• Title, Summary, Keyword: angiotensin-converting enzyme

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The Antihypertensive and Vasodilating Effects of Adventitious Root Extracts of Wild Ginseng (산삼 배양근 추출물의 혈압강화 및 혈관이완 효과)

  • Hong, Min-Hee;Lim, Hee-Kyoung;Park, Ji-Eun;Jun, Neung-Jae;Lee, Young-Jae;Cho, Moon-Jae;Kim, So-Mi
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.102-107
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    • 2008
  • Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent antihypertensive and vasodilator which plays an important role in regulating vascular tones. In this study, we investigated the effects of adventitious root extracts of wild ginseng on NO production and NO linked physiological activities. When human endothelial cell line (ECV304) was incubated with either water extracts of wild ginseng adventitious root (WE) or aqueous fraction of butanol extracts of wild ginseng adventitious root (ABE), considerable amounts of NO were released by the cells. The level of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression was unchanged and about 6% of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) was inhibited with treatment of ABE. The vasodilating activities of pulmonary artery rings in response to different doses of extracts were shown as 44.8% and 91.3% in 2.5 mg/ml WE and 0.1 mg/ml ABE, respectively. The blood pressure lowering effect was observed from the oral administered spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) with the lowest blood pressure (154.5${\pm}$8.6 mmHg) after 8 h. The blood pressure was recovered to the initial level after 24 h.

Improvement on Yield of Extracts from Byproducts of Alaska Pollock Theragra chalcogramma and Sea Tangle Laminaria japonica using Commercial Enzymes and Its Food Component Characterization (상업적 효소를 이용한 명태(Theragra chalcogramma) 두부 및 정형 다시마(Laminaria japonica) 부산물 유래 고압 추출물의 수율개선 및 이의 식품성분 특성)

  • Noh, Yuni;Park, Kwon Hyun;Lee, Ji Sun;Kim, Hyeon Jeong;Kim, Min Ji;Kim, Ki Hyun;Kim, Jeong Gyun;Heu, Min Soo;Kim, Jin-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to improve the yield of extracts from Alaska pollock Theragra chalcogramma head and sea tangle Laminaria japonica byproducts using various commercial enzymes, such as Alcalase, Flavourzyme, Neutrase (NH), and Protamex. Among the enzymatic hydrolysates, the yield was highest in hydrolysate incubated with NH for 4 h. NH-treated hydrolysates (NHH) also improved functional properties, such as angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryldrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, as compared to extracts from Alaska pollock head and sea tangle byproducts. Total free amino acid and taste values of NHH were 379.7 mg/100 mL and 24.03, respectively, after digestion for 4 h. These values are 2.2-fold and 1.9-fold higher compared with those of water soluble fractions extracted from Alaska pollock head and non-forming sea tangle, respectively. According to the taste value results, the major taste-active compounds among free amino acids of NHH were glutamic acid and aspartic acid. These results suggest that NHH can be used as an ingredient for natural seasoning preparation.

Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Kochujang with Broccoli Leaf Powder (브로콜리잎 분말 첨가 재래식 고추장의 이화학적 및 기능적 특성)

  • Oh, You-Sung;Baek, Jin-Woo;Park, Kyeong-Yeol;Hwang, Joon-Ho;Lim, Sang-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.675-681
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    • 2013
  • Home-made broccoli Kochujang (HMBK) was prepared with the addition of 5% broccoli leaf powder. Its physicochemical and functional properties were measured in extracts (80% methanol, 80% ethanol, and distilled water) and compared with home-made Kochujang (HMK) and factory-produced Kochujang (FPK). Total phenolic content (TPC) was 22% higher in methanol extract from HMBK (524.2 GAE/100 g) compared to HMK (431.0 GAE/100 g). TPC was 8% higher in ethanol extract from HMBK (541.9 GAE/100 g) compared to HMK (499.9 GAE/100 g). DPPH radical scavenging activity was 1.6 times higher in the methanol extracts from HMBK than HMK. In contrast there was no difference in DPPH radical scavenging activity between HMBK and HMK. Oxygen radical absorbance capacities in methanol and ethanol extracts from HMBK were similar to HMK, but both were higher than extracts from FPK (55% and 23% higher, respectively). Inhibition of angiotensin I converting enzyme activity in methanol extracts from HMBK was similar to HMK, but it was 2.6 times higher than inhibition activities from FPK. Interestingly, only ethanol extract from HMBK showed a 10.7% and 18.3% inhibition on cell growth of the human colon adenocarcinoma grade II cell line (HT-29) and human lung carcinoma cell line (NCI-H1229), respectively. These results indicate home-made Kochujang with broccoli leaf powder contains high total phenolics, antioxidant activities, and cancer cell growth inhibition activities.

Characteristics and Physiological Functionalities of Unrecorded Yeasts from Wild Flowers of Seonyudo in Jeollabuk-do, Korea (전라북도 선유도일대 야생화에서 분리한 국내 미기록 효모들의 특성 및 생리기능성)

  • Hyun, Se-Hee;Han, Sang-Min;Lee, Jong-Soo
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.402-406
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    • 2014
  • Six kinds of newly recorded yeasts such as Rhodosporidium diobovatum SY4-2, Cryptococcus bestiolae SY7-1, Kazachstania unispora SY14-1, Kazachstania servazzii SY14-3, Pichia holstii SY20-2 and Cryptococcus tephrensis SY26-1 were screened from sixty one yeasts derived from wild flowers found in Seonyudo, Gogunsanyeoldo, Jeollabuk-do, Korea. All of them grew in 50% glucose-containing yeast extract-peptone-dextrose (YPD) broth and Pichia holstii SY20-2 was also halophile, growing in 20% NaCl-containing YPD broth. All of them, except Cryptococcus tephrensis SY26-1, were assimilated to glucose. Cell-free extract from Kazachstania servazzii SY14-3 showed the highest 98.6% of ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activity and maximal production of the ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor was obtained with 24h incubation at $30^{\circ}C$. The antihypertensive angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity of the unrecorded yeasts were showed 58.6-80.4% in their supernatants.

The Change of Free Sugar, Hesperidine, Naringin, Flavonoid Contents and Antihypertensive Activities of Yuza Variety according to Harvest Date (유자의 종류별 수확시기에 따른 유리당, 헤스페리딘, 나린진, 플라보노이드 함량과 항고혈압 활성 변화)

  • Hwang, Seong-Hee;Jang, Jae-Seon;Kim, Min-Jeong;Kim, Kang-Sung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.1051-1058
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    • 2014
  • Yuza (Citrus junos) had 3 varieties and they had variable physiochemical properties. This study analyzed free sugar, hesperidine, naringin, flavonoid contents and antihypertensive activities according to variety and harvest time of Yuza. Three Yuza varieties, native (C. junos I), improved I (C. junos I + Poncirus trifoliata), improved II (C. junos I + C. junos II) were used. Harvest time could influence biochemical properties of Yuza such as acidity and $^{\circ}brix$. When the Yuza harvested at behind of season, the sugar/acid ratio went up because the acidity was decreased but sugar content was increased. Fructose content was dramatically high at November, Yuza of the season. Total flavonoids was high in pulp parts of improved II and in juice of native one harvested at October. The content of hesperidin and naringin in peels and juices were high in immature fruits fresh-picked at July since then they were decreased steadily and there were no difference according to varieties. The angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition was powerful at pulp of Yuza in particular native one picked at November.

Antioxidant activity and physiological properties of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaves extracts with different solvents (추출용매에 따른 모링가(Moringa oleifera Lam.) 잎의 항산화 및 생리활성 효과)

  • Kwon, Yu-Ri;Youn, Kwang-Sup
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.831-837
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to investigate the antioxidant activity and physiological properties of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaves extracted with three different solvents (water, ethanol, and methanol). The extraction yield from water, methanol, and ethanol were 13.17, 9.54, and 7.48%, respectively. The highest total polyphenol content (58.04 mg/100 g) and total flavonoid contents (12.36 mg/100 g) were observed in water extract. The DPPH radical scavenging activity was the highest in the water extract (79.18%) at the 500 mg% level, similar to BHT (77.18%). Additionally the same tendency was observed with DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging ability, and ferreous ion chelating ability. The water extract showed relatively high antioxidant activities. The angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) and the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory activity of water extract at a concentration of 500 mg% were somewhat higher than those of the other extracts. Additionally, the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory activity of the water extract was significantly slightly lower than that of the positive control (cholorogenic acid). These results suggest that Moringa leaves extracted with water will be useful as antioxidant-rich and functional natural foods.

Characteristics of Fermented Omija (Schizandra chinensis Baillon) Sugar Treatment Extracts by Lactobacillus sp. (Lactobacillus sp. 균주를 이용한 오미자 당침액의 발효특성)

  • Park, Se-Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of FOST (fermented omija sugar treatment extracts) using Lactobacillus brevis HLJ59. Antioxidant activities of FOST were evaluated through viable cell number of L. brevis HLJ59, DPPH radical scavenging activity, reducing power and SOD-like activity, compared to non-FOST(non-fermented omija sugar treatment extracts). Also it was to evaluate Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) and Urease inhibitory activity of FOST. The viable cell number of L. brevis was about $2.05{\pm}0.21{\times}10^8$, $6.31{\pm}0.56{\times}10^{11}$, and $8.14{\pm}0.14{\times}10^9$ at ${\times}2$, ${\times}5$, and ${\times}10$ dilution, respectively. DPPH radical scavenging activity of FOST was about 60.3%, 71.8%, and 44.5% at ${\times}2$, ${\times}5$, and ${\times}10$ dilution, respectively. The reducing power of FOST was about 0.92, 1.19, and 0.73 (OD at 700 nm) at ${\times}2$, ${\times}5$, and ${\times}10$ dilution, and SOD-like activity of FOST was about 50.4%, 53.7%, and 33.4% at ${\times}2$, ${\times}5$, and ${\times}10$ dilution, respectively. ACE and Urease inhibitory activity by FOST was about 47.4%, 78.2%, 56.4% and 58.1%, 83.4%, 63.2% at ${\times}2$, ${\times}5$, and ${\times}10$ dilution, respectively. The results indicated that the fermentation of omija sugar treatment extracts using Lactobacillus brevis HLJ59 increased the antioxidant activities campared to the non-fermented omija sugar treatment extracts.

Antimicrobial and ACE Inhibitory Activities of Citrus unshiu Fermented with Lactic Acid Bacteria (감귤 유산균 발효물의 항균 활성과 ACE 저해능)

  • Choi, So-Yeon;Kim, Si-Kyung;Youn, Un-Young;Kang, Dae-Ook;Choi, Nack-Shick;Mun, Mi-Sun;Lee, Seung-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.44 no.7
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    • pp.1084-1089
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    • 2015
  • To develop high quality citrus products, seven lactic acid bacteria were innoculated onto ground citrus (Citrus unshiu) and cultured for 10 days. On culture days 0, 3, 5, 7, and 10, citrus ferments were withdrawn, and their antimicrobial and angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities were evaluated. Citrus ferments innoculated with CL-1 and CL-2, which were isolated from kimchi, showed relatively higher antimicrobial activities against food poisoning bacteria. Citrus ferments innoculated with CL-1 and CL-2 also showed stronger ACE inhibitory activities than other ferments. CL-1 and CL-2 showed more than 99% homogeny with Pediococcus acidilactici and Lactobacillus sakei, respectively, by 16S rRNA gene analysis. These results indicate that fermentation with P. acidilactici and L. sakei might contribute to the increased antimicrobial and anti-hypertensive activities of citrus.

Evaluation of Factors Affecting Glomerular Filtration Rate by Contrast Media in Patients with Coronary Angiography (심혈관 조영술 시행 환자의 조영제 사용 시 사구체여과율 변화에 영향을 미치는 인자들 평가)

  • Kim, Eun-Young;Lee, Ok-Sang;Lim, Sung-Cil
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.103-112
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    • 2012
  • Performance of coronary angiography for exact diagnosis and treatments of cardiovascular disease have been increased recently and it also brings increase of the contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) referred from increasing use of radiological contrast agents. The variation of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is an indicator of CIN, which is known to increase when renal function is decreased. Therefore, this study was to evaluate the affecting factors including concomitant drug on variation of eGFR of patients who underwent coronary angiography according to the conditions of renal function. Medical records of 66 patients were evaluated retrospectively and the patients underwent coronary angiography or angioplasty with nonionic and isotonic contrast media (iodixanol) at Chungnam national university hospital from 1 Jan 2008 to 30 Jul 2010. Patients group was divided into 2 groups; the patients in stages 3-4 chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the patients in stage 2 CKD. Each group was researched about the effect of concomitant drug and clinical characteristics on eGFR variation. The change of eGFR was compared among baseline and 2 or 3 day after coronary angiography. In results, the eGFR variation in group over age 75 was significantly decreased after radiological contrast agents exposure (p $$\leq_-$$ 0.05). The eGFR variation in anemia was significantly decreased after radiological contrast agents exposure in stage 2 CKD (p > 0.05). The eGFR variation in group under $HbA_{1c}$ 6.5% was significantly decreased after radiological contrast agents exposure in stages 3-4 CKD (p $$\leq_-$$ 0.05). The eGFR variation by taking statins, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, calcium channel blockers and nitroglycerin was increased after radiological contrast agents exposure in stage 2 CKD (p $$\leq_-$$ 0.05). The eGFR variation by using of diuretics was significantly decreased after radiological contrast agents exposure in stages 3-4 CKD (p $$\leq_-$$ 0.05). The eGFR variation by taking statins, nitroglylcerin was increased after radiological contrast agents exposure in stages 3-4 CKD(p > 0.05). The eGFR variation in group over contrast dosage 150 ml was significantly decreased after radiological contrast agents exposure in stages 3-4 CKD (p $$\leq_-$$ 0.05). Therefore, when undergoing coronary angiography, contrast dosage should be minimized less than 150 ml, and diuretics should be restricted as possible in stages 3-4 CKD. Patients over age 75 require special attention to prevent CIN, and if patients undergo coronary angiography in stages 3-4 CKD, $HbA_{1c}$ is also requried to maintain below 6.5% to prevent CIN.

Inhibitory Effect on Tyrosinase, ACE and Xanthine Oxidase, and Nitrite Scavenging Activities of Jubak (Alcohol filter cake) Extracts (주박 추출물의 아질산염 소거와 Tyrosinase, Xanthine Oxidase, ACE 저해 효과)

  • Kwon, Sang-Chul;Jeon, Tae-Woog;Park, Jeong-Seob;Kwak, Joon-Soo;Kim, Tae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.9
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    • pp.1191-1196
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the tyrosinase, xanthine oxidase, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory effects, and nitrite scavenging abilities of Jubak (alcohol filter cake, AFC) hot water and ethanol extracts. Tyrosinase inhibitory effects of Jubak hot water and ethanol extracts were above 85%. Nitrite scavenging ability was higher at pH 1.2 than at pH 4.2 and 6.0. Nitrite scavenging abilities of water and ethanol extracts were above 90% at pH 1.2. Xanthine oxidase inhibitory effect of Jubak hot water and ethanol extracts showed a lower, and the effect did not different by hot water and ethanol. ACE inhibitory effects of Jubak hot water and ethanol extracts were approximately 43~53% and 36~47%, respectively. Overall, our results indicate that Jubak hot water and ethanol extracts may have tyrosinase and ACE inhibitory effects and nitrite scavenging ability, but no xanthine oxidase inhibitory effect. Therefore, Jubak has potential as a cosmetic raw material. Additionally, Jubak could be used as a food additive.