• Title, Summary, Keyword: amylose content

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Physicochemical Properties of Brown Rice Flours Differing in Amylose Content Prepared by Different Milling Methods (아밀로오스 함량이 다른 현미의 제분방법별 이화학적 특성)

  • Lee, Young-Tack;Kim, Yeon-U
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.12
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    • pp.1797-1801
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    • 2011
  • Two brown rice samples differing in amylose content, 20.1 (normal) and 7.3% (low amylose) were milled by different milling methods, and their physicochemical properties were tested. Particle size of brown rice flour prepared by dry milling using a pin mill (DM) was lower than that prepared by wet milling using a roll mill (WM). Particle size was further reduced by successive dry milling of the flour after wet milling and drying (WM/DM). Damaged starch contents in the wet milled brown rice flour were 14.6 and 15.6% for the normal and low amylose samples, respectively, whereas they were only 4.2 and 4.8% for the dry milled samples. WM/DM method resulted in a lower damaged starch (%) than DM, despite a reduced flour particle size. Water absorption index (WAI) of the brown rice flour was the lowest after WM/DM, and the water solubility index (WAI) was higher in the order of DM, WM/DM, and WM. Brown rice flour with normal amylose content appeared to have significantly higher pasting viscosities, as determined using a Rapid Visco Analyzer (RVA). Compared to dry milled brown rice flour, wet milled brown rice flour showed lower peak viscosity and higher final viscosity, resulting in increased setback value.

Evaluation of Quality Characteristics and Definition of Utilization Category in Korean Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Cultivars (국내산 감자(Solanum tuberosum L.)의 품종별 품질특성 평가 및 용도구분)

  • Lee, Yeh-Jin;Jeong, Jin-Cheol;Yoon, Young-Ho;Hong, Su-Young;Kim, Su-Jeong;Jin, Yong-Ik;Nam, Jeong-Hwan;Kwon, Oh-Keun
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.271-279
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    • 2012
  • Total twenty cultivars of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) were grown at Gangneung where is located in low land of Korea. Their tubers were harvested from 100 to 120 days after planting, and over 150 g of tubers were selected for quality evaluation. Dry matter, starch, amylose in starch, ascorbic acid, protein, individual sugars and mineral were analyzed and mealiness of cooked potatoes were also evaluated by panel test. Dry mater content was the highest in 'Haryeong', 'Jayoung' and 'Shepody', and the biggest starch granules were observed in 'Jayoung' and 'Sinnamjak'. In addition, the content of amylose was highest in 'Haryeong', 'Chudong' and 'Goun'. Mineral content showed the slight difference between cultivars, but it's tendency was not clear. Vitamin C content was highest in 'Jayoung' as 62.5 $mg{\cdot}100g^{-1}$ FW, and 'Chugang' exhibited the highest content of protein. Sugar content was lower in cultivars for single one than double cropping. The lowest sugar content was observed in 'Atlantic' and 'Namseo' among cultivars for single cropping, and in 'Goun' for double cropping. As a result of analysis for quality factors, we could select nine cultivars ('Atlantic', 'Gahwang', 'Gawon', 'Goun', 'Hareong', 'Irish Cobbler', 'Jasim', 'Jayoung' and 'Shepody') with high dry matter content and low reducing sugar as a cultivar group for processing. Additionally, seven cultivars ('Chugang', 'Gawon', 'Goun', 'Hareong', 'Irish Cobbler', 'Jasim' and 'Seohong') with high mealiness and amylose content and five cultivars ('Atlantic', 'Chudong', 'Gahwang', 'Jopung' and 'Jowon') with low mealiness and amylose content were classified as groups for boiled or steam cooking and for soup or pot dishes, respectively.

Resistant Starch Yield from Autoclaved Maize Starches with Different Enzymatic Assay (분리방법에 따른 효소저항전분의 수율 비교)

  • Lee, Shin-Kyung;Mun, Sae-Hun;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.383-386
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    • 1997
  • Maize starches with different amylose content were repeated autoclaving-cooling cycles up to 4 times, and the yield of resistant starch (RS) from autoclaved maize starches was investigated by enzymatic-gravimetric method and ${\alpha}-amylase$ treatment. With increasing amylose content in starch and the number of autoclaving-cooling cycles, RS yield was also increased, regardless of isolation method. Enzymatic-gravimetric method severely hydrolyzed amorphous region of autoclaved maize starches. Crystalline region was obtained more effectively by enzymatic-gravimetric method than by ${\alpha}-amylase$ treatment.

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Physicochemical Properties of Non-glutinous, Dull, and Glutinous Rice Grain in Segregating Populations of Dull/Glutinous Crosses

  • Kim, Kwang-Ho;Kim, Eun-You;Jeong, Young-Pyeong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.277-281
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    • 1999
  • Dull grains segregated from F$_3$ and F$_4$ of the crosses between two dull mutants and a glutinous cultivar were compared with non-glutinous and glutinous segregants for their physicochemical properties. Amylose content of dull rice grain segregated from the dull/glutinous cross showed the intermediate value between glutinous and non-glutinous rice grain, whether it is controlled by the recessive or dominant gene. Alkali digestibility value (ADV) of dull rice grain was lower than that of glutinous or non-glutinous rice. A positive correlation was found between ADV and amylose content of homozygous non-glutinous or dull F$_4$ grains, but a negative relationship was observed in glutinous grains. Protein content of dull grain was significantly higher than that of glutinous or non-glutinous grain segregated from the same cross, while those of glutinous and non-glutinous grains were not different. Among gelatinization characteristics, initial pasting temperature and peak viscosity of dull grains were higher than glutinous rice, and were not different with non-glutinous grain. Hot, cool and consistency viscosities of dull grain were intermediate between glutinous and non-glutinous rices. Dull grains showed the highest breakdown viscosity and the lowest setback viscosity among the three endosperm types.

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Textural Properties of Processed Foods Produced from Newly Developed Non-Glutinous Rice Cultivars

  • Ha, Mi-Sun;Roh, Yi-Woo;Hong, Kwon-Pyo;Kang, Yoon-Suk;Jung, Dong-Chae;Kim, Kwang-Ho;Park, Sang-Kyu;Ha, Sang-Do;Bae, Dong-Ho
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.789-795
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    • 2007
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the producibility of processed foods utilizing 6 newly developed non-glutinous rice cultivars. First, cooked rice, cake, cookies, bread, and slender rice cake sticks were prepared with the newly developed cultivars; then their physicochemical and textural properties were evaluated. The rice samples had similar pasting temperatures and peak times, but different viscosities and other pasting properties. The textural analysis results suggested that 'Chucheong' was appropriate for cooked rice due to its low amylose content; hardness, and springiness; 'Ilphumbyeo' for rice cakes due to its high amylose content, moderate cohesiveness and adhesiveness, and low hardness; 'Ilphumbyeo' for cookies due to its high amount of protein, and low cohesiveness and adhesiveness; 'Ilphumbyeo' for bread due to its high amylose content, moderate hardness, and low consistency; and 'Ilphumbyeo' for the slender rice cake sticks due to its low hardness, moderate breakdown, paste viscosity, and setback.

Physicochemical Characteristics of Surfactant Added Sweet Potato Starch (Surfactant 를 처리한 고구마 전분의 물리 화학적 특성)

  • Lee, Shin-Kyung;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.255-263
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    • 1992
  • Pasting characteristics and amylose-surfactant complex forming ability of sweet potato starch were investigated after defatting and the addition of surfactants, such as SSL (sodium steamyl-2-lactylate) Dimodan (mono/di glyceride) and SE (sucrose ester) with different concentrations. All starch granules were smooth and round, there were no damages to starch granules after defatting and surfactant addition. amylose content of surfactant added stach decreased and me order of decrease was SSL, SE and Dimodan. The cornplex forming ability of SE added starch increased according to increasing HLB value. As surfactants concentration increased, amylose complex formig ability increased. In case of gelatinization patterns by amylograph, the initial pasting temperature of surfactant added starches was higher than mat of untreated or defatted starches, but viscosity at each temperature were all decreased. Soluble carbohydrate and leached amylose of starches increased at increasing temperature, those of surfactant added starches decreased at each temperature in the order of SSL, SE and Dimodan.

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Genetic Ana1ysis for Rice Grain Properties Using a Doubled Haploid Population

  • Qin, Yang;Kim, Suk-Man;Sohn, Jae-Keun
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 2007
  • Demand for high quality rice has always been a major factor in the international rice marketing. In the present study, doubled haploid (DH) population derived from anther culture of a Tongil/japonica hybrid was used for genetic analysis of rice grain quality. The average values of DH lines for grain weight, grain length and the ratio of grain length to width were near the mid-parent value. More than 40% DH lines showed transgressive segregation for grain weight, length, amylose and lipid content, but less than 10% DH lines observed on ratio of length to width and grain thickness were transgressive segregation. Correlation analysis between appearance qualities and physicochemical characters indicated that grain width and grain thickness both significantly and negatively correlated to protein and lipid content. A highly significant negative correlation between protein content and amylose content was observed.

Formation and Properties of Gel from Maize Starches with Different Amylose Content (아밀로오스 함량이 다른 옥수수 전분의 겔 형성과 특성)

  • 문세훈;신말식
    • Proceedings of the SOHE Conference
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    • pp.45-49
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    • 1997
  • To study the effect of amylose on the mechanism of gel formation, swelling power, water solubility, the pattern of alkali gelatinization and gel properties were investigated. The swelling power of waxy maize starch(Amioca) was the highest and followed by those of PFP >Amaizo > Amylomaize Ⅶ. Amioca showed higher iodine affinity of soluble amylose than other maize starches. The apparent viscosity of alkali gelatinization measured by Brookfield viscometer for Amaizo was $70{\pm}10^3cp$ which was higher than Amylomaize VII. The apparent viscosity of PFP was increased to $70{\pm}10^3cp$ and then decreased. As maize starches were autoclaved at $121^{\circ}C$ with starch : water ratio (1:9) and autoclaving-cooling cycle were up to 4 times, gel properties were measured by rheometer. Amaizo showed the highest value for hardness, adhesiveness, springiness, cohesiveness, and hardness of gel after two times of autoclaving-cooling cycles was the highest. Gel properties was thus affected by the chain length of amylose rather than amylose content.

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Preparation and Physicochemical Characteristics of Octenyl Succinated Rice Starches Based on Amylose Content (아밀로오스 함량에 따른 옥테닐호박산 쌀전분의 제조 및 이화학적 특성)

  • Jung, Myung-Hoon;Youn, Kwang-Sup
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.577-582
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the preparation and physicochemical characteristics of n-octenylsuccinylated (OSAn) rice starches with different rice amylose contents. Amylose contents of Jinsumi flour and Milyang 261 flour were 15.42 and 20.31%, respectively. After processing by alkali treatment, amylose contents of Jinsumi rice starch and Milyang 261 rice starch were 34.21% and 39.32%, respectively. After OSAn treatment, the degree of substitution and reaction efficiency of Jinsumi starch were higher than those of Milyang 261. The stability of the modified Jinsumi emulsion was higher than that of the Milyang 261 emulsion. Viscosity of the Jinsumi emulsion was higher than that of the Milyang 261 emulsion. When the emulsions were spray dried, modified Jinsumi rice starch showed excellent coating efficiency compared to that of modified Milyang 261 rice starch. Therefore, Jinsumi was more suitable than Milyang 261 to apply for encapsulation as wall materials.

Physicochemical Properties of Rice Endosperm with Different Amylose Contents (아밀로스함량 차이에 따른 벼 배유전분의 이화학적 특성평가)

  • Jeong, Jong-Min;Jeung, Ji-Ung;Lee, Sang-Bok;Kim, Myeong-Ki;Kim, Bo-Kyeong;Sohn, Jae-Keun
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.274-282
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to find out the physicochemical properties of rice grains of 8 varieties having various amylose content. Amylose contents of 8 varieties were ranged from 6.3 to 30.9% and could be classified into 4 groups, such as waxy, low-amylose, nonglutinous, and high-amylose. Protein contents were ranged from 5.8% to 7.5% varied depending on variety, but there was no significant difference in protein contents among groups. The hardness of milled rice grains in low-amylose and non-glutinous was stronger than waxy and low-amylose group. Whiteness of waxy group grains was the highest while non-glutinous group was the lowest. The alkaline digestive values were evenly distributed from 5.2 to 6.9 and highly correlated with amylose content. There was significant difference in pasting properties of rice flours among groups. High-amylose group showed the highest initial pasting temperature and total setback viscosity, and the lowest peaks for trough and breakdown viscosity. Low-amylose group showed the highest breakdown viscosity but the lowest setback viscosity as well as high peak viscosity. Although amylose content was significantly correlated with alkali spreading value in milled rice, initial pasting temperature, and total setback, but it was negatively correlated with toyo-meter value and setback viscosity.