%, compared with the normal group. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity in lung tissue of MW-0C group was increased by 59 %, while that of MW -0.25C and MW -0.5C group were maintained at the normal level. ACE activity of MW-0C group in serum was increased by 122.8%, compared with the normal group. Catechin supplementation group was significantly reduced, compared with the MW-0C group ACE activity. In conclusion, microwave irradiation increased the serum triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations and ACE activity which are considered as the blood pressure increasing agents. However, catechin supplementation decreased the level of triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and ACE activity, which maybe consider catechin as being agent of lowering effect for blood lipid profile for athero-genesis.

The Effect of GLM 002, an Oriental Medicine, on Blood Pressure and Plasma Lipids in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

  • Yu Byung Soo;Kim Hee Seok;Keon In Sook;Lee Cheol Han;Baek Seung Hwa
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1505-1511
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    • 2004
  • Inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity is one of the common antihypertensive methods functioned by drugs such as captopril, lisinopril and enalapril to serve as inhibitors of ACE. This study was designed to compare the effects of enalapril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and GLM002, an oriental medicine, on tail systolic pressure, aorta and plasma properties in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) after 4 weeks of treatment. During the treatment, blood pressure was depressed to normal in GLM002 and enalapril groups. The treatments of enalapril and GLM002 were discontinued in 4 weeks. One week after the treatment stop, systolic blood pressure was smoothly increased in both groups; the increment of blood pressure was slightly greater in GLM002-SHR, but the increment of plasma ACE activity was proportionately similar in each group. In the aspects of the triglyceride, HDL and total cholesterol level, those levels were slightly different among each group. We also conducted clinical dosage of GLM002 to the patients who have mild and severe hypertension for approximately 7 weeks. Clinical treatments also showed remarkable efficiencies on blood pressure (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure), complete blood count (CBC) routine, differ count (NEUTRO, LYM, MONO, EOS and BASO) and R-chemistry. We conclude that GLM002, like already proven enalapril, plays a role as an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, and can be suggested as a drug candidate for curing hypertension.

Evaluation of Angiotensin -I- Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity and Protein Changes of Enzymatic Hydrolysate Extracted from Hanwoo Loin and Round Myosin B (한우 등심과 우둔에서 추출한 Myosin B의 효소적 가수분해물의 단백질 변화와 Angiotensin -I- Converting Enzyme(ACE) 저해효과)

  • Kim, Y.J.;Chin, Koo-Bok
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.129-136
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    • 2007
  • This study was performed to determine the protein profiles using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Angiotensin-I-converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitory activity (IC50) as affected by the various meat cuts, digestion times with pepsin. Hydrolysates having the protein concentration of 10 ug/mL had approximately 36∼39% ACE inhibitory activities, regardless of meat cut and digestion time. Protein concentration and ACE inhibitory activity of the diluted hydrolysate increased after 1-hr digestion. In original hydrolysates, ACE inhibitory activities of loin had higher than those of round (P<0.05). In addition, non-heated hydrolysates had higher ACE inhibitory activities than heated counterparts. When myosin B was digested by pepsin more than 1 hr, improved ACE inhibitory activities were observed as compared to the non-digested control.

Characteristics of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Peptides from Aroase AP10 Hydrolysate of Octopus (Aroase AP10에 의한 문어 가수분해물의 Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 저해 Peptide의 특성)

  • Park, Yeung-Beom
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.177-181
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    • 2009
  • The peptides from Aroase AP10 enzymatic hydrolysates of octopus proteins were isolated and tested for inhibitory activity against angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE). The Aroase AP10 hydrolysates were filtered through PM-10 membrane (M.W. cut-off 10,000) to obtain the peptides fractions with ACE inhibition activity. These fractions were applied to a Biogel P-2 column. Three active fractions (A, B, and C) were collected and applied to a SuperQ-Toyopearl 650S column chromatography, leading to the isolation of four active fractions (A-1, A-2, B-1, and C-1). Among the active fractions, C-1 had the highest ACE inhibitory activity ($IC_{50}=3.10{\mu}g$). The main composition of its amino acids is arginine, lysine, histidine and leucine, which cover about 60% of the total amino acids.

Inhibitory Effect of Onion Seasoning on Angitensin Converting Enzyme (양파 조미액의 Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 저해활성)

  • 마상조
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.395-400
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    • 2000
  • 양파 조미액으로부터 ACE 저해활성 물질을 분리하기 위해 hexane, ethylether, ethylacetate, butanol과 물로 분획시, 4.8g의 당 함량과 31.9 mg의 phenol성 물질을 함유한 butanol 분획이 82.1%의 ACE 저해활성을 나타내었고, 70.3%의 ACE 저해활성을 보인 양퍄 조미액보다 높은 저해활성을 보였다. Butanol 분획을 Amberite XAD-2column으로 분리한 결과, ACE 저해활성을 보이는 미흡착 분획(F1)를 얻었다. 활성분획 F1을 Sephadex LH-20column으로 분획한 결과, 4개(F1-1,F1-2,F1-3,F1-4)의 분획을 얻었으며, 이중 F1-3 분획의 ACE 저해활성은 93%로 가장 높은 저해활성을 보였다. Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography에 의해 얻어진 활성분획F1-3을 Supercosil LC-18 column을 이용하여 분리한 결과, 6분대에서 ACE 저해활성을 가지는 단일 peak(F1-3a)를 얻었다. 각 정제 과정에서 얻은 분획들은 전형적인 flavonoid의 band I과 bandII의 피크를 보였다. 또한 ACE에 대한 저해기작은 flavonoid 물질이 보이는 전형적인 비경쟁적 저해양상을 보였다.

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Antioxidant and ACE Inhibitory Activities of Soybean Hydrolysates: Effect of Enzyme and Degree of Hydrolysis

  • Lee, Ji-Soo;Yoo, Mi-Ae;Koo, Seung-Hyun;Baek, Hyung-Hee;Lee, Hyeon-Gyu
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.873-877
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    • 2008
  • Native soy protein isolate (SPI) was hydrolyzed with 4 different proteolytic enzymes, including bromelain, papain, Neutrase, and Flavourzyme. SPI hydrolysates with the degree of hydrolysis (DH) in range of 6 to 15% were prepared by each enzyme. The angiotensin 1 converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory and the antioxidant activities of the SPI hydrolysates, such as superoxide dismutase-like activity and inhibition of the linoleic acid autoxidation, were evaluated. Overall, as the DH increased, all evaluated bioactivities of the SPI hydrolysates significantly increased. The significantly highest ACE inhibitory and antioxidant activities were found in hydrolysates made with papain and bromelain, respectively. SPI hydrolysates by Flavourzyme showed the significantly lowest activity in all tested bioactivities. The results suggested that ACE inhibitory and antioxidant activities of SPI hydrolysates were determined by the DH and by the enzyme used.

Angiotensin- I Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Properties of Bovine Casein Hydrolysates in Different Enzymatic hydrolysis Conditions (효소가수분해 조건에 따른 우유 케이신의 Angiotensin-I 전환효소 저해효과)

  • 김현수;인영민;정석근;함준상;강국희;이수원
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.87-93
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    • 2002
  • Angiotensiri-I converting enzyme(ACE) catalyst the removal of the C-terminal dipeptide from the angiotensin-I to give the angiotensin-II, a potent peptide that causes constriction of regulation of blood pressure. Recently, ACE inhibitor peptides have been isolated from enzymatic digests of food protein. The aim of this study was to identify bovine casein hydrolysates with ACE inhibitory properties in different enzymatic hydrolysis conditions. The casein were hydrolyzed neutrase, alcalase, protamax, flavourzyme, premed 192, sumizyme MP, sumizyme LP and pescalase alone and with an enzyme combination. Premed 192 produced ACE inhibitory peptides most efficiently. In order to ACE inhibitory peptide produced enzymatic hydrolysis condition were premed 192 added to casein ratio of 1:100(w/w), and incubated at 47$\^{C}$ for 12hrs. Casein hydrolysate gave 50% inhibition(IC$\_$50/ value) of ACE activity at concentration with 248ug/ml(general method) and 265ug/ml(pretreatment method) respectively.

Upregulation of Renin-angiotensin, Endothelin and C-type Natriuretic Peptide in Rat Glomerulus with Bilateral Ureteral Obstruction

  • Bae, Eun-Hui;Kim, Soo-Wan
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.343-347
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    • 2006
  • The present study was designed to investigate the effects renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), endothelin (ET) and local natriuretic peptide (NP) system for glomerulopathy induced in the experimental bilateral ureteral obstructive rats. Sprague-Dawley male rats ($200{\sim}220g$ body weight) were bilaterally obstructed by ligation of the proximal ureters for 24 hours. Control rats were treated in the same ways, except that no ligature was made. The glomeruli were isolated from cortex by graded sieve methods, and the mRNA expressions of local renin-angiotensin system (RAS), aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2), endothelin-1 (ET-1) and NP system were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Following the bilateral ureteral obstruction, the mRNA expressions of renin, angiotensin converting enzyme 1 as well as ET-1 were increased, while that of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 was not changed. The expressions of CYP11B2 and angiotensin II receptors were not changed. C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) expression was increased, while its receptors (natriuretic peptide receptor-B) were not changed. We suggest that the upregulation of local RAS and ET playa role in the progressive glomerular injury, and that the enhanced CNP activity also plays a compensatory role in obstructive uropathy in the glomerulus.

Anti-hypertensive Effects of DHP1501, Ethanolic Extracts from Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus Fruits, via Inhibition of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme and Activation of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (오가피열매 주정추출물, DHP1501의 ACE 억제 및 eNOS 활성화를 통한 항고혈압 효능)

  • Kim, Haneul;Kim, Hye Min;Jang, Jun Hee;Yoon, Koung Eun;Lee, Yeong-Geun;Back, Nam-In;Lee, Dae Young;Jung, In Ho
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.240-245
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    • 2018
  • The fruits of Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus (Rupr. & Maxim.) S. Y. Hu (Araliaceae), as edible fruits, were traditionally used for ingredients of wine or tea in Eastern Asia. In addition to, the fruits of E. sessiliflorus were known for having antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Recently, we investigated that the ethanolic extracts of E. sessiliflorus fruits (DHP1501) have effects on hypertension via vasorelaxation and decrease of blood pressure. In the present study, we investigated that the gene and protein expression levels of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) was increased by treatment of DHP1501 in HUVECs. Moreover, we confirmed the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory activity of DHP1501 through in vitro tasks. Therefore, DHP1501 could be a candidate of functional food for alleviating hypertension.

Peptic Hydrolysate of Porcine Crude Myosin Has Many Active Fractions Inhibiting Angiotensin I-converting Enzyme

  • Katayama, Kazunori;Fuchu, Hidetaka;Sugiyama, Masaaki;Kawahara, Satoshi;Yamauchi, Kiyoshi;Kawamura, Yukio;Muguruma, Michio
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.1384-1389
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    • 2003
  • In order to clarify one of the biological functions of pork, we investigated whether a peptic hydrolysate of denatured porcine crude myosin showed inhibitory activity against angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE), which contributed to hypertension. Our results indicated that this hydrolysate showed relatively strong activity, and we therefore attempted to separate the involved peptides, which were considered to be active substances. To isolate these active peptides, the hydrolysate was separated using a solidphase separation, gel filtration high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and two kinds of reverse phase HPLC. In each stage of separation, many fractions were detected, almost all of which showed ACE inhibitory activity. Thus, we suggested that the activity of the hydrolysate as a whole was a result of the activities of the many individual peptides. Six peaks were distinguished, with yields from 34 to 596 ppm of original crude myosin. In addition to the six peaks, many other active fractions were found throughout the separation steps, strongly suggesting that whole porcine crude myosin itself had ACE inhibitory activity. Moreover, pork as food was considered to function as an ACE inhibitory material in vivo, because pork proteins consist primarily of crude myosin, which included almost all the myofibrillar structural proteins.