• Title, Summary, Keyword: angiotensin-converting enzyme

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Tumor necrosis factor α-converting enzyme inhibitor attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced reactive oxygen species and mitogen-activated protein kinase expression in human renal proximal tubule epithelial cells

  • Bae, Eun Hui;Kim, In Jin;Choi, Hong Sang;Kim, Ha Yeon;Kim, Chang Seong;Ma, Seong Kwon;Kim, In S.;Kim, Soo Wan
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 2018
  • Tumor necrosis $factor-{\alpha}$ ($TNF{\alpha}$) and the angiotensin system are involved in inflammatory diseases and may contribute to acute kidney injury. We investigated the mechanisms by which $TNF{\alpha}$-converting enzyme (TACE) contributes to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced renal inflammation and the effect of TACE inhibitor treatment on LPS-induced cellular injury in human renal proximal tubule epithelial (HK-2) cells. Mice were treated with LPS (10 mg/kg, i.p.) and HK-2 cells were cultured with or without LPS ($10{\mu}g/ml$) in the presence or absence of a type 1 TACE inhibitor ($1{\mu}M$) or type 2 TACE inhibitor ($10{\mu}M$). LPS treatment induced increased serum creatinine, $TNF{\alpha}$, and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin. Angiotensin II type 1 receptor, mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK), and TACE increased, while angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) expression decreased in LPS-induced acute kidney injury and LPS-treated HK-2 cells. LPS induced reactive oxygen species and the down-regulation of ACE2, and these responses were prevented by TACE inhibitors in HK-2 cells. TACE inhibitors increased cell viability in LPS-treated HK-2 cells and attenuated oxidative stress and inflammatory cytokines. Our findings indicate that LPS activates renin angiotensin system components via the activation of TACE. Furthermore, inhibitors of TACE are potential therapeutic agents for kidney injury.

Association analysis of a polymorphism of the angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene and angiotensin II Type 1 receptor gene in Korean population

  • Yang, Young-Mok;Park, Jong-Hwan;Lee, Hyun-Young;Moon, Eon-Soo
    • Journal of Genetic Medicine
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.27-30
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    • 1998
  • Previously, we made a study report on the genotype distribution and the gene frequency of angiotesin I-converting enzyme (ACE) in Korean population, and on the association between hypertension and genetic variance of ACE. This time, we have investigated a rapid mismatch-PCR/RFLP assays for the variant of the angiotesin II type 1 receptor ($AT_1R$) gene (an $A{\rightarrow}C$ transversion at position 1166 of $AT_1R$ gene), a mutation which may interact with the ACE polymorphism in the determining of risk of myocardial infarction. The genotype distributions of Koreans' angiotensin II type 1 receptor gene were AA (66.3%):AC (28.1%):CC (5.6%), thus the AA genotype was most numerous, and the allele frequency was A:C = 0.803:0.197. Genotype distributions were shown as AA (76.8%):AC (20.9%):CC (2.3%), the allele frequency was A:C = 0.872:0.128 in the male group, and AA (47.4%):AC (41.0%):CC (11.6%), A:C = 0.679:0.321 in the female group. Differences were highly significant between the male and female groups (p<0.0001). Genotype distributions between angiotensin II type 1 receptor gene and angiotensin converting enzyme gene showed that there is no significance between $AT_1R$ genotypes and ACE genotypes in total subjects (p>0.05).

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The High Production of Multimeric Angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor in E. coli

  • Park Je-Hyoen;Kim Sun-Hoi;Ahn Sun-Hee;Lee Jong-Hee;Kim Young-Sook;Lee Sang-Jun;Kong In-Soo
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.84-87
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    • 2001
  • Multimeric angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor (ACE}) containing a trypsin cleavable linker peptide between ACEI was constructed. We made synthetic DNA coding for the ACEI peptide with asymmetric and complementary cohesive ends of linker nucleotides. A tandemly repeated DNA cassette for the expression of concatameric short peptide multimers was constructed by ligating the basic units. The resultant multimeric peptide expressed as soluble and trypsin treated peptide was shown at the same retention time with chemically synthetic ACEI by HPLC. The present results showed that the technique developed for the production of the ACEI multimers with trypsin cleavable linker peptides can be generally applicable to the production of short peptide.

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Purification and Characterization of Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme lnhibitory Peptides from Enzymatic Hydrolysate of Cod Liver Protein (대구의 간 단백질의 효소적 가수분해물로부터 안지오텐신 I 전환효소 저해 펩타이드의 분리.정제 및 특성)

  • 최영일;박표잠;최정호;변희국;정인철;문성훈;김세권
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.140-149
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    • 2000
  • In order to utilize marine processing waste which would normally be discarded, cod liver protein was hydrolysed by ${\alpha}$-chymotrysin, and the hydrolysate was investigated for the new angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. Thy hydrolysate was separated into three major types, with molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) values less than 10 kDa, 5 kDa and 1 kDa of ultrafiltration membranes, respectively. ACE inhibitory peptides were isolated from the fractions passed through MWCO 1 kDa membrane, and purified by using ion-exchange chromatography on a SP-Sephadex C-25 column, gel filtration on a Sephadex G-15 column, and HPLC on an ODS column. The purity was identified with capillary electrophoresis. The amino acid sequences of two peptides were Met-Ile-Pro-Pro-Tyr-Tyr (IC50=10.9 ${\mu}$M) and Gly-Leu-Arg-Asn-Gly-Ile (IC50=35.0 ${\mu}$M)

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Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity of Krill (Euphausia superba) Hydrolysate

  • Kim Dong-Soo;Park Douck-Choun;Do Jeong-Ryong
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2002
  • Angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitory activities of shelled krill (Euphausia superba) hydrolysates by autolysis and by hydrolysis with commercial proteases were analyzed. Among the proteases, Alcalase was the most effective protease for the hydrolysis of krill considering the degree of hydrolysis $(87.5\%)$ and the ACE inhibitory activity $(60\%)$. Four hour hydrolysis suggested as the most suitable and economic. In order to establish the optimum hydrolysis condition of krill, degree of hydrolysis and ACE inhibitory activity as affected by Alcalase concentration and water amount added were statistically analyzed by response surface methodology (RSM). The optimum hydrolysis condition was $2.0\%$ Alcalase hydrolysis in 2 volumes (v/w) of water at $55\% for 4 hr. The hydrolysate prepared from the optimum hydrolysis condition was fractionated by molecular weight. The lower molecular weight fraction showed the higher ACE inhibitory activity. $IC_{50}$ of the fraction under 500 Da was 0.57mg protein/mL.

Digestion Pattern of Antihypertensive Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Peptides from Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a Successive Simulated Gastricintestinal Bioreactor

  • Jang, Jeong-Hoon;Jeong, Seung-Chan;Lee, Jung-Kee;Lee, Jong-Soo
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.67-69
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    • 2011
  • A cell-free extract of Saccharomyces cerevisiae containing the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptide was treated in a successive simulated gastric-intestinal bioreactor (step 1: amylase digestion, step 2: gastric fluid digestion, step 3: intestinal fluid digestion) to illustrate the absorption pattern of antihypertensive ACE inhibitory peptide, and the ACE inhibitory activities of each step were determined. Total ACE inhibitory activities of step 1, step 2, and step 3 were 55.96%, 80.09%, and 76.77%, respectively. The peptide sequence of each steps was analyzed by MS/MS spectrophotometry. Eleven kinds of representative peptide sequences were conserved in each step, and representative new peptides including RLPTESVPEPK were identified in step 3.

Effect of phlorotannins isolated from Ecklonia cava on angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity

  • Wijesinghe, W.A.J.P.;Ko, Seok-Chun;Jeon, You-Jin
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 2011
  • Inhibition of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity is the most common mechanism underlying the lowering of blood pressure. In the present study, five organic extracts of a marine brown seaweed Ecklonia cava were prepared by using ethanol, ethyl acetate, chloroform, hexane, and diethyl ether as solvents, which were then tested for their potential ACE inhibitory activities. Ethanol extract showed the strongest ACE inhibitory activity with an $IC_{50}$ value of 0.96 mg/ml. Five kinds of phlorotannins, phloroglucinol, triphlorethol-A, eckol, dieckol, and eckstolonol, were isolated from ethanol extract of E. cava, which exhibited potential ACE inhibition. Dieckol was the most potent ACE inhibitor and was found to be a non-competitive inhibitor against ACE according to Lineweaver-Burk plots. Dieckol had an inducible effect on the production of NO in EAhy926 cells without having cytotoxic effect. The results of this study indicate that E. cava could be a potential source of phlorotalnnins with ACE inhibitory activity for utilization in production of functional foods.

The Novel Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Peptide from Rainbow Trout Muscle Hydrolysate

  • Kim, Sung-Rae;Byun, Hee-Guk
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.183-190
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was the purification and characterization of an angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptide purified from enzymatic hydrolysates of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss muscle. After removal of lipid, the approximate composition analysis of the rainbow trout revealed 24.4%, 1.7%, and 68.3% for protein, lipid, and moisture, respectively. Among six hydrolysates, the peptic hydrolysate exhibited the highest ACE inhibitory activity. We attempted to purify ACE inhibitory peptides from peptic hydrolysate using high performance liquid chromatography on an ODS column. The $IC_{50}$ value of purified ACE inhibitory peptide was $63.9{\mu}M$. The amino acid sequence of the peptide was identified as Lys-Val-Asn-Gly-Pro-Ala-Met-Ser-Pro-Asn-Ala-Asn, with a molecular weight of 1,220 Da, and the Lineweaver-Burk plots suggested that they act as a competitive inhibitor against ACE. Our study suggested that novel ACE inhibitory peptides purified from rainbow trout muscle protein may be beneficial as anti-hypertension compounds in functional foods.

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Gene Polymorphism is not Associated with Myocardial Infarction in Koreans

  • Chai, Seok;Sohn, Dong-Ryul
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.2 no.5
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    • pp.645-650
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    • 1998
  • To assess the relationship between angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism and myocardial infarction in Koreans, we recruited 112 healthy, unrelated subjects (mean age 53.4 years) and 104 myocardial infarction survivors (mean age 54.2 years) of both sexes. An insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the ACE gene was typed by polymerase chain reaction. The I allelic frequency of ACE gene in Korean subjects was irrelavant to myocardial infarction (patients, 65 control subjects 66%), as was true with the D allele. When compared with other populations, the frequency of D allele in Koreans (0.34) was lower than that in Caucasians, and was close to that of other Oriental populations. The data suggest that the ACE gene polymorphism is not an independent genetic risk factor for myocardial infarction in Koreans.

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Production of Antihypertensive Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor from Malassezia pachydermatis G-14

  • Jeong, Seung-Chan;Kim, Jae-Ho;Kim, Na-Mi;Lee, Jong-Soo
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.142-146
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    • 2005
  • To produce a novel antihypertensive angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor from yeast, a yeast isolate, designated G-14 showing the highest ACE inhibitory activity was obtained and identified as Malassezia pachydermatis based on morphological, biochemical and cultural characteristics. The maximal extracellular ACE inhibitor production was obtained from M. pachydermatis G-14 when the strain was cultured in YEPD medium containing 0.5% yeast extract, 3.0% peptone and 2.0% glucose at $30^{\circ}C$ for 24 h and the final ACE inhibitory activity was 48.9% under the above condition.