• Title, Summary, Keyword: angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE)

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Properties of Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme Activity in the Rice Eel, Monoptevus albus (드렁허리(Monopterus albus)의 Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme의 특성에 관하여)

  • 김성주;이금영;조경우
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.142-147
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    • 1991
  • Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity has been characterized in the rice eel, Monopterus albus. Peak activity of ACE in plasma from the rice eel was shown at around pH 10, which was more alkaline compared to that of mammals. Chloride requirements for the optimal ACE activity were different from species to spedes. ACE inhibitors, EDTA, teprotide (SQ 20, 881), and captopril (SQ 14, 225) showed dose-dependent inhibitions of ACE activity in plasma from the rice eel as well as mammals. ACE activity in the rice eel was increased by CoCI2, and the enzyme activity was more unstable at high temperature as compared to mammals The highest activity of ACE among the various tissues in the rice eel was found in the brain.

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Isolation of Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor from fermented oyster, Crassostrea gigas

  • Park, Ji-Young;Je, Jae-Young;Park, Pyo-Jam;Kim, Se-Kwon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.193-194
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    • 2002
  • Angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor was purified from Crassostrea gigas. The ACE belongs to the class of metalloprotease. This enzyme plays an important physiological role in regulating blood pressure of the rennin-angiotensin system by converting from angiotensin I to octapeptide angiotensin II, a potent vasoconstrictor and by inactivating bradykinin, which has depressor action. (omitted)

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Genotype distribution and gene frequency of angiotensin I-converting enzyme in Korean population

  • Yang, Young-Mok;Park, Jong-Hwan;Moon, Eon-Soo
    • Journal of Genetic Medicine
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 1997
  • The angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is a key component of the renin-angiotensin system thought to be important in the pathogenesis of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Deletion polymorphism in the ACE gene may be a risk factor for myocardial infarction. The insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the ACE detected by PCR analysis appears to be associated with hypertension in Koreans and its nucleotide was subcloned into T-vector and its nucleotide sequences were determined. We also examined an association between hypertension and genetic variance of ACE. We identified the angiotensin I-converting enzyme genotype in 127 hypertensive and 189 normotensive Korean subjects. The distribution of ACE genotype II, ID, DD were 39.2%, 40.2%, 20.6% respectively and the frequency for ACE alleles I and D were 0.593 and 0.407, respectively in all subjects. The frequency of D allele in Korean males is higher than that of Korean females (male; 0.438 : female; 0.267), and the frequency of I allele in Korean females is higher than that of Korean males (female; 0.733 : male; 0.562). Genotype distributions of angiotensin I-converting enzyme genes in Korean normal adult population were different from that of Caucasians (P<0.001). There were no significant differences in genotype frequency between the hypertensive control group (n=127) and the normotensive group (n=189). We observed significant differences of ACE genotype distribution between the male group and the female group in total (P=0.001) and in hypertensive Korean subjects (P=0.013).

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Effect of phlorotannins isolated from Ecklonia cava on angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity

  • Wijesinghe, W.A.J.P.;Ko, Seok-Chun;Jeon, You-Jin
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 2011
  • Inhibition of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity is the most common mechanism underlying the lowering of blood pressure. In the present study, five organic extracts of a marine brown seaweed Ecklonia cava were prepared by using ethanol, ethyl acetate, chloroform, hexane, and diethyl ether as solvents, which were then tested for their potential ACE inhibitory activities. Ethanol extract showed the strongest ACE inhibitory activity with an $IC_{50}$ value of 0.96 mg/ml. Five kinds of phlorotannins, phloroglucinol, triphlorethol-A, eckol, dieckol, and eckstolonol, were isolated from ethanol extract of E. cava, which exhibited potential ACE inhibition. Dieckol was the most potent ACE inhibitor and was found to be a non-competitive inhibitor against ACE according to Lineweaver-Burk plots. Dieckol had an inducible effect on the production of NO in EAhy926 cells without having cytotoxic effect. The results of this study indicate that E. cava could be a potential source of phlorotalnnins with ACE inhibitory activity for utilization in production of functional foods.

Angiotensin-I Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity by the Component of Traditional Tea Materials (기호음료 성분의 Angiotensin-I 전환효소 저해작용)

  • Do, Jeong-Ryong;Kim, Seon-Bong;Park, Yeung-Ho;Kim, Dong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.456-460
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    • 1993
  • The present study was conducted to investigate Angiotensin I-converting enzyme(ACE) inhibition activity of the components of traditional tea materials in Korea. Angiotensin I-converting enzyme(ACE) inhibition activity of water soluble fractions obtained from the samples were strong in Zingiberis rhizoma, Acantopanacis cortex, Schizandrae fructus, Perilla semen, Cassiae torae semen, Zizyphy fructus in order. ACE inhibition activity of fractions obtained from methanol extract of Cassiae torae semen were strong in ethyl acetate fraction, ethyl ether fraction, water fraction, chloroform fraction in order. Compound C showed the strongest ACE inhibition activity among compound A, B, C, D separated from Cassiae torae semen, but Compound C separated from Cassiae torae semen was lower than bradykinin in the ACE inhibition activity.

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Analysis of Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity of Oligosacchride Extracted from Capsosiphon fulvescens (매생이 유래 올리고당의 추출 분리 및 Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme 저해능 분석)

  • Kim, Hyun-Woo;Lee, Jung-Heon
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2013
  • The hydrolysates prepared with various enzyme digestion of Capsosiphon fulvescens were used to measure the inhibitory effects against angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE). The commercially available enzymes such as Celluclast, Viscozyme, Lysing enzyme, Flavourzyme, Alcalase and Pectinex were used to digest C. fulvescens and produce hydrolysates. The maximum ACE inhibitory activity was observed using Alcalase hydrolysis (72.9%). The optimal conditions of Alcalase extraction were pH 8.0 and extraction time for 12 hr. The hydrolysates were fractionated using preparative-LC and anion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and the fraction B and B-2 were isolated. The ACE inhibitory activity of fraction B-2 by anion-exchange chromatography was 82.6%. The molecular weight of fraction B-2 estimated using size exclusion chromatography was about 1 kDa. The monosaccharide composition of the fraction B-2 was determined to be mannose (1.1%), glucuronic acid (1.3%), galactose (1.3%) and glucose (96.3%).

The Novel Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Peptide from Rainbow Trout Muscle Hydrolysate

  • Kim, Sung-Rae;Byun, Hee-Guk
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.183-190
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was the purification and characterization of an angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptide purified from enzymatic hydrolysates of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss muscle. After removal of lipid, the approximate composition analysis of the rainbow trout revealed 24.4%, 1.7%, and 68.3% for protein, lipid, and moisture, respectively. Among six hydrolysates, the peptic hydrolysate exhibited the highest ACE inhibitory activity. We attempted to purify ACE inhibitory peptides from peptic hydrolysate using high performance liquid chromatography on an ODS column. The $IC_{50}$ value of purified ACE inhibitory peptide was $63.9{\mu}M$. The amino acid sequence of the peptide was identified as Lys-Val-Asn-Gly-Pro-Ala-Met-Ser-Pro-Asn-Ala-Asn, with a molecular weight of 1,220 Da, and the Lineweaver-Burk plots suggested that they act as a competitive inhibitor against ACE. Our study suggested that novel ACE inhibitory peptides purified from rainbow trout muscle protein may be beneficial as anti-hypertension compounds in functional foods.

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity of BR-900317 in vivo, and Antihypertensive Effect of its Single Oral Administration on Blood Pressure and Effect on the Renin-angiotensin System in Hypertensive Model Rats (SHR, RHR) (BR-900317의 In vivo에 있어서 Angiotensin 변환효소 저해작용 밀 고혈압 model rat (SHR, RHR)에 있어 단회 경구투여에 의한 강압작용)

  • 장경진;김지한;백우현
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.220-225
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    • 1993
  • Effect of BR-900317 on the angiotensin I-induced pressor response in pithed rats and the effects of its single oral administration on plasma angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activities in normotensive rats and on the cardiovascular system in hypertensive model rats (SHR, RHR), were compared with those of captopril. BR-900317 attenuated the angiotensin I-induced pressor effects in pithed rats. In a single oral dose administration study, BR-900317 inhibited the plasma ACE activities in a dose-dependent fashion. Duration of the action of BR-900317 was similar to that of captopril. BR-900317 produced antihypertensive effect in spontaneously hypertensive rats and dose-dependent antihypertensive effect in 2-kidney Goldblatt hypertensive rats without affecting heart rate. These results suggest that the main mechanism of the antihypertensive effect of BR-900317 is the suppression of angiotensin II production due to the inhibition of the ACE.

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Cloning of Pig Kidney cDNA Encoding an Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme (돼지 신장의 Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme cDNA 클로닝)

  • Yoon, Jang-Ho;Yoon, Joo-Ok;Hong, Kwang-Won
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.293-297
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    • 2006
  • Angiotensin converting enzyme(ACE) is a zinc-containing dipeptidase widely distributed in mammalian tissues and is thought to play a significant role in blood pressure regulation by hydrolyzing angiotensin I to the potent vasoconstrictor, angiotensin II. Recently, the presence of ACE in pig ovary was reported and the ACE from pig kidney was isolated and characterized. However no nucleotide sequence of the ACE gene from pig is yet known. We report here the cloning of the ACE cDNA from pig kidney by using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The complete amino acid sequence deduced from the cDNA contains 1309 residues with a molecular mass of 150 kDa, beginning with a signal peptide of 33 amino acids. Amino acid sequence analysis showed that pig kidney ACE is also probably anchored by a short transmembrane domain located near the C-terminus. This protein contains a tandem duplication of the two homologous amino acid peptidase domain. Each of these two domains bears a putative metal-binding site (His-Glu-Met-Gly-His) identified in mammalian somatic ACE. The alignment of pig ACE amino acid sequence with human, rabbit, and mouse reveals that both two domains have been highly conserved during evolution.

Effects of Captopril on the Active Angiotensin Converting Enzyme at the Pulmonary Endothelial Cells (Captopril에 의한 폐동맥 내피세포중 활성형 Angiotensin 전환효소의 변화)

  • 안형수
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 1993
  • The effect of captopril on the lung angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) was investigated after 3 weeks oral administration (120~160 mg/kg/day) through drinking water in SpragueDawley rats. On the $^{125}$I-351A, an ACE inhibitor, binding assay in the isolated perpused lungs, the number of ACE molecules at the intrapulmonary endothelial cell surface was significantly decreased (p<0.001), and recovered to the normal level 7 days after discontinuation of captopril treatment. Intrapulmonary conversion ratio of Al to All was also significantly decreased (p<0.05) in the isolated perpused lungs. Bolus intravenous injection of angiotensin I did not showed pressor response in the both of systemic and pulmonary blood pressure of the anesthetized rats. ACE activity of the lung homogenates was also significantly reduced. These data consistently indicate the decrease of functionally active ACE molecule at the pulmonary artery after chronic captopril treatment. However, serum ACE activity was increased three fold in captopril treated rats compared to the normal rats. So, these results suggest that the functionally active ACE molecule at the pulmonary artery was still inhibited, which is directly associated with the antihypertensive effects, even if the total angiotensn converting enzyme induction was resulted after chronic captopril treatment.

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